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*  Herpesviral encephalitis
Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) is a viral infection of the human central nervous system. It is estimated to affect at least ... About 1 in 3 cases of HSE result from primary HSV-1 infection, predominantly occurring in individuals under the age of 18; 2 in ... permanent dead link] Hill JM, Zhao Y, Clement C, Neumann DM, Lukiw WJ (October 2009). "HSV-1 infection of human brain cells ... Rarely, treated individuals can have relapse of infection weeks to months later. There is evidence that aberrant inflammation ...
*  Brain abscess
... which is performed in many infectious disorders of the central nervous system is contraindicated in this condition (as it is in ... ear infection, dental abscess, infection of paranasal sinuses, infection of the mastoid air cells of the temporal bone, ... The infection may also be introduced through a skull fracture following a head trauma or surgical procedures. Brain abscess is ... The location of the primary lesion may be suggested by the location of the abscess: infections of the middle ear result in ...
*  Meningitis
Honda H, Warren DK (September 2009). "Central nervous system infections: meningitis and brain abscess". Infectious disease ... Raman Sharma R (2010). "Fungal infections of the nervous system: current perspective and controversies in management". ... can rather largely be attributed to the response of the immune system to the entry of bacteria into the central nervous system ... the central nervous system). The pia mater is a very delicate impermeable membrane that firmly adheres to the surface of the ...
*  Cerebritis
The duration of the central nervous system involvement may vary from a few minutes, as in classic migraine or a transient ... One other reason to develop cerebritis is an infection caused by bacteria, viruses, or other organisms. Infections can occur ... In some cases inflammation of brain can be seen if the brain or the nervous system is attacked as a result of problems with the ... When it is caused by infections, treatment consists of medication that will primarily cure the infection. For inflammation, ...
*  List of infections of the central nervous system
There are five main causes of infections of the central nervous system (CNS): bacterial, viral, fungal, protozoal, and prionic ... Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis Guillain-Barré syndrome Neuroepidemiology Meningitis Encephalitis Central nervous system ... Cryptococcal meningitis Brain abscess Spinal epidural infection Toxoplasmosis Malaria Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis ... encephalitis La Crosse encephalitis Measles encephalitis Nipah virus encephalitis Poliomyelitis Slow virus infections, which ...
*  Bacteria
Thomson RB, Bertram H (2001). "Laboratory diagnosis of central nervous system infections". Infectious Disease Clinics of North ... Bacteria resist phage infection through restriction modification systems that degrade foreign DNA, and a system that uses ... This CRISPR system provides bacteria with acquired immunity to infection. Bacteria frequently secrete chemicals into their ... as these structures are often present during chronic bacterial infections or in infections of implanted medical devices, and ...
*  Microglia
"Role of microglia in central nervous system infections". Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 17 (4): 942-64, table of contents. doi: ... Once the infection has decreased the disconnect between peripheral and central systems is reestablished and only microglia are ... As the resident macrophage cells, they act as the first and main form of active immune defence in the central nervous system ( ... Microglia are the primary immune cells of the Central Nervous System, similar to peripheral macrophages. They respond to ...
*  Role of microglia in disease
... and viral and bacterial infections. The word neuroinflammation has come to stand for chronic, central nervous system (CNS) ... "Role of microglia in central nervous system infections". Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 17 (4): 942-64, table of contents. doi: ... Microglia are the primary immune cells of the Central Nervous System, similar to peripheral macrophages. They respond to ... Trichobilharzia regenti is a neuropathogenic schistosome which migrates in a central nervous system of birds and mammals. In ...
*  George Siber bibliography
"Neonatal central nervous system infection due to Mycoplasma hominis". The Journal of Pediatrics. 90 (4): 625-627. doi:10.1016/ ... "Cytomegalovirus infection of the adult nervous system". Annals of Neurology. 5 (5): 458-461. doi:10.1002/ana.410050510. ... "Comparison of two antigen detection techniques in a primate model of Haemophilus influenzae type b infection". Infection and ... "Development of a model of low-inoculum Streptococcus pneumoniae intrapulmonary infection in infant rats". Infection and ...
