Chemical warfare agent detection[edit]. As part of the post-September 11 drive towards increased capability in homeland ... Chemical ionization[edit]. Main article: Chemical ionization. In chemical ionization a reagent gas, typically methane or ... mass spectrometers have been modified for field portability and near real-time detection of chemical warfare agents (CWA) such ... Chromatographic retention index data and ion/molecule interactions for chemical warfare agent identification". International ...
Handbook of chemical and biological warfare agents (2nd ed.). CRC Press. ISBN 9780849314346. .. ... "Physical properties of standard agents, candidate agents, and related compounds at several temperatures" (PDF).. ... Ethylsarin (GE), also known as EA-1209[2], is an organophosphate nerve agent of the G-series. It's the ethylphosphonofluoridate ...
"Some Toxic Chemicals as Potential Chemical Warfare Agents - The Threat for the Future?". ASA Newsletter. 1998 (6).. ... VG (nerve agent). References[edit]. *^ Fusek J, Bajgar J (1994). "Treatment of intoxication with GV compound in laboratory rats ... GV (IUPAC name: 2-(Dimethylamino)ethyl N,N-dimethylphosphoramidofluoridate) is an organophosphate nerve agent. GV is a part of ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to GV nerve agent.. *. Harvey SP, Cheng TC (2002). "Identification, Purification, and ...
Sulfur mustard, a chemical warfare agent. These compounds are characterized by C−S−C bonds Relative to C−C bonds, C−S bond are ... While sulfur-containing antibiotics save many lives, sulfur mustard is a deadly chemical warfare agent. Fossil fuels, coal, ... Odours occur as well in chemical processing of coal or crude oil into precursor chemicals (feedstocks) for downstream ... American Chemical Society. doi:10.1021/bk-2011-1068. ISBN 978-0-8412-2616-6. Duan, X.; Block, E.; Li, Z.; Connelly, T.; Zhang, ...
"Intelligence Update: Chemical Warfare Agent Issues". CIA. Retrieved 2011-03-14. "Kansas Department of Health and Environment ... Over the years, BHOD was used for storage and testing of chemical weapons, including sarin and mustard gas. Additionally, ...
Handbook of Chemical and Biological Warfare Agents (2nd). CRC Press, 2008. pp 105-139. ISBN 9780849314346 Badreshia, S. (2002 ... Gupta, Ramesh C (ed) (2015). Handbook of Toxicology of Chemical Warfare Agents. Cambridge, MA, USA: Academic Press. pp. 338-339 ... Carbamate nerve agents While the carbamate acetylcholinesterase inhibitors are commonly referred to as "carbamate insecticides ... Urethane (ethyl carbamate) was once produced commercially in the United States as a chemotherapy agent and for other medicinal ...
Ledgard, J. (2006). The Laboratory History of Chemical Warfare Agents. Lulu.com. p. 117. ISBN 9781411694323. Lohs, K. H. (1974 ... This colourless volatile liquid is a highly toxic vesicant that has been used in chemical warfare. German chemists weaponized ... Cashman, J. R. (2008). Emergency Response Handbook for Chemical and Biological Agents and Weapons (2nd ed.). CRC Press. p. 216 ... Among the agents useful for decontamination of MD are bleach and caustic soda. Ethyldichloroarsine Phenyldichloroarsine ...
D. Hank Ellison (August 24, 2007). Handbook of Chemical and Biological Warfare Agents. CRC Press. pp. 123-140. ISBN 0-8493-1434 ... Warfare on the North American frontier was brutal, and the killing of prisoners, the targeting of civilians, and other ... For an overview of the evidence and historical interpretations, see Elizabeth A. Fenn, "Biological Warfare in Eighteenth- ...
D. Hank Ellison (24 August 2007). Handbook of Chemical and Biological Warfare Agents. CRC Press. pp. 123-140. ISBN 0-8493-1434- ... The incident at Fort Pitt was one of the first known cases of deliberate biological warfare in North America.[not in citation ...
D. Hank Ellison (August 24, 2007). Handbook of Chemical and Biological Warfare Agents. CRC Press. pp. 123-140. ISBN 0-8493-1434 ...
Given ricin's extreme toxicity and utility as an agent of chemical/biological warfare, it is noteworthy that the production of ... Gupta R (2009). Handbook of Toxicology of Chemical Warfare Agents. Boston: Academic Press. ISBN 978-0-12-374484-5. [page needed ... ISBN 978-0-9626523-8-7. "HHS and USDA Select Agents and Toxins 7 CFR Part 331, 9 CFR Part 121, and 42 CFR Part 73" (PDF). cdc. ... In the U.S., ricin appears on the select agents list of the Department of Health and Human Services, and scientists must ...
Ledgard, Jared (2006). A Laboratory History of Chemical Warfare Agents. Lulu.com. ISBN 0615136451. p. 82. Thomas, N.; Gaydon, A ... Cyanogen is the chemical compound with the formula (CN)2. It is a colorless, toxic gas with a pungent odor. The molecule is a ... ISBN 0-08-037941-9. Brotherton, T. K.; Lynn, J. W. (1959). "The Synthesis And Chemistry Of Cyanogen". Chemical Reviews. 59 (5 ... "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0161". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Ringer, A. L.; ...
Chemical warfare agents. Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 2008, 26, 113-122 Doi, M.; Hattori, N.; Yokoyama, A.; Onari, Y.; Kanehara ... Blue Cross (chemical warfare) Lewisite I - Compound Summary, PubChem. A drop in the ocean: the sea-dumping of chemical weapons ... Disposal of Chemical Agent Identification Sets. National Academies Press. p. 16. ISBN 0-309-06879-7. "CDC - The Emergency ... www.sltrib.com/sltrib/news/53326399-78/chemical-depot-army-weapons.html.csp Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical ...
