Loading...
*  Brain ischemia
Ischemia within the arteries branching from the vertebral arteries in the back of the brain may result in symptoms such as ... This leads to poor oxygen supply or cerebral hypoxia and thus to the death of brain tissue or cerebral infarction / ischemic ... Ischemia within the arteries branching from the internal carotid artery may result in symptoms such as blindness in one eye, ... "Bad Things Happen in Ischemia". WSU Emergency Medicine Cerebral Resuscitation Laboratory. Emergency Medicine Cerebral ...
*  Cerebral infarction
... large artery. Cerebral artery gas embolism (e.g. during ascent from a SCUBA dive) is also a possible cause of infarction ( ... A cerebral infarction is an area of necrotic tissue in the brain resulting from a blockage or narrowing in the arteries ... If cerebral infarction is caused by a thrombus occluding blood flow to an artery supplying the brain, definitive therapy is ... This is accomplished by inserting a catheter into the femoral artery, directing it into the cerebral circulation, and deploying ...
*  Internal carotid artery
... artery the anterior choroidal artery The internal carotid then divides to form the anterior cerebral artery and middle cerebral ... Branches from the communicating portion Posterior communicating artery Anterior choroidal artery Anterior cerebral artery (a ... The named branches of the petrous segment of the internal carotid artery are: the vidian artery or artery of the pterygoid ... C2: Branches from the petrous portion Caroticotympanic arteries Artery of pterygoid canal (vidian artery) C3: Branches from the ...
*  Guglielmi detachable coil
A microcatheter is inserted into the femoral artery and navigated to the targeted cerebral artery. Upon reaching the aneurysm, ... The short and medium term efficacy of GDC coils in the treatment of cerebral aneurysms has been promising. While the long term ... It led to a revolutionary advance in the field of endovascular minimally-invasive surgery for the occlusion of cerebral ... Unsatisfactory placement can be adjusted to avoid parent artery occlusion. GDC coils are highly sensitive to low direct ...
*  Intracranial aneurysm
... communicating artery Posterior communicating artery Middle cerebral artery Internal carotid artery Tip of basilar artery ... Aneurysms in the posterior circulation (basilar artery, vertebral arteries and posterior communicating artery) have a higher ... A catheter is inserted into a blood vessel, typically the femoral artery, and passed through blood vessels into the cerebral ... Some individuals with a ruptured cerebral aneurysm die from the initial bleeding. Other individuals with cerebral aneurysm ...
*  Posterior cerebral artery
... small arteries which arise from the posterior cerebral artery after it has turned around the cerebral peduncle; they supply a ... Not to be confused with the Anterior choroidal artery The posterior choroidal branches of the posterior cerebral artery are ... Circle of Willis Anterior cerebral artery Osborn, Anne G.; Jacobs, John M. (1999), Diagnostic Cerebral Angiography, Lippincott ... of the posterior communicating artery and the basilar artery and connects with the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) and ...
*  Cerebral arteries
The three main arteries consist of the: Anterior cerebral artery (ACA) Middle cerebral artery (MCA) Posterior cerebral artery ( ... Cerebral arteries describe three main pairs of arteries and their branches, which perfuse the cerebrum of the brain. ... The three pairs of arteries are linked via the anterior communicating artery and the posterior communicating arteries. All ... PCA) Both the ACA and MCA originate from the cerebral portion of internal carotid artery, while PCA branches from the ...
*  Posterior cerebral artery syndrome
... is a condition whereby the blood supply from the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) is ... Stroke syndromes: Posterior cerebral artery - unilateral occipital. [Internet]. [updated 1999 July; cited 2011 May 13]. ... Left posterior cerebral artery syndrome presents alexia without agraphia; the lesion is in the splenium of the corpus callosum ... "The influence of the non-Newtonian properties of blood on blood-hammer through the posterior cerebral artery". Mathematical ...
*  Middle cerebral artery syndrome
... is a condition whereby the blood supply from the middle cerebral artery (MCA) is restricted, ... Middle cerebral artery lesions mostly affect the dominant hemisphere i.e. the left cerebral hemisphere. Hemiparesis or ... Stroke syndromes: Middle cerebral artery - superior division. [Internet]. [updated 1999 July; cited 2011 May 13]. Retrieved ... Stroke syndromes: Middle cerebral artery - inferior division. [Internet]. [updated 1999 July; cited 2011 May 13]. Retrieved ...
