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*  Dry glue
Synthetic equivalents use carbon nanotubes as synthetic setae on reusable adhesive patches. A gecko can hang on a glass surface ... Qu, L.; Dai, L.; Stone, M.; Xia, Z.; Wang, Z. L. (2008). "Carbon Nanotube Arrays with Strong Shear Binding-On and Easy Normal ... Ge, L.; Sethi, S.; Ci, L.; Ajayan, P. M.; Dhinojwala, A. (2007). "Carbon nanotube-based synthetic gecko tapes". Proceedings of ... The research also used carbon nanotubes, but included a curled end which allowed stronger binding but easy removal. Defense ...
*  Graphene morphology
Pillared graphene is a hybrid carbon structure consisting of an oriented array of carbon nanotubes connected at each end to a ... Harris PJF (2012). "Hollow structures with bilayer graphene walls". Carbon. 50: 3195-3199. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2011.10.050. ... Carbon. 53: 90-100. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2012.10.035. PMC 3578711 . PMID 23436939. Shehzad, Khurram; Xu, Yang; Gao, Chao; ... using the nanotubes as the carbon source. Under heating, the functional carbon groups decompose into graphene, while the ...
*  Photosynthesis
The fixation or reduction of carbon dioxide is a process in which carbon dioxide combines with a five-carbon sugar, ribulose 1, ... When the concentration of carbon dioxide is high, RuBisCO will fix carbon dioxide. However, if the carbon dioxide concentration ... Carbon dioxide is converted into sugars in a process called carbon fixation; photosynthesis captures energy from sunlight to ... Plants that use the C4 carbon fixation process chemically fix carbon dioxide in the cells of the mesophyll by adding it to the ...
*  Lonsdaleite
In diamond, all the carbon-to-carbon bonds, both within a layer of rings and between them, are in the staggered conformation, ... Carbon letters, 16(3), pp.192-197. Pan, Zicheng; Sun, Hong; Zhang, Yi & Chen, Changfeng (2009). "Harder than Diamond: Superior ... The diamond structure can be considered to be made up of interlocking rings of six carbon atoms, in the chair conformation. In ... Bundy, F. P.; Kasper, J. S. (1967). "Hexagonal Diamond-A New Form of Carbon". Journal of Chemical Physics. 46 (9): 3437. ...
*  Thomas Ebbesen
... graphene and carbon nanotubes. After discovering how to mass-produce carbon nanotubes, he and his colleagues measured many of ... For his pioneering and extensive contribution to the field of carbon nanotubes, he shared the 2001 Agilent Europhysics Prize ... Treacy, M. M. J.; Ebbesen, T. W.; Gibson, J. M. (1996). "Exceptionally high Young's modulus observed for individual carbon ... Dujardin, E.; Ebbesen, T. W.; Hiura, H.; Tanigaki, K. (1994). "Capillarity and Wetting of Carbon Nanotubes". Science. 265 (5180 ...
*  Carbon nanotube nanomotor
Large-scale synthesis of carbon nanotubes typically results in a randomly varied proportion of different types of carbon ... Motor (disambiguation) Nanomotor Nanotechnology Carbon nanotube actuators Carbon nanotube Molecular motor Synthetic molecular ... As a result, carbon atoms are ejected from the anode and are deposited onto the cathode hence shrinking the mass of the anode ... Carbon nanotubes are known to withstand very large current densities up to 109 A/cm2 partly due to the strong sigma bonds ...
*  Electronic properties of graphene
Electron and Phonon Properties of Graphene: Their Relationship with Carbon Nanotubes. Carbon Nanotubes: Advanced Topics in the ... Graphene's unit cell has two identical carbon atoms and two zero-energy states: one in which the electron resides on atom A, ... Graphene samples prepared on nickel films, and on both the silicon face and carbon face of silicon carbide, show the anomalous ... The graphene sheet thus displays a semimetallic (or zero-gap semiconductor) character, although not if rolled into a carbon ...
