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*  Beta-glucan
One of the most common sources of β(1,3)D-glucan for supplement use is derived from the cell wall of baker's yeast ( ... "Role of the glycocalyx in regulating access of microparticles to apical plasma membranes of intestinal epithelial cells: ... β-glucans form a natural component of the cell walls of bacteria, fungi, yeast, and cereals such as oat and barley. Each type ... M cells within the Peyer's patches physically transport the insoluble whole glucan particles into the gut-associated lymphoid ...
*  Physiology of decompression
Intravascular bubbles cause clumping of red blood cells, platelets are used up, white blood cells activated, vascular ... This damage may release endothelial membrane microparticles. If a bubble or an object exists which collects gas molecules this ... Most operational procedures rely on experimentally derived parameters describing a continuous slow decompression rate, which ... In the cells of a typical tissue, the partial pressure of oxygen will drop to around 13 mbar (10 mmHg), while the partial ...
*  AFM-IR
... vesicles inside Rhodobacter capsulatus cells and monitor the efficiency of PHB production by the cells. At the University of ... AFM-IR (atomic force microscope infrared-spectroscopy) is one of a family of techniques that are derived from a combination of ... AFM-IR has been used to study the surface plasmon resonance in heavily silicon-doped indium arsenide microparticles. Gold split ... Dai, X.; Belton, P.; DeCogan, D.; Moffat, J. G.; Reading, M. (2011). "Thermally induced movement of micro particles observed on ...
*  Background radiation
However, a 14C atom is in the genetic information of about half the cells, while potassium is not a component of DNA. The decay ... This radiation primarily consists of positively charged ions from protons to iron and larger nuclei derived sources outside our ... "Enhancement of natural background gamma-radiation dose around uranium microparticles in the human body". Journal of the Royal ... Our preliminary studies seem to indicate the presence of adaptive response in the cells of some Ramsar residents, but we do not ...
*  Christopher Busby
... that cells in the G2 Phase are more resistant to radiation than cells in the M Phase (Radiosensitivity and Cell cycle). The ... "The interaction of natural background gamma radiation with depleted uranium micro-particles in the human body". Journal of ... Loads and Fate of Fertilizer Derived Uranium. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands, ISBN/EAN 978-90-5782-193-6. Koppe ... According to SET, primary exposure to a beta particle alters a cell to the G2 Phase, which Busby claims would render the cell ...
*  Ligand binding assay
The device for which SPR is derived includes a sensor chip, a flow cell, a light source, a prism, and a fixed angle position ... http://www.chemicell.com/products/microparticles/simag-basic/index.html http://www.chemicell.com/products/microparticles/simag- ... cells transfected with cloned receptors, and cells that are either in culture or isolated prior to analysis. Saturation binding ... In this type of assay the binding of a ligand to cells is followed over time. The obtained signal is proportional to the number ...
*  Regulation of nanotechnology
... such particles were unlikely to pass the dead outer cells of the stratum corneum of human skin; a finding which some academics ... "Big Worries About Micro Particles - The Tyee". [3] United States National Research Council. (2008). Review of Federal Strategy ... or any comprehensive labeling for products that contain nanoparticles or are derived from nano-processes. Regulatory bodies ... "nano-materials up to approximately 300 nm in size can be taken up by individual cells". The UK Soil Association define ...
*  Colloidal gold
... cell health, cell stress, how many cells are taken into a cell), and the capping ligands in solution. In vivo assessments can ... He noted the light scattering properties of suspended gold microparticles, which is now called Faraday-Tyndall effect. In 1898 ... "Selective oxidation with dioxygen by gold nanoparticle catalysts derived from 55-atom clusters". Nature. 454: 981. Bibcode: ... AuNSs size 1.4 nm were found to be toxic in human skin cancer cells (SK-Mel-28), human cervical cancer cells (HeLa), mouse ...
*  Jet stream
... caused by the convection cells that form the familiar banded color structure; on Jupiter, these convection cells are driven by ... Given both hydrostatic and geostrophic balance, one can derive the thermal wind relation: the vertical gradient of the ... Zielinski, G.; Mershon, G. (1997). "Paleoenvironmental implications of the insoluble microparticle record in the GISP2 ( ... Tropical air rises to the tropopause, and moves poleward before sinking; this is the Hadley cell circulation. As it does so it ...
