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*  Bone resorption
These are the cells responsible for the resorption of bone. Osteoclasts are generally present on the outer layer of bone, just ... inhibits bone formation, and increases bone marrow adiposity in rats". Osteoporosis International. 20 (9): 1529-1538. doi: ... Bone remodelling is a process which maintains bone strength and ion homeostasis by replacing discrete parts of old bone with ... In some cases where bone resorption outpaces ossification, the bone is broken down much faster than it can be renewed. The bone ...
*  CFU-GEMM
While present in bone marrow, the place where CFU-GEMM is most common is in the umbilical cord between a mother and baby. It ... CFU-GEMM cells are the multipotential progenitor cells for myeloid cells; they are thus also called common myeloid progenitor ... The CFU-GEMM cell is capable of differentiating into white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets, all of which are ... The cells are characterized by expressing the cell surface markers CD33, CD34 and HLA-DR. These surface markers are proteins on ...
*  Bone marrow examination
The bone marrow produces the cellular elements of the blood, including platelets, red blood cells and white blood cells. While ... Bone marrow examination refers to the pathologic analysis of samples of bone marrow obtained by bone marrow biopsy (often ... An Illustrated Guide to Performing the Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy MedlinePlus: Bone marrow biopsy eMedicine: Bone Marrow ... Sometimes, a bone marrow examination will include both an aspirate and a biopsy. The aspirate yields semi-liquid bone marrow, ...
*  Bone marrow suppression
Because the bone marrow is the manufacturing center of blood cells, the suppression of bone marrow activity causes a deficiency ... Bone marrow suppression also known as myelotoxicity or myelosuppression, is the decrease in production of cells responsible for ... In-vitro colony forming cell (CFC) assays using normal human bone marrow grown in appropriate semi-solid media such as ... These predictive in-vitro assays reveal effects the administered compounds have on the bone marrow progenitor cells that ...
*  GRID2
Hess DC, Hill WD, Carroll JE, Borlongan CV (Apr 2004). "Do bone marrow cells generate neurons?". Archives of Neurology. 61 (4 ... Kemp K, Wilkins A, Scolding N (Nov 2014). "Cell fusion in the brain: two cells forward, one cell back". Acta Neuropathologica. ... "Fusion of bone-marrow-derived cells with Purkinje neurons, cardiomyocytes and hepatocytes". Nature. 425 (6961): 968-73. doi: ... "Stable reprogrammed heterokaryons form spontaneously in Purkinje neurons after bone marrow transplant". Nature Cell Biology. 5 ...
*  Thymidine kinase in clinical chemistry
Wickramasinghe SN, Olsen I, Saunders JE (1975). "Thymidine kinase activity in human bone marrow cells". Scandinavian Journal of ... TK1 is synthesized by the cell during the S phase of cell division. After cell division is completed, TK1 is degraded ... in peripheral lymphocytes during monocytosis and in bone marrow during pernicious anemia. As TK1 is present in cells during ... Enzymes of thymidine and thymidylate metabolism in normal and pathological blood and bone marrow cells]". Blut (in German). 25 ...
*  Mir-154 microRNA precursor family
Debernardi, S.; Dixon-Mciver, A. (2010). "MicroRNA Detection in Bone Marrow Cells by LNA-FISH". MicroRNAs and the Immune System ... Choong, M. L.; Yang, H. H.; McNiece, I. (2007). "MicroRNA expression profiling during human cord blood-derived CD34 cell ... "Mature miR-184 as Potential Oncogenic microRNA of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Tongue". Clinical Cancer Research. 14 (9): 2588- ... "Differential MicroRNA Expression in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells from Graves' Disease Patients". Journal of Clinical ...
*  Immunology and Cell Biology
"The growth of mouse bone marrow cells in vitro". "Clinical and Translational Immunology". ... Immunology and Cell Biology is an academic journal of the Australasian Society of Immunology covering basic immunology research ... and was converted in 1987 to Immunology and Cell Biology, making it one of the oldest speciality immunology journals in ...
*  New York Blood Center
Bone Marrow Cells - Advances in Research Application: 2013 Edition. ScholarlyEditions - via Google Books. Liu, Phillip Z.; ... "FDNY Honors Life-Saving Bone Marrow Donors". CBS New York. Retrieved 6 October 2016. Daily News (29 April 2016). "Bone marrow ... FDNY members represent more than 10% of all NYBC bone marrow donors. Each year, at an annual induction ceremony hosted by FDNY ... FDNY Press Office (29 April 2016). "Fire Commissioner and New York Blood Center Honor FDNY Bone Marrow Donors". Fire Department ...
