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*  Cardiac catheterization
... a hemodynamic parameter that relates the cardiac output to a patient's body surface area. Determination of cardiac output can ... Patients are constantly exposed to low doses of ionizing radiation during procedures. Ideal table positioning between the x-ray ... Interventional cardiologists can also use cardiac catheterization to estimate the cardiac output, the amount of blood pumped by ... and catheterization of cardiac chambers and valves of the cardiac system. "Cardiac catheterization" is a general term for a ...
*  Volume overload
... however the common theme is that of a high cardiac output with a low or normal afterload. The output may be high due to the ... It is a cause of cardiac failure. In accordance with the Frank-Starling law of the heart, the myocardium contracts more ... Stretching of the myofibrils in cardiac muscle causes them to contract more powerfully due to a greater number of cross-bridges ... Cardiac failure Frank-Starling law of the heart Preload (cardiology) Pressure overload Costanzo, Linda S. (2007). Physiology. ...
*  Dilated cardiomyopathy
These responses initially compensate for decreased cardiac output and maintain those with DCM as asymptomatic. Eventually, ... A low salt diet may also be helpful. In those with certain types of irregular heartbeat, blood thinners or an implantable ... Cardiac Myosin Binding Protein C (MYBPC3), Myosin Heavy Chain 7 (MYH7), Cardiac Troponin T 2 (TNNT2), and Cardiac Troponin I ( ... and cardiac testing to screen for early findings of dilated cardiomyopathy. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cardiac MRI) ...
*  Impedance cardiography
Clinical measurement of cardiac output has been available since the 1970s. However, this blood flow measurement is highly ... are classical examples of a low-flow-state, resulting in reduced blood flow to the gut, sexual organs, skeletal muscles, skin, ... Some studies have shown ICG cardiac output is accurate, while other studies have shown it is inaccurate. Use of ICG has been ... It has been well established that both trained and untrained physicians alike are unable to estimate cardiac output through ...
*  High-output heart failure
Ultimately cardiac output can be reduced to very low levels. It may occur in situations with an increased blood volume, from ... High-output heart failure is a heart condition that occurs when the cardiac output is higher than normal due to increased ... High Output Cardiac Failure. Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med. 2001 Apr;3(2):151-159. PMID 11242561 Causes of High-Output ...
*  Pacemaker syndrome
Low cardiac output - Fatigue, weakness, dyspnea on exertion, lethargy, and lightheadedness. Hemodynamic - Pulsation in the neck ... of cardiac output, which normally provides only 15% - 25% of cardiac output. Atrial contraction against a closed tricuspid ... That's due to increase in left atrial pressure and left ventricular filling pressure, which is due to decreased cardiac output ... In general, the symptoms of the syndrome are a combination of decreased cardiac output, loss of atrial contribution to ...
*  Acute liver failure
Increased cardiac output and low systemic vascular resistance are characteristic of ALF. Pulmonary artery catheterization ... There is a compensatory increase in cardiac output. Adrenal insufficiency has been documented in 60% of ALF cases, and is ... The advent of transplantation has changed survival from as low as 15% in the pretransplant era to more than 60% today. Liver ... There must be a low threshold for obtaining frequent cultures (blood, urine, and sputum), chest radiographs, and paracentesis. ...
*  Transurethral resection of the prostate syndrome
Plasma expansion may be necessary if hypotension and low cardiac output develop. Hypertonic saline may be given intravenously, ...
*  Pulmonary artery catheter
The ability of the pulmonary artery catheter to sample mixed venous blood is of great utility to manage low cardiac output ... High oxygen extraction is associated with low cardiac output and decreased mixed venous oxygen saturation. Except during ... The concept of using thermodilution to measure cardiac output was originally the idea of Arnost Fronek. As a former colleague ... Regardless of the value obtained by measurements of the cardiac output, the mixed venous oxygen saturation is an accurate ...
*  Chlortalidone
Initially, diuretics lower blood pressure by decreasing cardiac output and reducing plasma and extracellular fluid volume. ... Eventually, cardiac output returns to normal, and plasma and extracellular fluid volume return to slightly less than normal, ... ALLHAT subjects treated with chlorthalidone had a lower rate of congestive heart failure than amlodipine or lisinopril or ... Also, compared to lisinopril subjects, chlortalidone subjects in ALLHAT had a lower risk of developing cardiovascular disease. ...
*  Pulse
It may be due to low cardiac output (as seen in shock, congestive cardiac failure), hypovolemia, valvular heart disease (such ... Conditions associated with low cardiac output and high systemic vascular resistance can produce a dicrotic pulse. Pulsus ... increased cardiac output, increased stroke volume (as seen in anxiety, exercise, complete heart block, aortic regurgitation), ... A low tension pulse (pulsus mollis), the vessel is soft or impalpable between beats. In high tension pulse (pulsus durus), ...
*  Penbutolol
Blocking β adrenergic receptors decreases the heart rate and cardiac output to lower arterial blood pressure. β blockers also ... Penbutolol has a low frequency of side effects. These side effects include dizziness, light headedness, and nausea. Penbutolol ... It may mask signs of low blood sugar in people with diabetes and it may mask signs of hyperthyroidism. Animal studies showed ... decrease renin levels, which ultimately results in less water being reabsorbed by the kidneys and therefore a lower blood ...
