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*  Membrane lipid
Both these cells synthesized iodolipids, as novel words of the chemical lipid language developed among cell membranes during ... Cell membranes require high levels of cholesterol - typically an average of 20% cholesterol in the whole membrane, increasing ... The bilayer formed by membrane lipids serves as a containment unit of a living cell. Membrane lipids also form a matrix in ... These PUFAs are incorporated into the phospholipidic membrane of all the cells of an organism. In parallel, ectodermic cells, ...
*  Red blood cell
... also an important structural component of the red blood cell cell membrane, makes up to 25% of the cell membrane surface, each ... The red blood cell cell membrane comprises a typical lipid bilayer, similar to what can be found in virtually all human cells. ... Oxygen can easily diffuse through the red blood cell's cell membrane. Hemoglobin in the red blood cells also carries some of ... Their membrane plays many roles in this. These functions are highly dependent on the membrane composition. The red blood cell ...
*  Erythrocyte fragility
Osmotic fragility is affected by various factors, including membrane composition and integrity as well as the cells' sizes or ... The difference is that the lower-energy category of stress can more prominently reflect cell membrane properties, whereas the ... "A comparison of hemolysis and red cell mechanical fragility in blood collected with different cell salvage suction devices". ... It can be thought of as the degree or proportion of hemolysis that occurs when a sample of red blood cells are subjected to ...
*  SMC3
Collins FS, Rossant J, Wurst W (2007). "A mouse for all reasons". Cell. 128 (1): 9-13. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2006.12.018. PMID ... Wu RR, Couchman JR (1997). "cDNA cloning of the basement membrane chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan core protein, bamacan: a ... Cell. 18 (2): 185-200. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2005.03.017. PMID 15837422. Khanna H, Hurd TW, Lillo C, Shu X, Parapuram SK, He S, ... Cell. Biol. 21 (20): 6984-98. doi:10.1128/MCB.21.20.6984-6998.2001. PMC 99874 . PMID 11564881. Gregson HC, Schmiesing JA, Kim ...
*  Cell membrane
... damage to cell membrane Cell theory Cytoneme Elasticity of cell membranes Gram-positive bacteria Membrane models Membrane ... plasmatic membrane (Pfeffer, 1900), plasma membrane, cytoplasmic membrane, cell envelope and cell membrane. Some authors that ... The basic function of the cell membrane is to protect the cell from its surroundings. The cell membrane controls the movement ... It was also inferred that cell membranes weren't vital components to all cells. Many refuted the existence of a cell membrane ...
*  History of cell membrane theory
Membrane models Cell Membrane Membrane theory Jacques Loeb, The Dynamics of Living Matter. Columbia University Biological ... In this view, the cell was seen to be enclosed by a thin surface, the plasma membrane, and cell water and solutes such as a ... The lipid nature of the cell membrane was first correctly intuited by Quincke, who noted that a cell generally forms a ... but it would be nearly two hundred years before a complete cell membrane theory be developed to explain what separates cells ...
*  Elasticity of cell membranes
A cell membrane defines a boundary between the living cell and its environment. The primary constituent of a membrane is a ... A cell membrane is simplified as lipid bilayer plus membrane skeleton. The skeleton is a cross-linking protein network and ... Physics of Composite Cell Membrane and Actin Based Cytoskeleton, in Physics of bio-molecules and cells, Edited by H. Flyvbjerg ... Assume that each proteins in the membrane skeleton have similar length which is much smaller than the whole size of the cell ...
*  Proton-exchange membrane fuel cell
Proton-exchange membrane fuel cells, also known as polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells (PEMFC), are a type of fuel ... Before the invention of PEM fuel cells, existing fuel cell types such as solid-oxide fuel cells were only applied in extreme ... the fuel cell. The membrane must also not allow either gas to pass to the other side of the cell, a problem known as gas ... solar cells, and fuel cells. Within the field of fuel cell research, MOFs are being studied as potential electrolyte materials ...
*  Alkaline anion exchange membrane fuel cells
... anion-exchange membrane fuel cells (AEMFCs), or alkaline membrane fuel cells (AMFCs), are a type of alkaline fuel cells (AFCs ... Alkaline anion exchange membrane fuel cells (AAEMFC) also known as hydroxide exchange membrane fuel cells (HEMFCs), ... solid oxide fuel cells and phosphoric acid fuel cells. Alkaline anion exchange membrane fuel cells (AAEMFCs) are functionally ... Proton Exchange Membrane Alkaline fuel cell Winter, M; Brodd, R. J. (2004). "What are batteries, fuel cells, and ...
