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*  Proline
It contains an α-amino group (which is in the protonated NH2+ form under biological conditions), an α-carboxylic acid group ( ... This can then either spontaneously cyclize to form 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid, which is reduced to proline by pyrroline-5- ... aliphatic amino acid. It is non-essential in humans, meaning the body can synthesize it from the non-essential amino acid L- ... Proline (abbreviated as Pro or P; encoded by the codons CCU, CCC, CCA, and CCG) is an amino acid that is used in the ...
*  2,3-Wittig rearrangement
A chiral synthesis of erythro-.ALPHA.-hydroxy-.BETA.-alkyl carboxylic acid derivatives". Chem. Lett.: 69. doi:10.1246/cl. ... retigeranic acid a and two (−)-retigeranic acid B candidates". J. Org. Chem. 52 (13): 2960. doi:10.1021/jo00389a070. Marshall, ... Enantioselectivity in these reactions is often low, suggesting that the association between the conjugate acid of the base and ... dihydroxyserrulatic acid". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 113 (14): 5402. doi:10.1021/ja00014a036. Mikami, K.; Nakai, T. (1982). " ...
*  Chiral auxiliary
Pseudoephedrine is reacted with a carboxylic acid, acid anhydride, or acyl chloride to give a pseudoephedrine amide. The α- ... A Practical Approach to the Enantioselective Synthesis of a-Substituted Carboxylic Acid Derivatives". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 104 (6 ... 1997). "Pseudoephedrine as a Practical Chiral Auxiliary for the Synthesis of Highly Enantiomerically Enriched Carboxylic Acids ... Conditions have been developed for the transformation of pseudoephedrine amides into enantiomerically enriched carboxylic acids ...
*  Carboxylic acid
Acid anhydride Acid chloride Amide Ester List of carboxylic acids Dicarboxylic acid Pseudoacid Thiocarboxy IUPAC, Compendium of ... carboxylic acids have an -oic acid suffix. For example, butyric acid (C3H7CO2H) is butanoic acid by IUPAC guidelines. The -oic ... Carboxylic acids occur widely and include the amino acids (which make up proteins) and acetic acid (which is part of vinegar ... Carboxylic acids are Brønsted-Lowry acids because they are proton (H+) donors. They are the most common type of organic acid. ...
*  List of carboxylic acids
Carboxylic acids are organic compounds characterized by a carboxyl (-COOH) functional group. The naming of these compounds is ... This list is ordered by the number of carbon atoms in a carboxylic acid. ..... HOOC-C=C-COOH. ... It is worth noting that the IUPAC name is not always the preferred name, for example, lactic acid is a common, and also the ... preferred, name for what systemic rules call 2-Hydroxypropanoic acid. ...
*  Omega-3 carboxylic acids
The half-life of EPA from Omega-3 carboxylic acids is about 37 hours, and for DHA about 46 hours. Omega-3 carboxylic acids, ... omega-3-carboxylic acids)". CenterWatch. Retrieved 15 December 2014. Blair HA, Dhillon S. Omega-3 carboxylic acids (Epanova): a ... Omega-3 carboxylic acids are derived from fish oil and are a purified mixture of the polyunsaturated free fatty acids ... In addition, as with other omega-3 fatty acids, taking omega-3 carboxylic acids puts people who are on anticoagulants at risk ...
*  Phloroglucinol carboxylic acid
... is a trihydroxybenzoic acid, a type of phenolic acid. It is produced by Pseudomonas fluorescens ... HPLC separation of benzoic and hydroxycinnamic acids in wines, Chromatographia, Volume 17, Number 5, pages 249-252, doi:10.1007 ...
*  Perfluorinated carboxylic acid
Perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs), or perfluorocarboxylic acids are compounds of the formula CnF(2n+1)CO2H. The simplest ... Perfluorinated dicarboxylic acids are also known, e.g. C2F4(CO2H)2. Trifluoroacetic acid is a widely employed acid, used for ... Longer chain perfluorinated carboxylic acids, e.g. with five to nine carbons, are useful fluorosurfactants and emulsifiers used ... These compounds are organofluorine analogues of ordinary carboxylic acids, but they are stronger by several pKa units and they ...