*  Gamma ray
... a cell may be able to repair the damaged genetic material, within limits. However, a study of Rothkamm and Lobrich has shown ... so that there is no lower limit to gamma energy derived from radioactive decay. This radiation commonly has energy of a few ... "Enhancement of natural background gamma-radiation dose around uranium microparticles in the human body". Journal of the Royal ... "Evidence for a lack of DNA double-strand break repair in human cells exposed to very low x-ray doses". Proceedings of the ...
*  Cell encapsulation
Agarose is a polysaccharide derived from seaweed used for nanoencapsulation of cells and the cell/agarose suspension can be ... Alginate microparticles loaded with myoblast cells and functionalized with RGD allowed control over the growth and ... autologous cells), from another donor (allogeneic cells) or from other species (xenogeneic cells). The use of autologous cells ... The cell type chosen for this technique depends on the desired application of the cell microcapsules. The cells put into the ...
*  Micro-encapsulation
In general, it is used to incorporate food ingredients, enzymes, cells or other materials on a micro metric scale. ... Interfacial cross-linking is derived from interfacial polycondensation, and was developed to avoid the use of toxic diamines, ... IUPAC definition Microcapsule: Hollow microparticle composed of a solid shell surrounding a core-forming space available to ... "The Gut Microbiota and Human Health with an Emphasis on the Use of Microencapsulated Bacterial Cells", Journal of Biomedicine ...
*  Malaria vaccine
... from cell microparticles to other particulated delivery systems (e.g. liposomes). Adjuvants are crucial in affecting the ... CSP and sporozoite surface protein 2 (called PfSSP2) were derived from the sporozoite phase. The liver stage antigen 1 (LSA1), ... The cell-mediated component consists of many white blood cells (such as monocytes, neutrophils, macrophages, lymphocytes, ... Waters A (February 2006). "Malaria: new vaccines for old?". Cell. 124 (4): 689-93. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2006.02.011. PMID ...
*  Tumour heterogeneity
... antimetastatic activity of dendritic cells based on vaccines when mechanically heterogenized microparticles of tumor cells are ... One such model, the patient derived tumour xenograft, has shown excellent utility in preserving tumour heterogeneity whilst ... The cancer stem cell model asserts that within a population of tumour cells, there is only a small subset of cells that are ... There are two models used to explain the heterogeneity of tumour cells. These are the cancer stem cell model and the clonal ...
*  NanoString Technologies
Cell. 141 (4): 668-81. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2010.04.018. PMC 3670185 . PMID 20451243. Nam, J.; Dong, P.; Tarpine, R.; Istrail, S ... Birtwell, Sam; Morgan, Hywel (2009). "Microparticle encoding technologies for high-throughput multiplexed suspension assays". ... which derives data by counting fluorescent barcodes. As of March 2015, 264 of these systems were installed around the world, ... "Nuclear Entry of Activated MAPK is Restricted in Primary Ovarian and Mammary Epithelial Cells". PLoS ONE. 5 (2): e9295. doi: ...
*  Polyvinyl chloride
Extensive studies in Europe indicate that the chlorine found in emitted dioxins is not derived from HCl in the flue gases. ... Thus laden with high levels of POPs, the microparticles are often ingested by organisms in the biosphere. However, there is ... see Closed-cell PVC foamboard). Sheets are cut using saws and rotary cutting equipment. Plasticized PVC is also used to produce ... Weathering degradation of plastics results in their surface embrittlement and microcracking, yielding microparticles that ...
*  MARCO
Infused, negatively charged, immune-modifying microparticles (IMPs), derived from polystyrene, microdiamonds, or biodegradable ... This results in monocyte sequestration in the spleen through apoptotic cell clearance mechanisms. IMPs may therefore be of ... Cell. 80 (4): 603-9. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(95)90514-6. PMID 7867067. Kangas M, Brännström A, Elomaa O, Matsuda Y, Eddy R, Shows ... Immunology and Cell Biology. 94 (7): 646-55. doi:10.1038/icb.2016.20. PMID 26888252. Whelan FJ, Meehan CJ, Golding GB, McConkey ...
*  Circulating endothelial cell
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are cells derived from the bone marrow which differentiate into endothelial cells to help ... Endothelial Progenitor Cells, and Endothelial Microparticles in Cancer. Neoplasia. 8: 79-88 Goon, P.K.Y, Lip, G.Y.H., Boos, C.J ... Stonelake, P.S., Blann, A.D. (2006) Circulating Endothelial Cells, Endothelial Progenitor Cells, and Endothelial Microparticles ... Circulating endothelial cells (CECs) are endothelial cells that have been shed from the lining of the vascular wall into the ...