*  Graphene lens
"Effect of Acid Treatment on Carbon Nanotube-Based Flexible Transparent Conducting Films". Journal of the American Chemical ...
*  Greenhouse gas footprint
Carbon dioxide is released naturally by decomposition, ocean release and respiration. Humans contribute an increase of carbon ... "Household Carbon Footprint Calculator". www3.epa.gov. Retrieved 2017-11-01. "The Carbon Dioxide Greenhouse Effect". history.aip ... Although methane is not mass produced like carbon dioxide, it is still very prevalent. Methane is more harmful than carbon ... It is more comprehensive than the commonly used carbon footprint, which measures only carbon dioxide, one of many greenhouse ...
*  Pharyngeal aspiration
"Occupational Exposure to Carbon Nanotubes and Nanofibers". U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. April ... including nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes. Pharyngeal aspiration has benefits over the alternative methods of inhalation ...
*  Ballistic conduction in single-walled carbon nanotubes
If a carbon nanotube is a ballistic conductor, but the contacts are nontransparent, the transmission probability, T, is reduced ... Single-walled carbon nanotubes have the ability to conduct electricity. This conduction can be ballistic, diffusive, or based ... In order to estimate the current in the carbon nanotube channel, the Landauer formula can be applied, which considers a one- ... "Nanowelded Carbon Nanotubes from Field-effect Transistors to Solar Microcells", Heidelberg: Springer, 2009. Print. White, C. T ...
*  Vertically aligned carbon nanotube arrays
Carbon. 47 (8): 1989-2001. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2009.03.045. Bronikowski, Michael J. (1 November 2006). "CVD growth of carbon ... doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2006.03.022. Choi, G. S.; Cho, Y. S.; Son, K. H.; Kim, D. J. (1 April 2003). "Mass production of carbon ... The carbon source for the CVD of VANTAs is most commonly a carbon gas such as methane, ethylene, acetylene, benzene, xylene, or ... used a pitch-based carbon fiber as a support for the growth of VANTA using a FePc carbon source. The resulting array propagates ...
*  Synthesis of carbon nanotubes
During synthesis, catalysts can convert carbon precursors into tubular carbon structures but can also form encapsulating carbon ... metallic and carbon nanoparticles and amorphous carbon. Another way to produce single-walled carbon nanotubes with a plasma ... The packed carbon nanotubes are more than 1 mm long and have a carbon purity of 99.9% or higher; they also retain the desirable ... The catalytic vapor phase deposition of carbon was reported in 1952 and 1959, but it was not until 1993 that carbon nanotubes ...
*  Carbon nanotube metal matrix composites
This strength results from the covalent sp2 bonds formed between the individual carbon atoms. Multi-walled carbon nanotube was ... Since carbon nanotubes have a low density for a solid of 1.3 to 1.4 g/cm3, its specific strength of up to 48,000 kN·m·kg−1 is ... Carbon nanotube metal matrix composites (CNT-MMC) are an emerging class of new materials that are being developed to take ... Carbon nanotube dispersing and CNT breakage during mixing One common method to disperse the CNT into the metal matrix is ...
*  Graphene nanoribbon
TEM micrographs of GNRs of (a) w=15, (b) w=30, (c) w=40 (exfoliating), and (d) w=60 nm deposited on 400 mesh lacey carbon grids ... It was demonstrated that selection rules in zigzag ribbons are different from those in carbon nanotube and the eigenstates in ... In one such method multi-walled carbon nanotubes were unzipped in solution by action of potassium permanganate and sulfuric ... These results were supplemented by a comparative study of zigzag nanoribobns with single wall armchair carbon nanotubes by Hsu ...
*  Carbon nanotubes in photovoltaics
Multiple research investigations with both multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) ... Renewable energy portal Energy portal Optical properties of carbon nanotubes Carbon nanotube Selective chemistry of single- ... walled nanotubes Allotropes of carbon Landi, B. J.; Raffaelle, R.P.; Castro, S.L.; Bailey, S.G. (2005). "Single-wall carbon ... Single wall carbon nanotubes possess a wide range of direct bandgaps matching the solar spectrum, strong photoabsorption, from ...
