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*  Ancestral reconstruction
Chromosome painting is currently the main experimental technique. Recently, researchers have developed computational methods to ... Watterson, G.A.; Ewens, W.J.; Hall, T.E.; Morgan, A. (1982). "The chromosome inversion problem". Journal of Theoretical Biology ... Sturtevant, A. H.; Dobzhansky, T. (1936). "Inversions in the Third Chromosome of Wild Races of Drosophila Pseudoobscura, and ... Murphy, W. J. (2005). "Dynamics of Mammalian Chromosome Evolution Inferred from Multispecies Comparative Maps". Science. 309 ( ...
*  Aquatic mammal
"Chromosome painting in the manatee supports Afrotheria and Paenungulata". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 7 (6): 6. doi:10.1186/1471- ...
*  Idoxuridine
Fauth E, Zankl H (1999). "Comparison of spontaneous and idoxuridine-induced micronuclei by chromosome painting". Mutat Res. 440 ...
*  Taurotragus
"Phylogenomic study of spiral-horned antelope by cross-species chromosome painting". Chromosome Research: an International ... It was found that chromosomes involved in centric fusions in these species used a complete set of cattle painting probes ... The eland have 31 male chromosomes and 32 female chromosomes. In a 2008 phylogenomic study of spiral-horned antelopes, ... The study confirmed the presence of the chromosome translocation known as Robertsonian translocation (1;29), a widespread ...
*  Nyala
"Phylogenomic study of spiral-horned antelope by cross-species chromosome painting". Chromosome Research. 16 (7): 935-47. doi: ... The nyala has 55 male chromosomes and 56 female chromosomes. The Y chromosome has been translocated onto the 14th chromosome, ... as in other tragelaphids, but no inversion of the Y chromosome occurs. Cranial studies have shown that the mountain nyala and ...
*  List of organisms by chromosome count
"Comparative chromosome painting between two marsupials: origins of an XX/XY1Y2 sex chromosome system". Mammalian Genome. 8 (6 ... "Comparative chromosome painting of chicken autosomal paints 1-9 in nine different bird species". Cytogenetic and Genome ... "Chromosome painting shows that skunks (Mephitidae, Carnivora) have highly rearranged karyotypes". Chromosome Res. 16 (8): 1215- ... revealed by cross-species chromosome painting with Chinese muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi) and human (Homo sapiens) paints". ...
*  Arun Kumar Sharma
Chromosome Painting: Principles, Strategies and Scope, Chromosome Techniques: Theory and Practice, Chromosome Techniques - A ... ISBN 978-1-57808-413-5. Arun Kumar Sharma; Archana Sharma (27 June 2011). Chromosome Painting: Principles, Strategies and Scope ... Arun Kumar Sharma; Archana Sharma (27 June 2011). Chromosome Painting: Principles, Strategies and Scope. Springer Science & ... Considered by many as the father of Indian cytology, he headed the Centre for Advanced Study on Cell and Chromosome at the ...
*  Genome diversity and karyotype evolution of mammals
... whole chromosomes of one species to metaphase chromosomes of another species. Comparative chromosome painting allows a rapid ... "Cytogenetic Analysis by Chromosome Painting Using Dop-Pcr Amplified Flow-Sorted Chromosomes". Gene Chromosome Canc. 4 (3): 257- ... microdissection of chromosomes and chromosome regions was also used to obtain probes for chromosome painting. Best results were ... Total human chromosomes or their arms can efficiently paint extended chromosome regions in many placentals down to Afrotheria ...
*  Fluorescence in situ hybridization
This is often called "whole-chromosome painting." If every possible probe is used, every chromosome, (the whole genome) would ... Probes that hybridize along an entire chromosome are used to count the number of a certain chromosome, show translocations, or ... Special locus-specific probe mixtures are often used to count chromosomes, by binding to the centromeric regions of chromosomes ... A technique known as chromosome combing is increasingly used for this purpose. The extended conformation of the chromosomes ...
*  Amami rabbit
Listed as Endangered (B1ab(ii,iii,v)+2ab(ii,iii,v) Robinson, T.; Yang, F. & Harrison, W. (2002). "Chromosome painting refines ...
*  Red rock hare
Robinson, T. J.; Yang, F.; Harrison, W. R. (2002). "Chromosome painting refines the history of genome evolution in hares and ... The Pronolagus chromosomes have undergone four fusions and one fission from the Lagomorpha ancestral state (2n=48), which ... All species in this genus have 21 pairs of chromosomes (2n = 42). The karotype for P. rupestris has been published. ... doi:10.1080/02541858.1982.11447806 . Robinson, T. J. (1980). "Comparative chromosome studies in the family Leporidae ( ...
*  Crested capuchin
... using chromosome painting and G-banding". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 8: 169. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-169. PMC 2435554 . PMID ...