*  Middle cerebral artery
It "competes" in size with the frontal polar branch of the anterior cerebral artery Prefrontal arteries: These arteries fan out ... Occlusion of the middle cerebral artery results in Middle cerebral artery syndrome, potentially showing the following defects: ... The middle cerebral artery (MCA) is one of the three major paired arteries that supply blood to the cerebrum. The MCA arises ... This vessel anastamoses with the posterior cerebral artery and may exist as one or two arteries, 67% or 33% of the time, ...
*  Anterior cerebral artery
... Cerebral arteries seen from beneath. Anterior cerebral artery visible at centre. The arterial circle ... The left and right anterior cerebral arteries are connected by the anterior communicating artery. Anterior cerebral artery ... and the precuneal artery. This artery may form an anastomosis with the posterior cerebral artery. Callosal marginal artery: A ... also forms the middle cerebral artery and the anterior choroidal artery. The anterior cerebral arteries grow toward each other ...
*  Anterior cerebral artery syndrome
... is a condition whereby the blood supply from the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) is restricted ... produce only minor deficits due to the collateral blood flow from the opposite hemisphere via the anterior communicating artery ...
*  Henry Head
168-181, 193-194.) Thrombosis of cerebral arteries. (Proc. Roy. Soc. Med., 1909-10, 3, Neurol. Sect., 30.) Cerebral haemorrhage ... Brain, 1917, 40, 188-263.) Sensation and the cerebral cortex. (Brain, 1918, 41, 58-253.) Cases of wounds of the nervous system ... M., 1923, 28, 99-122.) Speech and cerebral localization (Brain, 1923, 46, 355-528.) A case of acute verbal aphasia followed ... J. Dermai., 1911,23,150-153.) With Gordon Holmes: Sensory disturbances from cerebral lesions. (Brain, 1911-12, 34, 102-254.) ...
*  Macula of retina
"Posterior Cerebral Artery Stroke". Medscape Reference. Medscape. Retrieved 23 October 2011. Siegel, Allan; Sapru, Hreday N. ( ... This selective sparing is due to the collateral circulation offered to macular tracts by the middle cerebral artery. ... In the case of occipitoparietal ischemia owing to occlusion of elements of either posterior cerebral artery, patients may ...
*  Vertebral artery dissection
Dissecting aneurysms of the vertebral artery constitute 4% of all cerebral aneurysms, and are hence a relatively rare but ... Vertebral artery dissection is one of the two types of dissection of the arteries in the neck. The other type, carotid artery ... Vertebral artery dissection is less common than carotid artery dissection (dissection of the large arteries in the front of the ... the arteries merge to form the basilar artery, which joins the circle of Willis. In total, three quarters of the artery are ...
*  Subarachnoid cisterns
It contains: The anterior cerebral arteries (A1 and proximal A2). The anterior communicating artery. Heubner's artery. The ... The posterior cerebral artery. Its infratentorial portion contains: The superior cerebellar artery. The fourth (IV) nerve. ... It contains: The middle cerebral artery. The middle cerebral veins. The fronto-orbital veins. Collaterals to the basal vein. ... It contains: The optic chiasm The bifurcation of the basilar artery. Peduncular segments of the posterior cerebral arteries ( ...
*  Cistern of lateral cerebral fossa
This cistern contains the middle cerebral artery. This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of ... The cistern of lateral cerebral fossa is a subarachnoid cistern formed in front of each temporal lobe by the arachnoid mater ...
*  Cerebrovascular disease
The internal carotid artery becomes the anterior cerebral artery and the middle central artery. The ACA transmits blood to the ... From the basilar artery are two posterior cerebral arteries. Branches of the basilar and PCA supply the occipital lobe, brain ... Narrowed cerebral arteries can lead to ischemic stroke, but continually elevated blood pressure can also cause tearing of ... The carotid arteries cover the majority of the cerebrum. The common carotid artery divides into the internal and the external ...
*  Macropsia
Park, M. G., Joo, H., Park, K. P., & Kim, D. S. (2005). Macropsia caused by acute posterior cerebral artery infarction. J ... This lesion can be due to an ischemic cell death after an acute posterior cerebral infarction. The most prevalent research on ... The MRI may show swelling of the cerebral cortex, transient T2 prolongation, and transient lesions. Unlike in MRI's, no ...
