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*  Spindle apparatus
Cell division orientation is of major importance for tissue architecture, cell fates and morphogenesis. Cells tend to divide ... The axis of cell division is determined by the orientation of the spindle apparatus. Cells divide along the line connecting two ... cytoskeletal structure of eukaryotic cells that forms during cell division to separate sister chromatids between daughter cells ... 2006)]). "Probing cell-division phenotype space and Polo-like kinase function using small molecules". Nat Chem Biol. 2 (11): ...
*  Asymmetric cell division
The single cell is now set up to undergo an asymmetric cell division, however the orientation in which the division occurs is ... Notably, stem cells divide asymmetrically to give rise to two distinct daughter cells: one copy of the original stem cell as ... An asymmetric cell division produces two daughter cells with different cellular fates. This is in contrast to symmetric cell ... In normal stem and progenitor cells, asymmetric cell division balances proliferation and self-renewal with cell-cycle exit and ...
*  Cell division
... is the process by which a parent cell divides into two or more daughter cells. Cell division usually occurs as ... Also, the pattern of cell division that transforms eukaryotic stem cells into gametes (sperm cells in males or egg cells in ... ISBN 0-674-30692-9 Cell division: binary fission and mitosis How Cells Divide: Mitosis vs. Meiosis The Mitosis and Cell Cycle ... Multicellular organisms replace worn-out cells through cell division. In some animals, however, cell division eventually halts ...
*  Cell division orientation
... is the direction along which the new daughter cells are formed. Cell division orientation is ... Along with cell shape changes, cell rearrangements, apoptosis and growth, oriented cell division modifies the geometry and ... Factors that influence cell division orientation are cell shape , anisotropic localization of specific proteins and mechanical ... More than a century ago Oskar Hertwig proposed that the cell division orientation is determined by the shape of the cell (1884 ...
*  Cell division control protein 4
Cdc4 (cell division control protein 4) is a substrate recognition component of the SCF (SKP1-CUL1-F-box protein) ubiquitin ... ubiquitin ligase ubiquitin proteasome system cell cycle Simchen G, Hirschberg J (May 1977). "Effects of the mitotic cell-cycle ... Cell. 129 (6): 1165-76. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2007.04.042. PMID 17574027. Orlicky S, Tang X, Willems A, Tyers M, Sicheri F (Jan ... Cdc4 targets primarily cell cycle regulators for proteolysis. It serves the function of an adaptor that brings target molecules ...
*  Resistance-nodulation-cell division superfamily
"Overexpression of resistance-nodulation-cell division pump AdeFGH confers multidrug resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii." ... Resistance-nodulation-division (RND) family transporters are a category of bacterial efflux pumps, especially identified in ... Five protein transporters in E. coli cells that belong to the HAE-RND subfamily have been classified, including the multi-drug ... These RND systems are involved in maintaining homeostasis of the cell, removal of toxic compounds, and export of virulence ...
*  Cell division cycle 7-related protein kinase
... is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the CDC7 gene. The Cdc7 kinase is ... "Entrez Gene: CDC7 cell division cycle 7 homolog (S. cerevisiae)". Kim JM, Yamada M, Masai H (November 2003). "Functions of ... The product encoded by this gene is predominantly localized in the nucleus and is a cell division cycle protein with kinase ... However, when the cell enters this arrested state, levels of p53 may increase. These increased levels of p53 may initiate cell ...
*  Randall Division of Cell and Molecular Biophysics
The Randall Division of Cell and Molecular Biophysics (the Randall) is a research institute of King's College London located in ... The Randall Division of Cell and Molecular Biophysics. ... which became the present Randall Division of Cell and Molecular ... cell motility and cytoskeleton, and cell imaging. The Randall continues the tradition of Biophysics at King's established by ... MRC Cell Biophysics Unit, and MRC Muscle and Motility Unit. After King's merged with the Guy's and St Thomas' Medical Schools ...
*  Centrosome cycle
The centrosome cycle is important to ensure that daughter cells receive a centrosome after cell division. As the cell cycle ... Each daughter cell inherits two centrioles (one centrosome) surrounded by pericentriolar material as a result of cell division ... Vorobjev, IA; Chentsov, YuS (June 1982). "Centrioles in the cell cycle. I. Epithelial cells". The Journal of Cell Biology. 93 ( ... Cell Cycle Regulation of Centrosome Duplication Centrosome duplication is heavily regulated by cell cycle controls. This link ...