*  Azetidine-2-carboxylic acid
... (abbreviated Aze) is a plant non-protein amino acid homologue of proline with the molecular formula ... Fowden, L. (1956). "Azetidine-2-carboxylic Acid: a New Cyclic Imino Acid Occurring in Plants". Biochemical Journal. 64 (2): 323 ... Azetidine-2-carboxylic acid has been known since 1955 to be present in rhizomes and fresh foliage of certain plants. It is ... 2008). "Azetidine-2-carboxylic Acid in the Food Chain". Phytochemistry. 70 (1): 1-5. doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2008.11.007. PMID ...
*  1-Pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid
... is an imino acid. Its conjugate base and anion is 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate. The stereoisomer (S ... metabolite that is synthesized from proline by the enzyme pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase and converted into the amino acid ...
*  cis-2-Aminomethylcyclopropane carboxylic acid
... ((+)-CAMP) is an agonist for the GABAA-rho receptor. "AC1LT400 - Compound Summary ... cis-2-aminomethylcyclopropanecarboxylic acids show opposite pharmacology at recombinant rho(1) and rho(2) GABA(C) receptors". ...
*  Cycloprop-2-ene carboxylic acid
... is a mycotoxin found in some mushrooms such as Russula subnigricans and Tricholoma equestre. ...
*  Sodium-transporting carboxylic acid decarboxylase
The Na+-transporting Carboxylic Acid Decarboxylase (NaT-DC) Family (TC# 3.B.1) is a family of porters that belong to the CPA ... Porters of the NaT-DC family catalyze decarboxylation of a substrate carboxylic acid and use the energy released to drive ... As of this edit, this article uses content from "3.B.1 The Na+-transporting Carboxylic Acid Decarboxylase (NaT-DC) Family", ... "3.B.1 The Na+-transporting Carboxylic Acid Decarboxylase (NaT-DC) Family". TCDB. Retrieved 2016-04-07. Boiangiu, Clara D.; ...
*  1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid
... (ACC) is a disubstituted cyclic α-amino acid in which a three-membered cyclopropane ring ... Nucleic Acids Res. 34 (Database issue): D511-6. doi:10.1093/nar/gkj128. PMC 1347490 . PMID 16381923. Yang S, Hoffman N (1984 ... is fused to the Cα atom of the amino acid. ACC plays an important role in the biosynthesis of the plant hormone ethylene. It is ...
*  Oxidation of primary alcohols to carboxylic acids
... results in oxidation to carboxylic acids rather than aldehydes. Interestingly, no oxidation to carboxylic acids occurs on ... When a primary alcohol is converted to a carboxylic acid, the terminal carbon atom increases its oxidation state by four. ... The procedure of Corey and Schmidt for the oxidation of saturated primary alcohols to carboxylic acids is run under essentially ... Marcos Fernández; Gabriel Tojo (2006). Oxidation of Primary Alcohols to Carboxylic Acids: A Guide to Current Common Practice ( ...
*  2-Succinyl-5-enolpyruvyl-6-hydroxy-3-cyclohexene-1-carboxylic-acid synthase
Common names for the enzyme are: MenD SEPHCHC synthase 2-succinyl-5-enolpyruvyl-6-hydroxy-3-cyclohexene-1-carboxylic-acid ...
*  Durene
Röhrscheid, F. (2012). "Carboxylic Acids, Aromatic". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. doi:10.1002/14356007.a05_ ...
*  Pivalic acid
... is a carboxylic acid with a molecular formula of (CH3)3CCO2H. This colourless, odiferous organic compound is solid ... Relative to esters of most carboxylic acids, esters of pivalic acid are unusually resistant to hydrolysis. Some applications ... Riemenschneider, Wilhelm (2000). "Carboxylic Acids, Aliphatic". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. doi:10.1002/ ... A common abbreviation for pivalyl (t-BuC(O)) is Piv and for pivalic acid (t-BuC(O)OH) is PivOH. Pivalic acid is prepared by ...
