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*  Poribacteria
"The candidate phylum Poribacteria by single-cell genomics: new insights into phylogeny, cell-compartmentation, eukaryote-like ... Single-cell genomics analysis of poribacteria reveals a genome with a lower size bound of 1.88 megabases and 1585 protein- ... Cell compartmentalization into distinct membrane-bound organelles is a universal and defining property of eukaryotes, but had ... Siegl, A; Kamke, J; Hochmuth, T; Piel, J; Richter, M; Liang, C; Dandekar, T; Hentschel, U (January 2011). "Single-cell genomics ...
*  HK3
Rijksen G, Staal GE, Beks PJ, Streefkerk M, Akkerman JW (December 1982). "Compartmentation of hexokinase in human blood cells. ... Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics. 74 (3): 187-8. doi:10.1159/000134409. PMID 8941369. "Entrez Gene: HK3 hexokinase 3 (white cell ... Within cells, HK3 localizes to the cytoplasm and putatively binds the perinuclear envelope. HK3 is the predominant hexokinase ... provided by RefSeq, Apr 2009] HK3 is one of four highly homologous hexokinase isoforms in mammalian cells. This protein has a ...
*  CAPN1
... activity in Schwann cells: immunofluorescence localization and compartmentation of mu- and mCANP". J. Neurosci. Res. 29 (3): ... Design of an antisense strategy for calpain depletion in cultured cells". J. Biol. Chem. 271 (31): 18825-30. doi:10.1074/jbc. ... Cytogenet Cell Genet. 53 (4): 225-9. doi:10.1159/000132937. PMID 2209092. "Entrez Gene: CAPN1 calpain 1, (mu/I) large subunit ... produce necrotic but not apoptotic cell death in human CHP100 neuroblastoma cultures via a mechanism involving calpain". ...
*  CAPNS1
"Capn4 mRNA level is correlated with tumour progression and clinical outcome in clear cell renal cell carcinoma". J Int Med Res ... immunofluorescence localization and compartmentation of mu- and mCANP". J. Neurosci. Res. 29 (3): 346-54. doi:10.1002/jnr. ... Cell Biol. 32 (1): 1-5. doi:10.1016/S1357-2725(99)00095-3. PMID 10661889. Huang Y, Wang KK (2001). "The calpain family and ... Cell Genet. 53 (4): 225-9. doi:10.1159/000132937. PMID 2209092. Andersson B, Wentland MA, Ricafrente JY, et al. (1996). "A " ...
*  Cell nucleus
2005). "Intracellular compartmentation in planctomycetes". Annu Rev Microbiol. 59: 299-328. doi:10.1146/annurev.micro.59.030804 ... Human skeletal muscle cells have more than one nucleus, as do eukaryotes like fungi. Cell nuclei contain most of the cell's ... At a certain point during the cell cycle in open mitosis, the cell divides to form two cells. In order for this process to be ... having already described cells multiplying by division and believing that many cells would have no nuclei. The idea that cells ...
*  Bacterial cell structure
Fuerst J (2005). "Intracellular compartmentation in planctomycetes". Annu Rev Microbiol. 59: 299-328. doi:10.1146/annurev.micro ... while having no effects on human cells which have no cell wall only a cell membrane. There are two main types of bacterial cell ... The cell envelope is composed of the plasma membrane and cell wall. As in other organisms, the bacterial cell wall provides ... that provides buoyancy to these cells by decreasing their overall cell density. Positive buoyancy is needed to keep the cells ...
*  Sedum alfredii
The cell wall plays a very important role in tolerance and Cd detoxification in the mining ecotype S. alfredii. Common mining ... Yang, X., T. Li, J. Yang, Z. He, L. Lu, F. Meng (2006). Zinc compartmentation in root, transport into xylem, and absorption ... Vacuole, nonchlorophyllous mesophyll and other water storage cell types may be locations in S. alfredii which hyperaccumulate ... into leaf cells in the hyperaccumulating species of Sedum alfredii Hance. Planta, 224, 185-195. Yang, X. E., X. X. Long, H. B. ...
*  Scanning ion-conductance microscopy
... cells, biological samples, cell villi) without deformation. SICM is used in an electrolyte-containing solution, so can be used ... Beta2-adrenergic receptor redistribution in heart failure changes cAMP compartmentation. Science 2010, 327, 1653-1657. ... clamping the pipette by suction to the surface of a cell and then monitoring the activity of the sodium channels in the cell ... The use of scanning ion conductance microscopy to image A6 cells. Mol. Cell Endocrinol. 2004, 217, 101-108. Zhang, Y.; Gorelik ...
