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*  Postprandial glucose test
Glucose is mainly made from carbohydrate foods. It is the main source of energy used by the body. Normally, blood glucose ...
*  Chemical glycosylation
Glycosylation Glycosyl transferase Glycorandomization Glycation Carbohydrate chemistry Oligosaccharide Carbohydrate Boons, ... Geert-Jan; Karl J. Hale (2000). Organic synthesis with carbohydrates. Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85075-913-3. Crich, D.; ...
*  Carbohydrase
... s are produced in the pancreas but act in the stomach breaking down carbohydrates, hence the name. Carbohydrate is ... Carbohydrase is a protein/enzyme that catalyses carbohydrates to break down the compound Carbohydrate so the products can be ... Carbohydrase is an enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of carbohydrates into simple sugars. ...
*  List of glycoside hydrolase families
... or between a carbohydrate and a non-carbohydrate moiety. A classification system for glycosyl hydrolases, based on sequence ... This classification is available on the CAZy (CArbohydrate-Active EnZymes) web site. Because the fold of proteins is better ... Cantarel BL, Coutinho PM, Rancurel C, Bernard T, Lombard V, Henrissat B (January 2009). "The Carbohydrate-Active EnZymes ... are a widespread group of enzymes that hydrolyse the glycosidic bond between two or more carbohydrates, ...
*  Legume lectin
They have been used for decades as a model system for the study of protein-carbohydrate interactions, because they show an ... "The role of weak protein-protein interactions in multivalent lectin-carbohydrate binding: crystal structure of cross-linked ...
*  Carbohydrate synthesis
Generally speaking, carbohydrates can be classified into two groups, simple sugars and complex carbohydrates. Simple sugars, ... Carbohydrate synthesis is a sub-field of organic chemistry concerned specifically with the generation of natural and unnatural ... Complex carbohydrates, according to the different number of monosaccharide units, can be classed into three groups, ... Chemical glycosylation Carbohydrate chemistry John McMurry.; Organic Chemistry, 5th ed.; Brooks/Cole.; 2000, pp 1031 Daniel E. ...
*  Oligosaccharide nomenclature
D.C. Baker; J. Defaye; D. Horton; E. F. Hounsell; J. P. Kamerling; A.S. Serianni (1997). "Nomenclature of Carbohydrates". ... Oligosaccharides are carbohydrates that are composed of several monosaccharide residues joined through glycosidic linkage, ... While a strict definition of an oligosaccharide is not established, it is generally agreed that a carbohydrate consisting of ... Oligosaccharides and polysaccharides are an important class of polymeric carbohydrates found in virtually all living entities. ...
*  Microbiota-accessible carbohydrates
... (MACs) are carbohydrates that are resistant to digestion by a host's metabolism, and are ... Similarly, a host may have genes that can determine the efficiency of digestion and absorption of carbohydrates in the small ... The amount of dietary MACs found within a food source will differ for each individual, since which carbohydrates are ... Diets in developed countries have lost microbiota-accessible carbohydrates which is the cause of a substantial depletion of gut ...
*  Carbohydrate
Low-carbohydrate diet Carbohydrates are a common source of energy in living organisms; however, no single carbohydrate is an ... Carbohydrate Nomenclature Carbohydrates detailed Carbohydrates and Glycosylation - The Virtual Library of Biochemistry, ... Some simple carbohydrates (e.g. fructose) raise blood glucose slowly, while some complex carbohydrates (starches), especially ... "Ketogenic low-carbohydrate diets have no metabolic advantage over nonketogenic low-carbohydrate diets". nutrition.org. Douglas ...
*  Carbohydrate metabolism
Some simple carbohydrates have their own enzymatic oxidation pathways, as do only a few of the more complex carbohydrates. The ... Carbohydrates are central to many essential metabolic pathways. Plants synthesize carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water ... Although humans consume a variety of carbohydrates, digestion breaks down complex carbohydrates into a few simple monomers for ... It involves the conversion of non-carbohydrate molecules into glucose. The non-carbohydrate molecules that are converted in ...
*  Carbohydrate Research
... is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research on the chemistry of carbohydrates. It is ... "Carbohydrate Research". 2014 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Thomson Reuters. 2015. Official website. ...
*  Carbohydrate sulfotransferase
... s are sulfotransferase enzymes that transfer sulfate to carbohydrate groups in glycoproteins and ... Sulfation, performed by carbohydrate sulfotransferases, generates carbohydrate sulfate esters. These sulfate esters are only ... Carbohydrate sulfotransferases are transmembrane enzymes in the Golgi that modify carbohydrates on glycolipids or glyoproteins ... by mediating sulfation of their carbohydrate structures. Carbohydrate sulfotransferase 10 (CHST10), which transfers sulfate to ...
*  Carbohydrate acetalisation
In carbohydrate chemistry carbohydrate acetalisation is an organic reaction and a very effective means of providing a ... Preparative Carbohydrate Chemistry Calinaud, P.; Gelas, J. in . Hanessian, S. Ed. Marcel Dekker, Inc.: New York, 1997. ISBN 0- ...
