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*  Effect of spaceflight on the human body
Factors such as nutritional requirements and physical environments which have so far not been examined will become important. ... The majority of current data comes from missions of short duration and so some of the long-term physiological effects of living ... Another effect is known as Cosmic ray visual phenomena ...[a] NASA survey of 300 male and female astronauts, about 23 percent ... and when Michael Fincke was forced to miss the birth of his second child.[citation needed] The amount and quality of sleep ...
*  List of Dewey Decimal classes
... nutritional value of food and beverages) 613.4 Cleanliness Care (hygiene and personal cleanliness, personal care) 613.5 Role of ... physiological systems in plants 576 Genetics and evolution 577 Ecology 578 Natural history of organisms & related subjects 579 ... phenomena 524 Not assigned or no longer used 525 Earth (Astronomical geography) 526 Mathematical geography 527 Celestial ... 648 Housekeeping 649 Child rearing; home care of people with disabilities & illnesses 650 Management & public relations 650 ...
*  Psychiatric assessment
A child psychiatrist's assessment can provide information on the psychological impact of abuse or neglect on a child. A child ... Although there are no physiological tests that confirm any mental illness, medical tests may be employed to exclude any co- ... observation for pallor and nutritional deficiencies, palpation for lymph nodes, palpation of the abdomen for organ enlargement ... and sees diagnosis as a socially constructed phenomenon. From a solution focused perspective, the assessment deliberately ...
*  Saliva testing
For example, Early morning cortisol levels have been found to be elevated in shy children and late night levels elevated in ... In more specific studies looking at the link between cortisol levels and psychological phenomena, it has been found that ... In situations where a subject undergoes induced anxiety, high cortisol levels correspond with experiencing more physiological ... and markers of nutritional status. According to Wong, scientists are now viewing saliva as "a valuable biofluid…with the ...
*  State-dependent memory
Children not diagnosed with hyperactivity show no change in retention rates due to use of stimulants such as methylphenidate or ... The phenomenon continued to be studied more than thirty years later. In 2004, Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast and Ameneh Rezayof ... For these grasshoppers, their low nutritional state sparked cognitive connections to similar states of duress and primed the ... Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 57(1), 3-12. Devietti, T.L., Larson, R.C., (1971) ECS effects - evidence ...
*  USANA Health Sciences
As part of the agreement in 2011, Usana donated $1 to Children's Hunger Fund for every ace scored at a WTA tournament beginning ... John Cloud, senior writer for Time Magazine, conducted an evaluation of nutritional supplements in which he took a regimen of ... as the belief he was more vigorous led to his making poorer dietary decisions-a phenomenon referred to as the "licensing effect ... experienced a placebo response where that act of taking the supplements made him feel more vigorous despite no physiological ...
*  Confabulation
"True and False Memories in Maltreated Children". Child Development. 75 (5): 1402-17. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2004.00748.x. PMID ... If there is no known physiological cause, more general cognitive techniques may be used to treat confabulation. A case study ... FTT uses a set of five principles to explain false-memory phenomena. Principle 1 suggests that subjects store verbatim ... syndrome is a neurological disorder typically characterized by years of chronic alcohol abuse and a nutritional thiamine ...
*  John Yudkin
His studies of the nutritional status of school children in Cambridge showed that supplementation of the diet with vitamins had ... His PhD thesis was on "adaptive enzymes" (subsequently termed "induced enzyme synthesis"). His account of the phenomenon ... following years the Department won an international reputation not only for the strength of its research in the physiological ... Yudkin, John (16 September 1944). "The Nutritional Status of Children and Mothers of Industrial Towns". The Medical Officer. ...
*  Puberty
Girls are especially sensitive to nutritional regulation because they must contribute all of the nutritional support to a ... results from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children & Youth". BMC Public Health. BMC Public Health. 10: 736. doi:10.1186/ ... Scientists believe the phenomenon could be linked to obesity or exposure to chemicals in the food chain, and is putting girls ... Mechanisms of these social effects are unknown, though a variety of physiological processes, including pheromones, have been ...
