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*  Anticholinergic
Piracetam (and other racetams), α-GPC and choline are known to activate the cholinergic system and alleviate cognitive symptoms ... Caffeine (although an adenosine receptor antagonist) is able to counteract the anticholinergic symptoms by reducing sedation ... Wider use is discouraged due to the significant side effects related to cholinergic excess including: seizures, muscle weakness ... "Effect of medications with anti-cholinergic properties on cognitive function, delirium, physical function and mortality: a ...
*  N-Methyl-3-piperidyl benzilate
"Synthesis and autoradiographic localization of muscarinic cholinergic antagonist (+)N-[11C]methyl-3-piperidyl benzilate as a ...
*  JacSue Kehoe
... a Cholinergic antagonist, to this end, she observed instead a change in the cells' spontaneous synaptic activity. This activity ... This was unusual, as the Aplysia response she was researching was cholinergic and was not expected to change with the addition ... From this data Kehoe determined that both the adrenergic and cholinergic responses she observed involved the same receptor. She ...
*  Solifenacin
... is a competitive cholinergic receptor antagonist, selective for the M3 receptor subtype. The binding of ... July 2001). "Effects of YM905, a Novel Muscarinic M3-Receptor Antagonist, on Experimental Models of Bowel Dysfunction In Vivo ...
*  Atropine
... a shorter-acting cholinergic antagonist) or phenylephrine (an α-adrenergic agonist) is preferred as an aid to ophthalmic ...
*  Vesamicol
... can be broadly categorized as a cholinergic physiological antagonist, because it reduces the apparent activity of ... "Inhibition of Cholinergic Signaling Causes Apoptosis in Human Bronchioalveolar Carcinoma" (PDF). Cancer Research. 73 (4): 1328 ... cholinergic neurons, but does not act at the postsynaptic ACh receptor. Vesamicol causes a non-competitive and reversible block ...
*  Muscarinic antagonist
Stanton T, Bolden-Watson C, Cusack B, Richelson E (1993). "Antagonism of the five cloned human muscarinic cholinergic receptors ... Effects of Muscarinic Antagonist Atropine (Muscarinic Receptor Antagonist), Cardiovascular Pharmacology Concepts, Richard E. ... A muscarinic receptor antagonist (MRA) is a type of anticholinergic agent that blocks the activity of the muscarinic ... Muscarinic antagonists such as ipratropium bromide can also be effective in treating asthma, since acetylcholine is known to ...
*  Telithromycin
The study showed that a pyridine moiety that is part of the telithromycin molecule acts as an antagonist on cholinergic ... do not contain the pyridine moiety and do not antagonize these cholinergic receptors significantly. Splete, Heidi; Kerri ...
*  Neurotransmitter receptor
Glycine Autoreceptor Catecholamines Cholinergic agonists and antagonists Heteroreceptor Imidazoline receptor Neuromuscular ... H3 Cholinergic: Muscarinic: M1, M2, M3, M4, M5; Nicotinic: muscle, neuronal (α-bungarotoxin-insensitive), neuronal (α- ...
*  Caffeine-induced anxiety disorder
Caffeine also has an excitatory effect on mesocortical cholinergic neurons by acting as an antagonist on adenosine receptors ... The actions of A1 and A2A receptors oppose each other but are both inhibited by caffeine due to its function as an antagonist. ... Caffeine has been proven to act as an antagonist on adenosine receptors, which acts as a stimulant and therefore fulfills this ... Caffeine acts as an antagonist of adenosine A1 and A2A receptors. Adenosine is a normal neuromodulator that activates adenosine ...
*  Azinphos-methyl
... a cholinergic and alpha-1 adrenergic antagonist, to achieve a shorter recovery time. Treatment with a combination of different ... Competitive antagonists of AChE can be used for pre-treatment. They can reduce mortality, which is caused by exposure to AzM. ... As all cholinergic fibers contain high concentrations of ACh and AChE at their terminals, inhibition of AChE can impair their ... Cholinergic nerves play an important role in the normal function of the central nervous, endrocrine, neuromuscular, ...
*  Melatonergic
Adenosinergic Adrenergic Cannabinoidergic Cholinergic Dopaminergic GABAergic Glycinergic Histaminergic Monoaminergic ... Examples include melatonin receptor agonists and melatonin receptor antagonists. ...
*  Glycinergic
Adenosinergic Adrenergic Cannabinoidergic Cholinergic Dopaminergic GABAergic Histaminergic Melatonergic Monoaminergic ... Examples include glycine receptor agonists, glycine receptor antagonists, and glycine reuptake inhibitors. ...
*  Alvameline
"In vivo muscarinic cholinergic mediated effects of Lu 25-109, a M1 agonist and M2/M3 antagonist in vitro". Psychopharmacology. ... Alvameline (Lu 25-109) is a M1 receptor agonist and M2/M3 receptor antagonist that was under investigation for the treatment of ... A quite different tack involves developing compounds that have cholinergic activity in their own right. The tetrazole ... alvameline (8), for example, was developed as a bioisostere of the muscarinic cholinergic compound arecoline. The design ...
*  British Columbia Ambulance Service
... anti-coagulant narcotic anti-pyretic anti-cholinergic sedative anti-emetic (anti-nauseant) histamine antagonist anti-convulsant ... histamine antagonist anti-convulsant alkalizer; administration of virtually any medication on consult with a Transport Advisor ... opioid antagonist bronchodilator anti-histaminic sympathomimetic agent procoagulant anti-hypoglycemic agent Schedule 2 - PCP ... anti-arrhythmic bronchodilator anti-pyretic anti-cholinergic anti-hypoglycemic agent sedative (anti-epileptic) anti-emetic ( ...
