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*  Lyme disease
Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii are the cause. In Europe and Asia, the bacteria Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii ... to the Lyme disease group spirochete Borrelia bissettii". J. Parasitol. 92 (4): 691-96. doi:10.1645/GE-738R1.1. PMID 16995383. ... The Lyme-related Borrelia species are collectively known as Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, and show a great deal of genetic ... and the spirochete was named Borrelia burgdorferi in his honor. After the identification of B. burgdorferi as the causative ...
*  Borrelia burgdorferi
The genomic variations of Borrelia burgdorferi contribute to varying degrees of infection and dissemination. Each genomic group ... Borrelia burgdorferi is a bacterial species of the spirochete class of the genus Borrelia. B. burgdorferi exists in North ... Borrelia species in the species complex known to cause Lyme disease are collectively called Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s. ... Borrelia species are considered diderm (double-membrane) bacteria rather than Gram-positive or negative. Borrelia burgdorferi ...
*  Lyme disease microbiology
Habálek, Z.; Halouzka, J. (1997-12-01). "Distribution of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato genomic groups in Europe, a review". ... Borrelia Borrelia burgdorferi B31 Genome Page Borrelia garinii PBi Genome Page Borrelia afzelli PKo Genome Page Schwan TG, ... Three main species (Borrelia garinii, Borrelia afzelii, and Borrelia burgdorferi s.s.) are the main causative agents of the ... "Expanded diversity among Californian Borrelia isolates and description of Borrelia bissettii sp. nov. (formerly Borrelia group ...
*  Spirochaete
2014 Genus Borreliella Adeolu & Gupta 2015 [Borrelia burgdorferi species-group] (Lyme disease Borrelia) Genus Borrelia ... containing the members of the Lyme disease Borrelia (Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex)". Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 105 (6 ... which causes leptospirosis Borrelia burgdorferi, B. garinii, and B. afzelii, which cause Lyme disease Borrelia recurrentis, ... the emended genus Borrelia containing only the members of the relapsing fever Borrelia, and the genus Borreliella gen. nov. ...
*  Allen Steere
Lymerix works on the outer surface protein A (Osp-A) of Borrelia burgdorferi, the causative agent of Lyme Disease. Osp-A causes ... This statement became a rallying point for what advocacy groups call the Lyme disease controversy. In the face of some elements ... Kamradt T, Lengl-Janssen B, Strauss AF, Bansal G, Steere AC (April 1996). "Dominant recognition of a Borrelia burgdorferi outer ... April 2006). "Antibiotic-refractory Lyme arthritis is associated with HLA-DR molecules that bind a Borrelia burgdorferi peptide ...
*  List of MeSH codes (B03)
Borrelia MeSH B03.851.595.193.150 --- Borrelia burgdorferi group MeSH B03.851.595.193.150.125 --- Borrelia burgdorferi MeSH ... Borrelia MeSH B03.440.425.410.711.193.150 --- Borrelia burgdorferi group MeSH B03.440.425.410.711.193.150.125 --- Borrelia ... Streptococcus milleri group MeSH B03.510.400.800.872.875.475.080 --- Streptococcus anginosus MeSH B03.510.400.800.872.875. ... burgdorferi MeSH B03.440.425.410.711.670 --- Serpulina MeSH B03.440.425.410.711.670.400 --- Serpulina hyodysenteriae MeSH ...
*  List of diseases caused by insects
Ticks and lice form another large group of invertebrate vectors. The bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi, which causes Lyme Disease ... Another large group of vectors are flies. Sandfly species transmit the disease leishmaniasis, by acting as vectors for ...
*  Differential diagnoses of depression
Lyme disease; is a bacterial infection caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, a spirochete bacterium transmitted by the Deer tick ( ... Ixodes scapularis). Lyme disease is one of a group of diseases which have earned the name the "great imitator" for their ... February 2002). "Higher prevalence of antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi in psychiatric patients than in healthy subjects". The ...
*  Pat Nuttall
... including the spirochaete Borrelia burgdorferi, which causes Lyme disease. - and important in natural transmission. Nuttall's ... Her group has also shown that the proteins in saliva differ between individual ticks of the same species and also change over ... One vaccine candidate explored by Nuttall's group is 64TRP, a 15 kDa Rhipicephalus appendiculatus protein from the cement cone ... group has continued to study the phenomenon, and have shown that immunity to tick-borne encephalitis virus does not prevent ...
