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*  Directed differentiation
"Embryonic stem-cell culture as a tool for developmental cell biology". Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology. National Center ... Several application domains emerged: For basic science, notably developmental biology and cell biology, PSC-derived cells allow ... "Retinoic acid induces embryonal carcinoma cells to differentiate into neurons and glial cells". The Journal of Cell Biology. ... Directed differentiation is a bioengineering methodology at the interface of stem cell biology, developmental biology and ...
*  Cancer systems biology
A cancer systems biology approach can be applied at different levels, from an individual cell to a tissue, a patient with a ... Systems biology List of systems biology research groups Bioconductor Wang, Edwin. Cancer Systems Biology. Chapman & Hall, 2010 ... Cancer systems biology encompasses the application of systems biology approaches to cancer research, in order to study the ... Cancer systems biology represents the application of systems biology approaches to the analysis of how the intracellular ...
*  Plant evolutionary developmental biology
They possess large cells called central mother cells. In angiosperms, the outermost layer of cells divides anticlinally to ... However, the apical cells do contain organelles like large vacuoles and starch grains, like the angiosperm meristematic cells. ... They possess a tetrahedral apical cell, which goes on to form the plant body. Any somatic mutation in this cell can lead to ... Once the leaf primordial cells are established from the SAM cells, the new axes for leaf growth are defined, one important (and ...
*  Christopher Voigt
"MIT Synthetic Biology Center". "MIT-Broad Foundry". "DARPA Gives MIT Lab $32 Million To Program Living Cells". Popular Science ... Engineering Synthetic Biology: Programming Living Bacteria Decoding Synthetic Biology Engineering Biology Brogan, Jacob (3 ... Encoded in DNA, these circuits implement computational operations inside of cells. Software to program living cells (Cello), ... He works in the developing field of synthetic biology. He is the Co-Director of the Synthetic Biology Center at MIT and the Co- ...
*  Endothelial stem cell
Seita J, Weissman IL (2010). "Hematopoietic stem cell: self-renewal versus differentiation". Systems Biology and Medicine. 2: ... red blood cells), megakaryocytes/platelets, mast cells, T-lymphocytes, B-lymphocytes, dendritic cells, natural killer cells, ... For stem cells, this usually occurs through several stages, where a cell proliferates giving rise to daughter cells that are ... These parent stem cells, ESCs, give rise to progenitor cells, which are intermediate stem cells that lose potency. Progenitor ...
*  Gene expression profiling in cancer
The cells forming this mass undergo natural selection: as cells acquire mutations that enhance their survivability or ... These groups reflect distinct molecular features as related to mammary epithelial biology, based on the outcome of disease. In ... Oncogenesis is the process by which normal cells acquire the properties of cancer cells leading to the formation of a cancer or ... For example, the expression of genes in skin cells would be very different compared to those expressed in blood cells. ...
*  Facilitated variation
Recent advances in cellular and evolutionary developmental biology shed light on a number of mechanisms for generating novelty ... cells, and body structures to interact in numerous ways that can lead to the creation of novelty with a limited number of genes ... a professor and chair at the Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, and John C. Gerhart, a professor at the ... PLOS Computational Biology. 4: e1000206. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000206. PMC 2563028 . PMID 18989390. The Plausibility of ...
*  Synthetic genomes
"The Mysterious Thing About a Marvelous New Synthetic Cell". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2017-09-12. "Here's what we could really ... Gibson, Daniel (2011). Synthetic Biology, Part B: Computer Aided Design and DNA Assembly; Chapter Fifteen - Enzymatic Assembly ... "Creation of a Bacterial Cell Controlled by a Chemically Synthesized Genome". Science. 329 (5987): 52-56. doi:10.1126/science. ...
*  Gene expression profiling
... and chemical signals from other cells. For instance, skin cells, liver cells and nerve cells turn on (express) somewhat ... From this information one can generate new hypotheses about biology or test existing ones. However, the size and complexity of ... These profiles can, for example, distinguish between cells that are actively dividing, or show how the cells react to a ... if breast cancer cells express higher levels of mRNA associated with a particular transmembrane receptor than normal cells do, ...
