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*  Glomus cell
A glomus cell (type I) is a peripheral chemoreceptor, mainly located in the carotid bodies and aortic bodies, that helps the ... The signalling within the chemoreceptors is thought to be mediated by the release of neurotransmitters by the glomus cells, ... Autonomic ganglia innervate the glomus cells, and some presynaptic sympathetic ganglia synapse with glomus cells. The nerve ... The glomus cells have a high metabolic rate and good blood perfusion and thus are sensitive to changes in arterial blood gas ...
*  Control of ventilation
These include signals from the peripheral chemoreceptors and central chemoreceptors; from the vagus nerve and glossopharyngeal ... Respiration refers to the utilization of oxygen and removal of carbon dioxide by the body as a whole, or by individual cells in ... Central chemoreceptors are primarily sensitive to changes in the pH in the blood, (resulting from changes in the levels of ... The peripheral chemoreceptors that detect changes in the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide are located in the arterial aortic ...
*  Solitary chemosensory cells
... (SCCs) (also called solitary chemoreceptor cells) are isolated elements located in epithelia of the ... Whitear M. Solitary chemoreceptor cells. In: Chemoreception in fishes. Hara T.J. (Ed) Chapman and Hall New York 1992; pp. 103- ... Identification of the taste cell G-protein alpha-gustducin in brush cells of the rat pancreatic duct system. Histochem Cell ... Solitary chemoreceptor cells in the nasal cavity serve as sentinels of respiration. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2003; 100: 8981-86. ...
*  Hypoxia in fish
Neuroepithelial cells (NEC) are thought to be neuron-like chemoreceptor cells because they rely on membrane potential changes ... Whereas, if the post-synaptic cell is a connective pillar cell or a vascular smooth muscle cell, then the serotonin will cause ... In fish, the neuroepithelial cells (NEC) have been implicated as the major oxygen sensing cells. NEC have been found in all ... there are two main hypotheses for the location of oxygen sensing in chemoreceptor cells: the membrane hypothesis and the ...
*  Chemesthesis
2003). "Solitary chemoreceptor cells in the nasal cavity serve as sentinels of respiration". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 100 (15 ... The respiratory passages, including the nose and trachea, possess specialized cells called solitary chemosensory cells which ... 2011). "Cholinergic chemosensory cells in the trachea regulate breathing". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 108 (23): 9478-83. Bibcode ... Alternatively, irritant chemicals may activate cells of the epithelium to release substances that indirectly activate the nerve ...
*  Carotid body
The carotid body is made up of two types of cells, called glomus cells: glomus type I cells are peripheral chemoreceptors, and ... Glomus type II cells resemble glial cells, express the glial marker S100 and act as supporting cells. The carotid body contains ... The carotid body (carotid glomus or glomus caroticum) is a small cluster of chemoreceptors and supporting cells located near ... This leads to depolarisation of the cell membrane which leads to Ca2+ entry, excitation of glomus cells and consequent ...
*  E-4031
Postnatal development of E-4031-sensitive potassium current in rat carotid chemoreceptor cells. J Appl Physiol 98(4):1469-1477 ... Reducing IKr in myocardial cells prolongs the cardiac action potential and thus prolongs the QT-interval. In non-cardiac cells ... hERG channels (Kv11.1) mediate the IKr current, which repolarizes the myocardial cells. The hERG channel is encoded by ether-a- ... GH3/B6 cells). Pflügers Arch - Eur J Physiol 434:1-10 Sanguinetti MC, Jurkiewicz NK (1990) Two Components of Cardiac Delayed ...
*  Chemoreceptor
Embedded in the olfactory epithelium are three types of cells: supporting cells, basal cells, and OSNs. While all three types ... This signal may be in the form of an action potential if the chemoreceptor is a neuron (nerve cell), or in the form of a ... A chemoreceptor, also known as chemosensor, is a specialized sensory receptor cell which transduces (responds to) a chemical ... Neuroscience portal Cell surface receptor Chemosensory clusters Chemoreceptor trigger zone Diffuse chemosensory system Haptic ...
