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*  Caudate nucleus
The caudate nuclei are located near the center of the brain, sitting astride the thalamus. There is a caudate nucleus within ... Therefore, the caudate nucleus has been suggested to play a role in human sleep cycles. The caudate nucleus has been implicated ... Caudate nucleus Caudate nucleus Ventricles of brain and basal ganglia. Superior view, horizontal section, deep dissection ... The amygdala sends direct projections to the caudate nucleus. Both the amygdala and the caudate nucleus have direct and ...
*  Spinal cord
Caudate nucleus) -> 3rd order neuron -> VPLN of thalamus -> 4th order neuron -> posterior limb of internal capsule -> corona ... From here, the information is brought to deep nuclei of the cerebellum including the fastigial and interposed nuclei. From the ... either the nucleus gracilis or the nucleus cuneatus, depending on the pathway it took. At this point, the secondary axon leaves ... The midbrain nuclei include four motor tracts that send upper motor neuronal axons down the spinal cord to lower motor neurons ...
*  Lentiform nucleus
It is shorter than the caudate nucleus and does not extend as far forward. It is lateral to the caudate nucleus and thalamus, ... With the caudate nucleus it forms the striatum. It is a large, lens-shaped mass of gray matter just lateral to the internal ... Its anterior end is continuous with the lower part of the head of the caudate nucleus and with the anterior perforated ... The lentiform nucleus or lenticular nucleus comprises the putamen and the globus pallidus within the basal ganglia. ...
*  Internal capsule
... between the head of the caudate nucleus and the lenticular nucleus the posterior limb or crus posterius is the part behind the ... It carries information past the basal ganglia, separating the caudate nucleus and the thalamus from the putamen and the globus ... fibers connecting the lentiform and caudate nuclei; fibers connecting the cortex with the corpus striatum; and fibers passing ... between the thalamus and lenticular nucleus the retrolenticular portion is caudal to the lenticular nucleus and carries the ...
*  Lateral ventricles
It is bounded medially by the front part of the septum pellucidum, and laterally by the head of the caudate nucleus. Its apex ... Its roof is formed chiefly by the inferior surface of the tapetum of the corpus callosum, but the tail of the caudate nucleus ... and curves around the front of the caudate nucleus. Its floor is formed by the upper surface of the reflected portion of the ... the tail of the caudate nucleus joins the putamen. Its floor presents the following parts: the hippocampus, the fimbria ...
*  Paraphasia
See the experimental case study D.L.A published by Dennis in 1976.) It is associated with lesions in the left caudate nucleus. ... the head of the caudate nucleus, or both. Examples These errors can be semantic, in which the meaning of the word is related to ...
*  Putamen
Along with the caudate nucleus it forms the dorsal striatum. The caudate and putamen contain the same types of neurons and ... The other nuclei of the basal ganglia (caudate nucleus and globus pallidus) can be seen as well. Putamen Putamen Lentiform ... When a cell body of a neuron (in the putamen or caudate nuclei) fires an action potential, dopamine is released from the ... Since projections from the putamen and caudate nuclei modulate the dendrites of the substantia nigra, the dopamine influences ...
*  Oskar Vogt
This was including the caudate nucleus, the putamen and the fundus. The Vogt-Vogt syndrome is an extrapyramidal disturbance ... She distinguished from back to front the lemnical radiation and a particular nucleus, in front of it the cerebellar ( ... prelemniscal) radiation with another nucleus and more anteriorly the "lenticular" radiation. This system still describes the ...
*  Bimodal bilingualism
Evidence indicates that the left caudate nucleus -- a centrally located brain feature that is near the thalamus and the basal ... 2012). "Structual plasticity of the left caudate nucleus in bimodal bilinguals". Cortex. 48 (9): 1197-1206. CS1 maint: Explicit ...
*  Computer shogi
2012). "Developing intuition: Neural correlates of cognitive-skill learning in caudate nucleus". Journal of Neuroscience 28: ...
*  Biological basis of personality
Reward Dependence correlated with decreased grey matter volume in the caudate nucleus. The five factor model is a widely used ... to the nucleus accumbens and prefrontal cortex. All of these circuits heavily rely on neurotransmitters and their precursors, ...
*  Paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis
The researchers found interictally decreased cerebral blood flow in the posterior parts of the bilateral caudate nucleus. ... "Perfusion abnormality of the caudate nucleus in patients with paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis". European Journal of ...
*  Parry-Romberg syndrome
"Progressive hemifacial atrophy with agenesis of the head of the caudate nucleus". Journal of Medical Genetics. 31 (12): 969-71 ...
