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*  Genome
Samson, Rachel (2014). "Archaeal Chromosome Biology". J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol. doi:10.1159/000368854. PMC 5175462 . ... Eukaryotic genomes are composed of one or more linear DNA chromosomes. The number of chromosomes varies widely from Jack jumper ... Archaea have a single circular chromosome. Most bacteria also have a single circular chromosome; however, some bacterial ... "Replication of Linear Bacterial Chromosomes: No Longer Going Around in Circles". The Bacterial Chromosome: 525. 2005. doi: ...
*  Chargaff's rules
... the bacterial chromosomes, the double stranded DNA viral genomes, and the archaeal chromosomes. It does not apply to organellar ... specifically it applies to the eukaryotic chromosomes, ...
*  List of MeSH codes (A11)
... chromosomes, archaeal MeSH A11.284.187.178 - chromosomes, artificial MeSH A11.284.187.178.170 - chromosomes, artificial, ... x chromosome MeSH A11.284.187.865.982.500 - chromosomes, human, x MeSH A11.284.187.865.983 - y chromosome MeSH A11.284.187.865. ... chromosomes, human, pair 12 MeSH A11.284.187.520.300.325.680 - chromosomes, human, x MeSH A11.284.187.520.300.370 - chromosomes ... philadelphia chromosome MeSH A11.284.187.520.300.505.757 - chromosomes, human, y MeSH A11.284.187.560 - chromosomes, plant MeSH ...
*  Nucleoid
As in all cellular organisms, length of the DNA molecules of bacterial and archaeal chromosomes is very large compared to the ... Wang, W.; Li, G.; Chen, C.; Xie, X. S.; Zhuang, X. (2011). "Chromosome organization by a nucleoid-associated protein in live ... Qian, Z; Macvanin, M; Dimitriadis, EK; He, X; Zhurkin, V; Adhya, S (2015). "A New Noncoding RNA Arranges Bacterial Chromosome ... Smith, BT; Grossman, AD; Walker, GC (2002). "Localization of UvrA and effect of DNA damage on the chromosome of Bacillus ...
*  Archaea
Connections between archaeal cells can also be found between the Archaeal Richmond Mine Acidophilic Nanoorganisms (ARMAN) and ... Cell division is controlled in a cell cycle; after the cell's chromosome is replicated and the two daughter chromosomes ... archaeal flagella are synthesized by adding subunits at the base. Archaeal membranes are made of molecules that are distinctly ... discovery of the ARMAN group of archaea Genomics Browse any completed archaeal genome at UCSC Comparative Analysis of Archaeal ...
*  Pre-replication complex
The origins are generally AT-rich tracts that vary based on the archaeal species. The singular archaeal ORC protein recognizes ... It is composed of a single origin recognition complex (ORC) protein, Cdc6, and a homohexamer of the mini chromosome maintenance ... Eukaryotes typically have multiple origins of replication; at least one per chromosome. Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae ... The archaeal pre-RC is very different from the bacterial pre-RC and can serve as a simplified model of the eukaryotic pre-RC. ...
*  Gene transfer agent
Genetic material brought to the host chromosome by bacteriophages and other mobile elements can be subject to exaptation. The ... GTAs originated from different viruses have been found in several bacterial and archaeal lineages, such as Alphaproteobacteria ... Moreover, groups of genes with homology to the RcGTA are present in the chromosomes of various types of alphaproteobacteria. ... The run-off replication causes the amplification of a chromosome region containing genes such as secretion systems or adhesins ...
*  Viral eukaryogenesis
Further, the viral origins of the modern eukaryotic nucleus may have relied on multiple infections of archaeal cells carrying ... Like viruses,[which?] a eukaryotic nucleus contains linear chromosomes with specialized end sequences (in contrast to bacterial ... However, this theory is controversial, and additional experimentation involving archaeal viruses is necessary, as they are ... a DNA chromosome encapsulated within a lipid membrane). In theory, a large DNA virus could take control of a bacterial or ...
