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*  Phagocytosis
"Macrophages discriminate glycosylation patterns of apoptotic cell-derived microparticles". J Biol Chem. 287 (1): 496-503. doi: ... Some white blood cells in human immune system perform phagocytosis by gulping in some pathogenic and disease causing cells. ... One of the features of an apoptotic cell is the presentation of a variety of intracellular molecules on the cell surface, such ... In cell biology, phagocytosis (from Ancient Greek φαγεῖν (phagein) , meaning 'to devour', κύτος, (kytos) , meaning 'cell', and ...
*  Endothelium
Caveolae Cellular dewetting Endothelial activation Endothelial microparticle Endothelial progenitor cell Endothelium-derived ... It is a thin layer of simple squamous cells called endothelial cells. Endothelial cells in direct contact with blood are called ... Vascular endothelial cells line the entire circulatory system, from the heart to the smallest capillaries. These cells have ... The foundational model of anatomy makes a distinction between endothelial cells and epithelial cells on the basis of which ...
*  Microparticle
In biological systems, microparticles are small membrane bound vesicles circulating in the blood derived from cells that are in ... Microparticles encountered in daily life include pollen, sand, dust, flour, and powdered sugar. Microparticles have a much ... For example, metal microparticles can be explosive in air. Microspheres are spherical microparticles, and are used where ... Microparticles are particles between 0.1 and 100 μ {\displaystyle \mu } m in size. Commercially available microparticles are ...
*  Innate Immunotherapeutics
MIS416, a non-toxic microparticle adjuvant derived from Propionibacterium acnes comprising immunostimulatory muramyl dipeptide ... and Th17 cells in EAE, and to increase the serum levels of IFN-γ and IFN-γ-associated proteins in 19 patients with SPMS [97]. A ... "a myeloid-directed microparticle immune response modifier (derived from Propionibacterium acnes), which was originally ... a non-toxic microparticle adjuvant derived from Propionibacterium acnes comprising immunostimulatory muramyl dipeptide and ...
*  MARCO
Infused, negatively charged, immune-modifying microparticles (IMPs), derived from polystyrene, microdiamonds, or biodegradable ... This results in monocyte sequestration in the spleen through apoptotic cell clearance mechanisms. IMPs may therefore be of ... Cell. 80 (4): 603-9. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(95)90514-6. PMID 7867067. Kangas M, Brännström A, Elomaa O, Matsuda Y, Eddy R, Shows ... Immunology and Cell Biology. 94 (7): 646-55. doi:10.1038/icb.2016.20. PMID 26888252. Whelan FJ, Meehan CJ, Golding GB, McConkey ...
*  Cell-free fetal DNA
2004). "Detection of fetal DNA and RNA in placenta-derived syncytiotrophoblast microparticles generated in vitro". Clinical ... Cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) is fetal DNA which circulates freely in the maternal blood. Maternal blood is sampled by ... 2003). "Maternal serum cell-free fetal DNA levels are increased in cases of trisomy 13 but not trisomy 18". Human Genetics 112 ... Allyse, M.; Sayres, L. C.; King, J. S.; Norton, M. E.; Cho, M. K. (2012). "Cell-free fetal DNA testing for fetal aneuploidy and ...
*  Exosome (vesicle)
Exosomes from red blood cells contain the transferrin receptor which is absent in mature erythrocytes. Dendritic cell-derived ... Chen, TS; Lai, RC; Lee, MM; Choo, AB; Lee, CN; Lim, SK (2010). "Mesenchymal stem cell secretes microparticles enriched in pre- ... By transferring molecules from one cell to another, exosomes from certain cells of the immune system, such as dendritic cells ... Exosomes are cell-derived vesicles that are present in many and perhaps all eukaryotic fluids, including blood, urine, and ...
*  Cell encapsulation
Agarose is a polysaccharide derived from seaweed used for nanoencapsulation of cells and the cell/agarose suspension can be ... Alginate microparticles loaded with myoblast cells and functionalized with RGD allowed control over the growth and ... autologous cells), from another donor (allogeneic cells) or from other species (xenogeneic cells). The use of autologous cells ... The cell type chosen for this technique depends on the desired application of the cell microcapsules. The cells put into the ...
