Loading...
*  L-form bacteria
This novel mode of division seems to involve the extension of thin protrusions from the cell's surface and these protrusions ... due to the lack of a cell wall. The cell wall is important for cell division, which, in most bacteria, occurs by binary fission ... The lack of cell wall in L-forms means that division is disorganised, giving rise to a variety of cell sizes, from very tiny to ... Bacterial morphology is determined by the cell wall. Since the L-form has no cell wall, its morphology is different from that ...
*  Thymic nurse cell
They have their own nucleus and are known to internalize thymocytes through extensions of plasma membrane. The cell surfaces of ... αβ T cell receptor) of the T cells and MHC antigens on the antigen-presenting cells. This role of MHC restriction was observed ... The extensions of plasma membrane from thymic nurse cells form a cage-like structure, which trap (Hendrix et. al., 2010) triple ... Other players that mediate this process are ICAM-1, which is a cell adhesion molecule found on the surface of vacuoles and TNCs ...
*  Massive parallel sequencing
... extension results in localized amplification of DNA fragments in millions of separate locations across the flow cell surface. ... The flow cell is exposed to reagents for polymerase-based extension, and priming occurs as the free/distal end of a ligated ... Andreas Von Bubnoff (2008). "Next-generation sequencing: the race is on". Cell. 132 (5): 721-723. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2008.02. ... The surface of the beads contains oligonucleotide probes with sequences that are complementary to the adaptors binding the DNA ...
*  Epididymis
These membrane extensions increase the surface area of the cell, allowing for greater absorption and secretion. The stereocilia ... The major cell types in the epithelium are: Main cells: columnar cells that, with the basal cells, form the majority of the ... Basal cells: shorter, pyramid-shaped cells which contact the basal lamina but taper off before their apical surfaces reach the ... Apical cells: predominantly found in the head region Clear cells: predominant in the tail region Intraepithelial lymphocytes: ...
*  Neuroregeneration
NG2 is found on the surface of these cells and has been shown to inhibit neurite outgrowth extension, as well. These are high ... Oligodendrocyte precursor cells are another type of glial cell found in the central nervous system that play a role in glial ... The proximal axons are able to regrow as long as the cell body is intact, and they have made contact with the Schwann cells in ... Neuroregeneration refers to the regrowth or repair of nervous tissues, cells or cell products. Such mechanisms may include ...
*  DNA sequencing
It uses DNA fragments with added poly-A tail adapters which are attached to the flow cell surface. The next steps involve ... extension-based sequencing with cyclic washes of the flow cell with fluorescently labeled nucleotides (one nucleotide type at a ... as a patented cell line). However, individuals have a right to informed consent regarding removal and use of cells. Regarding ... ruled that individuals have no property rights to discarded cells or any profits made using these cells (for instance, ...
*  Microvillus
As mentioned, microvilli are formed as cell extensions from the plasma membrane surface. Actin filaments, present in the ... Microvilli are also of importance on the cell surface of white blood cells, as they aid in the migration of white blood cells. ... Each of these cells has many microvilli.) Microvilli are observed on the plasma surface of eggs, aiding in the anchoring of ... Thousands of microvilli form a structure called the brush border that is found on the apical surface of some epithelial cells, ...
*  Sema domain
CD molecules are leucocyte antigens on cell surfaces. CD antigens nomenclature is updated at Protein Reviews On The Web (http ... The beta-propeller is further stabilized by an extension of the N-terminus, providing an additional, fifth beta-strand on the ... CD100 increases PMA, CD3 and CD2 induced T cell proliferation, increases CD45 induced T cell adhesion, induces B cell homotypic ... Cell. 95 (7): 903-916. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(00)81715-8. PMID 9875845. Nikolov DB; Himanen JP; Rajashankar KR; Lu M; Antipenko ...
*  Cell migration
Play media The migration of cultured cells attached to a surface is commonly studied using microscopy. As cell movement is very ... It is possible that both underlying processes contribute to cell extension. Experimentation has shown that there is rapid actin ... March 2011). "Cell physician: reading cell motion. A mathematical diagnostic technique through analysis of single cell motion ... "What is Cell Migration?". Cell Migration Gateway. Cell MIgration Consortium. Retrieved 24 March 2013. Abercrombie, M; Heaysman ...