*  Hereditary elliptocytosis
Glycophorin C has the function of holding band 4.1 to the cell membrane. It is thought that elliptocytosis in glycophorin C ... It is one of many red-cell membrane defects. In its severe forms, this disorder predisposes to haemolytic anaemia. Although ... List of hematologic conditions McMullin MF (1999). "The molecular basis of disorders of the red cell membrane". J. Clin. Pathol ... Tse, Wt; Lux, Se (January 1999). "Red blood cell membrane disorders". British Journal of Haematology. 104 (1): 2-13. doi: ...
*  Protocell
The cell membrane is the only cellular structure that is found in all of the cells of all of the organisms on Earth. ... can attach RNA to a vesicle membrane, the basic cell membrane. Scientists have come to conclude that life began in hydrothermal ... Membranes create enclosed compartments that are separate from the external environment, thus providing the cell with ... Instead of the more popular phospholipids of modern cells, the membrane of protocells in the RNA world would be composed of ...
*  Archaerhodopsin
Light pink: Cytoplasmatic region of cell membarane. Orange: Extracelular region of cell membrane. It acts primarily as light- ... They drive the hyperpolarization of the cell membrane by secreting protons in presence of light. This process is associated to ... Cell Reports 16(8):2259-2268 Archaea in Wiktionary The free dictionary Rhodopsin in Wiktionary The free dictionary Sugiyama, Y ... There were various studies applied on the membrane of H.salinarum to decipher the mechanism of light-driven proton pump. The ...
*  Glycated hemoglobin
Radicals alter blood cell membrane properties. This leads to blood cell aggregation and increased blood viscosity which results ... A buildup of glycated hemoglobin within the red cell, therefore, reflects the average level of glucose to which the cell has ... sickle-cell disease, or any other condition causing premature red blood cell death. Blood donation will result in rapid ... A1c is a weighted average of blood glucose levels during the life of the red blood cells (117 days for men and 106 days in ...
*  Electrohydrodynamics
It is discussed in R.J.Elul's "Fixed charge in the cell membrane" (1967). In October 2003, Dr. Daniel Kwok, Dr. Larry Kostiuk ... ISBN 0-12-547440-7. Elul, R.J. (1967). Fixed charge in the cell membrane. Yang, Jun; Lu, Fuzhi; Kostiuk, Larry W.; Kwok, Daniel ... where it was found to cause physical damage to neurons by inciting movement in their membranes. ...
*  Sulfurisphaera
24 nm) surrounding the cell membrane. It grows organotrophically on proteinaceous, complex substrates such as yeast extract, ... The G + C content is estimated to be 30-33%. The spherical cells of Sulfurisphaera ohwakuensis are 1.2-1.5 µm in diameter. Thin ...
*  Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1
Buckley MF, Loveland KA, McKinstry WJ, Garson OM, Goding JW (1990). "Plasma cell membrane glycoprotein PC-1. cDNA cloning of ... and cartilage cells. Regulation of PC-1 expression in osteosarcoma cells by transforming growth factor-beta". J. Clin. Invest. ... Maddux BA, Sbraccia P, Kumakura S, Sasson S, Youngren J, Fisher A, Spencer S, Grupe A, Henzel W, Stewart TA (1995). "Membrane ... Maddux BA, Goldfine ID (2000). "Membrane glycoprotein PC-1 inhibition of insulin receptor function occurs via direct ...
*  Parietal cell
The parietal cell membrane is dynamic; the numbers of canaliculi rise and fall according to secretory need. This is ... Illustration of Chief cells and Parietal cells at anatomyatlases.org The Parietal Cell: Mechanism of Acid Secretion at vivo. ... Parietal cells (also known as oxyntic or delomorphous cells), are the epithelial cells that secrete hydrochloric acid (HCl) and ... Protein kinase A phosphorylates proteins involved in the transport of H+/K+ ATPase from the cytoplasm to the cell membrane. ...
*  HPN (gene)
Tsuji A, Torres-Rosado A, Arai T, Le Beau MM, Lemons RS, Chou SH, Kurachi K (Sep 1991). "Hepsin, a cell membrane-associated ... Hepsin is a cell surface serine protease. Hepson contains a peptidase S1 domain and an SRCR domain. The SRCR domain is located ... Torres-Rosado A, O'Shea KS, Tsuji A, Chou SH, Kurachi K (Aug 1993). "Hepsin, a putative cell-surface serine protease, is ... Kazama Y, Hamamoto T, Foster DC, Kisiel W (Jan 1995). "Hepsin, a putative membrane-associated serine protease, activates human ...
