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*  Photosynthesis
PSI contains only chlorophyll "a", PSII contains primarily chlorophyll "a" with most of the available chlorophyll "b", among ... Its production leaves chlorophyll in photosystem I with a deficit of electrons (chlorophyll has been oxidized), which must be ... Besides chlorophyll, plants also use pigments such as carotenes and xanthophylls. Algae also use chlorophyll, but various other ... Louis N.M. Duysens and Jan Amesz discovered that chlorophyll a will absorb one light, oxidize cytochrome f, chlorophyll a (and ...
*  Biological pigment
... chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b. Kelps, diatoms, and other photosynthetic heterokonts contain chlorophyll c instead of b, while ... Chlorophylls degrade into colorless tetrapyrroles known as nonfluorescent chlorophyll catabolites (NCCs). As the predominant ... It is the presence and relative abundance of chlorophyll that gives plants their green color. All land plants and green algae ... The principal pigments responsible are: Chlorophyll is the primary pigment in plants; it is a chlorin that absorbs yellow and ...
*  Carotenoid
When chlorophyll is not present, as in autumn foliage, the yellows and oranges of the carotenoids are predominant. For the same ... Carotenoids can transfer electrons in one of two ways: 1) singlet-singlet transfer from carotenoid to chlorophyll, and 2) ... and they protect chlorophyll from photodamage. Carotenoids that contain unsubstituted beta-ionone rings (including beta- ... As these high energy ROS are produced in the chlorophyll the energy is transferred to the carotenoid's polyene tail and ...
*  Photosynthetic reaction centre protein family
... chlorophyll a) via phaeophytin to the primary acceptor quinone Qa, then to the secondary acceptor Qb, which like the bacterial ...
*  Chlorophyll
Two types of chlorophyll exist in the photosystems of green plants: chlorophyll a and b. Chlorophyll was first isolated and ... Play media The chlorophyll maps show milligrams of chlorophyll per cubic meter of seawater each month. Places where chlorophyll ... Bacteriochlorophyll, related compounds in phototrophic bacteria Chlorophyll a, an essential chlorophyll pigment Chlorophyll b, ... peaks for chlorophyll b are 460 nm and 647 nm; peaks for chlorophyll c1 are 442 nm and 630 nm; peaks for chlorophyll c2 are 444 ...
*  Chlorophyll Kid
... can stimulate plant growth. After the accident he is to be able to mold and weave plants to his liking. He can ... Chlorophyll Kid was born Ral Benem on the planet Mardru. As a young man, he accidentally fell into a tank of hydroponic serum ... In this story, Chlorophyll Kid is shown to have put on much weight. In the Action Comics storyline Superman and the Legion of ... Chlorophyll Kid appears in the one-shot Legion of Substitute Heroes comic book, where he is portrayed in a more comical fashion ...
*  Chlorophyll d
... is a form of chlorophyll, identified by Harold Strain and Winston Manning in 1943. It is present in marine red ... Chlorophyll d absorbs far-red light, at 710 nm wavelength, just outside the optical range. An organism that contains ... Winston M. Manning and Harold H. Strain, 1943, Chlorophyll d, a Green Pigment in Red Algae J. Biol. Chem. 1943, 151:1-19. ... Anthony W.D. Larkum and Michael Kühl, 2006, Chlorophyll d: the puzzle resolved Trends in Plant Science Vol.10 No.8 August 2005 ...
*  Chlorophyll b
... is a form of chlorophyll. Chlorophyll b helps in photosynthesis by absorbing light energy. It is more soluble ... there is a higher ratio of chlorophyll b to chlorophyll a. This is adaptive, as increasing chlorophyll b increases the range of ... In land plants, the light-harvesting antennae around photosystem II contain the majority of chlorophyll b. Hence, in shade- ... than chlorophyll a in polar solvents because of its carbonyl group. Its color is yellow, and it primarily absorbs blue light. ...