*  Cell biology
Prokaryotic cell The American Society for Cell Biology Cell physiology Lodish, Harvey (2013). Molecular Cell Biology. W. H. ... Research in cell biology is closely related to genetics, biochemistry, molecular biology, immunology, and developmental biology ... Biology portal Molecular and Cellular Biology portal Science portal Autophagy Cell biophysics Cell disruption Cellular ... Cell movement - Cell migration, Chemotaxis, contraction, cilia and flagella. Cell signaling - Regulation of cell behavior by ...
*  Granule (cell biology)
In cell biology, a granule is a small particle. It can be any structure barely visible by light microscopy. The term is most ... Granules are one of the non-living cell organelle of plant cell(the others-vacuole and nucleoplasm). It serves as small ... The granules of certain cells, such as natural killer cells, contain components which can lead to the lysis of neighboring ... Insulin granules are secretory granules, which can release their contents from the cell into the bloodstream. The beta cells in ...
*  Fragmentation (cell biology)
In cell biology, ways in which fragmentation is useful for a cell: DNA cloning and apoptosis. DNA cloning is important in ... "The Role of DNA Fragmentation in Apoptosis." Trends in Cell Biology 5.1 (1995): 21-26. Print. Bessman, JD. "Red Blood Cell ... Molecular Cell Biology. 7th ed. New York: W.H. Freeman and, 2013. Print. Bortner, Carl D., Nicklas B.E. Oldenburg, and John A. ... Molecular Cell Biology. 7th ed. New York: W.H. Freeman and, 2013. Print. Hua, Xhang J., and Ming Xu. "DNA Fragmentation in ...
*  Nature Cell Biology
... is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research in cell biology published by the Nature Publishing ... "Journals Ranked by Impact: Cell Biology". 2016 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Sciences ed.). Thomson Reuters. 2017. ... Official website Molecular and cellular biology portal. ...
*  Cell Biology International
... is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Portland Press for the International Federation ... for Cell Biology. The journal was established in 1977 as Cell Biology International Reports (ISSN 0309-1651) and published by ... "Cell Biology International". 2010 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Thomson Reuters. 2011. ,access-date= ... It covers all aspects of cell biology. The journal is abstracted and indexed in: BIOBASE BIOSIS Chemical Abstracts Service ...
*  Septum (cell biology)
A septum in cell biology is the new cell wall that forms between two daughter cells during the telophase of cell division. In ... Cabib E; Roh DH; Schmidt M; Crotti LB; Varma A (2001). "The yeast cell wall and septum as paradigms of cell growth and ... "Cell Division: Stages of Mitosis , Learn Science at Scitable". www.nature.com. Retrieved 2015-11-16. ... A secondary septum of β-glucans and mannoproteins is then assembled, and the primary septum degraded during cell separation. " ...
*  Bleb (cell biology)
In cell biology, a bleb is a bulge, or protrusion of the plasma membrane of a cell, human bioparticulate or abscess with an ... Blebs have been seen in cultured cells in certain stages of the cell cycle. These blebs are used for cell locomotion in ... During apoptosis (programmed cell death), the cell's cytoskeleton breaks up and causes the membrane to bulge outward. These ... Charras GT, Hu CK, Coughlin M, Mitchison TJ (Nov 2006). "Reassembly of contractile actin cortex in cell blebs". J. Cell Biol. ...
*  Callus (cell biology)
Plant callus (plural calluses or calli) is a growing mass of unorganized plant parenchyma cells. In living plants, callus cells ... Regeneration of a whole plant that has some genetically transformed cells and some untransformed cells yields a chimera. In ... In Jatropha curcas callus cells, small organized callus cells became disorganized and varied in size after browning occurred. ... "Ginkgolide B production in cultured cells derived from Ginkgo biloba L. leaves". Plant Cell Reports. 14 (8). doi:10.1007/ ...
*  Tether (cell biology)
Biological cells which form bonds with a substrate and are at the same time subject to a flow can form long thin membrane ... cylinders called tethers, which connect the adherent area to the main body of the cell. Under physiological conditions, ...