*  Chlamys hastata
The longer ones have sensitive chemoreceptor cells at their tip which can taste the water and allow the mollusc to react ... It has chemoreceptors on the mantle margins which detect the approach of a starfish and enable it to take evasive action. It ...
*  Peripheral chemoreceptors
Each of these peripheral chemoreceptors is composed of type I glomus cells and type II glia-like cells. The type-I cells ... since fluctuations in pH can denature a cell's enzymes. Central chemoreceptors Chemoreceptors Control of respiration Gonzalez, ... Type II cells occur in a ratio of about 1 to 4 with type I cells. Their long bodies usually occur in close association with ... However, AMPK is an enzyme found in many more types of cells than chemoreceptors because it helps regulate metabolism. The ...
*  Sea anemone
No specialized sense organs are present but sensory cells include nematocytes and chemoreceptors. The muscles and nerves are ... Cells in the outer layer (epidermis) and the inner layer (gastrodermis) have microfilaments that group into contractile fibers ... A touch to the hair mechanically triggers a cell explosion, which launches a harpoon-like structure that attaches to the ... Since the anemone lacks a rigid skeleton, the contractile cells pull against the fluid in the gastrovascular cavity, forming a ...
*  Taste bud
Some, however, are found in the interior of the bud between the gustatory cells. The gustatory (taste) cells, a chemoreceptor, ... The bud is formed by two kinds of cells: supporting cells and gustatory cells. The supporting (sustentacular cells) are mostly ... These are located on top of the taste receptor cells that constitute the taste buds. The taste receptor cells send information ... Taste buds contain the taste receptor cells, which are also known as gustatory cells. The taste receptors are located around ...
*  KCNC3
K+ channel may function as an oxygen sensor complex in airway chemoreceptors and small cell lung carcinoma cell lines". Proc. ...
*  Sensory neuron
The aortic bodies and carotid bodies contain clusters of glomus cells - peripheral chemoreceptors that detect changes in ... The five basic classes of neurons within the retina are photoreceptor cells, bipolar cells, ganglion cells, horizontal cells, ... bipolar cell, and the ganglion cell. The first action potential occurs in the retinal ganglion cell. This pathway is the most ... There are two types of hair cells: inner and outer. The inner hair cells are the sensory receptors . Problems with sensory ...
*  Evolution of the eye
... even photoreceptor cells may have evolved more than once from molecularly similar chemoreceptors, and photosensitive cells ... ganglion cells, amacrine cells, horizontal cells, and bipolar cells before they reach the light-sensitive rods and cones that ... These photoreceptor cells form part of the retina, a thin layer of cells that relays visual information, including the light ... The basic light-processing unit of eyes is the photoreceptor cell, a specialized cell containing two types of molecules in a ...
*  Aortic body
The chemoreceptors responsible for sensing changes in blood gases are called glomus cells. It gives feedback to the medulla ... The aortic body is one of several small clusters of peripheral chemoreceptors known as glomus cells, baroreceptors, and ... When a distinction is made, the "aortic bodies" are chemoreceptors which regulate the circulatory system, while the "paraaortic ... Carotid body Control of respiration Peripheral chemoreceptors Aortic Bodies at the US National Library of Medicine Medical ...
*  Anatomy
In more complex animals, specialized receptor cells such as chemoreceptors and photoreceptors are found in groups and send ... Metazoans do not include the sponges, which have undifferentiated cells. Unlike plant cells, animal cells have neither a cell ... The outer epithelial layer may include cells of several types including sensory cells, gland cells and stinging cells. There ... The cells of single-cell protozoans have the same basic structure as those of multicellular animals but some parts are ...
*  Nematode chemoreceptor
Cell. 83 (2): 207-218. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(95)90162-0. PMID 7585938. This article incorporates text from the public domain ... Nematode chemoreceptors are chemoreceptors of nematodes. Animals recognise a wide variety of chemicals using their senses of ...