*  Adenosinergic
Adrenergic Cannabinoidergic Cholinergic Dopaminergic GABAergic Glycinergic Histaminergic Melatonergic Monoaminergic Opioidergic ... Examples include adenosine receptor agonists, adenosine receptor antagonists (such as caffeine), and adenosine reuptake ...
*  GABAergic
Some different classes of GABAergic drugs include the following: GABA receptor agonists, GABA receptor antagonists, and GABA ... Adenosinergic Adrenergic Cannabinoidergic Cholinergic Dopaminergic Glycinergic Histaminergic Melatonergic Monoaminergic ...
*  Histaminergic
H2 receptor antagonists, and H3 receptor antagonists. Adenosinergic Adrenergic Cannabinoidergic Cholinergic Dopaminergic ... Subdivisions of histamine antagonists include H1 receptor antagonists, ... Examples include histamine receptor agonists and histamine receptor antagonists (or antihistamines). ...
*  List of MeSH codes (D16)
... cholinergic antagonists MeSH D27.505.519.625.120.200.500 --- muscarinic antagonists MeSH D27.505.519.625.120.200.700 --- ... cholinergic antagonists MeSH D27.505.696.577.120.200.500 --- muscarinic antagonists MeSH D27.505.696.577.120.200.700 --- ... histamine h1 antagonists MeSH D27.505.519.625.375.425.400.500 --- histamine h1 antagonists, non-sedating MeSH D27.505.519.625. ... histamine h1 antagonists MeSH D27.505.696.577.375.425.400.500 --- histamine h1 antagonists, non-sedating MeSH D27.505.696.577. ...
*  Solanaceae
Like the tropanes, it acts on cholinergic neurons, but with the opposite effect (it is an agonist as opposed to an antagonist ... They can reverse cholinergic poisoning, which can be caused by overexposure to organophosphate insecticides and chemical ...
*  Opioid
5-HT3 antagonists (e.g. ondansetron) Dopamine antagonists (e.g. domperidone) Anti-cholinergic antihistamines (e.g. ... when an antagonist (e.g., naloxone) or an agonist-antagonist (e.g., pentazocine) is administered. Physical dependence is a ... antagonists, and mixed agonist-antagonists could best be explained by actions on multiple opiate receptors. Courtwright, David ... Dezocine-agonist/antagonist Pentazocine-agonist/antagonist Phenazocine Buprenorphine-partial agonist Dihydroetorphine Etorphine ...
*  Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor
Muscarinic agonist Muscarinic antagonist Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor Nicotinic agonist Nicotinic antagonist Eglen RM (July ... Very few parts of the sympathetic system use cholinergic receptors. In sweat glands the receptors are of the muscarinic type. ... For example, the drug pirenzepine is a muscarinic antagonist (decreases the effect of ACh), which is much more potent at M1 ... Ligands targeting the mAChR that are currently approved for clinical use include non-selective antagonists for the treatment of ...
*  Glutamatergic
Examples include excitatory amino acid receptor agonists, excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists, and excitatory amino acid ... Adenosinergic Adrenergic Cannabinoidergic Cholinergic Dopaminergic GABAergic GHBergic Glycinergic Histaminergic Melatonergic ...
*  Cholinergic neuron
Potential treatments for Alzheimer's include the use of memantine, a moderate affinity uncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist ... Most research involving cholinergic neurons involves the basal forebrain cholinergic neurons. However, cholinergic neurons only ... The cholinergic system allows the circadian system to have the cycle of one day. The cholinergic neuron may also play a role in ... Cholinergic neurons, along with non-cholinergic neurons, have sleep/wake regulatory functions in the basal forebrain that can ...
*  H1 antagonist
... that are much more selective for peripheral H1 receptors as opposed to the central nervous system H1 receptors and cholinergic ... In common use, the term "antihistamine" refers only to H1 antagonists, also known as H1-receptor antagonists and H1- ... H1 antagonists, also called H1 blockers, are a class of medications that block the action of histamine at the H1 receptor, ... It has been discovered that some H1-antihistamines function as inverse agonists, as opposed to receptor antagonists, at the ...
*  Doxepin
In fact, doxepin has been said to be the most or one of the most potent H1 receptor antagonists available, with one study ... Stanton T, Bolden-Watson C, Cusack B, Richelson E (1993). "Antagonism of the five cloned human muscarinic cholinergic receptors ... It is specifically an antagonist of the histamine H1 and H2 receptors, the serotonin 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptors, the α1- ... Krystal AD, Richelson E, Roth T (2013). "Review of the histamine system and the clinical effects of H1 antagonists: basis for a ...
*  Ro 04-6790
Reversal of a cholinergic-induced deficit in a rodent model of recognition memory by the selective 5-HT6 receptor antagonist, ... receptor antagonist Ro 04-6790 attenuates psychotomimetic effects of the NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801. Behavioural Brain ... It acts as a potent and selective receptor antagonist for the 5-HT6 serotonin receptor subtype, with little or no affinity at ... Impact of regional 5-HT depletion on the cognitive enhancing effects of a typical 5-ht(6) receptor antagonist, Ro 04-6790, in ...