*  Nuage (cell biology)
They are found in nurse cells of the developing Drosophila melanogaster egg chamber and are composed of various types of ... Nuage are the hallmark of Drosophila melanogaster germline cells, which have an electron-dense perinuclear structure and can ...
*  Ectoplasm (cell biology)
It is clear, and protects as well as transports things within the cell. Moreover, large numbers of actin filaments frequently ... non-granulated part of a cell's cytoplasm. This is opposed to the endoplasm which is the inner layer of the cytoplasm, and ... occur in the ectoplasm, to form an elastic support for the cell membrane. it contains Microfilaments named Actin and Myosin ...
*  Aster (cell biology)
In some cells, the positions of the asters determine the site of cell divisions. Campell Biology, p.221 Campbell, Neil A,; ... located at opposite ends of the cell. This allows the cell to divide properly with each daughter cell containing full replicas ... An aster is a cellular structure shaped like a star, formed around each centrosome during mitosis in an animal cell. Astral ... During mitosis, there are four stages of cell division: Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase. During prophase, two ...
*  Midbody (cell biology)
The midbody is a transient structure found in mammalian cells and is present near the end of cytokinesis just prior to the ... Cell Biol. 2 (1): 72-5. doi:10.1038/35048077. PMID 11413469. Mullins JM, McIntosh JR (September 1982). "Isolation and initial ... Aside from microtubules it also contains various proteins involved in cytokinesis, asymmetric cell division, and chromosome ... complete separation of the dividing cells. The structure was first described by Walther Flemming in 1891. The central section ...
*  Lamella (cell biology)
Lamella, in cell biology, is also used to describe the leading edge of a motile cell, of which the lamellipodia is the most ... It is placed between the two primary cell walls of two plant cells and made up of intracellular matrix. The lamella comprises a ... A lamella (plural: "lamellae") in biology refers to a thin layer, membrane, or plate of tissue. This is a very broad definition ... The Plant Cell Online. 17 (9): 2580-6. doi:10.1105/tpc.105.035030. JSTOR 4130938. PMC 1197436 . PMID 16055630. Oxford ...
*  Clone (cell biology)
... bone marrow cells. Most other cells cannot divide indefinitely as after a few cycles of cell division the cells stop expressing ... so they are technically a single clone of cells. However, during course of cell division, one of the cells can get mutated ... Clone (B-cell biology) Cloning List of animals that have been cloned Polyclonal antibodies Polyclonal response "Clone ... When ultimately many cells are produced by a single cell, clonal expansion is said to have taken place. A somewhat similar ...
*  Immunology and Cell Biology
... is an academic journal of the Australasian Society of Immunology covering basic immunology research ... and was converted in 1987 to Immunology and Cell Biology, making it one of the oldest speciality immunology journals in ... "Australian Journal of Experimental Biology and Medical Science". Bradley, T. R.; Metcalf, D. (1966). "The growth of mouse bone ... The journal was founded in 1924 as the Australian Journal of Experimental Biology and Medical Science, ...
*  Biology Open
... including cell science, developmental biology and experimental biology. Biology Open is abstracted and/or indexed (amongst ... "Biology Open (BiO) - making life easier for us all". Biology Open 2012 1:1. doi:10.1242/bio.2011002 (Retrieved 10 July 2012) ... Biology Open (BiO) is an online-only open access scientific journal that publishes peer-reviewed original research across all ... Journal of Cell Science, Journal of Experimental Biology and Disease Models & Mechanisms. The Company of Biologists looked to ...
*  Journal of Cell Biology
"Cell Biology". Journal of Cell Biology was first published online on January 13, 1997. All content was free to the public ... www.newswise.com/articles/jodi-nunnari-named-editor-in-chief-of-the-journal-of-cell-biology "Journals Ranked by Impact: Cell ... Official website JCB DataViewer RU Press Facebook Image database for cell biology Celling my soul Cell biologists share their ... Journal of Cell Biology is an international, peer-reviewed journal owned by The Rockefeller University and published by ...