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*  Circular bacterial chromosome
A circular bacterial chromosome is a bacterial chromosome in the form of a molecule of circular DNA. Unlike the linear DNA of ... typical bacterial chromosomes are circular. Most bacterial chromosomes contain a circular DNA molecule - there are no free ends ... The nucleoside base was incorporated uniformly into the bacterial chromosome. He then isolated the chromosomes by lysing the ... Bacterial chromosome replication is best understood in the well-studied bacteria Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. ...
*  Bacterial artificial chromosome
A bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) is a DNA construct, based on a functional fertility plasmid (or F-plasmid), used for ... The bacterial artificial chromosome's usual insert size is 150-350 kbp. A similar cloning vector called a PAC has also been ... Domi A, Moss B (2002). "Cloning the vaccinia virus genome as a bacterial artificial chromosome in Escherichia coli and recovery ... PMC 3063228 . The Big Bad BAC: Bacterial Artificial Chromosomes - a review from the Science Creative Quarterly Empire Genomics ...
*  Telomere
The known structures of bacterial telomeres take the form of proteins bound to the ends of linear chromosomes, or hairpin loops ... A small fraction of bacterial chromosomes (such as those in Streptomyces, Agrobacterium, and Borrelia) are linear and possess ... Lundblad, 2000; Ferreira et al., 2004 Maloy, Stanley (July 12, 2002). "Bacterial Chromosome Structure". Retrieved 2008-06-22. ... A telomere is a region of repetitive nucleotide sequences at each end of a chromosome, which protects the end of the chromosome ...
*  RecBCD
Spies M, Kowalczykowski SC (2003). "Homologous recombination by RecBCD and RecF pathways". In Higgins P. Bacterial Chromosomes ...
*  Plasmid partition system
The StbA-stbDRs complex may be used to pair plasmid the host chromosome, using indirectly the bacterial partitioning system. ... Badrinarayanan, Anjana; Le, Tung B. K.; Laub, Michael T. (2015-11-13). "Bacterial Chromosome Organization and Segregation". ... ParA proteins from different plasmids and bacterial species show 25 to 30% of sequence identity to the protein ParA of the ... Schumacher MA (2012). "Bacterial plasmid partition machinery: a minimalist approach to survival". Current Opinion in Structural ...
*  John Roth (geneticist)
"Rearrangements of the bacterial chromosome: formation and applications". In Neidhardt, F.C., Curtis, R., III, Ingraham, J.L., ... New methods in bacterial genetics". J. Mol. Biol. 116: 125-159. doi:10.1016/0022-2836(77)90123-1. PMID 338917. CS1 maint: Uses ... In 2011, ASM Press published a festschrift in his honor ("The Lure of Bacterial Genetics: A Tribute to John Roth"). Thomas Hunt ... 2011). The Lure of Bacterial Genetics: A Tribute to John Roth. Washington, DC: ASM Press. p. 362. ISBN 978-1-55581-538-7. CS1 ...
*  Bacterial DNA binding protein
CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Pettijohn DE (September 1988). "Histone-like proteins and bacterial chromosome ... Initially, bacterial DNA binding proteins were thought to help stabilize bacterial DNA. Currently, many more functions of ... "An African swine fever virus gene with similarity to bacterial DNA binding proteins, bacterial integration host factors, and ... Since bacterial binding proteins have a diversity of functions, it has been difficult to develop a common function for all of ...
*  Comparative genomics
... purine strand bias in 280 bacterial chromosomes". Microbiology. 152 (3): 579-583. doi:10.1099/mic.0.28637-0. Archived from the ... "Dynamics of Genome Rearrangement in Bacterial Populations". PLOS Genetics. 4 (7): e1000128. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1000128. ...