*  Multiple Sclerosis Trust
"Bone marrow cell treatment for chronic multiple sclerosis". MS Trust website. Retrieved 29 November 2012. "Pilates based core ... Research currently being funded includes: University of Bristol, Bone marrow cell treatment for chronic multiple sclerosis ...
*  Vital stain
Hathaway WE, Newby LA, Githens JH (1964). "THE ACRIDINE ORANGE VIABILITY TEST APPLIED TO BONE MARROW CELLS. I. CORRELATION WITH ... the living cells exclude the stain i.e. stain negatively and only the dead cells stain positively and thus viability can be ... apoptotic and normal cells. Trypan Blue, a living-cell exclusion dye Erythrosine, which is Red No. 3 in food coloring, can be ... A vital stain in a casual usage may mean a stain that can be applied on living cells without killing them. Vital stains have ...
*  Cardiac muscle
... including bone marrow stem cells. For example, in one study, researchers transplanted bone marrow cells, which included a ... Other clinical trials have shown that autologous bone marrow cell transplants delivered via the infarct-related artery ... In the centre of the cell they join together, running into and along the cell as a transverse-axial network. Inside the cell ... T-tubules are microscopic tubes that run from the cell surface to deep within the cell. They are continuous with the cell ...
*  Stroke recovery
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells for the repair of central nervous system injury. Bone Marrow Transplantation 40: ... 2000). "Adult bone marrow stromal cells differentiate into neural cells in vitro". Experimental Neurology. 164 (2): 247-256. ... 2001). "Multi-organ, multi-lineage engraftment by a single bone marrow-derived stem cell". Cell. 105 (3): 369-377. doi:10.1016/ ... receptor 4 enhances bone marrow stromal cell migration into ischemic brain after stroke". Stem Cells. 25 (11): 2777-2785. doi: ...
*  Glutathione
Prasad S, Srivastava S, Singh M, Shukla Y (2009). "Clastogenic effects of glyphosate in bone marrow cells of swiss albino mice ... It has roles in progression of the cell cycle, including cell death. GSH levels regulate redox changes to nuclear proteins ... Manageably low levels result in the systematic breakage of the cell whereas excessively low levels result in rapid cell death. ... Differences in GSH levels also determine the expressed mode of cell death, being either apoptosis or cell necrosis. ...
*  CBX5 (gene)
Lessard J, Baban S, Sauvageau G (Feb 1998). "Stage-specific expression of polycomb group genes in human bone marrow cells". ... "Localization and phosphorylation of HP1 proteins during the cell cycle in mammalian cells". Chromosoma. 108 (4): 220-34. doi: ... "Heterochromatin formation in mammalian cells: interaction between histones and HP1 proteins". Molecular Cell. 7 (4): 729-39. ... "Heterochromatin formation in mammalian cells: interaction between histones and HP1 proteins". Molecular Cell. 7 (4): 729-39. ...
*  Vitamin B12
Wickramasinghe, S. N. (1995). "Morphology, biology and biochemistry of cobalamin- and folate-deficient bone marrow cells". ... For the vitamin to serve inside cells, the TC-II/B12 complex must bind to a cell receptor, and be endocytosed. The ... and the formation of red blood cells. It is one of eight B vitamins. It is involved in the metabolism of every cell of the ... in particular red blood cells, and also intestinal wall cells which are responsible for absorption. THF may be regenerated via ...
*  Citrinin
doi:10.1016/0304-3835(83)90165-9. Jeswal, P (1996). "Citrinin-induced chromosomal abnormalities in the bone marrow cells of Mus ... The ESC-B5 cells were treated with 10-30 μM CTN for 24 hours and a dose-dependent reduction in cell viability was found. Chan ... In vivo it induced chromosome abnormalities and hypodiploidy in the bone marrow of mice. This indicates that citrinin is ... 2006) investigated the effect of CTN on cell viability for a HL-60 cell line. When exposed to 25 μM CTN for 24 hours, no ...