*  Cerebral perfusion pressure
Increased ICP compresses cerebral arteries, causing increased cerebrovascular resistance (CVR). FLOW Ranging from 20ml 100g-1 ... Cerebral perfusion pressure, or CPP, is the net pressure gradient causing cerebral blood flow to the brain (brain perfusion). ... CPP can be defined as the pressure gradient causing cerebral blood flow (CBF) such that C B F = C P P / C V R {\displaystyle ... In this sense, more specifically, the cerebral perfusion pressure can be defined as either: C P P = M A P − I C P {\ ...
*  Endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor
You J, Golding EM, Bryan RM (September 2005). "Arachidonic acid metabolites, hydrogen peroxide, and EDHF in cerebral arteries ... including mesenteric and tail arteries from rats as well as genital arteries from rabbits. These findings together suggest that ... In some arteries, eicosanoids and K+ ions may themselves initiate a conducted endothelial hyperpolarization, thus suggesting ... Although Nitric Oxide (NO) is recognized as the primary factor at level of arteries, increased evidence for the role of another ...
*  Amusia
The study was performed on 53 stroke patients with a left or right hemisphere middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction one week ... "Patterns of music agnosia associated with middle cerebral artery infarcts". Brain. 123: 1926-1938. doi:10.1093/brain/123.9.1926 ... Research has been shown that amusia may be related to an increase in size of the cerebral cortex, which may be a result of a ... Cerebral Cortex. 11: 946-953. doi:10.1093/cercor/11.10.946. Ayotte J., Peretz I., Rousseau I., Bard C., Bojanowski M. (2000). " ...
*  Thalamus
... choroidal arteries. These are all branches of the posterior cerebral artery. Some people have the artery of Percheron, which is ... The thalamus derives its blood supply from a number of arteries: the polar artery (posterior communicating artery), paramedian ... a rare anatomic variation in which a single arterial trunk arises from the posterior cerebral artery to supply both parts of ... The thalamus has been thought of as a "relay" that simply forwards signals to the cerebral cortex. Newer research suggests that ...
*  Claude's syndrome
It has been reported that posterior cerebral artery stenosis can also precipitate Claude's syndrome. It carries the name of ... Dhanjal T, Walters M, MacMillan N (2003). "Claude's syndrome in association with posterior cerebral artery stenosis". Scottish ... Claude's syndrome is caused by midbrain infarction as a result of occlusion of a branch of the posterior cerebral artery. This ... lesion is usually a unilateral infarction of the red nucleus and cerebral peduncle, affecting several structures in the ...
*  Miguel A. Faria Jr.
"Pseudoaneurysm complicating superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery bypass". Surg Neurol. 12 (4): 305-6. PMID 524245 ... "Dual cerebral and meningeal supply to giant arteriovenous malformations of the posterior cerebral hemisphere". J. Neurosurg. 52 ... His specialties range from brain surgery for the removal of cerebral tumors; traumatic blood clots of the brain; diagnosis and ... treatment of pituitary tumors via microsurgery; diagnosis and treatment of cerebral aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations; ...
*  List of ICD-9 codes 390-459: diseases of the circulatory system
Occlusion of cerebral arteries (434.0) Cerebral thrombosis (434.00) Cerebral thrombosis without cerebral infarction (434.01) ... Cerebral thrombosis with cerebral infarction (434.1) Cerebral embolism (434.10) Cerebral embolism without cerebral infarction ( ... 434.11) Cerebral embolism with cerebral infarction (435) Transient cerebral ischemia (435.0) Basilar artery syndrome (435.1) ... Dissection of carotid artery (443.22) Dissection of iliac artery (443.23) Dissection of renal artery (443.24) Dissection of ...
*  Transient ischemic attack
Globally, the vessel most commonly affected is the middle cerebral artery. Embolisms can originate from multiple parts of the ... of contraction leads to a formation of a clot in the atrial chamber that can become dislodged and travel to a cerebral artery. ... Both are caused by a disruption in blood flow to the brain, or cerebral blood flow (CBF). The definition of TIA was classically ... A portion of the plaque can become dislodged and lead to embolic pathology in the cerebral vessels. In-situ thrombosis, an ...