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*  Spasmodic torticollis
The only botulinum toxin type B accessible in the United States is Myobloc. Treatment using botulinum toxin type B is ... Some patients experience or develop immunoresistance to botulinum toxin type A and must use botulinum toxin type B. ... Botulinum toxin type A is most often used; it prevents the release of acetylcholine from the presynaptic axon of the motor end ... The most common treatment for spasmodic torticollis is the use of botulinum toxin type A. Initial symptoms of spasmodic ...
*  Wrinkle
... botulinum toxin type B) in type A-resistant cervical dystonia". Neurology. 53 (7): 1431-8. doi:10.1212/WNL.53.7.1431. PMID ... Botulinum toxin is a neurotoxin protein produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. Botox is a specific form of botulinum ... Botulinum toxin treats wrinkles by immobilizing the muscles which cause wrinkles. It is not appropriate for the treatment of ... Botulinum toxin Injectable filler Danby, FW (Jul-Aug 2010). "Nutrition and aging skin: sugar and glycation". Cln Dermatol. 4. ...
*  Hyperhidrosis
Injections of botulinum toxin type A can be used to block neural control of sweat glands. The effect can last from 3-9 months ... Comite SL, Smith K. "Commenting on: "Duration of efficacy increases with the repetition of botulinum toxin A injections in ... Felber ES (October 2006). "Botulinum toxin in primary care medicine". The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. 106 ... Percutaneous sympathectomy is a minimally invasive procedure similar to the botulinum method, in which nerves are blocked by an ...
*  Botulinum toxin
There are eight types of botulinum toxin, named type A-H. Type A and B are capable of causing disease in humans, and are also ... with less than one gram of raw botulinum toxin. Myobloc or Neurobloc, a botulinum toxin type B product, is produced by Solstice ... warning that botulinum toxin products can spread to other parts of the body. Botulinum toxin produced by Clostridium botulinum ... Botulinum toxin is used to treat a number of problems. Botulinum toxin is used to treat a number of disorders characterized by ...
*  Botulinum toxin therapy of strabismus
June 1987). "Injection of type A botulinum toxin into extraocular muscles for correction of strabismus". Can. J. Ophthalmol. pp ... Botulinum toxin is the most acutely lethal toxin that is known. It is produced by the bacterium clostridium botulinum. It acts ... is considered to be the first ever use of botulinum toxin for therapeutic purposes. Today, the injection of botulinum toxin ... Botulinum toxin therapy of strabismus is a medical technique used sometimes in the management of strabismus, in which botulinum ...
*  Piriformis syndrome
Lang AM (2004). "Botulinum toxin type B in piriformis syndrome". Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 83 (3): 198-202. doi:10.1097/01.PHM. ... Steroid or botulinum toxin injections may be used in those who do not improve. Surgery is not typically recommended. The ... botulinum toxin (BTX, BOTOX), or a combination of the three, all of which have a well-documented effectiveness at relieving ... In this vein, proper safety and padded equipment should be worn for protection during any type of regular, firm contact (i.e., ...
*  Piriformis muscle
Findings suggest the possibility that Botulinum toxin type B may be of potential benefit in the treatment of pain attributed to ... Lang AM (March 2004). "Botulinum toxin type B in piriformis syndrome". American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. ... Several variations occur, but the most common type of anomaly (81% of anomalies) is the Beaton's type B which is when the ...
*  William J. Binder
Binder WJ, Brin MF, Blitzer A, Schoenrock LD, Pogoda JM (December 2000). "Botulinum toxin type A (BOTOX) for treatment of ... Binder, William J.; Brin, Mitchell F.; Blitzer, Andrew; Pogoda, Janice M. (2002-05-01). "Botulinum toxin type A (BOTOX) for ... Jackson JL, Kuriyama A, Hayashino Y (April 2012). "Botulinum toxin A for prophylactic treatment of migraine and tension ... Ramachandran R, Yaksh TL (September 2014). "Therapeutic use of botulinum toxin in migraine: mechanisms of action". British ...