*  Eccentric training
Eccentric Contractions and Cardiac Output: With lower cost of oxygen how would eccentric exercise affect the heart? A study was ... Due to the high strain on muscles during eccentric training, coupled with low energy output, eccentric training becomes a ... The rehabilitative nature, low energy costs, high magnitudes of force, and low uptake of oxygen all align eccentric exercise ... and low oxygen demand make low-intensity eccentric exercise ideal for the elderly. Eccentric Contraction and Oxygen Consumption ...
*  Vasoplegic syndrome
... is a postperfusion syndrome characterized by low systemic vascular resistance and a high cardiac output. Vasoplegic syndrome is ... "BestBets: Is Methylene Blue of benefit in treating adult patients who develop vasoplegic syndrome during Cardiac Surgery". ... defined as low systemic vascular resistance (SVR index 2.5 l/min/m2) within the first 4 postoperative hours. VPS occurs more ...
*  Cardiac function curve
This allows the heart to cope with the required cardiac output at a relatively low right atrial pressure. We get what is known ... A cardiac function curve is a graph showing the relationship between right atrial pressure (x-axis) and cardiac output (y-axis ... At low right atrial pressures this graph serves as a graphic demonstration of the Frank-Starling mechanism, that is as more ... It shows a steep relationship at relatively low filling pressures and a plateau, where further stretch is not possible and so ...
*  Mitral facies
It is due to low cardiac output, and therefore low perfusion of the facial skin, caused by the stenosis. This causes cutaneous ...
*  Isosorbide
... these drugs lower portal pressure by vasodilation and decreasing cardiac output. Isosorbide dinitrate and hydralazine are the ...
*  Istaroxime
... a promising new approach to managing acute heart failure syndromes with low cardiac output. Discovery medicine, 12 (63):141-151 ... Cardiac muscle cells from patients with heart failure show smaller amounts of peak calcium in their cytoplasm during ... Diverse Toxicity Associated with Cardiac Na+/K+ Pump Inhibition: Evaluation of Electrophysiological Mechanisms. Journal of ...
*  Digitalis
... which is characterized by low cardiac output. Digitalis also has a vagal effect on the parasympathetic nervous system, and as ... Ultimately, digitalis increases cardiac output (Cardiac Output=Stroke Volume x Heart Rate). This is the mechanism that makes ... It is used to increase cardiac contractility (it is a positive inotrope) and as an antiarrhythmic agent to control the heart ... The use of D. purpurea extract containing cardiac glycosides for the treatment of heart conditions was first described in the ...
*  Anasarca
The increase in salt and water retention caused by low cardiac output can also result in anasarca as a long term maladaptive ...
*  Latissimus dorsi muscle
For heart patients with low cardiac output and who are not candidates for cardiac transplantation, a procedure called ...
*  Gnotobiosis
Animals reared in a gnotobiotic colony often have poorly developed immune systems, lower cardiac output, thin intestinal walls ...
*  Calcium channel blocker
Since blood pressure is in intimate feedback with cardiac output and peripheral resistance, with relatively low blood pressure ... chronotropy can be beneficial when treating a variety of disease processes because lower heart rates represent lower cardiac ... The lower levels of vasopressin from the consumption of alcohol have been linked to ethanol acting as an antagonist to voltage- ... He named this herbal drug "Zarnab" and used it as a cardiac remedy. This was the first known use of a calcium channel blocker ...
*  Gestational hypertension
Increased maternal blood pressure can attempt to make up for lower cardiac output, ensuring that the fetus's growing brain ... The bipedal posture that has allowed humans to walk upright has also led to a reduced cardiac output, and it has been suggested ... Lo, JO; Mission, JF; Caughey, AB (April 2013). "Hypertensive disease of pregnancy and maternal mortality". Current Opinion in ... It is a combination of three medical conditions: hemolytic anemia, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count. Eclampsia ...
*  Cardiac output
... measures changes in electrical impedance across the thoracic region over the cardiac cycle. Lower impedance indicates greater ... Cardiac input (CI) is the inverse operation of cardiac output. As cardiac output implies the volumetric expression of ejection ... Values for cardiac output are usually denoted as L/min. For a healthy person weighing 70 kg, the cardiac output at rest ... and requires a cardiac output that is stable for approximately 10 s during exercise and 30 s at rest. Cardiac output is ...
*  Obstetric ultrasonography
... as low as possible, preferably below 1 in accordance with the ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) principle. Donald, I; ... 2007). "A comparison between acoustic output indices in 2D and 3D/4D ultrasound in obstetrics". Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 29 ( ... including number of amnionic sacs and chorionic sacs for multiple gestations Fetal cardiac activity Fetal position relative to ... the AIUM recommends using M-mode at first because the time-averaged acoustic intensity delivered to the fetus is lower with M- ...
*  ACE inhibitor
... decrease cardiac output, cardiac index, stroke work, and volume; lower resistance in blood vessels in the kidneys; and lead to ... This group of drugs causes relaxation of blood vessels as well as a decrease in blood volume, which leads to lower blood ... This leads to cardiac dysfunction and neuromuscular consequences, such as muscle weakness, paresthesia, nausea, diarrhea, and ... Yang Y, Ohta K, Shimizu M, Nakai A, Kasahara Y, Yachie A, Koizumi S (Jul 2005). "Treatment with low-dose angiotensin-converting ...