*  Abiogenesis
... and Cell/Stem Cell Therapy. Regenerative Medicine, Artificial Cells and Nanomedicine. 1. Hackensack, NJ: World Scientific. ISBN ... The naturally arising, three-dimensional compartmentation observed within fossilized seepage-site metal sulphide precipitates ... The data suggest that viruses originated from ancient cells that co-existed with the ancestors of modern cells. These ancient ... Only when true cells had evolved would they gradually adapt to saltier environments and enter the ocean. Colín-García et al. ( ...
*  CTP synthetase
"Common regulatory control of CTP synthase enzyme activity and filament formation". Mol Biol Cell. 25 (15): 2282-90. Aug 2014. ... Liu J-L (2010). "Intracellular compartmentation of CTP synthase in Drosophila". Journal of Genetics and Genomics. 37 (5): 281- ... These include bacteria (C. crescentus), yeast (S. cerevisiae), fruit flies (D. melanogaster) and human cells. These filamentous ... Chen K (2011). "Glutamine analogs promote cytoophidium assembly in human and Drosophila cells". Journal of Genetics and ...
*  Theo Wallimann
... micro-compartmentation and metabolite channeling by multi-enzyme complexes. The mechanisms of the cell enhancing and neuro- ... Hans M. Eppenberger at the Institute of Cell Biology ETH Zurich with distinction and was awarded the ETH prize and medal. From ... Wallimann was Head and Deputy Head of the Institute of Cell Biology, respectively. In 2005, Prof. Wallimann was awarded the ... Wallimann is a member of USGEB, FEBS, American Association for Cell Biology und Biophysical Society (USA). 1975 Prize and Medal ...
*  NMNAT1
However, NMNAT1 is dispensable for cell viability, as homozygous deletion of this gene occurs in glioblastoma tumors and cell ... Berger F, Lau C, Dahlmann M, Ziegler M (2006). "Subcellular compartmentation and differential catalytic properties of the three ... doi:10.1016/j.cell.2006.09.026. PMID 17081983. Berger F, Lau C, Ziegler M (2007). "Regulation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 ... 2006). "Global, in vivo, and site-specific phosphorylation dynamics in signaling networks". Cell. 127 (3): 635-48. ...
*  Cytosol
Examples of these processes include signal transduction from the cell membrane to sites within the cell, such as the cell ... Aw, T.Y. (2000). "Intracellular compartmentation of organelles and gradients of low molecular weight species". Int Rev Cytol. ... cell signaling, and the generation of action potentials in excitable cells such as endocrine, nerve and muscle cells. The ... without damaging the other cell membranes, only about one quarter of cell protein was released. These cells were also able to ...
*  Glutathione
It has roles in progression of the cell cycle, including cell death. GSH levels regulate redox changes to nuclear proteins ... implications for the compartmentation of glutathione biosynthesis in the Brassicaceae". The Plant Journal. 41 (1): 15-30. doi: ... Manageably low levels result in the systematic breakage of the cell whereas excessively low levels result in rapid cell death. ... Differences in GSH levels also determine the expressed mode of cell death, being either apoptosis or cell necrosis. ...
*  Organelle
While most cell biologists consider the term organelle to be synonymous with "cell compartment", other cell biologists choose ... Fuerst, J.A. (October 13, 2005). "Intracellular compartmentation in planctomycetes". Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 59: 299-328. doi: ... Not all eukaryotic cells have each of the organelles listed below. Exceptional organisms have cells that do not include some ... In cell biology, an organelle (/ɔːrɡəˈnɛl/) is a specialized subunit within a cell that has a specific function. Individual ...
*  Creatine kinase
In tissues and cells that consume ATP rapidly, especially skeletal muscle, but also brain, photoreceptor cells of the retina, ... "Intracellular compartmentation, structure and function of creatine kinase isoenzymes in tissues with high and fluctuating ... In the cells, the "cytosolic" CK enzymes consist of two subunits, which can be either B (brain type) or M (muscle type). There ... The bound cytosolic CK accepts the PCr shuttled through the cell and uses ADP to regenerate ATP, which can then be used as ...
*  Prokaryote
Prokaryotic cells are usually much smaller than eukaryotic cells. Therefore, prokaryotes have a larger surface-area-to-volume ... Fuerst J (2005). "Intracellular compartmentation in planctomycetes". Annu Rev Microbiol. 59: 299-328. doi:10.1146/annurev.micro ... Molecular and cell biology portal Biology portal Bacterial cell structure Evolution of sexual reproduction List of sequenced ... The distinction is that eukaryotic cells have a "true" nucleus containing their DNA, whereas prokaryotic cells do not have a ...