*  Spirochaeta thermophila
Borrelia burgdorferi, and Treponema pallidum. Comparing the sequences, in a 2001 study by Rominus et al., it was determined ... that S. thermophila was most closely related to T. pallidum for this sequence and the sister to those groups was B. ... burgdorferi that was a mesophile. This was an interesting revelation because it was previously assumed that the thermophilic, ...
*  Meningitis
... and Borrelia burgdorferi (known for causing Lyme disease). Meningitis may be encountered in cerebral malaria (malaria infecting ... For instance, while N. meningitides groups B and C cause most disease episodes in Europe, group A is found in Asia and ... Meningococcus vaccines exist against groups A, B, C, W135 and Y. In countries where the vaccine for meningococcus group C was ... Inflammation of the meninges may lead to abnormalities of the cranial nerves, a group of nerves arising from the brain stem ...
*  Phylum
... species include Borrelia burgdorferi, which causes Lyme disease Synergistetes Tenericutes, alternatively class Mollicutes in ... and those groups were then grouped according to their similarities, and so on, to form a hierarchy. Budd, G.E.; Jensen, S. (May ... a method in which groups are placed on a "family tree" without any formal ranking of group size. A definition of a phylum based ... classified plants into five groups named divisions, a term that remains in use today for groups of plants, algae and fungi. The ...
*  Bacterial cell structure
Most bacterial chromosomes are circular although some examples of linear DNA exist (e.g. Borrelia burgdorferi). Along with ... They have O-acetyl groups on carbon-6 of some MA residues. The matrix substances in the walls of gram-positive bacteria may be ... There do exist, however, specialized groups of bacteria that contain more complex intracellular structures, some of which are ... Intracellular membranes are also found in bacteria belonging to the poorly studied Planctomycetes group, although these ...
*  Cat flea
In addition, cat fleas have been found to carry Borrelia burgdorferi, the etiologic agent of Lyme disease, but their ability to ... Cat Specialist Group Sue Paterson (16 March 2009). Manual of Skin Diseases of the Dog and Cat. John Wiley & Sons. p. 122. ISBN ... Teltow GJ, Fournier PV, Rawlings JA (May 1991). "Isolation of Borrelia burgdorferi from arthropods collected in Texas". Am J ...
*  Ixodes holocyclus
The most common name for this spirochaete is Borrelia burgdorferi, but many different Borrelia species cause Lyme Disease ... Tick Alert Group Support, Mona Vale, Sydney, TAGS Inc until 2009 (A community organisation supporting sufferers of tick- ... An Australian spirochaete has not been found in humans yet, and may be quite different from Borrelia burgdorferi. Despite ... for the Lyme disease spirochaete Borrelia burgdorferi. International Journal Parasitology, 21: 109-11. Hudson, B.J., Barry, R.D ...
*  Bacterial phyla
Spirochaetes, notable for compartmentalisation and species include Borrelia burgdorferi, which causes Lyme disease. The ... several groups of phyla have clear clustering and are referred to as superphyla. The FCB group (now called Sphingobacteria) ... Marine Group A (from Pacific ocean) Termite Group 1 (from a Reticulitermes speratus termite gut, now Elusimicrobia) Since then ... Chloroflexus group (Chloroflexus, Herpetosiphon) Thermomicrobium group (Thermomicrobium roseum) Thermotogae (Thermotoga ...
*  BlyA holin family
Introduction of the Borrelia burgdorferi blyAB locus into Escherichia coli produces a hemolytic phenotype that is dependent on ... The BlyA Holin Family (TC# 1.E.17) is a group of holin proteins that are approximately 55-70 amino acyl residues (aas) in ... Damman, C. J.; Eggers, C. H.; Samuels, D. S.; Oliver, D. B. (2000-12-01). "Characterization of Borrelia burgdorferi BlyA and ... from Borrelia burgdorferi". International journal of medical microbiology: IJMM. 298 (5-6): 473-481. doi:10.1016/j.ijmm.2007.07 ...
*  Virulence-related outer membrane protein family
OspA from Borrelia burgdorferi is an unusual outer surface protein, it has two globular domains which are connected with a ... Members of this group include: PagC, required by Salmonella typhimurium for survival in macrophages and for virulence in mice ... Borrelia burgdorferi outer surface proteins play role in persistence within ticks (OspA, OspB, OspD), mammalian host ... OspA OspC is a major surface lipoprotein produced by Borrelia burgdorferi when infected ticks feed. OspC is necessary for tick ...