*  Ronald S. Weinstein
He continued his research on normal cell membranes and cancer cell membranes and initiated research on animal models for ... As an MGH pathology resident, he co-authored research papers on intercellular junctions, cancer cell, and red cell membranes. ... He studied cell membrane properties in normal epithelium, pre-cancers and cancers. Medical science education reform To ... Steck, Theodore L.; Weinstein, Ronald S.; Straus, John H.; Wallach, Donald F. H. (1970-04-10). "Inside-Out Red Cell Membrane ...
*  Cecropin
... s lyse bacterial cell membranes; they also inhibit proline uptake and cause leaky membranes. Cecropins constitute a ... Boman HG, Faye I, Lee JY, Gudmundsson GH, Lidholm DA (1991), "Cell-free immunity in Cecropia. A model system for antibacterial ... Boman HG, Hultmark D (1987), "Cell-free immunity in insects", Annu. Rev. Microbiol., 41: 103-126, doi:10.1146/annurev.mi. ... Boman HG (1991), "Antibacterial peptides: key components needed in immunity", Cell, 65 (2): 205-207, doi:10.1016/0092-8674(91) ...
*  Liposome
To deliver the molecules to a site of action, the lipid bilayer can fuse with other bilayers such as the cell membrane, thus ... Kimball's Biology Pages, "Cell Membranes." Cevc, G (1993). "Rational design of new product candidates: the next generation of ... The resemblance to the plasmalemma was obvious, and the microscope pictures served as the first evidence for the cell membrane ... allowing it to freely pass through a membrane. These liposomes work to deliver drug by diffusion rather than by direct cell ...
*  Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type I
Simons, K; Ikonen, E (Jun 5, 1997). "Functional rafts in cell membranes". Nature. 387 (6633): 569-72. doi:10.1038/42408. PMID ... It also regulates membrane dynamics in the neuronal growth cone in rat. Mutations in the ATL1 gene are also a common cause of ... In fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster), atlastin-1 has been shown to induce tethering and fusion of membranes adjacent to the ... However, it cannot account for the aberrant sphingolipid-related cellular features in heterozygous patient-derived cells or the ...
*  Mabel Hokin
... suggesting that it plays a widespread role in cell regulation. Mabel and Lowell summarized their cell membrane biochemistry ... Lowell E. Hokin & Mabel R. Hokin (1965). "The Chemistry of Cell Membranes". Scientific American. 213 (4): 78-86. doi:10.1038/ ... formerly thought to contain fairly inert structural components of cell membranes, contained up to 9 times as much P32 as it did ... but experienced a resurgence in the 1980s due to advances in technology and understanding of cell membrane biochemistry. Mabel ...
*  Aquaporin
In most cells, water moves in and out by osmosis through the lipid component of cell membranes. Due to the relatively high ... The cell membranes of a variety of different bacteria, fungi, animal and plant cells contain aquaporins through which water can ... They are embedded in the cell membrane. The amino and carboxyl ends face the inside of the cell. The amino and carboxyl halves ... Between the helices are five regions (A - E) that loop into or out of the cell membrane, two of them hydrophobic (B, E), with ...
*  Soft robotics
A {\displaystyle A} is the cell membrane. L p {\displaystyle L_{p}} is the hydraulic conductivity of the material. Δ P {\ ... plants can adjust this concentration through the movement of ions across the cell membrane. This then changes the shape and ... The following equation models the cell volume change rate: V ˙ = A L p ( − Δ P + Δ π ) {\displaystyle {\dot {V}}=AL_{p}(-\Delta ... Plant cells can inherently produce hydrostatic pressure due to a solute concentration gradient between the cytoplasm and ...
*  Camelpox
The newly formed virus particles can be released during cell lysis, or they can derive a host cell produced membrane and be ... After the virus attaches to a host cell, it injects its viral core (the shell containing its DNA) into the cell's cytoplasm. ...
*  Mesosome
Cell membrane Organelle Lysosome Nanninga N (1971). "The mesosome of Bacillus subtilis as affected by chemical and physical ... Robertson, J.D. (1959). "The ultra structure of cell membranes and their derivatives, Biochem". Soc. Syrup: 3. Suganuma A (1966 ... The mesosome was thought to increase the surface area of the cell, aiding the cell in cellular respiration. This is analogous ... Mesosomes were also hypothesized to aid in photosynthesis, cell division, DNA replication, and cell compartmentalisation. These ...