*  Chlorophyll synthase
"Pre-loading of chlorophyll synthase with tetraprenyl diphosphate is an obligatory step in chlorophyll biosynthesis". Biol. Chem ... In enzymology, a chlorophyll synthase (EC 2.5.1.62) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction chlorophyllide a + phytyl ... This enzyme participates in porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism. Schmid HC, Rassadina V, Oster U, Schoch S, Rudiger W (2002 ... Rudiger W, Benz J, Guthoff C (1980). "Detection and partial characterization of activity of chlorophyll synthetase in etioplast ...
*  Chlorophyll fluorescence
... is light re-emitted by chlorophyll molecules during return from excited to non-excited states. It is ... Chlorophyll fluorescence can measure most types of plant stress. Chlorophyll fluorescence can be used as a proxy of plant ... Crucially, this means chlorophyll fluorescence can be measured in the field even in full sunlight. Today, chlorophyll ... Because of the link between chlorophyll content and nitrogen content in leaves, chlorophyll fluorometers can be used to detect ...
*  Chlorophyll f
... is a type form of chlorophyll that absorbs further in the red (infrared light) than other chlorophylls. It was ... However, the function of chlorophyll f in photosynthetic reactions is uncertain and the ecological distribution of chlorophyll ... chlorophyll a. Willows, Robert D.; Li, Yaqiong; Scheer, Hugo; Chen, Min (15 March 2013). "Structure of chlorophyll f". Organic ... Chen, M. .; Schliep, M. .; Willows, R. D.; Cai, Z. -L.; Neilan, B. A.; Scheer, H. . (2010). "A Red-Shifted Chlorophyll". ...
*  Chlorophyll c
... can be further divided into chlorophyll c1, chlorophyll c2 and chlorophyll c3, plus at least 8 other more- ... Chlorophyll c1 is a common form of chlorophyll c. It differs from chlorophyll c2 in its C8 group, having an ethyl group instead ... Chlorophyll c2 is the most common form of chlorophyll c. Its absorption maxima are around 447, 580, 627 nm and 450, 581, 629 nm ... Chlorophyll c3 is a form of chlorophyll c found in microalga Emiliania huxleyi, identified in 1989. Its absorption maxima are ...
*  Chlorophyll a
For instance, the only difference between Chlorophyll a and Chlorophyll b is that Chlorophyll b has an aldehyde instead of a ... All oxygenic photosynthetic organisms use chlorophyll a, but differ in accessory pigments like chlorophylls b. Chlorophyll z ... Photosystem II light harvesting protein Chlorophyll c, an accessory pigment of chlorophyll Chlorophyll b, another related ... The addition of chlorophyll b next to chlorophyll a extends the absorption spectrum. In low light conditions, plants produce a ...
*  Deep chlorophyll maximum
A deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM) is a subsurface maximum in the concentration of chlorophyll in the ocean or a lake. A DCM is ... 1982). "The Deep Chlorophyll Maximum: Comparing Vertical Profiles of Chlorophyll a". Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic ... which contain a high ratio of chlorophyll to biomass, and is well separated vertically from the location of maximum biomass. In ... "Development of a subsurface chlorophyll maximum at the entrance to the Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea". Limnology Oceanography. 43 ...
*  Red chlorophyll catabolite reductase
... family of proteins consists of several red chlorophyll catabolite reductase (RCC reductase) proteins. Red chlorophyll ... Hörtensteiner S (1999). "Chlorophyll breakdown in higher plants and algae". Cell Mol Life Sci. 56 (3-4): 330-47. doi:10.1007/ ... Hörtensteiner S (2006). "Chlorophyll degradation during senescence". Annu Rev Plant Biol. 57: 55-77. doi:10.1146/annurev. ... 2008). "The control of chlorophyll catabolism and the status of yellowing as a biomarker of leaf senescence". Plant Biol ( ...