*  Acoustic tweezers
... to manipulate and pattern cells and microparticles. This technique is capable of patterning cells and microparticles regardless ... The lipid particles are derived from triglycerides leaking from fat cells during surgery in adipose tissue. The embolization is ... Single cell resolution manipulation has been achieved using SAW. Such tools will be of great interest in the field of cell-cell ... a cell-sorting module to separate cells of interest from other cells. Although FACS has a variety of applications in basic ...
*  Malaria vaccine
... from cell microparticles to other particulated delivery systems (e.g. liposomes). Adjuvants are crucial in affecting the ... CSP and sporozoite surface protein 2 (called PfSSP2) were derived from the sporozoite phase. The liver stage antigen 1 (LSA1), ... The cell-mediated component consists of many white blood cells (such as monocytes, neutrophils, macrophages, lymphocytes, ... Waters A (February 2006). "Malaria: new vaccines for old?". Cell. 124 (4): 689-93. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2006.02.011. PMID ...
*  Fibroblast-like synoviocyte
These cells, together with other immune cells such as macrophages, lymphocytes, neutrophils, mast cells, dendritic cells and ... The word "synovium" is derived from the word "synovia" (or synovial fluid), which is a clear, viscous fluid produced by the ... 2010). "Platelets Amplify Inflammation in Arthritis via Collagen-Dependent Microparticle Production". Science. 327 (5965): 580- ... Furthermore these cells express a number of molecules important for the mediation of the cell adhesion, such as cadherin-11, ...
*  Resolvin
DHA-derived Resolvins). These metabolites are formed by a wide range of cells and tissues by the initial metabolism of DHA to ... Dalli, Jesmond; Serhan, Charles N. (2012-10-11). "Specific lipid mediator signatures of human phagocytes: microparticles ... SPMs are locally formed and locally acting cell signaling autacoids: they are made by cells and act upon their parent or nearby ... often resides in a different cell type with one cell passing along the intermediate metabolite that it forms to the other cell ...
*  Magnetic tweezers
A theoretical expression for this spectrum is derived in the following, which can then be fitted to the experimental curve in ... Other applications are the rheology of soft matter, and studies of force-regulated processes in living cells. Forces are ... A magnetic tweezers apparatus consists of magnetic micro-particles, which can be manipulated with the help of an external ... In experiments, the molecule of interest is attached to a magnetic microparticle. The magnetic tweezer is equipped with magnets ...
*  Tumour heterogeneity
... antimetastatic activity of dendritic cells based on vaccines when mechanically heterogenized microparticles of tumor cells are ... One such model, the patient derived tumour xenograft, has shown excellent utility in preserving tumour heterogeneity whilst ... The cancer stem cell model asserts that within a population of tumour cells, there is only a small subset of cells that are ... There are two models used to explain the heterogeneity of tumour cells. These are the cancer stem cell model and the clonal ...
*  Podoconiosis
Using light microscopy, Price discovered macrophage cells laden with micro-particles in lymph nodes of the affected extremity. ... the result of a genetically determined abnormal inflammatory reaction to mineral particles in irritant red clay soils derived ...
*  DNA vaccination
Cross-priming occurs when a bone marrow-derived cell presents peptides from proteins synthesised in another cell in the context ... that has been absorbed onto gold or tungsten microparticles into the target cells, using compressed helium as an accelerant. ... Studies using chimeric mice have shown that antigen is presented by bone-marrow derived cells, which include dendritic cells, ... The type of T-cell help raised is determined by the differentiated state of antigen presenting cells. Dendritic cells can ...
*  Electron
The suffix -on which is now used to designate other subatomic particles, such as a proton or neutron, is in turn derived from ... Electron therapy can treat such skin lesions as basal-cell carcinomas because an electron beam only penetrates to a limited ... who independently obtained the same result as Millikan using charged microparticles of metals, then published his results in ... Both electric and electricity are derived from the Latin ēlectrum (also the root of the alloy of the same name), which came ...
*  Coagulation
Many analysers are capable of measuring a "derived fibrinogen" level from the graph of the Prothrombin time clot. If a ... Hoffman, M; Monroe DM, 3rd (June 2001). "A cell-based model of hemostasis" (PDF). Thrombosis and haemostasis. 85 (6): 958-65. ... as well as procoagulant microparticles or microvesicles shed from them. Calcium is also required at other points in the ... Protein C is activated in a sequence that starts with Protein C and thrombin binding to a cell surface protein thrombomodulin. ...
