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*  Cardiac catheterization
... a hemodynamic parameter that relates the cardiac output to a patient's body surface area. Determination of cardiac output can ... Interventional cardiologists can also use cardiac catheterization to estimate the cardiac output, the amount of blood pumped by ... and catheterization of cardiac chambers and valves of the cardiac system. "Cardiac catheterization" is a general term for a ... Right heart catheterizations also allow the physician to estimate the cardiac output, the amount of blood that flows from the ...
*  Volume overload
... however the common theme is that of a high cardiac output with a low or normal afterload. The output may be high due to the ... It is a cause of cardiac failure. In accordance with the Frank-Starling law of the heart, the myocardium contracts more ... Stretching of the myofibrils in cardiac muscle causes them to contract more powerfully due to a greater number of cross-bridges ... Cardiac failure Frank-Starling law of the heart Preload (cardiology) Pressure overload Costanzo, Linda S. (2007). Physiology. ...
*  Arteriovenous oxygen difference
The a-vO2 diff and cardiac output are the main factors that allow variation in the body's total oxygen consumption, and are ... September 1991). "Cardiac output, oxygen consumption and arteriovenous oxygen difference following a sudden rise in exercise ... while cardiac output can be determined using a Doppler ultrasound. Arterial blood will generally contain an oxygen ... bulk of the early increase in oxygen consumption after a sudden change in exercise levels results from increased cardiac output ...
*  Dilated cardiomyopathy
These responses initially compensate for decreased cardiac output and maintain those with DCM as asymptomatic. Eventually, ... Cardiac Myosin Binding Protein C (MYBPC3), Myosin Heavy Chain 7 (MYH7), Cardiac Troponin T 2 (TNNT2), and Cardiac Troponin I ( ... and cardiac testing to screen for early findings of dilated cardiomyopathy. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cardiac MRI) ... A computation model of volumetric, isotropic, and cardiac wall growth predicts the relationship between cardiac strains (e.g. ...
*  Impedance cardiography
Clinical measurement of cardiac output has been available since the 1970s. However, this blood flow measurement is highly ... Some studies have shown ICG cardiac output is accurate, while other studies have shown it is inaccurate. Use of ICG has been ... It has been well established that both trained and untrained physicians alike are unable to estimate cardiac output through ... Development and evaluation of an impedance cardiographic system to measure cardiac output and development of an oxygen ...
*  Cardiac output
Cardiac input (CI) is the inverse operation of cardiac output. As cardiac output implies the volumetric expression of ejection ... Values for cardiac output are usually denoted as L/min. For a healthy person weighing 70 kg, the cardiac output at rest ... and requires a cardiac output that is stable for approximately 10 s during exercise and 30 s at rest. Cardiac output is ... its cardiac output, Q. Cardiac output is classically defined alongside stroke volume (SV) and the heart rate (HR) as: In ...
*  Quantium Medical Cardiac Output
The assessment of Cardiac Output (CO) is important because it reveals the main cardiac function: the supply of blood to tissues ... quantium Medical Cardiac Output (qCO) uses impedance cardiography in a simple, continuous, and non-invasive way to estimate the ... Hofer, C.K.; Ganter, M.T.; Zollinger, A. (2007). "What technique should I use to measure cardiac output?". Curr. Opin. Crit. ... de Waal, E. E. C.; Wappler, F.; Buhre, F. (2009). "Cardiac output monitoring". Curr. Opin. Anesthesiol. 22. García, X.; Mateu, ...
*  Autoimmune heart disease
Chronic: Valve diseases as noted above; Reduced cardiac output; Exercise intolerance. Intensive cardiac care and ... Autoimmune heart diseases are the effects of the body's own immune defense system mistaking cardiac antigens as foreign and ... Acutely, it can cause pericardial effusion leading to cardiac tamponade and death. After healing, there may be fibrosis and ... adhesion of the pericardium with the heart leading to constriction of the heart and reduced cardiac function. Myocarditis: Here ...
*  Venous return curve
It normally limits cardiac output. Superposition of the cardiac function curve and venous return curve is used in one ... direct influences on cardiac output such as end diastolic pressure and volume which can be causally related to cardiac output ... Although cardiac output and venous return are interdependent, each can be independently regulated. The circulatory system is ... However, as noted above it is clear that, equally, cardiac output must dictate venous return since over any period of time both ...
*  Isaac Starr
Henry Schroeder, was used to measure cardiac output and led to the first accurate physical measurements and to detection of ... This led him, shortly after joining Penn, to participate in a cardiac output methods program by the American Physiological ... At this program, his colleague, Yandell Henderson, demonstrated an apparatus for measuring cardiac output, a ... "Cardiac Output Measurement Using Ballistocardiogram". The 15th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering IFMBE ...
*  Pulmonary artery catheter
The ability of the pulmonary artery catheter to sample mixed venous blood is of great utility to manage low cardiac output ... The concept of using thermodilution to measure cardiac output was originally the idea of Arnost Fronek. As a former colleague ... Regardless of the value obtained by measurements of the cardiac output, the mixed venous oxygen saturation is an accurate ... Non-invasive echocardiography and pulse-wave cardiac output monitoring are concordant with (and much safer) if not better than ...
*  Cardiovascular physiology
Cardiac Output)) is mathematically ` to ((Systole)) Inotropic, chronotropic, and dromotropic states Cardiac input (= heart rate ... Cardiac output (= heart rate * stroke volume. Can also be calculated with Fick principle.) Stroke volume (= end-diastolic ... Stroke volume Cardiac output Pressure Pulse pressure (systolic pressure - diastolic pressure) Mean arterial pressure (usually ... Cardiac input is mathematically ` to (Diastole)) Electrical conduction system of the heart Electrocardiogram Cardiac marker ...