It was used in chemical warfare in WWI. Dimethyl sulfate can be synthesized in the laboratory by many different syntheses, the ... Compared to other methylating agents, dimethyl sulfate is preferred by the industry because of its low cost and high reactivity ... ICSC WebBook page for C2H6SO4 International Chemical Safety Card 0148 CDC - NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards. ... "Poison Facts: Low Chemicals: Dimethyl Sulfate". The University of Kansas Hospital. Shirley, D. A. (1966). Organic Chemistry. ...
... is a potent and long lasting anticholinergic deliriant drug, related to the chemical warfare agent 3-Quinuclidinyl ... Chemical Warfare Secrets Almost Forgotton. A Personal Story of Medical Testing of Army Volunteers with Incapacitating Chemical ... Possible Long-Term Health Effects of Short-Term Exposure to Chemical Agents, Volume 1 (1982). Commission on Life Sciences. The ... Also indirect D2 agonists, such as dopamine reuptake inhibitors (cocaine, methylphenidate), releasing agents (amphetamine, ...
51:98-107 Lazarus AA, Devereaux A. (2002) Potential agents of chemical warfare. Worst-case scenario protection and ... Mustards, vesicating agents, have been primarily used in warfare. They damage the upper airway mucosa. Pulmonary edema rarely ... 143:74-9. [1] "Chemical Warfare in World War I". webharvest.gov. Archived from the original on 2004-10-17. Retrieved 2016-06-13 ... followed by death allowing for evaluation of novel cytoprotective agents. Potential tissue reparative agents can be evaluated ...
"Cholinesterase Inhibitors: Including Insecticides and Chemical Warfare Nerve Agents, Part 4 - Section 11, Management Strategy 3 ... VX is a type of chemical weapon called a nerve agent. It is a very toxic chemical. Because it is so toxic, it cannot be used as ... Many toxic and dangerous chemicals are used in the process.[2] VX works the same way other nerve agents do. It blocks nerve ... Sidell, Frederick R.; Takafuji, Ernest T; Franz, David R. (eds.) (1997). "Nerve Agents (chapter)". Medical Aspects of Chemical ...
Hoenig, Steven L. (2006). Compendium of Chemical Warfare Agents. Springer. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-387-34626-7. .. ... Medical Aspects of Chemical Warfare, Chapter 13 Riot Control Agents, US Army Medical Institute, Borden Institute, pp. 441-484 ( ... Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. "States that nave neither signed nor acceded to the Chemical Weapons ... use of CS by one combatant could easily trigger retaliation with much more toxic chemical weapons such as nerve agents. Only ...
The chemical warfare agent adamsite is derived from diphenylamine. In animal experiments diphenylamine was rapidly and ... International Chemical Safety Card 0466 "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0240". National Institute for Occupational ... ISBN 978-0-85404-182-4. "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0240". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health ( ... "Diphenylamine". NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards. CDC NIOSH. 4 April 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2014. fao (2007). "2007 ...
"Handbook of Chemical and Biological Warfare Agents, Second Edition". CRC Press - via Google Books. Trivedi, Bijal P. (January 7 ... They range in effectiveness from simple pranks to military grade malodorants or riot control chemical agents. The Guinness Book ... Chemical warfare Malodorant Practical joke List of practical joke topics Thioacetone "Guinness World Records". Ellison, D. Hank ... Some chemicals (typically thiols) have a certain concentration threshold over which the smell is not perceived significantly ...
Possible Long-Term Health Effects of Short-Term Exposure To Chemical Agents. Vol. 2: Cholinesterase Reactivators, ... Ketchum, James S. (2006) Chemical Warfare Secrets Almost Forgotten. ChemBooks Inc. ISBN 978-1-4243-0080-8. ... DMHP and its O-acetate ester were extensively investigated by the US military chemical weapons program in the Edgewood Arsenal ... XIX". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 71 (5): 1624. doi:10.1021/ja01173a023. Razdan RK (1980). "The Total Synthesis ...
An Agent of Chemical Warfare (1972); Yusef Kman, ed., The Young Black Poets of Brooklyn (1973). Free Lance Press (Cleveland, ...
ISBN 978-1-4422-8182-0. James A. Romano Jr.; Harry Salem; Brian J. Lukey (2007). Chemical Warfare Agents: Chemistry, ... The Rif War witnessed the use of chemical weapons in the 1920s by the Spanish army. In 1958, some Riffian communities launched ... In May it called the protesters separatists, though most are not, and suggested that they were foreign agents. (...) The unrest ...
He is an engineer specializing in chemical warfare agent detection. The University of Maine has renamed its top scholar-athlete ...
Evaluation of detection and detoxification agents of chemical warfare agents. Production of chemical warfare agents as ... Biology Analysis and diagnosis of biological agents and toxins. Chemistry Analysis of samples of Chemical warfare agents and ... Chemical analysis won't tell you who released the agent'". Swissinfo. 23 August 2013. "Spiez Laboratory aces chemical weapons ... biological and chemical threats and dangers. It is part of the Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sports (DDPS ...
Ledgard, Jared (2006). A Laboratory History of Chemical Warfare Agents. Lulu.com. ISBN 978-0615136455. .. p. 82. ... Cyanogen is the chemical compound with the formula (CN)2. It is a colorless, toxic gas with a pungent odor. The molecule is a ... "Chemical Entities of Biological Interest. UK: European Bioinformatics Institute. 27 October 2006. Main. Retrieved 6 June 2012. ... Brotherton, T. K.; Lynn, J. W. (1959). "The Synthesis And Chemistry Of Cyanogen". Chemical Reviews. 59 (5): 841-883. doi: ...