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*  Wild Bactrian camel
Burger, Pamela Anna (2016-04-05). "The history of Old World camelids in the light of molecular genetics". Tropical Animal ... The London Zoological Society recognizes it as the eighth most endangered large mammal in the world, and it is on the ... The wild Bactrian camel can also survive on water saltier than seawater, something which no other mammal in the world, ... "Bactrian camel". Saving the World's Most Extraordinary Species. EDGE of Existence. "Discovery of camels in the Gashun Gobi ...
*  Mycobacterium microti
Cause of naturally acquired generalized tuberculosis in voles and other mammals, including cats and new world camelids such as ...
*  Latin American economy
The llama, a New World cameloid, could be used as pack animals for relatively light loads and were a source of wool and meat. ... world rank:2); strontium (world rank:3); bismuth (world rank:3); lead (world rank:5); cadmium (world rank:5); and zinc (world ... Latin America produces 45% of the world's copper, 50% of the world's silver, 26% of the world's molybdenum, and 21% of the ... However, in the post-World War II era, there was a renewed push, particularly since the newly established World Bank was more ...
*  Domestication
New and Old World camelids, goats, sheep, and pigs - was common. Given its importance to humans and its value as a model of ... New and Old World camelids, goats, sheep, and pigs - was common. One study has concluded that human selection for domestic ... Zohary, D.; Hopf, M. (2000). Domestication of Plants in the Old World Oxford Univ. Press.[page needed] Hillman G, Hedges R, ... In other parts of the world very different species were domesticated. In the Americas squash, maize, beans, and perhaps manioc ...
*  Domestication of animals
New and Old World camelids, goats, sheep, and pigs - was common. One study has concluded that human selection for domestic ... New and Old World camelids, goats, sheep, and pigs - was common. Bidirectional gene flow between domestic and wild reindeer ... The sustained admixture between different dog and wolf populations across the Old and New Worlds over at least the last 10,000 ... The chicken is one of the most widespread domesticated species and one of the human world's largest sources of protein. ...
*  Cama (animal)
The camelid family consists of the Old World camelids (the dromedary camels, Bactrian camels, and wild Bactrian camels) and the ... World Book Encyclopedia. World Book. 1998. ISBN 0-7166-0098-6. Great Book of the Animal Kingdom. New York: Crescent Books. 1993 ... New World camelids (the llama, vicuna, suri alpaca, huacaya alpaca, and guanaco). Though there have been successful and fertile ... "World's First Camel And Llama Cross Now Has Friends". Impactlab.net. April 8, 2008. Archived from the original on July 22, 2012 ...
*  Lama (genus)
Camelids invaded the Old World via Beringia, and South America via the Isthmus of Panama, as part of the Great American ... Meanwhile, the New World members of the family became restricted to South America following the peopling of the Americas by ... These camelids are, with the two species of true camels, the sole extant representatives of a distinct section of Artiodactyla ... The Old World forms were gradually driven southward, perhaps by changes of climate, and having become isolated, they have ...
*  List of MeSH codes (B01)
... camelids, new world MeSH B01.150.900.649.077.380.201 --- camels MeSH B01.150.900.649.077.380.271 --- cattle MeSH B01.150. ...
*  Pleistocene rewilding
North America, therefore, links the South American camelids with those of the Old World (the dromedary and Bactrian camel). ... Camelids (of the genera Camelus, Lama, and Vicugna) will serve as proxies for the approximately six extinct camel species in ... Proof of this can be seen in the camelids of South America: the llama, alpaca, guanaco and vicuna. ... Herbivorous species considered beneficial for the regional ecosystems include the collared peccary, a species of New World wild ...
*  Llama
... indicating that North America was the original home of camelids, and that Old World camels crossed over via the Bering Land ... The camelid lineage has a good fossil record. Camel-like animals have been traced from the thoroughly differentiated, modern ... By the end of the last ice age (10,000-12,000 years ago), camelids were extinct in North America. As of 2007, there were over ... Meanwhile, North American camelids died out at the end of the Pleistocene. The following characteristics apply especially to ...
*  Handbook of the Mammals of the World
Camelids (Camelidae). Three genera and six species. Pigs, babirusa, and warthog (Suidae). Six genera and 17 species. Peccaries ... This is the second major project by Lynx Edicions since the release of the Handbook of the Birds of the World in 1992. The ... Don E. Wilson is also editor of the reference work Mammal Species of the World. With an introduction to the class Mammalia by ... Handbook of the Mammals of the World (HMW) is a book series from the publisher Lynx Edicions. The nine volumes will be ...
*  Animal husbandry
In some parts of the world, livestock includes species such as buffalo, and the South American camelids, the alpaca and llama. ... Major changes took place in the Columbian Exchange when Old World livestock were brought to the New World, and then in the ... while the principal Old World livestock - cattle, horses, sheep and goats - were introduced into the New World for the first ... In the developed world, the majority of the poultry reared for meat is raised indoors in big sheds, with automated equipment ...
*  Central Andean dry puna
... which is the woody plant that grows at the highest elevations in the world. Camelids, such as llamas, alpacas, vicuñas, are ... World Wildlife Fund. Coordinates: 21°00′00″S 68°00′00″W / 21.0000°S 68.0000°W / -21.0000; -68.0000. ...
*  List of hill tribes of Thailand
There are hill people around the world, many of whom live in stone houses and herd goats, sheep or camelids or have small farms ...