*  Halostagnicola larsenii
The genome consists of 2.79 Mega-bases on a circular chromosome with four circular plasmids. The genome includes 4,246 genes of ... larsenii was sequenced using Illumina dye sequencing HiSeq 2000 by Iain Anderson as part of the Archaeal Tree of Life Project ...
*  Sexual reproduction
... which only contain 23 chromosomes, so the child will have 23 chromosomes from each parent genetically recombined into 23 pairs ... Exposure of hyperthermophilic archaeal Sulfolobus species to DNA damaging conditions induces cellular aggregation accompanied ... Each gamete contains half the number of chromosomes of normal cells. They are created by a specialized type of cell division, ... For a bacterium to bind, take up, and recombine exogenous DNA into its chromosome, it must enter a special physiological state ...
*  Halobacterium salinarum
Although chromosomes are initially shattered into many fragments, complete chromosomes are regenerated by making use of over- ... Whole proteome comparisons show the definite archaeal nature of this halophile with additional similarities to the Gram- ... NRC-1 genome consists of 2,571,010 base pairs on one large chromosome and two mini-chromosomes. The genome encodes 2,360 ... The large chromosome is very G-C rich (68%). High GC-content of the genome increases stability in extreme environments. ...
*  Condensin
In Drosophila, condensin II subunits contribute to the dissolution of polytene chromosomes and the formation of chromosome ... Many eubacterial and archaeal species have SMC-ScpAB, whereas a subgroup of eubacteria (known as gamma-proteobacteria) has ... "Condensin II promotes the formation of chromosome territories by inducing axial compaction of polyploid interphase chromosomes ... On the other hand, condensin I is present in the cytoplasm during interphase, and gains access to chromosomes only after the ...
*  Archaeoglobus
The Archaeoglobus fulgidus genome is a circular chromosome roughly half the size of E. coli at 2,178,000 base pairs. A quarter ... Another quarter encodes proteins unique to the archaeal domain. One observation about the genome is that there are many gene ... However, the possibility that the shared presence of these signature proteins in these archaeal lineages is due to lateral gene ... Comparative genomic studies on archaeal genomes provide evidence that members of the genus Archaeoglobus are the closest ...
*  Provirus
Not only eukaryotic viruses integrate into the genomes of their hosts; many bacterial and archaeal viruses also employ this ... not only refers to a retrovirus but is also used to describe other viruses that can integrate into the host chromosomes, ... Krupovic M, Prangishvili D, Hendrix RW, Bamford DH (2011). "Genomics of bacterial and archaeal viruses: dynamics within the ...
*  Bacillus safensis
This strain displays a G+C content of 46.1% in a circular chromosome of 3.68 Mbp. 3,928 protein-coding sequences were ... RAST, Rapid Annotation using Subsystem Technology, is a server that generates bacterial and archaeal genome annotations. The ...
*  Linker histone H1 variants
They are encoded by genes within histone cluster 1 located in human cells on chromosome 6. The five further variants are ... Rather than originating from archaeal histones, it probably evolved from a bacterial protein. Unlike core histones featuring a ... inactive chromatin: distribution in human fetal fibroblasts". Chromosome Research: An International Journal on the Molecular, ... Supramolecular and Evolutionary Aspects of Chromosome Biology. 8 (5): 405-424. doi:10.1023/A:1009262819961. ISSN 0967-3849. ...
*  Chromosome
Pereira SL; Grayling RA; Lurz R; Reeve JN (1997). "Archaeal nucleosomes". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 94 (23): 12633-7. ... Chromosomes in humans can be divided into two types: autosomes (body chromosome(s)) and allosome (sex chromosome(s)). Certain ... Aneuploidy Chromosome segregation DNA Genetic deletion For information about chromosomes in genetic algorithms, see chromosome ... and two sex chromosomes. This gives 46 chromosomes in total. Other organisms have more than two copies of their chromosome ...
*  Z curve
Guo FB, Ou HY, Zhang CT (2003). "ZCURVE: a new system for recognizing protein-coding genes in bacterial and archaeal genomes". ... "Origin of replication in circular prokaryotic chromosomes". Environ. Microbiol. 8 (2): 353-61. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2005. ... Zhang R, Zhang CT (2005). "Identification of replication origins in archaeal genomes based on the Z-curve method". Archaea. 1 ( ... such as in locating replication origins of bacterial and archaeal genomes. Similar methods of visually representing genomic ...