*  Peridinin-chlorophyll-protein complex
The peridinin-chlorophyll-protein complex (PCP or PerCP) is a soluble molecular complex consisting of the peridinin-chlorophyll ... The peridinin molecules absorb light in the blue-green wavelengths (470 to 550 nm) and transfer energy to the chlorophyll ... Each eight-helix segment typically binds four peridinin molecules, one chlorophyll a molecule, and one lipid molecule such as ... The most common 4:1 peridinin:chlorophyll ratio was predicted by spectroscopy in the 1970s, but was unconfirmed until the ...
*  Chlorophyll(ide) b reductase
Ito, H.; Ohtsuka, T.; Tanaka, A. (1996). "Conversion of chlorophyll b to chlorophyll a via 7-hydroxymethyl chlorophyll". J. ... H+ This enzyme carries out the first step in the conversion of chlorophyll b to chlorophyll a. It is involved in chlorophyll ... Chlorophyll(ide) b reductase (EC 1.1.1.294, chlorophyll b reductase, Chl b reductase) is an enzyme with systematic name 71- ... Rüdiger, W. (2002). "Biosynthesis of chlorophyll b and the chlorophyll cycle". Photosynth. Res. 74: 187-193. doi:10.1023/A: ...
*  High-nutrient, low-chlorophyll regions
Higher chlorophyll concentrations generally indicate areas of enhanced primary production, and conversely lower chlorophyll ... High-nutrient, low-chlorophyll (HNLC) regions are regions of the ocean where the abundance of phytoplankton is low and fairly ... "Iron and zinc effects on silicic acid and nitrate uptake kinetics in three high-nutrient, low-chlorophyll (HNLC) regions (PDF ... This co-occurrence of low chlorophyll and high macronutrient availability is why these regions are deemed "high-nutrient, low- ...
*  7-Hydroxymethyl chlorophyll a reductase
... chlorophyll a + 2 oxidized ferredoxin + H2O 7-Hydroxymethyl chlorophyll is a reductase that contains FAD and an iron-sulfur ... "Identification of the 7-hydroxymethyl chlorophyll a reductase of the chlorophyll cycle in Arabidopsis". Plant Cell. 23: 3442- ... 7-hydroxymethyl chlorophyll a reductase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and ... 7-Hydroxymethyl chlorophyll a reductase (EC 1.17.7.2, HCAR) is an enzyme with systematic name 71-hydroxychlorophyll a: ...
*  The Return of the Chlorophyll Bunny
... is the fourth mini-album by Olivia Lufkin, released on December 3, 2003 under the labels ...
*  James G. Hirsch
"Chlorophyll". New York Times. July 3, 1960. Retrieved 2012-10-13. ...
*  Glossary of biology
chlorophyll . chloroplast Organelles, specialized subunits, in plant and algal cells, main role of which is to conduct ... photosynthesis, where the photosynthetic pigment chlorophyll captures the energy from sunlight and converts and stores it in ...
*  Péter Forgács
1994 Chlorophyll • performance with L. Lugo Lugosi • 1986 Danube Exodus, The • installation • 2002 [11] Der Kaiser auf dem ...
*  Aminolevulinic acid
In plants, production of 5ALA is the step on which the speed of synthesis of chlorophyll is regulated. Plants that are fed by ... doi:10.1104/pp.93.4.1273 Willows, R.D. (2004). "Chlorophylls". In Goodman, Robert M. Encyclopaedia of Plant and Crop Science. ... The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 263, 6676-6682 Wettstein, D., Gough, S., Kannangara, C.G. (1995). Chlorophyll biosynthesis ... the pathway that leads to heme in mammals and chlorophyll in plants. 5ALA is used in photo dynamic detection and photo dynamic ...
*  Glutamyl-tRNA reductase
This enzyme participates in porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism. Von Wettstein D, Gough S, Kannangara CG (1995). "Chlorophyll ... the enzyme that directs glutamate to chlorophyll biosynthesis". Eur. J. Biochem. 225 (2): 529-37. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1994. ...