*  Carbon subsulfide
Lengyel first synthesized this compound by passing carbon disulfide (CS2) vapor through an electric arc with carbon electrodes ... Carbon subsulfide is an inorganic chemical compound with the formula C3S2. This deep red liquid is immiscible with water but ... Smith, W. H.; Leroi, G. E. (1966). "Infrared and Raman Spectra of Carbon Subsulfide". The Journal of Chemical Physics. 45 (5): ... Pedersen, C. T. (1996). "The formation of 1,2-propadiene-1,3-dithione (carbon subsulfide) from flash vacuum pyrolysis of 1,2- ...
*  Highly oriented pyrolytic graphite
Chemistry and physics of carbon. 11: 69-187. ...
*  Nano-RAM
When touching, the carbon nanotubes are held together by Van der Waals forces. Each NRAM "cell" consists of an interlinked ... It is a type of nonvolatile random access memory based on the position of carbon nanotubes deposited on a chip-like substrate. ... "Lockheed Martin Tests Carbon Nanotube-Based Memory Devices on NASA Shuttle Mission". Press release. November 18, 2009. ... In a non-woven fabric matrix of carbon nanotubes (CNTs), crossed nanotubes can either be touching or slightly separated ...
*  Frit compression
Esumi, K; Ishigami, M.; Nakajima, A.; Sawada, K.; Honda, H. (1996). "Chemical treatment of carbon nanotubes". Carbon. 34 (2): ... Carbon. 46 (6): 949-956. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2008.02.028. Futaba, Dn; Hata, K; Yamada, T; Hiraoka, T; Hayamizu, Y; Kakudate, Y ... "Mechanical performance of highly compressible multi-walled carbon nanotube columns with hyperboloid geometries". Carbon. 48 (1 ... Acid oxidation of carbon nanotubes can also be used in filtration to form buckypaper, but requires a high degree of surface ...
*  Carbon
... chauvinism Carbon detonation Carbon footprint Carbon star Low-carbon economy Timeline of carbon nanotubes Chemistry ... Carbon can form very long chains of interconnecting carbon-carbon bonds, a property that is called catenation. Carbon-carbon ... Carbon on Britannica Extensive Carbon page at asu.edu Electrochemical uses of carbon Carbon-Super Stuff. Animation with sound ... The system of carbon allotropes spans a range of extremes: Atomic carbon is a very short-lived species and, therefore, carbon ...
*  Carbon Peak
"CARBON". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 2013-06-20. "Carbon Peak, Colorado". Peakbagger.com. ... Carbon Peak, elevation 12,088 ft (3,684 m), is a summit in the West Elk Mountains of Colorado. The peak is southwest of Crested ... Carbon peak is a laccolith formed during the mid-Tertiary period, and is part of the "laccolith triangle" as described by the ... "Carbon Peak". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2013-06-20. Branda, Alex; Swanbom ...
*  Carbon, Wyoming
Carbon is an unincorporated community in Carbon County, Wyoming, United States. Carbon is 9.5 miles (15.3 km) west-southwest of ... The Carbon Cemetery, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, is located in Carbon. "Carbon". Geographic ...
*  Gas carbon
... is a carbon that is got when the Destructive distillation of coal is done. The Chambers Dictionary (13th ed.). "gas ... carbon". Merriam-Webster mobile search. Retrieved 5 December 2015. "retort carbon". atomistry.com. ...
*  Carbon tetraiodide
It is only 2% by weight carbon, although other methane derivatives are known with still less carbon. The tetrahedral molecule ... Manufacturers recommend that carbon tetraiodide be stored near 0 °C (32 °F). As a ready source of iodine, it is an irritant. ... Carbon tetraiodide is a tetrahalomethane with the molecular formula CI4. Being bright red, it is a relatively rare example of a ... Carbon tetraiodide crystallizes in tetragonal crystal structure (a 6.409, c 9.558 (.10−1 nm)). It has zero dipole moment due to ...