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*  Dorsal raphe nucleus
Serotonergic neurons are found throughout the dorsal raphe nucleus and tend to be larger than other cells. A substantial ... The rostral raphe nuclei, both the median raphe nucleus and particularly the dorsal raphe nucleus have long been implicated in ... The dorsal raphe nucleus is located on the midline of the brainstem and is part of the raphe nucleus, consisting of the rostral ... studied the nucleus raphes dorsalis as it pertained to narcolepsy. This is logical, as the raphe nuclei have been known to play ...
*  Cell nucleus
Human skeletal muscle cells have more than one nucleus, as do eukaryotes like fungi. Cell nuclei contain most of the cell's ... Anucleated cells can also arise from flawed cell division in which one daughter lacks a nucleus and the other has two nuclei. ... In cell biology, the nucleus (pl. nuclei; from Latin nucleus or nuculeus, meaning kernel or seed) is a membrane-enclosed ... The nucleus is the largest cellular organelle in animal cells. In mammalian cells, the average diameter of the nucleus is ...
*  Enucleation (microbiology)
Enucleation is the removal of a nucleus from its cell. This process is used in the cloning of organisms. Cytoplasmic hybrid ... In the context of microbiology, enucleation refers to removing the nuclear body of a cell. ...
*  Nuclear membrane
"Cell Mechanosensitivity to Extremely Low-Magnitude Signals Is Enabled by a LINCed Nucleus". STEM CELLS. 33 (6): 2063-2076. doi: ... "Cell Nucleus and Nuclear Envelope". gsu.edu. "Nuclear membrane". Biology Dictionary. Biology Online. Retrieved 7 December 2012 ... Burke, Brian; Roux, Kyle J. (2009-11-01). "Nuclei take a position: managing nuclear location". Developmental Cell. 17 (5): 587- ... Alberts (et al) (2008). "Chapter 17: The Cell Cycle". Molecular Biology of The Cell (5th ed.). New York: Garland Science. pp. ...
*  Cytosol
In eukaryotes the genome is held within the cell nucleus, which is separated from the cytosol by nuclear pores that block the ... Examples of these processes include signal transduction from the cell membrane to sites within the cell, such as the cell ... cell signaling, and the generation of action potentials in excitable cells such as endocrine, nerve and muscle cells. The ... without damaging the other cell membranes, only about one quarter of cell protein was released. These cells were also able to ...
*  Nucleolus organizer region
Cell nucleus Nucleoid McStay B (2016). "Nucleolar organizer regions: genomic 'dark matter' requiring illumination". Genes & ...
*  David L. Spector
Spector is a pioneer in unraveling our understanding of the inner workings of the cell nucleus. His early investigations ... Live Cell Imaging: A Laboratory Manual), and a treatise of The Nucleus, that are used in laboratories throughout the world. ... Live Cell Imaging: A Laboratory Manual (from CSHL Press) The Nucleus (Perspectives in Biology) (from CSHL Press). ... Cell. 135 (5): 919-32. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2008.10.012. PMC 2722846 . PMID 19041754. Sunwoo H, Dinger ME, Wilusz JE, Amaral PP, ...
*  Breast cancer classification
Cell division becomes uncontrolled. Cell nuclei become less uniform. Pathologists describe cells as well differentiated (low- ... The closer the appearance of the cancer cells to normal cells, the slower their growth and the better the prognosis. If cells ... and irregular nuclei and pleomorphic changes are signs of abnormal cell reproduction. Note: The cancer areas having cells with ... of the tumor This parameter assesses whether the cell nuclei are uniform like those in normal breast duct epithelial cells, or ...
*  Gray level size zone matrix
Application to Cell Nuclei Classification". Pattern Recognition and Information Processing (PRIP): 140-145. [1] Guillaume ... Application to Cell Nuclei Classification". Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence (IJPRAI). [2] Guillaume Thibault; ... 3] Guillaume Thibault; Izhak Shafran (2016). "Fuzzy Statistical Matrices for Cell Classification". arXiv:1611.06009 [cs.CV]. ...