*  Afterload
As afterload increases, cardiac output decreases. Cardiac imaging is a somewhat limited modality in defining afterload because ... Preload Cardiac output Kasper, Dennis L; Braunwald, Eugene; Fauci, Anthony; et al. (2005). Harrison's Principles of Internal ... This may start a vicious circle, in which cardiac output is reduced as oxygen requirements are increased. Afterload can also be ... When contractility becomes impaired and the ventricle dilates, the afterload rises and limits output. ...
*  Otto Friedrich Ranke
Bloodless measurement of cardiac output) Z. Biol. 90, 467 (1930). 213 citations on Google Scholar (December 13, 2016) Wolf- ...
*  Peter Lauremberg
120-121 Teichmann, G (November 1992). "William Harvey, Peter Lauremberg and cardiac output". International journal of clinical ...
*  Ionotropic effect
The result is an increased cardiac output. NOTE: As previously mentioned in this article, Inotrope is not the same as Ionotrope ... Inotropes stimulate cardiac muscle (i.e. digoxin is an inotropic agent) whereas ionotropic agents generally requires a ligand ...
*  Diastolic heart failure
As a consequence, cardiac output becomes diminished. When the left ventricular diastolic pressure is elevated, venous pressure ... Volumetric definition of the heart in systole was first described by Adolph Fick as cardiac output. Fick may be readily and ... High output cardiac failure). Although the term diastolic heart failure is often used when there are signs and symptoms of ... Complete left ventricular filling is essential to maintain maximum cardiac output. Left ventricular filling is dependent upon ...
*  Acute liver failure
Increased cardiac output and low systemic vascular resistance are characteristic of ALF. Pulmonary artery catheterization ... There is a compensatory increase in cardiac output. Adrenal insufficiency has been documented in 60% of ALF cases, and is ... cardiac arrhythmia or arrest and respiratory failure. The median time to death after admission was 5 days. Intravenous N- ...
*  Miguel Induráin
His cardiac output was 50 litres a minute; a fit amateur cyclist's is about 25 litres. Induráin's lung capacity was 7.8 litres ... His maximal values were oxygen uptake 5.29 L/min (57.4 mL · kg-1 · min-1) and aerobic power output 450 W (4.88 W/kg) and was ... However, his absolute maximal and submaximal oxygen uptake and power output in 2012 still compared favorably with those ...
*  Anorexia nervosa
Goldberg SJ, Comerci GD, Feldman L (1988). "Cardiac output and regional myocardial contraction in anorexia nervosa". J Adolesc ... Some individuals may also have a decrease in cardiac contractility. Cardiac complications can be life-threatening, but the ... Anorexia nervosa increases the risk of sudden cardiac death, though the precise cause is unknown. Cardiac complications include ... Cardiac complications can include arrhythmias, abnormally slow heart beat, low blood pressure, decreased size of the heart ...
*  ACE inhibitor
... decrease cardiac output, cardiac index, stroke work, and volume; lower resistance in blood vessels in the kidneys; and lead to ... This leads to cardiac dysfunction and neuromuscular consequences, such as muscle weakness, paresthesia, nausea, diarrhea, and ... This action may reduce the prevalence of malignant cardiac arrhythmias, and the reduction in sudden death reported in large ... Adigun AQ, Asiyanbola B, Ajayi AA (2001). "Cardiac autonomic function in Blacks with congestive heart failure: vagomimetic ...
*  Bainbridge reflex
Boron, Walter F.; Boulpaep, Emile L. (2011). "Chapter 23: Regulation of Arterial Pressure and Cardiac Output". Medical ... now restores venous return and cardiac output into a vasoconstricted circulation, stimulating the vagus nerve and leading to a ... "Effects on cardiac contractility and stroke volume are insignificant." The Bainbridge reflex and the baroreceptor reflex ... Increased blood volume is detected by stretch receptors (Cardiac Receptors) located in both atria at the venoatrial junctions. ...
*  Altitude sickness
Cardiac output increases through an increase in heart rate. The body's response to high altitude includes the following: ↑ ... with constant or increased cardiac output, also leads to increases in capillary pressures. For those suffering HACE, ...
*  Phosphodiesterase inhibitor
These drugs mimic sympathetic stimulation and increase cardiac output. Anagrelide Cilostazol is used in the treatment of ... milrinone and Enoximone are used clinically for short-term treatment of cardiac failure. ...
*  Junctional escape beat
Junctional rhythms (if a bradycardia) can cause decreased cardiac output. Therefore, the person may exhibit signs and symptoms ... Ectopic beat Junctional rhythm Abedin, Zainul; Conner, Robert (2012). Interpretation of Cardiac Arrhythmias: Self-Assessment ...
*  Obstetric ultrasonography
2007). "A comparison between acoustic output indices in 2D and 3D/4D ultrasound in obstetrics". Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 29 ( ... including number of amnionic sacs and chorionic sacs for multiple gestations Fetal cardiac activity Fetal position relative to ... including number of amnionic sacs and chorionic sacs for multiple gestations Embryonic/fetal cardiac activity Assessment of ...
*  Pathophysiology of hypertension
Cardiac output and peripheral resistance are the two determinants of arterial pressure. Cardiac output is determined by stroke ... It does this by regulating the peripheral vasculature, and kidney function, which in turn affect cardiac output, vascular ...