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*  Homologous chromosome
Humans have a total of 46 chromosomes, but there are only 22 pairs of homologous autosomal chromosomes. The additional 23rd ... pair is the sex chromosomes, X and Y. If this pair is made up of an X and Y chromosome, then the pair of chromosomes is not ... So humans have two homologous chromosome sets in each cell, meaning humans are diploid organisms. Homologous chromosomes are ... Therefore, when two chromosomes of the exact structure exist, they are able to pair together to form homologous chromosomes. ...
*  Chromosome 2 (human)
... and Denisovans have 24 pairs of chromosomes. Humans have only 23 pairs of chromosomes. Human chromosome 2 is a result of an end ... The closest human relative, the chimpanzee, has near-identical DNA sequences to human chromosome 2, but they are found in two ... 1991). "Origin of human chromosome 2: an ancestral telomere-telomere fusion". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 88 (20): 9051-5. ... Human and Ape Chromosomes; accessed 8 September 2007. Avarello; et al. (1992). "Evidence for an ancestral alphoid domain on the ...
*  Replication timing
Figure 4 shows an example of such a profile across 70,000,000 base pairs of human Chromosome 2. At present, very little is ... Chromosome Res 18: 115-125. Taylor JH (1960) Asynchronous duplication of chromosomes in cultured cells of Chinese hamster. J ... whereas all the other pairs of chromosomes replicate in the same temporal pattern. It was also noticed by Mary Lyon that the ... Chromosome Res 18: 127-136. Schwaiger M, Stadler MB, Bell O, Kohler H, Oakeley EJ, et al. (2009) Chromatin state marks cell- ...
*  FABP1
The human FABP1 gene is located on the short (p) arm of chromosome 2 from base pair 88,122,982 to base pair 88,128,131. FABP1 ... FABP1 is a human gene coding for the protein product FABP1 (Fatty Acid-Binding Protein 1). It is also frequently known as liver ... Chan L, Wei CF, Li WH, Yang CY, Ratner P, Pownall H, Gotto AM, Smith LC (March 1985). "Human liver fatty acid binding protein ... On exon 3 of the human FABP1 gene an Ala to Thr substitution has been identified leading to a T94A missense mutation. Carriers ...
*  Genome project
... a genome project will aim to map the sequence of that chromosome. For the human species, whose genome includes 22 pairs of ... see Human genome project Humans, Homo sapiens; see The Human Genome Project-Write Palaeo-Eskimo, an ancient-human Neanderthal ... For humans, this will allow us to better understand aspects of human genetic diversity. Many organisms have genome projects ... "Potential Benefits of Human Genome Project Research". Department of Energy, Human Genome Project Information. 2009-10-09. ...
*  Human
Among the 23 pairs of chromosomes there are 22 pairs of autosomes and one pair of sex chromosomes. Like other mammals, humans ... Humans have the largest number of eccrine sweat glands among species. The dental formula of humans is: 2.1.2.32.1.2.3. Humans ... Collins, Desmond (1976). The Human Revolution: From Ape to Artist. p. 208. Therman, Eeva (1980). Human Chromosomes: Structure, ... Human body Most aspects of human physiology are closely homologous to corresponding aspects of animal physiology. The human ...
*  M33 (gene)
... is located on Chromosome 17, from base pair 79,777,188 to base pair 79,787,650(Build GRCh38.p2 )(Map). This protein contains ... from base pair 119,022,962 to base pair 119,031,270 (Build GRCm38/mm10)(Map). Human homolog of M33, Chromobox homolog 2 (CBX2 ... In human ortholog CBX2, synonyms CDCA6, M33, SRXY5 from orthology source HGNC. M33 was isolated by means of the structural ... In humans, the mutations in this gene are also associated with gonadal dysgenesis. Compound heterozygous mutations in M33 were ...
*  Chromosome 20 (human)
Chromosome 20 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. Chromosome 20 spans around 63 million base pairs (the building ... See also: Category:Genes on human chromosome 20. The following is a partial list of genes on human chromosome 20. For complete ... "Chromosome 20". Genetics Home Reference. Retrieved 2017-05-06. "Chromosome 20". Human Genome Project Information Archive 1990- ... G-banding ideograms of human chromosome 20 "Human Genome Assembly GRCh38 - Genome Reference Consortium". National Center for ...
*  FAM49A
... is located on human chromosome 2, at 2p24.3. It has 1512 base pairs in the reference sequence mRNA transcript. The ... 2001). "Toward a catalog of human genes and proteins: sequencing and analysis of 500 novel complete protein coding human cDNAs ... Family with sequence similarity 49, member A, also known as FAM49A, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the FAM49A gene ... 2003). "Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci ...