*  World Association of Zoos and Aquariums
... such as the South American Camelid Specialist Group. WAZA promotes the use of the newly developed IUCN Red List of Threatened ... The World Zoo Conservation Strategy: The Role of the Zoos and Aquaria of the World in Global Conservation, IUDZG-International ... The World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA) is the "umbrella" organisation for the world zoo and aquarium community. Its ... In 1993, The World Zoo Organisation (IUDZG) and the Captive Breeding Specialist Group of The World Conservation Union (IUCN) ...
*  Great American Interchange
... and New World porcupines. (The independent development of spines by New and Old World porcupines is another example of parallel ... A number of recently extinct North American (and in some cases also South American) taxa such as tapirs, equids, camelids, ... Cheetahs in the broadest sense could be added to this list, although the New and Old World forms are in different genera.) Old ... The World of Elephants (La Terra degli Elefanti) - Proceedings of the 1st International Congress (Atti del 1 Congrsso ...
*  Vicuña
... organized by the National Council for South American Camelids (CONACS). The wool is sold on the world market for over $300 per ... Vicuñas have some of the finest fibers in the world, at a diameter of 12 μm. The fiber of cashmere goats is 14 to 19 μm, while ... The vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) or vicugna (both /vɪˈkuːnjə/) is one of two wild South American camelids which live in the high ... In Peru, during 1964-1966, the Servicio Forestal y de Caza in cooperation with the US Peace Corps, Nature Conservancy, World ...
*  Ichnite
Cameloid footprint (Lamaichnum alfi Sarjeant and Reynolds, 1999; convex hyporelief) from the Barstow Formation (Miocene) of ... Over the years, many ichnites have been found, around the world, giving important clues about the behaviour (and foot structure ... Saurichnites intermedius Ichnites, a type of ichnite "Noahs Raven". Devlin, Hannah; agencies (2017-03-28). "World's largest ...
*  Chiribaya culture
Camelid pastoralism was also an important means of subsistence and for production of textiles. Evidence of man's presence in ... Boehm, Richard G.; Armstrong, David G.; Hunkins, Francis P.; Reinhartz, Dennis; Lobrecht, Merry (2005). The World and its ... "Yungay - the driest place in the world". Wondermondo. 3 November 2010. Retrieved 3 April 2013. ... The cold Humboldt Current offshore creates one of the world's richest marine ecosystems and supports large numbers of fish, ...
*  Lamini
Ruminant Ungulate Wheeler, Jane C. (2012). "South American camelids - past, present and future" (PDF). Journal of Camelid ... 90% of the world's guanacos are in Argentina, distributed from the islands of the Beagle Channel and the southern extremity of ... The guanaco is a wild camelid, standing at 100-120 cm (39-47 in) at the shoulder and 150-160 cm (59-63 in) at the head. It can ... The vicuña is the smallest camelid, with a shoulder height of 75-100 cm (30-39 in) and a weight of 40-60 kg (88-132 lb). Its ...
*  Even-toed ungulate
Clay, J. (2004). World Agriculture and the Environment: A Commodity-by-Commodity Guide to Impacts and Practices. Washington, D. ... "Reproductive physiology in South American Camelids." Genetics of Reproduction in Sheep (2013): 81. Pough, F. W., Janis, C. M ... The pig-like creatures (Suina) are made up of two families: The pigs (Suidae) are limited to the Old World. These include the ... Artiodactyls are native to almost all parts of the world, with the exception of Oceania and Antarctica. Humans have introduced ...
*  Glycophorin C
... mutations are rare in most of the Western world, but are more common in some places where malaria is endemic. In ... The abnormally shaped cells are known as elliptocytes or cameloid cells. The basis for this phenotype was first reported by ... Melanesia a greater percentage of the population is Gerbich negative (46.5%) than in any other part of the world. The incidence ...
*  Chiribaya Dog
"Ancient DNA evidence for Old World Origin of New World Dogs". Science. 298 (5598): 1613-1616. doi:10.1126/science.1076980. PMID ... Wheeler, Jane C. (December 2005). "Pre-Conquest Alpaca and Llama Breeding". The Camelid Quarterly (in Spanish). Conopa. ...
*  Arequipa
The historic center of Arequipa spans an area of 332 hectares and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its historic heritage, ... Its industrial activity includes manufactured goods and camelid wool products for export. The city has close trade ties with ... Arequipa's rich history and art, which UNESCO recognized by designating the city as a world heritage site, are showcased in its ... In 2000, the historic centre of Arequipa was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. However, an 8.4-magnitude earthquake, on ...
*  Birds in culture
Birds are hunted in many countries around the world. In the developed world, ducks such as mallard, wigeon, shoveler and teal ... Dransart, P. (2002). Earth, Water, Fleece and Fabric: An Ethnography and Archaeology of Andean Camelid Herding. Routledge. pp. ... The mythical chullumpi bird is said to mark the existence of a portal between such worlds, and to transform itself into a llama ... Africa World Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-86543-197-3. Wiley, Roland John. Tchaikovsky's Ballets: Swan Lake, Sleeping Beauty, ...
*  Camel farming in Sudan
The Camelid. Uppsala, Scandinavian Institute of African Studies. Gauthier-Pilters, H. & Dagg, A.I. 1981. The camel, its ... its fertile clay soils in the central plains have caused it to be regarded as an area of economic potential for the Arab world ... their vital role in supporting human populations in some of the poorest and frequently drought-stricken areas of the world has ... Sudan has the second largest camel population in the world, estimated at nearly 3,000,000 (Salih, 1988), and the country is ...