*  Carbohydrate loading
The composition of carbohydrates in the athlete's diet during carbohydrate loading is as important as their share of the ... Carbohydrate loading is also used in healthcare to optimise the condition of patients prior to colorectal surgery. Carbohydrate ... which is the objective of carbohydrate loading). Consequently, sources of high-fructose carbohydrates, such as fruit and sweets ... Carbohydrate loading, commonly referred to as carb-loading or carbo-loading, is a strategy used by endurance athletes, such as ...
*  Carbohydrate counting
... or other carbohydrate". With carbohydrate counting, the "total carbohydrate" is used as the carbohydrate amount. Carbohydrate ... "carbohydrate units". A carbohydrate unit is simply 15 g of carbohydrate. Carbohydrate counting can be used with or without ... Dietary management of carbohydrate consumed is one tool used to help optimize blood sugar levels. Carbohydrate is found in a ... Carbohydrate content of foods is listed on the Nutrition Facts panel as "total carbohydrate". Some food labels will list ...
*  Carbohydrate catabolism
Digestion' is the breakdown of carbohydrates to yield an energy rich compound called ATP. The production of ATP is achieved ... There are several different types of carbohydrates: polysaccharides (e.g., starch, amylopectin, glycogen, cellulose), ...
*  Carbohydrate digestion
Carbohydrates not digested in the small intestine, including resistant starch foods such as potato, bean, oat, wheat flour, and ... All carbohydrates absorbed in the small intestine must be hydrolyzed to monosaccharides prior to absorption. Hydrolysis ... In the typical Western diet, digestion and absorption of carbohydrates is fast and takes place usually in the upper small ... However, when the diet contains carbohydrates not easily digestible, digestion and absorption take place mainly in the ileal ...
*  Carbohydrate chemistry
... portal Anomeric effect Carbohydrate Carbohydrate conformation Disaccharide Glycosidic bond ... Chemical glycosylation Fischer glycosidation Glycosyl halide Koenigs-Knorr reaction Carbohydrate acetalisation Carbohydrates ... and function of carbohydrates. Due to the general structure of carbohydrates, their synthesis is often preoccupied with the ... Carbohydrate chemistry is a subdiscipline of chemistry primarily concerned with the synthesis, structure, ...
*  Carbohydrate dehydrogenase
... s are a group of dehydrogenase enzymes that occur in many organisms and facilitate the conversion ... Carbohydrate dehydrogenases are the most common quinoprotein oxidoreductases, which are enzymes that oxidize a wide range of ... doi:10.1002/biot.201000119 Carbohydrate Dehydrogenases at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). ... Pyrroloquinoline quinone-dependent carbohydrate dehydrogenase: Activity enhancement and the role of artificial electron ...
*  Carbohydrate conformation
... refers to the overall three-dimensional structure adopted by a carbohydrate (saccharide) molecule as ... Anomeric effect Carbohydrate Furanose Monosaccharide Polysaccharide Pyranose Reverse anomeric effect and steric hindrance to ...
*  Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of carbohydrates
Common chemical shift ranges for nuclei within carbohydrate residues are: Typical 1H NMR chemical shifts of carbohydrate ring ... Modern high field NMR instruments used for carbohydrate samples, typically 500 MHz or higher, are able to run a suite of 1D, 2D ... Carbohydrate NMR Spectroscopy is the application of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to structural and ... The following is a list of structural features that can be elucidated by NMR: Chemical structure of each carbohydrate residue ...
*  Carbohydrate Structure Database
CSDB stores structural and spectral data on natural carbohydrates and carbohydrate-related molecules. The main data stored in ... CSDB provides access to several carbohydrate-related research tools: Simulation of 1D and 2D NMR spectra of carbohydrates ( ... Egorova K.S.; Toukach Ph.V. (2013). "Expansion of coverage of Carbohydrate Structure Database (CSDB)". Carbohydrate Research. ... Bacterial Carbohydrate Structure Database (BCSDB) and Plant&Fungal Carbohydrate Structure Database (PFCSDB) databases existed ...
*  Specific carbohydrate diet
Gottschall's Specific Carbohydrate Diet limits the use of complex carbohydrates (disaccharides and polysaccharides). ... Specific carbohydrate diet (SCD) is a restrictive diet first described by Sidney V. Haas (1870-1964) in 1924 to treat celiac ... "The Specific Carbohydrate Diet". Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America. 1 June 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2017. "Dr. Sidney ... In 1924, the first Specific Carbohydrate Diet for the treatment of children with celiac disease was the banana diet. Haas ...
*  Carbohydrate deficient transferrin
These are referred to as carbohydrate-deficient transferrins. These carbohydrate-deficient transferrins can be measured in the ... Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin is elevated in the blood of heavy alcoholism but raised levels can also be found in a number ... Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) is a laboratory test used to help detect heavy ethanol consumption. Transferrin is a ... Sialic acid is a monosaccharide carbohydrate. Various forms of transferrin exist, with differing levels of sialylation. The ...
*  Carbohydrate-binding module
... family 20 (CBM20) binds to starch. Carbohydrate-binding module family 21 (CBM21), found in many ... Carbohydrate-binding module family 5 (CBM5) binds chitin. CBM5 and CBM12 are distantly related. Carbohydrate-binding module ... In molecular biology, a carbohydrate-binding module (CBM) is a protein domain found in carbohydrate-active enzymes (for example ... Carbohydrate-binding module family 9 (CBM9) binds to crystalline cellulose. CBM4 and CBM9 are closely related. Carbohydrate- ...