*  Menarche
... results from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children & Youth". BMC Public Health. 10: 736. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-736. ... Then, and to an extent now, menstruation was a private matter and a girl's menarche was not a community phenomenon. The Ulithi ... Menarche is the culmination of a series of physiological and anatomic processes of puberty: Attainment of a sufficient body ... The timing of menarche is influenced by female biology, as well as genetic and environmental factors, especially nutritional ...
*  Lactalbumin
The paucity of nutritional investigation in children with cancer needs to be rectified. 35. Bringing evidence to complementary ... This phenomenon can occur in the lymphocytes during the development of the immune response and in the muscular cells during ... Abnormally high ROS concentrations cause oxidative stress associated with tissue damage and dysregulation of physiological ... Results: Seven of the ten children took the supplement over the six-week trial and tolerated it well. Two children discontinued ...
*  Effects of global warming on human health
This diminishes nutritional content for both human and insect consumption. Studies have shown that when CO2 levels rise, ... Slow onset phenomena, including effects of climate change such as desertification and rising sea levels gradually erode ... This not only greatly reduces human capital, but it leaves many children to tend to themselves. Malnutrition, brought about by ... Acidification has multiple implications on marine life such as physiological sensitivities, reduced metabolism, decreased ...
*  Schizophrenia
Maternal nutritional deficiencies, such as those observed during a famine, as well as maternal obesity have also been ... It is unclear if the phenomenon called "thought blocking", where a talking person suddenly becomes silent for a few seconds to ... Children who go on to develop schizophrenia may also demonstrate decreased intelligence, decreased motor development (reaching ... If the psychotic symptoms are the direct physiological result of a general medical condition or a substance, then the diagnosis ...
*  Cricket (insect)
George Selden's 1960 children's book The Cricket in Times Square tells the story of Chester the cricket from Connecticut who ... Yong, Ed (2014-05-09). "The Silence of the Crickets, The Silence of the Crickets". Phenomena: A Science Salon. National ... Physiological Entomology. 8 (2): 151-166. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3032.1983.tb00344.x. Cade W. H. (1975). "Acoustically orienting ... probably providing a nutritional boost. Gryllus firmus exhibits wing polymorphism; some individuals have fully functional, long ...
*  Zinc deficiency
"Dietary phytate reduction improves zinc absorption in Malawian children recovering from tuberculosis but not in well children ... Deficiency of other nutrients such as tyrosine, tryptophan and thiamine could contribute to this phenomenon of "malnutrition- ... a sensitive physiological marker of zinc status in vivo (Gallus gallus)". Nutrients. 6 (3): 1164-1180. doi:10.3390/nu6031164. ... a time of rapid growth and development when nutritional needs are high. Low maternal zinc status has been associated with less ...
*  Prenatal memory
... as well as a control group of children (not exposed to cocaine in utero). Overall, those children who were exposed to cocaine ... Upon hearing the tune, these newborns showed physiological changes, such as a decrease in heart rate. This observed change did ... Further research in this area is needed.[citation needed] Similarly to nutritional intake, drugs consumed by the mother during ... Thompson, Richard F.; Spencer, William A. (1966). "Habituation: A model phenomenon for the study of neuronal substrates of ...
*  Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
This phenomenon is known as premenstrual exacerbation (PME) and refers to the worsening of mood disorder symptoms during the ... There have been some nutritional supplements that have been shown to help alleviate the symptoms of PMDD. In 1998, a placebo- ... Australia) Ward, Susan (2016). Maternal-Child Nursing Care. Philadelphia, PA, USA: F.A. Davis Company. ISBN 9780803636651. [ ... Criterion G The symptoms are not attributable to the physiological effects of a substance (e.g., a drug of abuse, a medication ...
