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*  Insulin analog
An insulin analog is an altered form of insulin, different from any occurring in nature, but still available to the human body ... However, some insulin analogues, such as insulin detemir, bind to albumin rather than fat like earlier insulin varieties, and ... distribution, metabolism, and excretion) characteristics. Officially, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) refers to ... Hexameric insulin delivered subcutaneously is not readily available for the body when insulin is needed in larger doses, such ...
*  Waist-hip ratio
"Effect of climacteric transition and hormone replacement therapy on body weight and body fat distribution". Gynecological ... These menopause-induced changes in body fat distribution can be counteracted with hormone replacement therapy. In contrast, ... body fat distribution, and hypertension in type 2 diabetes. The stress hormone cortisol is regulated by the hypothalamic- ... "Superiority of skinfold measurements and waist over waist-to-hip ratio for determination of body fat distribution in a ...
*  Obesogen
Björntorp P (September 1997). "Body fat distribution, insulin resistance, and metabolic diseases". Nutrition. 13 (9): 795-803. ... Certain researchers suggest that BPA actually decreases the fat cell count in the body, but at the same time increasing the ... Acting on insulin and leptin in the body, HFCS potentially increases appetite and fat production. Nicotine is the chemical ... A person's body composition is very much predetermined before birth and changes rarely occur in adulthood. Adipocyte numbers ...
*  Waist-to-height ratio
The WHtR is a measure of the distribution of body fat. Higher values of WHtR indicate higher risk of obesity-related ... Waist-hip ratio Body adiposity index Body volume index Body mass index Sagittal Abdominal Diameter (SAD) Body fat percentage ... stroke or death than the more widely used body mass index. However, a 2011 study that followed 60,000 participants for up to 13 ... Body water Allometric law Ponderal index Rohrer's index CM Lee, Huxley RR, Wildman RP, Woodward M (July 2008). "Indices of ...
*  Social determinants of obesity
Chiolero A, Faeh D, Paccaud F, Cornuz J (1 April 2008). "Consequences of smoking for body weight, body fat distribution, and ... and cultural values favoring a larger body size are believed to contribute to the observed patterns. Attitudes toward body mass ... In this article, researchers found that limiting or prohibiting a child's access to foods high in fat, sugar, and energy led to ... Endocrine changes that occur during periods of malnutrition may promote the storage of fat once more calories become available ...
*  Bra size
"Contribution of Breast Volume and Weight to Body Fat Distribution in Females". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 53 (1 ... The average breast weighs about 0.5 kilograms (1.1 lb). Each breast contributes to about 4-5% of the body fat.[citation needed ... To help women meet the perceived ideal female body shape, corset and girdle manufacturers used a calculation called hip spring ... especially when the body is in motion. According to Tyrer, "to get the most supportive and fitted bra it's infinitely better if ...
*  Cigarette smoking for weight loss
... body fat distribution, and insulin resistance". The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 87 (4): 801-9. PMID 18400700. Young ... New York: Grove Press, p.38 Chiolero, A; Faeh, D; Paccaud, F; Cornuz, J (Apr 2008). "Consequences of smoking for body weight, ... Within all racial groups, it was found that weight concerns and negative body perceptions were a significant factor in an ... style and body image. Moreover, the brand created rift in the market that differentiated between men's and women's cigarettes. ...
*  Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma
Tsai YS, Maeda N (2005). "PPARgamma: a critical determinant of body fat distribution in humans and mice". Trends Cardiovasc. ... PPARG knockout mice fail to generate adipose tissue when fed a high-fat diet. This gene encodes a member of the peroxisome ... The genes activated by PPARG stimulate lipid uptake and adipogenesis by fat cells. ... "Deletion of PPARγ in adipose tissues of mice protects against high fat diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance". Proc. Natl ...
*  Breast enlargement
"Contribution of breast volume and weight to body fat distribution in females". Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 53 (1): 93-100. doi: ... such as with breast implants or fat transfer. Hormonal breast enhancement, through experimental administration of hormonal ...
*  Asprosin
O'Neill B, Simha V, Kotha V, Garg A (2007). "Body fat distribution and metabolic variables in patients with neonatal progeroid ...
*  Obesity
Chiolero A, Faeh D, Paccaud F, Cornuz J (1 April 2008). "Consequences of smoking for body weight, body fat distribution, and ... BMI is closely related to both percentage body fat and total body fat. In children, a healthy weight varies with age and sex. ... Increases in body fat alter the body's response to insulin, potentially leading to insulin resistance. Increased fat also ... It is defined by body mass index (BMI) and further evaluated in terms of fat distribution via the waist-hip ratio and total ...
*  Marfanoid-progeroid-lipodystrophy syndrome
O'Neill B, Simha V, Kotha V, Garg A (2007). "Body fat distribution and metabolic variables in patients with neonatal progeroid ... Lizzie Velasquez weighs just four stone and has almost zero per cent body fat but she is not anorexic. [...] Despite consuming ... Normal amounts of subcutaneous fat are found in the torso over the chest and abdomen. As such, the breasts are normal in ... but this is not due to actual early aging and is instead due to their paucity of subcutaneous fat. As such, MPL is not truly a ...