*  Micro-encapsulation
In general, it is used to incorporate food ingredients, enzymes, cells or other materials on a micro metric scale. ... Interfacial cross-linking is derived from interfacial polycondensation, and was developed to avoid the use of toxic diamines, ... IUPAC definition Microcapsule: Hollow microparticle composed of a solid shell surrounding a core-forming space available to ... "The Gut Microbiota and Human Health with an Emphasis on the Use of Microencapsulated Bacterial Cells", Journal of Biomedicine ...
*  Glossary of physics
Electrochemical cell - Electrodynamics - Electrolytic cell - Electromagnet - A type of magnet in which the magnetic field is ... Contents: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z See also References External links Joule - A derived unit of ... Angle of incidence - Angle of reflection - Angstrom - Its a unit of linear measurement for measuring micro-particles. It's ... Contents: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z See also References External links Watt - A derived unit of ...
*  Decompression theory
In the cells of a typical tissue, the partial pressure of oxygen will drop, while the partial pressure of carbon dioxide will ... The term "decompression" derives from the reduction in ambient pressure experienced by the organism and refers to both the ... This damage may release endothelial membrane microparticles. If a bubble or an object exists which collects gas molecules this ... As the bubble grows it may distort the surrounding tissue and cause damage to cells and pressure on nerves resulting in pain, ...
*  Circulating endothelial cell
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are cells derived from the bone marrow which differentiate into endothelial cells to help ... Endothelial Progenitor Cells, and Endothelial Microparticles in Cancer. Neoplasia. 8: 79-88 Goon, P.K.Y, Lip, G.Y.H., Boos, C.J ... Stonelake, P.S., Blann, A.D. (2006) Circulating Endothelial Cells, Endothelial Progenitor Cells, and Endothelial Microparticles ... Circulating endothelial cells (CECs) are endothelial cells that have been shed from the lining of the vascular wall into the ...
*  Polyvinyl chloride
Extensive studies in Europe indicate that the chlorine found in emitted dioxins is not derived from HCl in the flue gases. ... Thus laden with high levels of POPs, the microparticles are often ingested by organisms in the biosphere. However, there is ... see Closed-cell PVC foamboard). Sheets are cut using saws and rotary cutting equipment. Plasticized PVC is also used to produce ... Weathering degradation of plastics results in their surface embrittlement and microcracking, yielding microparticles that ...
*  Chang Yi Wang
Syntehtic peptides entrapped in microparticles can elicit cytotoxic T cell T cell activity. Vaccine 1996; 14:1523. 20. Hioe CE ... This eventual result freed up the valuable future information to be derived from detailed RNA or DNA sequences for the benefit ... Stimulation and expansion of a human T cell subpopulation by a monoclonal antibody to T cell receptor T cell receptor molecule ... An antigen characteristic of hairy cell leukemia cells is expressed on certain activated B cells. J immunol 1984; 133:1635. 48 ...
*  NanoString Technologies
Cell. 141 (4): 668-81. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2010.04.018. PMC 3670185 . PMID 20451243. Nam, J.; Dong, P.; Tarpine, R.; Istrail, S ... Birtwell, Sam; Morgan, Hywel (2009). "Microparticle encoding technologies for high-throughput multiplexed suspension assays". ... which derives data by counting fluorescent barcodes. As of March 2015, 264 of these systems were installed around the world, ... "Nuclear Entry of Activated MAPK is Restricted in Primary Ovarian and Mammary Epithelial Cells". PLoS ONE. 5 (2): e9295. doi: ...
*  Christopher Busby
... that cells in the G2 Phase are more resistant to radiation than cells in the M Phase (Radiosensitivity and Cell cycle). The ... "The interaction of natural background gamma radiation with depleted uranium micro-particles in the human body". Journal of ... Loads and Fate of Fertilizer Derived Uranium. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands, ISBN/EAN 978-90-5782-193-6. Koppe ... According to SET, primary exposure to a beta particle alters a cell to the G2 Phase, which Busby claims would render the cell ...