*  Kashin-Beck disease
Death of cartilage cells in the growth plate and articular surface is the basic pathologic feature; this can result in growth ... The symptoms of KBD include joint pain, morning stiffness in the joints, disturbances of flexion and extension in the elbows, ... Fulvic acid present in drinking water damages cartilage cells. Selenium supplementation in selenium deficient areas has been ... selenium deficiency being the underlying factor that predisposes the target cells (chondrocytes) to oxidative stress from free- ...
*  Remote Sensing Center
The DEM has a specified cell size that corresponds to the earth's surfaces. The cell contains the average elevation of the ... Programs to manipulate lidar data include ENVI, ERDAS IMAGINE, ArcInfo, and ESRI ArcView (with 3D analyst ext.) One useful ... "solar electromagnetic energy reflected from the earth's surface is dispersed into many contiguous narrow spectral bands by an ...
*  Cubinder
... whose surface consists of four cylindrical cells and one square torus. spherinder (3-ball × 1-ball), whose surface consists of ... The cubinder is a rotachoron as it can be formed via extension of a cylinder or rotation of a cube. The rotation of cubinder to ... duocylinder (2-ball × 2-ball), whose surface consists of two toroidal cells. The cubinder is also a rotatope (more specifically ... The square torus that binds the Cubinder forms a circular surface along who the Cubinder can roll. Like a circle and a cylinder ...
*  Brush border
The brush border morphology increases a cell's surface area, a trait which is especially useful in absorptive cells. Cells that ... In intestinal cells, the microvilli are referred to as striated border and are protoplasmic extensions contrary to villi which ... is the microvilli-covered surface of simple cuboidal epithelium and simple columnar epithelium cells found in certain locations ... Brush border cells are found in the following main locations: The small intestine tract: This is where absorption takes place. ...
*  Parvoviridae
... studies indicate that these extensions become successively exposed at the particle surface during virus maturation and cell ... A virion attaches to receptors on the surface of a potential host cell. In the case of B19 virus the host cell is a red blood ... The cell RNA polymerase II transcribes the virus genes and cell transcription factors play key roles. The primary transcript(s ... have mechanisms that allow mature virions to be trafficked out of viable host cells prior to cell lysis, but members of most ...
*  Cell membrane
... which are actin-based extensions. These extensions are ensheathed in membrane and project from the surface of the cell in order ... Anchoring proteins restricts them to a particular cell surface - for example, the apical surface of epithelial cells that line ... they are located on the surface of the cell where they recognize host cells and share information, viruses that bind to cells ... Hooke misled the cell membrane theory that all cells contained a hard cell wall since only plant cells could be observed at the ...
*  Glossary of botanical terms
hair a single elongated cell or row of cells borne on the surface of an organ. half-inferior of ovary, partly below and partly ... usually an extension of one epidermal cell. pappus in daisy florets, a tuft or ring of hairs or scales borne above the ovary ... sclereid a cell with a thick, often lignified, cell wall that is shorter than a fiber cell and dies soon after the thickening ... fiber 1. a fiber cell. 2. any flexible, strong, stringy, and very elongate structure. fiber cell a type of cell that is found ...
*  APC Family
These glycoproteins include the CD98 heavy chain protein of Mus musculus (gbU25708) and the orthologous 4F2 cell surface ... The larger eukaryotic and archaeal proteins possess N- and C-terminal hydrophilic extensions. Some animal proteins, for example ...
*  Retinal ganglion cell
... thus promoting extension of the axon towards the optic disc. CSPGs exist along the retinal neuroepithelium (surface over which ... Midget cell (Parvocellular, or P pathway; P cells) Parasol cell (Magnocellular, or M pathway; M cells) Bistratified cell ( ... The six types of retinal neurons are bipolar cells, ganglion cells, horizontal cells, retina amacrine cells, and rod and cone ... A retinal ganglion cell (RGC) is a type of neuron located near the inner surface (the ganglion cell layer) of the retina of the ...