*  Pamela Lipkin
"Botulinum Toxin Type A Product Approval Information- Licensing Action 4/12/02". US Food and Drug Administration. Pozniak, Alexa ...
*  Primary hypertrophic osteoathropathy
Use of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) improved leonine facies of patients. BTX-A inhibits release of acetylcholine acting at ... 2010). "Treatment of pachydermoperiostosis pachydermia with botulinum toxin type A". J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 63: 1036-1041. doi: ... This method is a type of cosmetic surgery procedure used to give a more youthful appearance. It involves the removal of excess ... For the follow-up of PDP disease activity, bone formation markers such as TAP, BAP, BGP, carbodyterminal propeptide of type I ...
*  Neuropathic pain
Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) is best known by its trade name, Botox. Local intradermal injection of BTX-A is helpful in ... Ranoux D, Attal N, Morain F, Bouhassira D (September 2008). "Botulinum toxin type A induces direct analgesic effects in chronic ... They named this type of pain specifically as "vaja al asab" [nerve originated pain], described its numbness, tingling and ... May 2008). "Assessment: Botulinum neurotoxin in the treatment of autonomic disorders and pain (an evidence-based review): ...
*  Notalgia paresthetica
Most recently intradermal injections of botulinum toxin type A (Botox) have been tried with some success. Even though botulinum ... Successful Treatment of Notalgia Paresthetica With Botulinum Toxin Type A". Archderm.ama-assn.org. 2006-10-16. Retrieved 2014- ... Paravertebral nerve block and botulinum toxin injections may also be helpful. Some patients treated with low concentration ... and it has been theorised that botulinum type A effects lasting change in pain signaling. Unfortunately, repeated injections ...
*  Synkinesis
Ito H, Ito H, Nakano S, Kusaka H (2007). "Low-dose subcutaneous injection of botulinum toxin type A for facial synkinesis and ... Botox (botulinum toxin) is a new and versatile tool for the treatment of synkinesis. Initially used for reducing hyperkinesis ... de Maio M, Bento RF (2007). "Botulinum toxin in facial palsy: an effective treatment for contralateral hyperkinesis". Plast ... with injection of botulinum toxin into the lacrimal gland". Eye. 16 (6): 705-09. doi:10.1038/sj.eye.6700230. PMID 12439663. ...
*  Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1
2016). "Brain Metabolic Changes of Cervical Dystonia with Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 1 after Botulinum Toxin Therapy". ... Genetic testing is available for many SCA types, including the relatively common types SCA1, 2, 3, 6, and 7; and the less ... each type numbered in order as a new locus was found. In 1993, the gene and a mutation causing spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 ... Among all types of SCA, SCA1 is among the most common and the portion accounted for by SCA1 varies between geographic regions, ...
*  SNAP25
Aoki KR, Guyer B (November 2001). "Botulinum toxin type A and other botulinum toxin serotypes: a comparative review of ... Botulinum toxins A, C and E cleave SNAP-25, leading to paralysis in clinically developed botulism. Click on genes, proteins and ... SNAP-25 inhibits presynaptic P-, Q-, and L-type voltage-gated calcium channels and interacts with the synaptotagmin C2B domain ...
*  Laminitis
Botulinum toxin infusion As an alternative to the deep digital flexor tenotomy, Clostridium botulinum type A toxin has been ... Carter, D; Renfroe (2009). "A Novel Approach to the Treatment and Prevention of Laminitis: Botulinum Toxin Type A for the ... Trimming Successful treatment for any type of founder must necessarily involve stabilization of the bony column by some means. ...
*  Calcitonin gene-related peptide
Botulinum toxin type A is able to prevent stimulated release of CGRP through the cleavage of SNAP-25 protein. Receptor ... "Regulation of calcitonin gene-related peptide secretion from trigeminal nerve cells by botulinum toxin type A: implications for ...