*  Human evolutionary genetics
Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes, while chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans have 24. Human chromosome 2 is a fusion of two ... human to human) was set to be 1. The ID between humans and gorillas was determined to be 1.09, that between humans and ... Human evolutionary genetics studies how one human genome differs from another human genome, the evolutionary past that gave ... These findings hint at the seemingly important role of human-specific insertions in the recent evolution of humans. Human ...
*  TBR1
The human TBR1 gene is located on the q arm of the positive strand of chromosome 2. It is 8,954 base pairs in length. TBR1 is ... "Identification of a novel gene on chromosome 7q11.2 interrupted by a translocation breakpoint in a pair of autistic twins". ... Orthologs of the human TBR1 gene have been identified in chimpanzee, dog, cow, rat, mouse, and zebrafish. In mice, TBR1 has ... It was discovered that Tbr-1 is expressed by postmitotic cortical neurons in mice and in humans. One target gene of TBR1 in the ...
*  Human chorionic gonadotropin
... encoded by six highly homologous genes that are arranged in tandem and inverted pairs on chromosome 19q13.3 - CGB (1, 2, 3, 5, ... Talwar GP (1997). "Fertility regulating and immunotherapeutic vaccines reaching human trials stage" (PDF). Human Reproduction ... Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a hormone produced by the placenta after implantation. The presence of hCG is detected in ... Human chorionic gonadotropin interacts with the LHCG receptor of the ovary and promotes the maintenance of the corpus luteum ...
*  CD300C
... gene structure predicts for an independently expressed member of an ITIM/ITAM pair of molecules localized to human chromosome ... "The gene encoding the immunoregulatory signaling molecule CMRF-35A localized to human chromosome 17 in close proximity to other ... CMRF35-like molecule 6 (CLM-6) also known as CD300 antigen-like family member C (CD300c) is a protein that in humans is encoded ... "Entrez Gene: CD300C CD300c molecule". Human CD300C genome location and CD300C gene details page in the UCSC Genome Browser. ...
*  CD300A
... gene structure predicts for an independently expressed member of an ITIM/ITAM pair of molecules localized to human chromosome ... CD300A protein, human at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) CD300a, Bernholtz - The Possible ... Alvarez Y, Tang X, Coligan JE, Borrego F (2007). "The CD300a (IRp60) inhibitory receptor is rapidly up-regulated on human ... 2003). "Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci ...
*  Coiled-Coil Domain Containing 142
"Microarray Data :: Allen Brain Atlas: Human Brain". human.brain-map.org. Retrieved 2016-05-01. "EST Profile - Hs.430199". www. ... The CCDC142 gene is located on chromosome 2 (at 2p13), spans 4339 base pairs and contains 9 exons. The gene codes for the ... The coding region is 8292 base pairs long, encoding for two protein isoforms 743 to 665 amino acids in length. On the telomeric ... Allen Human Brain Atlas Expression of CCDC142 Lateral View Red=Low Expression11 Frontal View Green=High Expression11 Above are ...
*  Chimpanzee genome project
Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes and other great apes have 24 pairs of chromosomes. In the human evolutionary lineage, two ... Human and chimpanzee chromosomes are very similar. The primary difference is that humans have one fewer pair of chromosomes ... Many ribosomal protein L23a pseudogenes are scattered through the human genome. Human evolutionary genetics Human chromosome 2 ... chromosome segment inversions on human chromosomes 1, 4, 5, 9, 12, 15, 16, 17, and 18. After the completion of the Human genome ...
*  TMEM131
The gene product is a 6,657 base pair mRNA with 41 predicted exons in the human gene. Ensembl predicts ten alternative splice ... The predicted promoter region spans 1002 base pairs from 98,611,892 through 98,612,893 on the minus strand of chromosome 2. The ... The first spans 216 base pairs from 98,612,501 through 98,612,716. The second spans 182 base pairs from 98,612,262 through ... The human form has 1883 amino acid residues, with an isoelectric point of 8.74 and a molecular mass of 205,100 Daltons. It has ...
*  Chromosome 22 (human)
Chromosome 22 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in human cells. Humans normally have two copies of chromosome 22 in each ... Chromosome 22 is the second smallest human chromosome (chromosome 21 being smaller), spanning about 49 million DNA base pairs ... Chromosome 22 was the first human chromosome to be fully sequenced. Chromosome 22 was originally identified as the smallest ... See also: Category:Genes on human chromosome 22. The following is a partial list of genes on human chromosome 22. For complete ...
*  APLP2
The human APLP2 gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 11 at region 2 band 4, from base pair 130, 069, 821 to base ... pair 130, 144, 811 (GRCh38.p7). APLP2 consists of 763 amino acids, with 31 amino acids making up the signal peptide and 732 ... Guénette SY, Chen J, Jondro PD, Tanzi RE (October 1996). "Association of a novel human FE65-like protein with the cytoplasmic ... Human APLP2 genome location and APLP2 gene details page in the UCSC Genome Browser.. ...