*  Bacteria
In fact, 10% of all sequenced bacterial genomes are estimated to have 2 or more chromosomes. Some bacteria, e.g. Borrelia ... Partition systems are also encoded by most bacterial chromosomes. Plasmids that are maintained at a high copy number per cell ... It is seldom that a conjugative plasmid integrates into the host bacterial chromosome and subsequently transfers part of the ... There are typically 40 million bacterial cells in a gram of soil and a million bacterial cells in a millilitre of fresh water. ...
*  ParABS system
Murray, H; Ferreira, H; Errington, J (Sep 2006). "The bacterial chromosome segregation protein Spo0J spreads along DNA from ... Collectively, these components function to ensure accurate partitioning of plasmids or whole chromosomes between bacterial ... "A spindle-like apparatus guides bacterial chromosome segregation". Nature Cell Biology. 12 (8): 791-8. doi:10.1038/ncb2083. PMC ... Surtees, JA; Funnell, BE (2003). "Plasmid and chromosome traffic control: how ParA and ParB drive partition". Current topics in ...
*  Genome
"Replication of Linear Bacterial Chromosomes: No Longer Going Around in Circles". The Bacterial Chromosome: 525. 2005. doi: ... some bacterial species have linear chromosomes or multiple chromosomes. If the DNA is replicated faster than the bacterial ... "Bacterial Chromosomes". Microbial Genetics. 2002. Koonin, Eugene V.; Wolf, Yuri I. (2010). "Constraints and plasticity in ... Eukaryotic genomes are composed of one or more linear DNA chromosomes. The number of chromosomes varies widely from Jack jumper ...
*  Medical Research Club
The bacterial chromosome' in 1969. Although members of the Club received the lectures with enthusiasm, these mono-thematic ...
*  Niche adaptation
Plasmids can become incorporated into the full bacterial chromosome. The restriction sites still exist, meaning various lengths ... If some of these bacterial genes are caught up into the phage, they can be released into the next infected individual. This new ... of DNA can be transposed from one cell to another directly from the chromosome. In this way non plasmid bacterial genes ... Bacteriophages can cause the chromosomes of their infected hosts to break up into segments small enough to fit into the newly ...
*  Post-translational regulation
nat.) (2006). Dynamics of the bacterial chromosome: structure and function. Wiley-VCH. pp. 266-. ISBN 978-3-527-30496-7. ...
*  Prokaryotic DNA replication
Frimodt-Møller J, Charbon G, Løbner-Olesen A (December 2016). "Control of bacterial chromosome replication by non-coding ... Bussiere DE, Bastia D (March 1999). "Termination of DNA replication of bacterial and plasmid chromosomes". Molecular ... "oriC-encoded instructions for the initiation of bacterial chromosome replication". Frontiers in Microbiology. 5: 735. doi: ... Chromosome replication in bacteria is regulated at the initiation stage. DnaA-ATP is hydrolyzed into the inactive DnaA-ADP by ...
*  SecDF protein-export membrane protein
The translocase protein subunits are encoded on the bacterial chromosome. The translocase itself comprises 7 proteins, ... Breyton C; Haase W; Rapoport TA; Kühlbrandt W; Collinson I (August 2002). "Three-dimensional structure of the bacterial protein ... in the bacterial cytoplasm. SecB maintains preproteins in an unfolded state after translation, and targets these to the ...
*  DNA condensation
Bacterial DNA is sometimes referred to as the bacterial chromosome. Bacterial nucleoid evolutionary represents an intermediate ... "Stress-induced condensation of bacterial genomes results in re-pairing of sister chromosomes: implications for double strand ... Bacterial DNA is packed with the help of polyamines and proteins. Protein-associated DNA occupies about 1/4 of the ... Sister chromosomes in the bacterium Escherichia coli are induced by stressful conditions to condense and undergo pairing. ...
*  SecY protein
The translocase protein subunits are encoded on the bacterial chromosome. The translocase pathway comprises 7 proteins, ... Rapoport TA; Breyton C; Haase W; Kuhlbrandt W; Collinson I (2002). "Three-dimensional structure of the bacterial protein- ... in the bacterial cytoplasm. SecB maintains preproteins in an unfolded state after translation, and targets these to the ...