*  Glomus body
The glomus body is not to be confused with the glomus cell which is a kind of chemoreceptor found in the carotid bodies and ... The glomus bodies in the skin and elsewhere are unusual in that their "endothelial cells" exist in multiple layers of cells ... Endothelial cells form a single, continuous layer that lines all vascular segments. Junctional complexes keep the endothelial ... cells together in arteries but are less numerous in veins. The organization of the endothelial cell layer in capillaries varies ...
*  Paraganglion
They are neuroendocrine cells, the former with primary endocrine functions and the latter with primary chemoreceptor functions ... paraganglia) is a group of non-neuronal cells derived of the neural crest. They are named for being generally in close ... Nonchromaffin paragangliomas are issued from glomus cells, also known as glomus tumors. They are usually benign. They are ... They are essentially of two types: chromaffin or sympathetic paraganglia made of chromaffin cells and nonchromaffin or ...
*  Paraganglioma
These cells normally act as special chemoreceptors located along blood vessels, particularly in the carotid bodies (at the ... Individual tumor cells are polygonal to oval and are arranged in distinctive cell balls, called Zellballen. These cell balls ... With immunohistochemistry, the chief cells located in the cell balls are positive for chromogranin, synaptophysin, neuron ... The sustentacular cells are S-100 positive and focally positive for glial fibrillary acidic protein. By histochemistry, the ...
*  Chemosensor
... may refer to: Chemoreceptor, a specialized sensory receptor cell which transduces (responds to) a chemical ...
*  Neuroendocrine cell
... small cell carcinoma of the lung, and bronchial carcinoid tumor. PNEC may play a role with chemoreceptors in hypoxia detection ... Neuroendocrine cells are cells that receive neuronal input (neurotransmitters released by nerve cells or neurosecretory cells) ... The adrenal medullary cells are controlled by the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system. These cells are ... APUD cells are considered part of the neuroendocrine system, and share many staining properties with neuroendocrine cells. ...
*  Serotonin
This activates 5-HT3 receptors in the chemoreceptor trigger zone that stimulate vomiting. The enterochromaffin cells not only ... are located on the cell membrane of nerve cells and other cell types in animals, and mediate the effects of serotonin as the ... Serotonin can also be synthesized, albeit at very low levels, in the bone cells. It mediates its actions on bone cells using ... Cell. 135 (5): 825-37. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2008.09.059. PMC 2614332 . PMID 19041748. Lay summary - Science Daily. CS1 maint: ...
*  Organ of Zuckerkandl
When a distinction is made, the "aortic bodies" are chemoreceptors which regulate circulation, while the "paraaortic bodies" ... are the chromaffin cells which manufacture catecholamines. Its physiological role is thought to be of greatest importance ... "Cell Loss and Autophagy in the Extra-Adrenal Chromaffin Organ of Zuckerkandl are Regulated by Glucocorticoid Signalling". ...
*  Olfactory receptor neuron
Each olfactory receptor cell expresses only one type of olfactory receptor (OR), but many separate olfactory receptor cells ... Chemoreceptor Sensory receptor Berkowicz, D. A.; Trombley, P. Q.; Shepherd, G. M. (1994). "Evidence for glutamate as the ... opens ion channels in the cell membrane, resulting in an influx of sodium and calcium ions into the cell, and an efflux of ... The cell bodies of the ORNs are distributed among all three of the stratified layers of the olfactory epithelium. Many tiny ...
*  Enteroendocrine cell
In a sense they are known to act as chemoreceptors, initiating digestive actions and detecting harmful substances and ... Enterochromaffin-like cells are enteroendocrine and neuroendocrine cells also known for their similarity to chromaffin cells ... Enterochromaffin cells are enteroendocrine and neuroendocrine cells with a close similarity to adrenomedullary chromaffin cells ... Enteroendocrine cells of the intestine are the most numerous endocrine cells of the body. They constitute an enteric endocrine ...