*  BRCA1
The human BRCA1 gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 17 at region 2 band 1, from base pair 41,196,312 to base pair ... These mutations can be changes in one or a small number of DNA base pairs (the building-blocks of DNA), and can be identified ... BRCA1 is a human tumor suppressor gene (to be specific, a caretaker gene), found in all humans; its protein, also called by the ... Zhou C, Liu J (March 2003). "Inhibition of human telomerase reverse transcriptase gene expression by BRCA1 in human ovarian ...
*  PRP36
The human PRR36 gene consists of 7 exons and is 5723 base pairs long. PRR36 is located on the short arm of human chromosome 19 ... both on human chromosome 19 and other chromosomes, tend to more frequently produce proteins that are involved in protein- ... The gene spans between base pair numbers 7868719 and 7874441 on chromosome 19 and is located between two other genes-LYPLA2P2, ... DUF4596 on human PRP36 is 47 amino acids long, has an isoelectric point of 3.77, and is almost completely conserved across ...
*  Genetic history of indigenous peoples of the Americas
The Y chromosome is passed down directly from father to son; all male humans (Y chromosomes) today trace back to a single ... The Y chromosome spans about 60 million base pairs (the building blocks of DNA) and represents about 2 percent of the total DNA ... The genetic history of indigenous peoples of the Americas primarily focuses on Human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups and Human ... is a chromosome that is not a sex chromosome - that is to say, there are an equal number of copies of the chromosome in males ...
*  ENOX2
The human ENOX2 gene is located on the long (q) arm of the X chromosome in humans, at region 2 band 6 sub band 1, from base ... pair 130,622,330 to 130,903,317 (build GRCh38.p7) (map). The gene is conserved in chimpanzee, Rhesus monkey, dog, mouse, rat, ... ENOX2 is a gene located on the long arm of the X chromosome in humans. The gene encodes the protein Ecto-NOX disulfide-thiol ... 2005). "The DNA sequence of the human X chromosome". Nature. 434 (7031): 325-37. doi:10.1038/nature03440. PMC 2665286 . PMID ...
*  C2orf73
The full gene spans a total of 53,712 base pairs and contains nine exons. The gene's location in the Human genome is on ... "Human PubMed Reference:". "Mouse PubMed Reference:". "Homo sapiens chromosome 2 open reading frame 73 (C2orf73), mRNA - ... "C2orf73 chromosome 2 open reading frame 73 [Homo sapiens (human)] - Gene - NCBI". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 28 April 2017 ... "C2orf73 chromosome 2 open reading frame 73 [Homo sapiens (human)] - Gene - NCBI". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 28 April 2017 ...
*  Chromosome 16 open reading frame 13
C16orf13 is located on the short arm of chromosome 16 in humans, in the thirteenth open reading frame. There are five ... The primary transcript of this gene is 1,919 base pairs long. Using the Dotlet program, a dot plot was constructed comparing ... "Human PubMed Reference:". "Mouse PubMed Reference:". "C16orf13 - UPF0585 protein C16orf13 - human protein (Identifiers)". ... Chromosome 16 open reading frame 13, also called C16orf13, is a protein-coding gene of unknown function, also known as JFP2. ...
*  TENM3
Odz1 to Mouse Chromosome 11; and ODZ3 to Human Chromosome Xq25". Genomics. 58 (1): 102-3. doi:10.1006/geno.1999.5798. PMID ... Levine A, Bashan-Ahrend A, Budai-Hadrian O, Gartenberg D, Menasherow S, Wides R (May 1994). "odd Oz: A novel Drosophila pair ... Odz1to Mouse Chromosome 11; and ODZ3 to Human Chromosome Xq25". Genomics. 58 (1): 102-103. doi:10.1006/geno.1999.5798. PMID ... Ben-Zur, T.; Feige, E.; Motro, B.; Wides, R. (2000). "The Mammalian Odz Gene Family: Homologs of a Drosophila Pair-Rule Gene ...
*  ERICH2
... is located on human Chromosome 2, at 2q31.1. It contains 10 distinct exons. The gene itself is 28,930 base pairs long ... This variant is also shorter than the other two at 1,063 base pairs. The ERICH2 protein is 436 amino acids in length, and has a ... The longest transcript variant is 1,388 base pairs in length, 1,311 of which are coding. The second variant differs from the ... Database, GeneCards Human Gene. "IWS1 Gene - GeneCards , IWS1 Protein , IWS1 Antibody". www.genecards.org. Retrieved 2017-05-07 ...