*  Capuchin monkey
... using chromosome painting and G-banding". BMC Evol. Biol. 8: 169. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-169. PMC 2435554 . PMID 18534011. ...
*  Wedge-capped capuchin
... using chromosome painting and G-banding". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 8: 169. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-169. PMC 2435554 . PMID ... The wedge-capped capuchin has a diploid chromosome number of 52, though some others in the genus have 54 chromosomes. Nine ... human chromosomes correspond to those of the C. olivaceus. Phylogenetic analysis and constructions of cladograms have ...
*  Living fossil
Robinson, T., Yang, F., & Harrison, W. (2002). "Chromosome painting refines the history of genome evolution in hares and ... "Rediscovered Hula painted frog 'is a living fossil'". BBC News. Retrieved 4 June 2013. Scientists find lamprey a 'living fossil ... Hula painted frog (Latonia nigriventer) Purple frog (Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis) Jawless fish Hagfish (Myxinidae) Family Bony ...
*  Raccoon dog
"Comparative chromosome painting defines the karyotypic relationships among the domestic dog, Chinese raccoon dog and Japanese ... Comparative chromosome painting defines the karyotypic relationships among the domestic dog, Chinese raccoon dog and Japanese ...
*  Cat
Red Panda and Five Mustelid Species Revealed by Comparative Chromosome Painting and G-banding". Chromosome Research. 10 (3): ... The domesticated cat and its closest wild ancestor are both diploid organisms that possess 38 chromosomes and roughly 20,000 ... owing to the clear depictions of house cats in Egyptian paintings about 3,600 years old. However, in 2004, a Neolithic grave ...
*  Miniopterus griveaudi
Cross-species chromosome painting in bats from Madagascar: the contribution of Myzopodidae to revealing ancestral syntenies in ... non-sex chromosomes). The X chromosome is submetacentric (with one arm slightly longer than the other) and the Y chromosome is ... The animal has a karyotype of 46 chromosomes, with a total of 50 major arms on the autosomes ( ... the number of chromosomes and arms is identical in M. griveaudi, the Malagasy M. aelleni and M. gleni, and even the Asian M. ...
*  Cat genetics
... red panda and five mustelid species revealed by comparative chromosome painting and G-banding". Chromosome Res. 10 (3): 209-22 ... The domesticated cat and its closest wild ancestor are both diploid organisms that possess 38 chromosomes and roughly 20,000 ...
*  Devil facial tumour disease
2012). "Genomic restructuring in the Tasmanian devil facial tumour: Chromosome painting and gene mapping provide clues to ... chromosomes. More recently evolved strains have an additional mutant marker chromosome, for a total of fourteen chromosomes. ... Tasmanian devil cells have 14 chromosomes; the oldest-known strain of the tumour cells have thirteen chromosomes, nine of which ... Among the mutations present in the tumour genome is trisomy in chromosome 5p, as well as several single base mutations, and ...
*  Ungulate
Robinson, M. A. Yang; Fu, T. J.; Ferguson-Smith, B. (2004). "Cross-species chromosome painting in the golden mole and elephant- ...
*  Afrotheria
Robinson, T. J.; Fu, B.; Ferguson-Smith, M. A.; Yang, F. (2004). "Cross-species chromosome painting in the golden mole and ... Svartman, M.; Stanyon, R. (2012). "The Chromosomes of Afrotheria and Their Bearing on Mammalian Genome Evolution" (PDF). ...
*  Medical genetics
Chromosome painting is a technique that uses fluorescent probes specific for each chromosome to differentially label each ... A large number of different methods have been developed for chromosome analysis: Chromosome analysis using a karyotype involves ... Cytogenetics is the study of chromosomes and chromosome abnormalities. While cytogenetics historically relied on microscopy to ... Chromosome analysis is also performed in the prenatal setting to determine whether a fetus is affected with aneuploidy or other ...
*  Polysomy
"Reciprocal chromosome painting illuminates the history of genome evolution of the domestic cat, dog and human". Chromosome ... The mole cricket chromosome number varies between 19 and 23 chromosomes depending on the part of the world in which they are ... In the fruit fly, Drosophila, one X chromosome in the male is almost the same as two X chromosomes in the female in terms of ... Polysomy of chromosomes 1, 2, 4, 5, and 25 are also frequently involved in canine tumors. Chromosome 1 may contain a gene ...
*  Telomerase RNA component
... to chromosome 3 by fluorescence in situ hybridization and mouse chromosome painting". Genomics. 41 (2): 293-4. doi:10.1006/geno ...
*  Negrito
... both the Y-chromosome and the mtDNA paint a clear picture of a coastal leap from Africa to south-east Asia, and onward to ... The plural in Spanish is "negritos". The Y-chromosome Haplogroup C-M130, as seen, for example, in the Semang of Malaysia, and ...