*  C5orf34
Sillibourne, James E.; Bornens, Michel (2010-09-29). "Polo-like kinase 4: the odd one out of the family". Cell Division. 5 (1 ... A study of Rho kinase inhibitor effect on primary cell lines also showed that C5orf34 is expressed in dermal fibroblasts of ... "Comparative gene expression profiling in three primary human cell lines after treatment with a novel inhibitor of Rho kinase or ... In addition, C5orf34 is predicted to be nuclear, thus it has potential involvement in gene regulation and cell proliferation ...
*  MARCH5
Park YY, Cho H (2012). "Mitofusin 1 is degraded at G2/M phase through ubiquitylation by MARCH5". Cell Division. 7 (1): 25. doi: ... "The mitochondrial E3 ubiquitin ligase MARCH5 is required for Drp1 dependent mitochondrial division". The Journal of Cell ... Lehner PJ, Hoer S, Dodd R, Duncan LM (Oct 2005). "Downregulation of cell surface receptors by the K3 family of viral and ... From a pathological perspective, in a neuronal cell model, dominant-negative MARCH5 prevents mitochondrial fragmentation during ...
*  Light sheet fluorescence microscopy
"Live cell division dynamics monitoring in 3D large spheroid tumor models using light sheet microscopy". Cell Division. 6 (1): ... Cell. 163 (7): 1796-1806. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2015.11.061. ISSN 0092-8674. PMC 4775738 . PMID 26687363. A. H. Voie; D. H. Burns ... Adherent cells can be grown on small glass plates that are hanging in the sample chamber. Plants can be grown in clear gels ... Play media HeLa cells expressing tetramers of the green fluorescent protein. On the left a transmission illumination image and ...
*  Breast cancer classification
Cell division becomes uncontrolled. Cell nuclei become less uniform. Pathologists describe cells as well differentiated (low- ... One of the hallmarks of cancer is that cells divide uncontrollably. The more cells that are dividing, the worse the cancer. ... The closer the appearance of the cancer cells to normal cells, the slower their growth and the better the prognosis. If cells ... which are small clusters of cells not greater than 0.2 mm, or single tumor cells, or a cluster of fewer than 200 cells in a ...
*  Fetal tissue in vaccines
Wadman, Meredith (2013-06-27). "Medical research: Cell division". Nature. pp. 422-426. doi:10.1038/498422a. Retrieved 2018-01- ... The same fibroblast cells from these pregnancies that were originally used to grow vaccine viruses have been growing in labs ... For example, in the 1950s, scientists at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden propagated a polio virus in fetal cells to make ... "Human Cell Strains in Vaccine Development". History of Vaccines. Retrieved 2018-01-26. Wadman, Meredith (2017-03-02). " ...
*  SV40 large T antigen
Figge J, Smith TF (14 July 1988). "Cell division sequence motif". Nature. 334 (6178): 109. doi:10.1038/334109a0. PMID 3290690. ... After entering the cell, the viral genes are transcribed by host cell RNA polymerase II to produce early mRNAs. Because of the ... Therefore, it is essential for the host cell to enter S phase, when cell DNA and the viral genome are replicated together. ... SV40 was isolated by Sweet and Maurice Hilleman in 1960 in primary monkey kidney cell cultures being used to grow Sabin OPV. ...
*  Immunosuppressive drug
Cytostatics inhibit cell division. In immunotherapy, they are used in smaller doses than in the treatment of malignant diseases ... In this way, it prevents the cell from transitioning from the G0 into G1 phase of the cell cycle. Tacrolimus is more potent ... This lowers the number of available T-cells, perhaps by sensitizing them for the uptake by the epithelial reticular cells. The ... They affect the proliferation of both T cells and B cells. Due to their highest effectiveness, purine analogs are most ...
*  Balanced-growth equilibrium
Steady state economy Nurkse's Balanced Growth economic theory Campbell, Allan (1957-12-01). "SYNCHRONIZATION OF CELL DIVISION ... where some cells are alive and others are dead). Machines like chemostats can be used to culture bacteria and keep them in a ...
*  Lactoylglutathione lyase
Szent-Gyoergyi A (Jul 1965). "CELL DIVISION AND CANCER". Science. 149 (3679): 34-7. doi:10.1126/science.149.3679.34. PMID ... This reaction occurs spontaneously in the cell, without the involvement of the enzyme. This hemithioacetal is then bound by the ... Allen RE, Lo TW, Thornalley PJ (1993). "A simplified method for the purification of human red blood cell glyoxalase I. ... The glyoxalase system has also been suggested to play a role in regulating cell growth and in assembling microtubules. ...