*  List of MeSH codes (G05)
... chromosome pairing MeSH G05.105.220.687.500.299.500 --- synaptonemal complex MeSH G05.105.220.687.500.600 --- pachytene stage ... archaeal MeSH G05.315.300 --- gene expression regulation, bacterial MeSH G05.315.310 --- gene expression regulation, ... chromosome pairing MeSH G05.105.220.875.500.299.500 --- synaptonemal complex MeSH G05.105.220.875.500.600 --- pachytene stage ... x chromosome inactivation MeSH G05.315.200 --- down-regulation MeSH G05.315.203 --- epigenesis, genetic MeSH G05.315.207 --- ...
*  Sulfolobus solfataricus
On a single chromosome, there are 2,992,245 base pairs which encode for 2,977 proteins and copious RNAs. One-third of S. ... All the data points to the organism having a large percent of archaeal-specific genes, which showcases the differences between ... S. solfataricus has strong eukaryotic features coupled with many uniquely archaeal-specific abilities. The results of the ... DNA transfer process and subsequent homologous recombinational repair represents an important mechanism to maintain chromosome ...
*  FANCL
2005). "A Human Orthologue of Archaeal DNA Repair Protein Hef is Defective in Fanconi Anemia Complementation Group M". Nat. ... 2005). "Generation and annotation of the DNA sequences of human chromosomes 2 and 4". Nature. 434 (7034): 724-31. doi:10.1038/ ... at ionizing radiation-induced foci and in synaptonemal complexes of meiotic chromosomes (see Figure: Recombinational repair of ...
*  Francisco Mojica
In 1993 repeats were observed in the archaeal organisms Haloferax and Haloarcula species, and their function was studied by ... had a role in correctly segregating replicated DNA into daughter cells during cell division because plasmids and chromosomes ...
*  Bacterial genome
This creates quite dynamic genomes, in which DNA can be introduced into and removed from the chromosome. Bacteria have more ... 24% of Thermotoga's 1,877 ORFs and 16% of Aquifex's 1,512 ORFs show high matches to an Archaeal protein, while mesophiles such ... Right now, we have genome sequences from 50 different bacterial phyla and 11 different archaeal phyla. Second-generation ... Conjugation may mediate the transfer of chromosomal sequences by plasmids that integrate into the chromosome. Despite the ...
*  Type I topoisomerase
... for chromosome condensation; and to disentangle intertwined DNA during mitosis. This domain assumes a beta(2)-alpha-beta-alpha- ... bacterial and archaeal topoisomerase I, topoisomerase III and reverse gyrase) and type IB (eukaryotic topoisomerase I and ... separating the DNA of daughter chromosomes after DNA replication, and relax DNA. These enzymes have several functions: to ...
*  Rad50
These findings suggest that eukaryotic Rad50 may be descended from an ancestral archaeal Rad50 protein that served a role in ... Rad50 is a member of the structural maintenance of chromosomes (SMC) family of proteins. Like other SMC proteins, Rad50 ... Stracker TH, Theunissen JW, Morales M, Petrini JH (2005). "The Mre11 complex and the metabolism of chromosome breaks: the ... Chromosome Res. 17 (2): 277-88. doi:10.1007/s10577-008-9018-6. PMID 19308707. Hopfner KP, Craig L, Moncalian G, Zinkel RA, Usui ...
*  Sulfolobus
In P2's genome, the genes related to chromosome replication were likewise found to be more related to those in eukaryotes. ... Sediments from ~90m below the seafloor on the Peruvian continental margin are dominated by intact archaeal tetraethers, and a ... Another sequenced species, S. tokodaii has a circular chromosome as well but is slightly smaller with 2,694,756 bp. Both ... 7 (2,694,756 nucleotides). The archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus has a circular chromosome that consists of 2,992,245 bp. ...