*  Android fat distribution
... men showed greater body fat mass than women. Men showed a total body fat mass of 6.9 kg and women showed a total body fat mass ... Android fat distribution is contrasted with gynoid fat distribution; fat around the hips, thighs and bottom, causing a "pear- ... "Body fat distribution and insulin resistance". SAMJ. 95 (11): 878-880. PMID 16344887. Heitmann, BL (1991). "Body fat in the ... this distribution shifts towards the android pattern of fat distribution resulting in a 42.1% increase in android body fat ...
*  Joslin Diabetes Center
Evidence for a role of developmental genes in the origin of obesity and body fat distribution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 ... 2006: Joslin researchers find that specific genes can determine both obesity and body-fat distribution in humans. 2009: ... 1996: A molecular pathway (called NF-κB) is identified in fat and the liver that is activated by obesity (and a fatty diet) and ... Researchers in the lab of C. Ronald Kahn, MD discover that brown fat is present in some adults, providing a new target for the ...
*  GSTK1
"Polymorphism of DsbA-L gene associates with insulin secretion and body fat distribution in Chinese population". Endocrine ...
*  Genetics of obesity
Studies have identified variants in several genes that may contribute to weight gain and body fat distribution; although, only ... January 2009). "Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation". Nat. ... In people with early-onset severe obesity (defined by an onset before 10 years of age and body mass index over three standard ... Their ability to take advantage of rare periods of abundance by storing energy as fat would be advantageous during times of ...
*  TOPS Club
"Biology of Regional Body Fat Distribution: Relationship of to non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus". Findings in this study ... Its twofold objective is to sponsor research and foster support groups in human body weight control. Most members refer to the ... found those who spent three years in TOPS lost five to seven percent of their body weight and kept it off." TOPS also supports ...
*  Intermittent vacuum therapy
"Can alternating lower body negative and positive pressure during exercise alter regional body fat distribution or skin ... The IVT treatment device consists of a cylindrical space in which the lower body of a lying patient (up until the rips) is ... Blood volume is adapted to the change of pressure within the lower part of the body. The flow of oxygenized blood within the ... The treatment was developed on basis of the LBNPD-method of the NASA (lower body negative pressure device). In 1999, the ...
*  Danielle Reed
"Body fat distribution and organ weights of 14 common strains and a 22-strain consomic panel of rats". Physiology & Behavior. ... focusing on how rodent metabolism changes in response to short term exposure to high fat diets.[citation needed] As a ...
*  NEGR1
2009). "Novel Obesity Risk Loci Do Not Determine Distribution of Body Fat Depots: A Whole-body MRI/MRS study". Obesity (Silver ... January 2009). "Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation". Nat. ...
*  Tłı̨chǫ
Association with Age and a Centripetal Distribution of Body Fat". Human Biology; an International Record of Research. 55, no. 2 ... The Tłįchǫ will have their own legislative bodies in the area's four communities, of which the chiefs must be Tłįchǫ, though ...
*  AGPAT2
Simha V, Garg A (Nov 2003). "Phenotypic heterogeneity in body fat distribution in patients with congenital generalized ...
*  Sex reassignment therapy
HRT may, however, reverse some characteristics, such as distribution of body fat and muscle, as well as menstruation in trans ... SRS may encompass any surgical procedures which will reshape a male body into a body with a female appearance or vice versa, or ... "have the lifelong advantage of a body that matches their gender identities without the irreversible body changes of a low voice ... improving body image; or promoting resilience" is a treatment option. For trans people, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) ...
*  Cardiovascular disease
Among men and women, there are notable differences in body weight, height, body fat distribution, heart rate, stroke volume, ... Statin treament reduces cardiovascular mortality by about 31%. Decrease body fat if overweight or obese. The effect of weight ... High trans-fat intake has adverse effects on blood lipids and circulating inflammatory markers, and elimination of trans-fat ... High dietary intakes of saturated fat, trans-fats and salt, and low intake of fruits, vegetables and fish are linked to ...
*  Chromium(III) picolinate
Glucose intolerance is a gradient and the intensity is affected by ethnicity, degree of obesity, age, distribution of body fat ... helps the body to metabolize carbohydrates and helps the body to metabolize fats. Preuss, H. G.; Echard, B.; Perricone, N. V.; ... The study also observed no effect on body weight or serum lipid levels. In a review of these trials it was again concluded that ... Administered Cr3+ can be found in all tissues ranging from 10-100 μg/kg body weight. It is excreted primarily in the urine (80 ...
*  United States presidential election, 1924
Radical labor leaders constituted the main body of the congregation. It was the dream of the Progressives that they might ... The similarities in the distribution are striking. The inroads of the La Follette candidacy upon the Democratic Party were in ... the regular channels dictated by propriety and consulted directly with his own appointees in the capital to obtain a fat refund ... This candidacy, like that of Roosevelt in 1912, altered the distribution of the vote throughout the country and particularly in ...
*  Physical fitness
Individuals who keep up physical fitness levels generally regulate their distribution of body fat and stay away from obesity. ... Strength training has been known to increase the amount of muscle in the body, however it can also reduce body fat. Sex steroid ... Prior to and during menopause as the female body changes there can be physical, physiological or internal changes to the body. ... Abdominal fat, specifically visceral fat, is most directly affected by engaging in aerobic exercise. ...