*  Actin remodeling of neurons
Upon low frequency stimulation of knockout cells, these molecules are likely to diffuse out of the cell before a concentration ... Developmentally regulated changes in cellular compartmentation and synaptic distribution of actin in hippocampal neurons. J. ... Cell 107:605-16 Fischer M, Kaech S, Knutti D, Matus A. 1998. Rapid actin-based plasticity in dendritic spines. Neuron 20:847-54 ... In the LTD environment, spine volume is decreased, cell communication is decreased, and there is a far greater ratio of G-actin ...
*  Cofactor (biochemistry)
Clapham DE (2007). "Calcium signaling". Cell. 131 (6): 1047-58. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2007.11.028. PMID 18083096. Niki I, Yokokura ... Compartmentation and communication in living systems. Ligand conduction: a general catalytic principle in chemical, osmotic and ... The energy used by human cells requires the hydrolysis of 100 to 150 moles of ATP daily, which is around 50 to 75 kg. In ... This reduced cofactor is then a substrate for any of the reductases in the cell that require electrons to reduce their ...
*  Metabolism
Proteins are also important in cell signaling, immune responses, cell adhesion, active transport across membranes, and the cell ... Compartmentation and communication in living systems. Ligand conduction: a general catalytic principle in chemical, osmotic and ... Binding of the hormone to insulin receptors on cells then activates a cascade of protein kinases that cause the cells to take ... Extrinsic control involves a cell in a multicellular organism changing its metabolism in response to signals from other cells. ...
*  Pressure Flow Hypothesis
... solution in the photosynthesis cells. The sucrose is actively transported to the companion cells of the smallest veins in the ... Recent Advances Phloem Transport and Assimilate Compartmentation. Ho, Y.K. (Manhattan, 2004.)Advanced Level Biology for Hong ... Cells in a sugar source "load" a sieve-tube element by actively transporting solute molecules into it. This causes water to ... In sugar sinks, cells actively transport solutes out of the sieve-tube elements, producing the exactly opposite effect. The ...
*  Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
"Nutrient-Sensitive Mitochondrial NAD+ Levels Dictate Cell Survival". Cell. 130 (6): 1095-107. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2007.07.035. ... Koch-Nolte F, Fischer S, Haag F, Ziegler M (2011). "Compartmentation of NAD+-dependent signalling". FEBS Lett. 585 (11): 1651-6 ... The actual concentration of NAD+ in cell cytosol is harder to measure, with recent estimates in animal cells ranging around 0.3 ... In recent years, NAD+ has also been recognized as an extracellular signaling molecule involved in cell-to-cell communication. ...
*  PRKACA
Another transcript, called Cα2, is found primarily in sperm cells and differs from Cα1 only in the first 15 amino acids. In ... Dodge-Kafka KL, Langeberg L, Scott JD (Apr 2006). "Compartmentation of cyclic nucleotide signaling in the heart: the role of A- ... This optimizes where and when cellular communication occurs within the cell. Protein kinase A has been implicated in a number ... It was also realized that inside cells, PKA catalytic subunits are found in complex with regulatory subunits and inhibitor ...
*  Glucokinase regulatory protein
July 2007). "Cell biology assessment of glucokinase mutations V62M and G72R in pancreatic beta-cells: evidence for cellular ... "Dual role of phosphofructokinase-2/fructose bisphosphatase-2 in regulating the compartmentation and expression of glucokinase ... in small amounts in certain rat lung cells, in pancreatic islet cells, and in periventricular neurons of the hypothalamus in ... liver cells). GKRP binds and moves glucokinase (GK), thereby controlling both activity and intracellular location of this key ...
*  Ladderane
Fuerst, John A. (23 May 2005). "Intracelluar Compartmentation in Planctomycetes". Annual Review of Microbiology. 59: 299-328. ... as well as reduce the catabolic efficiency of the cell. A naturally occurring [5]-ladderane lipid, named pentacycloanammoxic ...
*  Clandestine HUMINT operational techniques
... termination of the operational cells is rather obvious. If there are support cells in the operational area, they may be ... Suvorov emphasizes that the process of forming new illegal residencies was the Soviet doctrine for imposing compartmentation. ... Cell systems are evolving to more decentralized models, sometimes because they are enabled by new forms of electronic ... Agents also may operate in networks, for which the classic security structure is the cell system. The agent may join a ...