*  CBX1
Lessard J, Baban S, Sauvageau G (Feb 1998). "Stage-specific expression of polycomb group genes in human bone marrow cells". ... Collins FS, Rossant J, Wurst W (Jan 2007). "A mouse for all reasons". Cell. 128 (1): 9-13. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2006.12.018. PMID ... "Localization and phosphorylation of HP1 proteins during the cell cycle in mammalian cells". Chromosoma. 108 (4): 220-34. doi: ... "Heterochromatin formation in mammalian cells: interaction between histones and HP1 proteins". Molecular Cell. 7 (4): 729-39. ...
*  CBX3
Lessard J, Baban S, Sauvageau G (1998). "Stage-specific expression of polycomb group genes in human bone marrow cells". Blood. ... 1999). "Localization and phosphorylation of HP1 proteins during the cell cycle in mammalian cells". Chromosoma. 108 (4): 220-34 ... 2001). "Heterochromatin formation in mammalian cells: interaction between histones and HP1 proteins". Mol. Cell. 7 (4): 729-39 ... "Heterochromatin formation in mammalian cells: interaction between histones and HP1 proteins". Mol. Cell. United States. 7 (4): ...
*  Purkinje cell
There is evidence in mice and humans that bone marrow cells either fuse with or generate cerebellar Purkinje cells, and it is ... with basket cells synapsing on the Purkinje cell axon initial segment and stellate cells onto the dendrites. Purkinje cells ... possible that bone marrow cells, either by direct generation or by cell fusion, could play a role in repair of central nervous ... Hess DC, Hill WD, Carroll JE, Borlongan CV (2004). "Do bone marrow cells generate neurons?". Archives of Neurology. 61 (4): 483 ...
*  BML-190
Scutt, A; Williamson, EM (2007). "Cannabinoids stimulate fibroblastic colony formation by bone marrow cells indirectly via CB2 ... Klegeris, A; Bissonnette, CJ; McGeer, PL (2003). "Reduction of human monocytic cell neurotoxicity and cytokine secretion by ... factor Trk receptors and prolactin receptors by endocannabinoids leads to inhibition of human breast and prostate cancer cell ...
*  Isabelle Dinoire
Dinoire was also given bone marrow cells to prevent rejection of the tissue. In 2009, Dinoire's doctors reported she was ...
*  Epigenetics
Adult stem cells like bone marrow stem cells have also shown a potential to differentiate into cardiac competent cells when ... "The histone methyltransferase inhibitor BIX01294 enhances the cardiac potential of bone marrow cells". Stem Cells Dev. 22: 654- ... In mammals, most cells terminally differentiate, with only stem cells retaining the ability to differentiate into several cell ... "Inhibition of G9a Histone Methyltransferase Converts Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells to Cardiac Competent Progenitors". stem ...
*  SLC14A2
1995). "Cloning and functional expression of a urea transporter from human bone marrow cells". J. Biol. Chem. 269 (50): 31649- ... In mammalian cells, urea is the chief end-product of nitrogen catabolism and plays an important role in the urinary ... J. Physiol., Cell Physiol. 287 (4): C1087-93. doi:10.1152/ajpcell.00363.2003. PMID 15189812. Damiano AE, Zotta E, Ibarra C ( ... Thus, the plasma membrane of erythrocytes and some renal epithelial cells exhibit an elevated urea permeability that is ...
*  SLC14A1
1995). "Cloning and functional expression of a urea transporter from human bone marrow cells". J. Biol. Chem. 269 (50): 31649- ... Cell. 6 (10): 1411-21. doi:10.1091/mbc.6.10.1411. PMC 301296 . PMID 8573795. Olivès B, Martial S, Mattei MG, et al. (1996). " ... Davey S, Beach D (1996). "RACH2, a novel human gene that complements a fission yeast cell cycle checkpoint mutation". Mol. Biol ... 2002). "Antigenic and functional properties of the human red blood cell urea transporter hUT-B1". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (37): ...
*  Firestone Institute for Respiratory Health
... of airway hyperresponsiveness and airway remodelling Trafficking and lung homing of bone-marrow derived hemopoietic stem cells ...
*  Sudan I
... there was an increase in micro-nucleated cells found in the bone marrow. The frequency of micro-nucleated bone marrow cells ... Furthermore, DNA damage was depicted in the stomach and liver cells of mice. In rats there was found to be no significant ... This supports the explanation that Sudan 1 is oxidized or activated by peroxidase in the blood cells and thereby forming micro- ... Moreover, Sultan I strongly induces CYP1A1 in rats and human cells in culture, due to activation of the cytosolic aryl ...