*  Anthropometric measurement of the developing fetus
... infant and children of different nutritional and socio-economic groups". Indian Pediatr. 7: 347-58. Lakshminarayana P, Nagasamy ... With an increase in gestational time, the fetal organs also grow in progression to the body weight, the phenomenon which is ... under physiological and pathological conditions: immunocytochemical, electron microscopic and in vitro observations". In Vivo. ... Public health aspect of low birth weight, third report of the expert committee on maternal and child health (WHO)" (PDF). World ...
*  Maternal effect
A similar phenomenon occurs in the sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis. Urchin mothers in nutrient rich environments ... A comparison was done with children conceived prior to the famine so that their mothers were nutrient deprived during the later ... This displayed that birth weight may not be an adequate way to determine nutritional status during gestation. This study ... During an inflammatory response, a series of physiological reactions, such as increased blood flow, increased cellular ...
*  Semelparity and iteroparity
An example of an iteroparous organism is a human-though people may choose to have only one child (or even none), humans are ... In addition to physiological degradation, pacific salmon become more lethargic as mating goes on, which makes some individuals ... Cole, Lamont C. (June 1954). "The Population Consequences of Life History Phenomena". The Quarterly Review of Biology. 29 (2): ... Larva only feed in restricted periods of the year because of the nutritional state of their host plants (as a result, they are ...
*  Horizontal gene transfer
HTT detection is a difficult task because it is an ongoing phenomenon that is constantly changing in frequency of occurrence ... Yong, Ed (2010-02-14). "Genes from Chagas parasite can transfer to humans and be passed on to children". National Geographic. ... Competence for transformation is typically induced by high cell density and/or nutritional limitation, conditions associated ... enter a special physiological state. Competence development in Bacillus subtilis requires expression of about 40 genes. The DNA ...
*  Migraine
In children, about 1.7% of 7 year olds and 3.9% of those between 7 and 15 years have migraines, with the condition being ... Biofeedback helps people be conscious of some physiological parameters so as to control them and try to relax and may be ... An aura is a transient focal neurological phenomenon that occurs before or during the headache. Auras appear gradually over a ... Preventive treatments of migraines include medications, nutritional supplements, lifestyle alterations, and surgery. Prevention ...
*  Caffeine
... and physiological phenomena that develop after repeated substance use and that typically include a strong desire to take the ... There is no evidence that coffee stunts a child's growth. For children age 12 and under, Health Canada recommends a maximum ... Liddle DG, Connor DJ (June 2013). "Nutritional supplements and ergogenic AIDS". Primary Care. 40 (2): 487-505. doi:10.1016/j. ... The physiological effects of the above mentioned substances are well established. However, the ergogenic effect of some of the ...
*  Retinitis pigmentosa
Phenomena such as photophobia, which describes the event in which light is perceived as an intense glare, and photopsia, the ... Studies indicate that children carrying the disease genotype benefit from presymptomatic counseling in order to prepare for the ... Future treatments may involve retinal transplants, artificial retinal implants, gene therapy, stem cells, nutritional ... and can detect physiological abnormalities before the initial manifestation of symptoms. An electrode lens is applied to the ...
*  Panic disorder
In an article examining the phenomenon of panic disorder in youth, Diler et al. (2004) found that only a few past studies have ... Prasad, Chandan (2005). Nutritional Neuroscience. CRC Press. p. 351. ISBN 0415315999. Retrieved 7 October 2012. Nehlig, Astrid ... Gorman JM, Kent J, Martinez J, Browne S, Coplan J, Papp LA (February 2001). "Physiological changes during carbon dioxide ... Parents often feel helpless when they watch a child suffer. They can help children give a name to their experience, and empower ...
*  Pain
Child.. 95(6):406-13. doi:10.1136/adc.2009.174227. PMID 20463370. Eisenberger, NI; Lieberman (2005). "Why it hurts to be left ... subjective phenomenon, defining pain has been a challenge. In medical diagnosis, pain is regarded as a symptom of an underlying ... a person may report pain that cannot be detected by any known physiological measure. However, like infants, animals cannot ... experiencing pain may exhibit withdrawn social behavior and possibly experience a decreased appetite and decreased nutritional ...