*  Arrestin
... s shuttle between cell nucleus and cytoplasm. Their nuclear functions are not fully understood, but it was shown that ... In unstimulated cell arrestins are localized in the cytoplasm in this basal "inactive" conformation. Active phosphorylated ... In addition to GPCRs, arrestins bind to other classes of cell surface receptors and a variety of other signaling proteins. ... One or more arrestin is expressed in virtually every eukaryotic cell. In mammals, arrestin-1 and arrestin-4 are largely ...
*  Cilium
It extends proximally toward the cell nucleus. Rootlets are typically 80-100 nm in diameter and contain cross striae ... Some epithelial cells are ciliated, and they commonly exist as a sheet of polarized cells forming a tube or tubule with cilia ... In comparison to motile cilia, non-motile (or primary) cilia usually occur one per cell; nearly all mammalian cells have a ... Scholey, JM (2008). "Intraflagellar transport motors in cilia: Moving along the cell's antenna". Journal of Cell Biology. 180 ( ...
*  Membrane
... which cover a cell nucleus; and tissue membranes, such as mucosae and serosae. Synthetic membranes are made by humans for use ... Biological membranes include cell membranes (outer coverings of cells or organelles that allow passage of certain constituents ...
*  Halofolliculina corallasia
Second, it has two cell nuclei. The larger, called the "macronucleus", carries out the normal work of the cell by transcribing ... First, it reproduces both by cell division (splitting one cell into two) and by conjugation, in which two organisms temporarily ... Its lorica, which is dark gray or black and made of a chitin-like substance, has flaps that close its opening when the cell is ... The discarded loricae of the "parent" H. corallasia cells remain, leaving a spotted region in the wake of the living black band ...
*  Nuclear transport
Görlich, Dirk; Ulrike Kutay (1999). "Transport between the cell nucleus and the cytoplasm". Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. (15): ... The entry and exit of large molecules from the cell nucleus is tightly controlled by the nuclear pore complexes (NPCs). ... Cole, CN; Scarcelli, JJ (2006). "Transport of messenger RNA from the nucleus to the cytoplasm". Curr Opin Cell Biol. 18 (3): ... Now in the nucleus, the Ran-GDP interacts with a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) which replaces the GDP with GTP, ...
*  RIF1
"Serial interactome capture of the human cell nucleus". Nature Communications. 7: 11212. doi:10.1038/ncomms11212. PMC 4822031 . ... a mouse telomere-associated protein highly expressed in germ cells and embryo-derived pluripotent stem cells". Developmental ... RIF1 has been shown to bind to RNA in the nucleus. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000080345 - Ensembl, May 2017 GRCm38: ... Cell. 127 (3): 635-48. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2006.09.026. PMID 17081983. ...
*  MDC1
"Serial interactome capture of the human cell nucleus". Nature Communications. 7: 11212. doi:10.1038/ncomms11212. PMC 4822031 . ... and cell cycle alterations in NFBD1-depleted human esophageal cancer cells". Mol Cell Biochem. 342 (1-2): 1-6. doi:10.1007/ ... The DDR of mammalian cells is made up of kinases, and mediator/adaptors factors. In mammalian cells the DRR is a network of ... Knock out MDC1 mice cells and silenced human cells were radiosensitive, failed to initiate Intra-S phase and G2/M checkpoints, ...
*  EMBO Gold Medal
Gorlich, D. (1998). "Transport into and out of the cell nucleus". The EMBO Journal. 17 (10): 2721-2727. doi:10.1093/emboj/17.10 ... Briscoe, J. (2009). "Making a grade: Sonic Hedgehog signalling and the control of neural cell fate". The EMBO Journal. 28 (5): ... On transferring genes into stem cells and mice". The EMBO Journal. 9 (10): 3024-32. PMC 552026 . PMID 2209535. Lanzavecchia, A ...
*  Agnoprotein
It is also detectable in the cell nucleus; in the case of JC virus, nuclear-localized agnoprotein comprises 15-20% of the total ... exit from the cell. In addition, effects on the behavior of the host cell itself have been observed, including impaired ... Host cell proteins reported as binding partners for at least one virus species' agnoprotein include p53, Ku70, PP2A, YB-1, FEZ1 ... Although the protein is not found in mature virions, there is some evidence that it can be secreted from infected cells, even ...