*  Embryophyte
... but differ in that in cell division the daughter nuclei are separated by a phragmoplast. They are eukaryotic, with a cell wall ... Pickett-Heaps, J. (1976). "Cell division in eucaryotic algae". BioScience. 26 (7): 445-450. doi:10.2307/1297481. Mayr, E. (1990 ... In all land plants a disc-like structure called a phragmoplast forms where the cell will divide, a trait only found in the land ... The tiny gametophyte inside the pollen grain then produces sperm cells which move to the egg cell and fertilize it. Seed plants ...
*  Alma Howard
ISBN 978-3-319-43397-4. "Milestone 3". web focus on cell division. nature publishing group. Kiefer, Jürgen, ed. (2004). Life ... "cell-cycle studies have flourished ... the concept was later developed and the checkpoints in cell-cycle regulation and ... creating the concept of the cell cycle. Their nomenclature for the stages of cell replication is used universally and appears ... "The cell cycle concept and its application. A symposium held in memory of Dr. Alma Howard". International journal of radiation ...
*  Scenedesmus
Cell Division and Colony Formation". Journal of Phycology. 11 (2): 186-202. doi:10.1111/j.1529-8817.1975.tb02766.x. Staehelin L ... These daughter cells typically link up with other daughter cells to form a colony within the parental cell wall to be later ... The cells at either end of the coenobium are different in morphology from those in the center. How the cells adhere to one ... This threat can be so significant that the cells will coalesce into these 8-cell colonies even in severely limiting growth ...
*  Polar body
When certain diploid cells in animals undergo cytokinesis after meiosis to produce egg cells, they sometimes divide unevenly. ... the cell must divide asymmetrically, which is fueled by furrowing (formation of a trench) near a particular point on the cell ... Cell Division, Vol. 6, 17. 2011. "What next for preimplantation genetic screening? A polar body approach!". Geraedts, Joep et ... A polar body is a small haploid cell that is formed concomitantly as an egg cell during oogenesis, but which generally does not ...
*  APC/C activator protein CDH1
Cdh1 plays a pivotal role in controlling cell division at the end of mitosis (telophase) and in the subsequent G1 phase of cell ... Li M, Zhang P (2009). "The function of APC/CCdh1 in cell cycle and beyond". Cell Div. 4: 2. doi:10.1186/1747-1028-4-2. PMC ... "APCcdh1 activity in mouse oocytes prevents entry into the first meiotic division". Nat. Cell Biol. 8 (5): 539-40. doi:10.1038/ ... In healthy cells Cdh1 stays inactive from late G1 to early mitosis. It stays inactive in early mitosis and only becomes active ...
*  PLK1
van de Weerdt BC, Medema RH (April 2006). "Polo-like kinases: a team in control of the division". Cell Cycle. 5 (8): 853-64. ... S. cerevisiae polo kinase CDC5 is required to phosphorylate and remove meiotic cohesion during the first cell division. In CDC5 ... These cells become capable of forming foci and growing in soft agar and more importantly, these cells can form tumors in nude ... When PLK1 expression was silenced with RNA interference in cell culture, K-RAS cells were selectively killed, without harming ...
*  Korean natural farming
... is the major component in forming cell membranes, enables smooth cell division and removes harmful substances by binding with ... Deficiency hinders cell division and reproduction. Symptoms first appear on the petiole and veins of older leaves. New leaves ... Phosphoric acid makes up part of the cell nucleus and reproductive system. Phosphoric acid is involved in photo phosphorylation ...
*  Railway Recruitment Control Board
Last RRC Group D Exam was conducted in 2015 and all Railway Recruitment Cell had declared the RRB Group D Results division wise ... Railway Recruitment Cell conducts competitive examination for the post of Group D (Trackman, Gang Man, Potter, Gate Man etc) in ...
*  GTPase
Control and differentiation during cell division. Translocation of proteins through membranes. Transport of vesicles within the ... October 2002). "Rho protein inactivation induced apoptosis of cultured human endothelial cells". Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol ... Gt proteins, a.k.a. transducin, is used in the light recognition pathway in retina cells. Gg protein occurs in the taste ... cell. (GTPases control assembly of vesicle coats.) The hydrolysis of the γ phosphate of GTP into guanosine diphosphate (GDP) ...