*  Striatum
The striatum is made up of the caudate nucleus and the lentiform nucleus. The lentiform nucleus is made up of the larger ... The nucleus accumbens is made up of the nucleus accumbens core and the nucleus accumbens shell, which differ by neural ... The dorsal striatum consists of the caudate nucleus and the putamen. A white matter, nerve tract (the internal capsule) in the ... The dorsal striatum is composed of the caudate nucleus and the putamen. Staining can differentiate the dorsal striatum into ...
*  Hyperthymesia
The caudate nucleus is primarily associated with procedural memory, in particular habit formation, and is, therefore, ... Both the temporal lobe and the caudate nucleus were found to be enlarged. The hippocampus, located in the medial temporal lobe ...
*  José Manuel Rodriguez Delgado
Rodríguez Delgado had implanted a stimoceiver in the caudate nucleus of a fighting bull. He could stop the animal mid-way that ... The region of the brain Rodríguez Delgado stimulated when he pressed the hand-held transmitter was the caudate nucleus. This ... region was chosen to be stimulated because the caudate nucleus is involved in controlling voluntary movements. Rodríguez ...
*  Selfish brain theory
... dependent neurotransmitter release in the neuronal network of the rat caudate nucleus". Neurochem Int. 50 (1): 159-163. doi: ... It is regulated by a hypothalamic nucleus. Here as well there are sensors that record changes in both blood glucose[page needed ...
*  Substantia nigra
Projections from the caudate nucleus to the superior colliculus also modulate saccadic eye movement. Altered patterns of pars ... The substantia nigra, along with four other nuclei, is part of the basal ganglia. It is the largest nucleus in the midbrain, ... The subthalamic nucleus gives excitatory input that modulates the rate of firing of these spontaneous action potentials. ... However, lesion of the subthalamic nucleus leads to only a 20% decrease in pars reticulata firing rate, suggesting that the ...
*  Precuneus
Other connections include the claustrum, the dorsolateral caudate nucleus, putamen, and the zona incerta. It also has links ... including the ventral lateral nucleus, the central and anterior nuclei of the intralaminar nuclear group, and the lateral ... Below the cerebral cortex, the precuneus is connected with the dorsalmost nuclei of the thalamus, ... caudate and Broca's region". NeuroImage. 32 (4): 1850-64. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2006.05.002. PMID 16828565. Lundstrom BN, ...
*  Blinking
"Spontaneous blink rates correlate with dopamine levels in the caudate nucleus of MPTP-treated monkeys". Experimental neurology ... of the globus pallidus of the lenticular nucleus-a body of nerve cells between the base and outer surface of the brain. ...
*  Altanserin
"Patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder have increased 5-HT2A receptor binding in the caudate nuclei". International ...
*  Curiosity
The caudate nucleus, is a region of the brain that is highly responsive to dopamine. The caudate nucleus is another component ... Research has suggested the role of the caudate nucleus anticipates the possibility of and is in anticipation of reward of ... The nucleus accumbens is a formation of neurons and is important in reward pathway activation. As previously mentioned, the ... In addition, the sensation pleasure of "liking" can occur when opioids are released by nucleus accumbens. This helps someone ...
*  Executive functions
... the caudate nucleus and subthalamic nucleus also have a role in mediating inhibitory control. Cognitive control is impaired in ... Functional neuroimaging in humans demonstrates activation of the prefrontal cortex and caudate nucleus (part of the striatum) ... The subthalamic nucleus appears to play a critical role in preventing such impulsive or premature responding (Frank 2006). ... or nucleus accumbens; Chapter 15). ... In conditions in which prepotent responses tend to dominate behavior, such as in drug ...
*  5-HT2A receptor
Another PET study reported increased altanserin binding in the caudate nuclei in obsessive compulsive disorder patients ... "Patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder have increased 5-HT2A receptor binding in the caudate nuclei". The International ... "Evidence that 5-HT2A receptors in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus mediate neuroendocrine responses to (-)DOI". The ...
*  Environment and intelligence
Specifically, the caudate nucleus is particularly affected by early environmental factors and its volume correlates with IQ. In ... This study also found that the extent to which the caudate volume size related selectively to verbal IQ was much greater in ... 2008). "The effect of early human diet on caudate volumes and IQ". Pediatric Research. 63 (3): 308-14. doi:10.1203/PDR. ... it was found that the high-nutrient group had significantly larger caudate volumes and scored significantly higher on verbal IQ ...
*  Metabotropic glutamate receptor
For example, mGluR4 is located only in the brain, in locations such as the thalamus, hypothalamus and caudate nucleus. All ... "Characterization of modulatory effects of postsynaptic metabotropic glutamate receptors on calcium currents in rat nucleus ...