*  Tennis elbow
Botulinum toxin type A to paralyze the forearm extensor muscles in those with chronic tennis elbow that has not improved with ... Evidence is poor for long term improvement from injections of any type, whether corticosteroids, botulinum toxin, prolotherapy ... Kalichman, L; Bannuru, RR; Severin, M; Harvey, W (June 2011). "Injection of botulinum toxin for treatment of chronic lateral ... Studies indicated both type of orthoses improve the hand function and reduce the pain in people with tennis elbow. Although ...
*  Santosh G. Honavar
Anterior chemodenervation of levator palpebrae superioris with botulinum toxin type-A Botox(R) to induce temporary ptosis for ... Botulinum toxin in ophthalmic plastic surgery. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2005;53:279-88. 132. Gupta R, Honavar SG, Vemuganti GK. ... Orbital signet-ring cell lymphoma of diffuse, large, B-cell type. Can J Ophthalmol. 2013 Dec;48(6):e156-8. 42. Manjandavida FP ... Choroidal ganglioneuroma in a patient with neurofibromatosis type 1: a case report. Eye. 2006 (EPub) 130. Shome D, Honavar SG, ...
*  Whiplash (medicine)
Botulinum toxin A is used to treat involuntary muscle contraction and spasms. Botulinum toxin type-A is only temporary and ... Feb 2004). "Use of botulinum toxin-A for musculoskeletal pain in patients with whiplash associated disorders [ISRCTN68653575 ... Below are definitions of different types of head restraints. Head restraint - refers to a device designed to limit the rearward ... As a result, different types of head restraints have been developed by various manufactures to protect their occupants from ...
*  STX1A
"In vitro characterization of botulinum toxin types A, C and D action on human tissues: combined electrophysiologic, ... Syntaxins serve as a substrate for botulinum neurotoxin type C, a metalloprotease that blocks exocytosis and has high affinity ...
*  Hereditary spastic paraplegia
Functional effects of botulinum toxin type-A treatment and subsequent stretching of spastic calf muscles: A study in patients ... Botulinum neurotoxin type A injections reduce spasticity in mild to moderate hereditary spastic paraplegia- Report of 19 cases ... used to reduce spasticity of the bladder in patients with bladder control problems Botulinum toxin - to reduce muscle ... Symptoms depend on the type of HSP inherited. The main feature of the disease is progressive spasticity in the lower limbs due ...
*  Diplegia
Sometimes pharmacological treatments are necessary such as Botulinum toxin type A. On more severe cases surgery of the upper ...
*  Management of chronic headaches
Another medication to prevent headaches is botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA or BOTOX), which is given by injection instead of ... In a clinical study of botulinum toxin type A, patients participating in the 9-month treatment period with three treatments ... Relaxation training includes two different types of methods: physical and mental. Physical relaxation methods involve actual ... primarily categorized as chronic tension-type headaches and chronic migraine headaches. The treatments for chronic headache are ...
*  Clostridium botulinum
The toxin type has been designated Bf as the type B toxin was found in excess to the type F. Similarly, strains producing Ab ... botulinum acquired the toxin genes quite far in the evolutionary past. Only botulinum toxin types A, B, E, and F cause disease ... butyricum has produced type E toxin and C. baratii had produced type F toxin. The ability of C. botulinum to naturally transfer ... botulinum types A or B. C. botulinum type A was found to be present in soil samples from mountain areas of Victoria. Type-B ...
*  Dementia with Lewy bodies
Botulinum toxin injections in the parotid glands may help with sialorrhea. Other medications, especially stimulants such as the ... type, 10 to 15% are Lewy body type, with the remaining types being of an entire spectrum of dementias, including frontotemporal ... Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a type of dementia that worsens over time. Additional symptoms may include fluctuations in ... "Plaques and tangles as well as Lewy-type alpha-synucleinopathy are associated with formed visual hallucinations". Parkinsonism ...