*  Rabies
... is infectious to mammals; three stages of central nervous system infection are recognized. The first stage is a one- to ... the virus enters the peripheral nervous system. It then travels along the afferent nerves toward the central nervous system. ... The time is dependent on the distance the virus must travel along nerves to reach the central nervous system. Rabies is caused ... Once the virus reaches the cell body it travels rapidly to the central nervous system (CNS), replicating in motor neurons and ...
*  Central nervous system disease
Neurodegenerative disease List of central nervous system infections "Nervous System Diseases". Healthinsite.gov.au. Retrieved ... Central nervous system diseases, also known as central nervous system disorders, are a group of neurological disorders that ... Central Nervous System Diseases at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Cacabelos R, Torrellas C ... There is a wide range of treatments for central nervous system diseases. These can range from surgery to neural rehabilitation ...
*  Linezolid
Sabbatani S, Manfredi R, Frank G, Chiodo F (June 2005). "Linezolid in the treatment of severe central nervous system infections ... Nonetheless, it has been used successfully in many cases of central nervous system infection-including meningitis-caused by ... Ntziora F, Falagas ME (February 2007). "Linezolid for the treatment of patients with central nervous system infection". Annals ... Linezolid appears superior to vancomycin in treating community-acquired MRSA infections of the central nervous system, although ...
*  Oropouche fever
This study revealed that OROV caused central nervous system infections in three patients. The three patients all had ... Through this it was revealed that it's possible that the invasion of the central nervous system by the oropouche virus can be ... Immunohistochemistry was used to reveal how this virus had access to the central nervous system. The findings indicated that ... but the route of invasion to the central nervous system remains unclear. To further understand the pathogenesis of how this ...
*  Lyme disease
March 1999). "Borrelia burgdorferi central nervous system infection presenting as an organic schizophrenialike disorder". Biol ... peripheral nervous system, and central nervous system. Many of the signs and symptoms of Lyme disease are a consequence of the ... Tryptophan, a precursor to serotonin, appears to be reduced within the central nervous system in a number of infectious ... Halperin JJ (June 2008). "Nervous system Lyme disease". Infect. Dis. Clin. N. Am. 22 (2): 261-74, vi. doi:10.1016/j.idc.2007.12 ...
*  Central nervous system viral disease
List of central nervous system infections Virus "Neurological Infections". University of Maryland Medical Center. Retrieved ... Many viral infections of the central nervous system occur in seasonal peaks or as epidemics, whereas others, such as herpes ... The Central Nervous System viral diseases are caused by viruses that attack the CNS. Existing and emerging viral CNS infections ... Arbovirus infections are acquired from bites by infected insects (called epidemic encephalitis). Viral central nervous system ...
*  Cryptococcus gattii
For people who have severe lung infections, or infections in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), the treatment ... The main complication of lung infection is respiratory failure. Central nervous system infection may lead to hydrocephalus, ... Ventricular shunts and Ommaya reservoirs are sometimes employed in the treatment of central nervous system infection. People ... Cryptococcal disease is a very rare disease that can affect the lungs (pneumonia) and nervous system (causing meningitis and ...
*  Tom Solomon (neurologist)
... and coordinates the Brain Infections UK portfolio of research studies on different central nervous system infections including ... His PhD was for studies on Central nervous system infections in Vietnam, under the supervision of Nicholas White and John ... Michael, B. D. (2010). "Acute central nervous system infections in adults--a retrospective cohort study in the NHS North West ... With the support of a Wellcome Trust Training Fellowship he studied central nervous system infections at the Oxford University ...
*  Viral meningitis
Rantakallio, P; Leskinen, M; von Wendt, L (1986). "Incidence and prognosis of central nervous system infections in a birth ... Tyler KL (June 2004). "Herpes simplex virus infections of the central nervous system: encephalitis and meningitis, including ... After pathogen invasion, the immune system is activated. An infectious agent can enter the central nervous system and cause ... In meningitis, the barrier is disrupted, so once viruses have entered the brain, they are isolated from the immune system and ...