*  Allenolic acid
Oestrogenic carboxylic acids. Part II. Open-chain analogues of doisynolic acid". Journal of the Chemical Society (Resumed): ... in contrast to allenolic acid and allenestrol, has been marketed. Bisdehydrodoisynolic acid Doisynoestrol Doisynolic acid ... Allenolic acid, or allenoic acid, is a synthetic, nonsteroidal estrogen discovered in 1947 or 1948 that, although studied ... α-dimethyl-β-ethylallenolic acid), is reported to be a potent estrogen. Another derivative of allenolic acid (specifically 6- ...
*  P-Toluenesulfonic acid
Esterification of carboxylic acids. Transesterification of an ester. Tosylate esters are used as alkylating agents because the ... Also, unlike some strong mineral acids (especially nitric acid, sulfuric acid, and perchloric acid), TsOH is non-oxidizing.[ ... As with other sulfonic acids, TsOH is a strong organic acid. It is about one million times stronger than benzoic acid. It is ... p-Toluenesulfonic acid (PTSA or pTsOH) or tosylic acid (TsOH) is an organic compound with the formula CH3C6H4SO3H. It is a ...
*  Compounds of oxygen
... carboxylic acids (R-COOH); esters (R-COO-R); acid anhydrides (R-CO-O-CO-R); amides (R-C(O)-NR2). There are many important ... fatty acids, amino acids, and proteins contain oxygen (due to the presence of carbonyl groups in these acids and their ester ... acetic acid, formic acid. Acetone ((CH 3) 2CO) and phenol (C 6H 5OH) are used as feeder materials in the synthesis of many ... such as phosphotungstic acid (H 3PW 12O 40) and octadecamolybdophosphoric acid (H 6P 2Mo 18O 62). One unexpected oxygen ...
*  Oxygen
... carboxylic acids (R-COOH); esters (R-COO-R); acid anhydrides (R-CO-O-CO-R); and amides (R-C(O)-NR 2). There are many important ... Its name derives from the Greek roots ὀξύς oxys, "acid", literally "sharp", referring to the sour taste of acids and -γενής - ... acetic acid, and formic acid. Acetone ((CH 3) 2CO) and phenol (C 6H 5OH) are used as feeder materials in the synthesis of many ... Lavoisier renamed 'vital air' to oxygène in 1777 from the Greek roots ὀξύς (oxys) (acid, literally "sharp", from the taste of ...
*  FC-75
Savu, P (1994). "Fluorinated Higher Carboxylic Acids". Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Terminology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc ...
*  Acyl chloride
... including acid anhydrides, esters, and amides by reacting acid chlorides with: a salt of a carboxylic acid, an alcohol, or an ... acid chlorides have lower boiling and melting points than similar carboxylic acids. For example, acetic acid boils at 118 °C, ... Acid chlorides of aromatic acids are generally less reactive those of alkyl acids and thus somewhat more rigorous conditions ... acyl chlorides are named by taking the name of the parent carboxylic acid, and substituting -yl chloride for -ic acid. Thus: ...
*  Omega-3 acid ethyl esters
Omega-3 carboxylic acids (Epanova). This product contains free fatty acids, not ethyl esters. There are many fish oil dietary ... Omega-3 acid ethyl esters are the omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), i.e., the ... After ingestion, omega-3 acid ethyl esters are metabolized mostly in the liver like other dietary fatty acids. Omega-3 acid ... CenterWatch Vascepa (icosapent ethyl) Page accessed March 31, 2016 "Epanova (omega-3-carboxylic acids)". CenterWatch. Retrieved ...
*  4-methyloxaloacetate esterase
This enzyme belongs to the family of hydrolases, specifically those acting on carboxylic ester bonds. The systematic name of ... Donnelly MI, Dagley S (1980). "Production of methanol from aromatic acids by Pseudomonas putida". J. Bacteriol. 142 (3): 916-24 ...
*  Theoretical astronomy
... sulfonic and phosphonic acids; amino, hydroxycarboxylic, and carboxylic acids; purines and pyrimidines; and kerogen-type ... as well as the amino acids, nucleobases, and many other compounds in meteorites, carry deuterium and isotopes of carbon, ...