*  Glossary of biology
cell nucleus The "control room" for the cell. The nucleus gives out all the orders. cell plate Grown in the cell's center, it ... effector cell Plasma cells, also called plasma B cells, plasmocytes, plasmacytes, or effector B cells, are white blood cells ... creating a new cell wall that enables cell division. cell theory The theory that all living things are made up of cells. ... This is done both on a microscopic and molecular level as it encompasses prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells. cell membrane ...
*  Sp100 nuclear antigen
... regions of the cell nucleus. Viral infection and mitogens affect the expression of the Sp100 autoantigen. Cells grown in the ... Kamei H (1997). "Cystine starvation induces reversible large-body formation from nuclear bodies in T24 cells". Exp. Cell Res. ... Cell Biol. 139 (7): 1621-34. doi:10.1083/jcb.139.7.1621. PMC 2132645 . PMID 9412458. Seeler JS, Marchio A, Sitterlin D, Transy ... factor are localized to punctate domains in the nucleus (nuclear dots or nuclear bodies). These domains (few to 20) were found ...
*  XPO1
Görlich D, Kutay U (1999). "Transport between the cell nucleus and the cytoplasm". Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 15 (1): 607-60. ... Köhler, Alwin; Hurt, Ed (October 2007). "Exporting RNA from the nucleus to the cytoplasm". Nature Reviews Molecular Cell ... Cell Biol. 9 (10): 1175-83. doi:10.1038/ncb1638. PMID 17891139. Shao C, Lu C, Chen L, Koty PP, Cobos E, Gao W (August 2010). " ... Cell. 14 (1): 201-13. doi:10.1091/mbc.E02-06-0319. PMC 140238 . PMID 12529437. Raval A, Weissman JD, Howcroft TK, Singer DS ( ...
*  LIG4
Robins P, Lindahl T (September 1996). "DNA ligase IV from HeLa cell nuclei". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 271 (39): ... This interaction stabilizes LIG4 protein in cells; cells that are deficient for XRCC4, such as XR-1 cells, have reduced levels ... variable degrees of immunodeficiency and reduced number of blood cells. Accumulation of DNA damage leading to stem cell ... The sensitivity of haematopoietic stem cells to lig4 deficiency suggests that lig4-mediated NHEJ is a key determinant of the ...
*  Cavalier-Smith's system of classification
Cavalier-Smith, Thomas (2010). "Origin of the cell nucleus, mitosis and sex: Roles of intracellular coevolution". Biology ... Uniciliates are cells with only one flagellum and unikonts are descended from uniciliates. Unikont cells often have only one ... Eukaryotes have cell nuclei, bacteria do not. In 1969, Robert Whittaker elevated the bacteria to the status of kingdom. His new ... Biciliate cells have two flagella and bikonts are descended from biciliates. Biciliates undergo ciliary transformation by ...
*  P2RX7
Atkinson L, Milligan CJ, Buckley NJ, Deuchars J (2002). "An ATP-gated ion channel at the cell nucleus". Nature. 420 (6911): 42 ... Boison D, Chen JF, Fredholm BB (July 2010). "Adenosine signaling and function in glial cells". Cell Death Differ. 17 (7): 1071- ... In melanocytic cells P2X7 gene expression may be regulated by MITF. Activation of the P2X7 receptor by ATP leads to recruitment ... The P2X7 receptor is a ligand-gated cation channel that opens in response to ATP binding and leads to cell depolarization. The ...
*  Histone H2A
DNA modification by H2A occurs in the cell nucleus. Proteins responsible for nuclear import of H2A protein are karyopherin and ... Recent studies also show that nucleosome assembly protein 1 is also used to transport of H2A into the nucleus so it can wrap ... Histone H2A is one of the five main histone proteins involved in the structure of chromatin in eukaryotic cells. Histones are ... In addition, when H2A.Z was studied in human and yeast cells, it was used to promote RNA polymerase II recruitment. ...
*  Mie scattering
Mie theory has been used to determine whether scattered light from tissue corresponds to healthy or cancerous cell nuclei using ... and biological cells and cellular components, a more exact approach is necessary. The Mie solution is named after its developer ...
*  Biomolecular complex
Such complexes in cell nucleus are called ribonucleoproteins (RNPs). DNA-protein complexes: nucleosome Protein-lipid complexes ...