*  Itraconazole
Therefore, it should not be used to treat meningitis or other central nervous system infections. According to the Johns Hopkins ... Itraconazole is an antifungal medication used to treat a number of fungal infections. This includes aspergillosis, ... "Itraconazole". The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. Retrieved 8 December 2017. "Itraconazole Use During Pregnancy ... the most important medications needed in a basic health system. The wholesale cost in the developing world is about 0.29 USD ...
*  Demyelinating disease
Cerebrospinal fluid analysis (CSF) can be extremely beneficial in the diagnosis of central nervous system infections. A CSF ... diseases can be divided in those affecting the central nervous system and those presents in the peripheral nervous system, ... aimed at gaining more insight into how demyelinating disorders affect the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system ... MS is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) that develops in genetically susceptible ...
*  Cerebrospinal fluid
... whereas central nervous system infections such as meningitis, may be indicated by elevated white blood cell levels. A CSF ... The autonomic nervous system influences choroid plexus CSF secretion, with activation of the sympathetic nervous system ... These swellings represent different components of the central nervous system: the prosencephalon, mesencephalon and ... meaning substances that cannot cross the blood-brain barrier can still be active throughout the central nervous system. ...
*  Ceftriaxone
... including cerebrospinal fluid to treat central nervous system infections. The average volume of distribution in adults is 5.8- ... of Drugs through the Blood-Cerebrospinal Fluid/Blood-Brain Barrier for Treatment of Central Nervous System Infections". ... Ceftriaxone seems to increase excitatory amino acid transporter-2 pump expression and activity in the central nervous system, ... bone and joint infections, intra-abdominal infections, skin infections, urinary tract infections, gonorrhea, and pelvic ...
*  Aseptic meningitis
... meningitis Neoplastic meningitis Lyme disease Mumps meningoencephalitis Neurosarcoidosis Central nervous system infections ... implying a lack of infection. On the contrary, many cases of aseptic meningitis represent infection with viruses or ... There is no formal classification system of aseptic meningitis except to state the underlying cause, if known. The absence of ...
*  Invasive candidiasis
Deep-seated infection infections in bones, muscles, joints, eyes, or central nervous system can arise from a bloodstream ... Some forms of invasive candidiasis, such as infections in the bones, joints, heart, or central nervous system, usually need to ... and central nervous system infections. Invasive candidiasis is caused by 15 of the more than 150 known species of Candida. ... Unlike Candida infections of the mouth and throat (oral candidiasis) or vagina (Candidal vulvovaginitis), invasive candidiasis ...
*  Acinetobacter baumannii
"Cure of multiresistant Acinetobacter baumannii central nervous system infections with intraventricular or intrathecal colistin ... Being referred to as an opportunistic infection, A. baumanii infections are highly prevalent in hospital settings. A. baumanii ... Some possible types of A. baumannii infections include: Pneumonia Bloodstream Infections Meningitis Wound and surgical site ... infections, including flesh eating bacterium necrotizing fasciitis Urinary Tract Infections Symptoms of A. baumannii infections ...
*  Pauline Cafferkey
... the central nervous system and, in men, the testes and semen. Cafferkey went to a 24-hour GP clinic in New Victoria Hospital in ... On 24 January, she was declared to be free of infection, and released from hospital. The prognosis after recovery from Ebola ... the virus had remained in her cerebrospinal fluid and feared that it might be in her central nervous system. Personnel in ... Gallagher, James (4 February 2015). "Ebola nurse infection 'down to visor'". BBC News. Retrieved 8 February 2015. "Ebola nurse ...
*  Epileptic seizure
A lumbar puncture may be useful to diagnose a central nervous system infection but is not routinely needed. Routine antiseizure ... Seizures in babies are most commonly caused by hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, central nervous system (CNS) infections, trauma ... parasitic infections such as cerebral malaria infection, such as encephalitis or meningitis Stress can induce seizures in ... Infection with the pork tapeworm, which can cause neurocysticercosis, is the cause of up to half of epilepsy cases in areas of ...