*  Borrelia
The major Borrelia species causing Lyme disease are Borrelia burgdorferi, Borrelia afzelii, and Borrelia garinii. Direct tests ... 21 are members of the Lyme disease group, 29 belong to the relapsing fever group, and two are members of a third group. The ... Borrelia genomes and related information at PATRIC, a Bioinformatics Resource Center funded by NIAID Borrelia Microbe Wiki Page ... Borrelia is a genus of bacteria of the spirochete phylum. It causes borreliosis, a zoonotic, vector-borne disease transmitted ...
*  Amoxicillin
Borrelia burgdorferi and Helicobactor pylori. As a derivative of ampicillin, amoxicillin is a member of the same family as ... It has two ionizable groups in the physiological range (the amino group in alpha-position to the amide carbonyl group and the ... carboxyl group).[citation needed] Amoxicillin was one of several semisynthetic derivatives of 6-aminopenicillanic acid (6-APA) ...
*  Borrelia lusitaniae
It is a part of the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato genospecies and is a Gram-negative bacterium. B. lusitaniae is tick-borne; ... it is the sole species of the Lyme borreliosis group in southern Portugal. Lizards of the family Lacertidae are believed to be ... 1995). "T cell response to Borrelia garinii, Borrelia afzelii, and Borrelia japonica in various congenic mouse strains". ... Borrelia lusitaniae is a bacterium of the spirochete class of the genus Borrelia, which has a diderm (double-membrane) envelope ...
*  Canine vector-borne disease
Borrelia burgdorferi causes Lyme disease. Rickettsia rickettsii causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Rickettsia conorii causes ... A canine vector-borne disease (CVBD) is one of "a group of globally distributed and rapidly spreading illnesses that are caused ... viruses are also becoming recognized as another group of transmitted pathogens of both animals and humans. Some "canine vector- ...
*  List of parasites of the marsh rice rat
Ticks, their hosts, and Borrelia burgdorferi on the outer banks of North Carolina. Pp. 7-8 in Apperson, C.S., Levine, J.F. and ... Sucking lice (Anoplura) are a diverse group infecting placental mammals. Species found on marsh rice rats include three of the ... Borrelia burgdorferi in ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) from coastal Virginia. Journal of Medical Entomology 28(5):668-674. Levine, J.F ... Tick-host associations and maintenance of Borrelia burgdorferi in Virginia. Pp. 8-9 in Apperson, C.S., Levine, J.F. and Snoddy ...
*  Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
Borrelia burgdorferi, Leptospira, and beta-hemolytic Streptococci. The only vaccine proven to induce ADEM is the Semple form of ... Group means for each cognitive domain were all within one standard deviation of age norms, demonstrating that, as a group, they ... The VAERS Working Group". Vaccine. 18 (26): 2963-9. doi:10.1016/S0264-410X(00)00111-0. PMID 10825597. Tourbah A, Gout O, Liblau ... Again, all groups means were within one standard deviation of the controls, meaning that while effects were statistically ...
*  Prodigiosin
... has recently been found to have excellent activity against stationary phase Borrelia burgdorferi, the causative ... This intermediate is then modified by methylation (which incorporates a methyl group from L-methionine onto the alcohol at the ... "Identification of new compounds with high activity against stationary phase Borrelia burgdorferi from the NCI compound ...
*  Meadow vole
... giardiasis and the Lyme disease spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. As with many other small mammal species, M. pennsylvanicus ... and older age groups (53%). Nestlings were estimated to have the lowest mortality rate (50%). Estimated mean longevity ranges ... for the Lyme Disease Spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi". Journal of Medical Entomology. 35 (5): 804-8. doi:10.1093/jmedent/35.5. ...
*  Population genomics
studied the diversification and epidemiology of endemic bacterial pathogens by using the Borrelia burgdorferi species complex ( ... Moore et al conducted a study in 2014 in which a group of Atlantic Salmon populations which were previously analyzed with ... "Comparative Population Genomics of the Borrelia burgdorferi Species Complex Reveals High Degree of Genetic Isolation among ... They also wished to compare the genetic structure between B. burgdorferi and the closely related species B. garinii and B. ...