*  Hfr cell
Bacterial geneticists make use of this principle to map the genes on the bacterial chromosome. This technique is called ... Due to the large size of bacterial chromosome, it is very rare for the entire chromosome to be transferred into the F − cell as ... Therefore, as the conjugative transfer is not complete (the circular nature of plasmid and bacterial chromosome requires ... This results in sequential transfer of genes on the bacterial chromosome. ...
*  Type II topoisomerase
Gyrase is also able to remove knots from the bacterial chromosome. Along with gyrase, most prokaryotes also contain a second ... Type IIA topoisomerases include the enzymes DNA gyrase, eukaryotic topoisomerase II (topo II), and bacterial topoisomerase IV ( ... While antibacterial compounds such as ciprofloxacin target bacterial gyrase, they fail to inhibit eukaryotic type IIA ... and the correct chromosome number can remain in daughter cells. Linear DNA in eukaryotes is so long they can be thought of as ...
*  Nuclear organization
"High-Resolution Mapping of the Spatial Organization of a Bacterial Chromosome". Science. 342 (6159): 731-734. doi:10.1126/ ... Second, individual chromosome preference is variable among different cell types. For example, the X-chromosome has shown to ... Moreover, entire chromosomes segregate into distinct regions called chromosome territories. Each human cell contains around two ... The region occupied by a chromosome is called a chromosome territory (CT). Among eukaryotes, CTs have several common properties ...
*  Chromosome
... which associate with the bacterial chromosome. In archaea, the DNA in chromosomes is even more organized, with the DNA packaged ... Chromosomes in humans can be divided into two types: autosomes (body chromosome(s)) and allosome (sex chromosome(s)). Certain ... Aneuploidy Chromosome segregation DNA Genetic deletion For information about chromosomes in genetic algorithms, see chromosome ... and two sex chromosomes. This gives 46 chromosomes in total. Other organisms have more than two copies of their chromosome ...
*  Bacillus subtilis
B. subtilis is a model organism used to study bacterial chromosome replication. Replication of the single circular chromosome ... B. subtilis is considered the best studied Gram-positive bacterium and a model organism to study bacterial chromosome ... Chromosome replication is completed when the forks reach the terminus region, which is positioned opposite to the origin on the ... Natural bacterial transformation involves the transfer of DNA from one bacterium to another through the surrounding medium. In ...
*  Non-helical models of DNA structure
While human and bacterial chromosomes are far too large to isolate intact, but rather break into innumerable small fragments ... "Nobel Prize - List of All Nobel Laureates". Cairns, J. (March 1963). "The bacterial chromosome and its manner of replication as ... the replicating bacterial chromosome, was largely seen by the mainstream scientific community to satisfy the topological ... Such a chromosome does not need to either spin or unwind during replication. Rodley in later published work makes it clear that ...
*  BASys
Circular bacterial chromosome Functional genomics BacMap Bacteria Genome Microbiology Van Domselaar, GH; Stothard P; ... A complete BASys run takes approximately 16 h for an average bacterial chromosome (approximately 4 Megabases). BASys ... clickable and fully zoomable circular maps of each input chromosome. These bacterial genome maps are generated used a program ... BASys (Bacterial Annotation System) is a freely available web server that can be used to perform automated, comprehensive ...
*  Halobacterium salinarum
Although chromosomes are initially shattered into many fragments, complete chromosomes are regenerated by making use of over- ... Type strain of Halobacterium salinarum at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Food portal. ... NRC-1 genome consists of 2,571,010 base pairs on one large chromosome and two mini-chromosomes. The genome encodes 2,360 ... The large chromosome is very G-C rich (68%). High GC-content of the genome increases stability in extreme environments. Whole ...