*  MAGIChip
Each gel unit functions as an individual reaction cell as it is surrounded by a hydrophobic glass surface that prevents mixing ... This lays a foundation for performing ligation, single base extension, PCR amplification of DNA, on-chip MALDI-TOF mass ... rRNA are very ababundant in the cell comprising about 80% of the RNA content of the typical eukaryotic cell. The rRNA is pre- ... The fibre-optic pin of the robots has a hydrophobic side surface and a hydrophilic tip, and operates at a dew temperature to ...
*  Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Surface proteins called Opa proteins can be used to bind to receptors on immune cells and prevent an immune response. There are ... A set of ATPase proteins power the pulling actions of the type IV pilus: Pil F (extension) and Pil T (retraction). The adhesive ... On its surface, N. gonorrhoeae bears hair-like pili, surface proteins with various functions, and sugars called ... It is a sugar (saccharide) side chain attached to lipid A (thus "lipo-") in the outer membrane coating the cell wall of the ...
*  Bacterial gliding
... they do not appear to use mobile appendages such as pili or flagella attached to their cell body or cell surface. Such methods ... or twitching motility on solid surfaces (which involves extension and retraction of Type IV pili to drag the bacterium forward ... Generally, the process occurs whereby the cell, or organism, moves along a surface in the general direction of its long axis. ... Here the adhesin SprB is propelled along the cell surface (spiraling from pole to pole), pulling the bacterium along 25 times ...
*  Neisseria meningitidis
It infects the cell by sticking to it with long thin extensions called pili and the surface-exposed proteins Opa and Opc and ... It infects the cell by sticking to it mainly with long thin extensions called pili and the surface-exposed proteins Opa and Opc ... Genetic transformation is the process by which a recipient bacterial cell takes up DNA from a neighboring cell and integrates ... This acts as an endotoxin and is responsible for septic shock and hemorrhage due to the destruction of red blood cells. Other ...
*  Sporidiobolus salmonicolor
The colony surface is smooth and has a pasty texture. There is considerable cell and colony morphology when S. salmonicolor is ... Ballistoconidia are borne from slender extensions of the cell known as sterigma, and are forcibly ejected into the air upon ... After several generations, they observed a 2:1 ratio of diploid and haploid cells, respectively. The diploid cells were ... The cell wall of S. salmonicolor contains fucose, mannose, glucose and galactose, however xylose is absent. Colonies grow in ...
*  Parietal cell
It is a deep infolding, or little channel, which serves to increase the surface area, e.g. for secretion. The parietal cell ... by extension, absorption of Vitamin B12. Pernicious anemia also leads to megaloblastic anemia. Atrophic gastritis, particularly ... Illustration of Chief cells and Parietal cells at anatomyatlases.org The Parietal Cell: Mechanism of Acid Secretion at vivo. ... Parietal cells (also known as oxyntic or delomorphous cells), are the epithelial cells that secrete hydrochloric acid (HCl) and ...
*  Cervical cancer staging
Stage 0 The carcinoma is confined to the surface layer (cells lining) of the cervix. Also called carcinoma in situ (CIS). Stage ... with no extension to the pelvic wall IIIB Extension to the pelvic wall and/or hydronephrosis or non-functioning kidney Stage IV ... 3.0 mm and not >5.0 mm with an extension of not >7.0 mm IB Clinically visible lesions limited to the cervix uteri or pre- ... I The carcinoma has grown deeper into the cervix, but has not spread beyond it (extension to the corpus would be disregarded). ...
*  Development of the reproductive system
Development proceeds and the oogonia become fully surrounded by a layer of connective tissue cells (pre-granulosa cells) In ... The labia minora, in contrast, arise by the continued growth of the lips of the groove on the under surface of the phallus; the ... The median lobe of the prostate is formed as an extension of the lateral lobes between the common ejaculatory ducts and the ... At about the fifth or sixth month the lumen of the vagina is produced by the breaking down of the central cells of the ...