*  Intravascular volume status
Retrieved on July 2, 2009 Feldschuh, J; Enson, Y (1977). "Prediction of Normal Blood Volume: Relation of blood volume to body ... a semi-automated blood volume analyzer device that has FDA approval, determines the status of a patient's blood volume based on ... high blood volume) include: an elevated Jugular venous pressure (JVP) For the clinical assessment of Intravascular Blood Volume ... intravascular volume status refers to the volume of blood in a patient's circulatory system, and is essentially the blood ...
*  Blood volume
... with females generally having less blood volume than males. Blood volume is regulated by the kidneys. Blood volume (BV) can be ... Blood volume is the volume of blood (both red blood cells and plasma) in the circulatory system of any individual. A typical ... Clinically, the unknown volume is the patient's blood volume, with the tracer having been injected into the patient's blood ... It is able to report Total Blood Volume (TBV), Plasma Volume (PV) and Red Cell Volume (RCV) using the indicator dilution ...
*  Central blood volume
The central blood volume (CBV) is the combined volume of blood in the heart cavities, lungs and central arterial tree. CBV is ...
*  Effective arterial blood volume
... (EABV) refers to the adequacy of the arterial blood volume to "fill" the capacity of the ... EABV can be reduced, therefore, by factors which reduce actual arterial blood volume (hemorrhage, dehydration), increase ... or high actual blood volume. Whenever EABV falls, the kidney is triggered to retain sodium and water. In cases of edema, ...
*  Gamma counter
Williams, Scott (3 April 2002). "Blood Volume Determination". auntminnie.com. Retrieved 15 September 2016. Lombardi, Max H ( ...
*  Physiology of decompression
and dehydration (blood volume). Individual susceptibility to decompression sickness has components which can be attributed to a ... Perfusion is the mass flow of blood through the tissues. Dissolved materials are transported in the blood much faster than they ... A similar situation occurs between the blood and each tissue. As the concentration in the blood drops below the concentration ... Intravascular bubbles cause clumping of red blood cells, platelets are used up, white blood cells activated, vascular ...
*  Decompression theory
and dehydration (blood volume). Individual susceptibility to decompression sickness has components which can be attributed to a ... The critical-volume criterion assumes that whenever the total volume of gas phase accumulated in the tissues exceeds a critical ... or may block a blood vessel, cutting off blood flow and causing hypoxia in the tissues normally perfused by the vessel. Bubbles ... Blood flow to the muscles is also lower in cold water, but exercise keeps the muscle warm and flow elevated even when the skin ...
*  Blood pool agent
... measuring tissue blood volume and perfusion; and detection of endovascular leaks (such as following stent-graft repair of an ... Blood pool agents (BPAs) are a class of magnetic resonance angiography contrast agents. Blood pool agents (also known as ... Blood Pool Agents Geraldes CF, Laurent S, Classification and basic properties of contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging ... Due to their extended time in the circulatory system, blood pool agents can be used for delayed steady-state imaging, and ...
*  Micro-g environment
... of circulating blood volume. In the micro-g environment, the newly sensed excess blood volume is adjusted by expelling excess ... A weakened heart can result in low blood volume, low blood pressure and effect the body's ability to send oxygen to the brain ... The decrease in cardiac filling pressure and stroke volume during the orthostatic stress due to a decreased blood volume is ... venous blood will rush to the right atrium because the force of gravity is no longer pulling the blood down into the vessels of ...
*  Lung
The blood volume of the lungs, is about 450 millilitres on average, about 9 per cent of the total blood volume of the entire ... p. Blood volume of the lungs (p. 478). ISBN 978-1-4557-1194-9. Levitzky, Michael G. (2013). Pulmonary physiology (Eighth ed.). ... The volume of air inhaled and exhaled by a person at rest is the tidal volume (normally 500-750mL); the inspiratory reserve ... Since the blood gases in the alveolar capillaries equilibrate with those in the alveolar air, the arterial blood that is spread ...
*  Pathophysiology of heart failure
This increases the blood volume and blood pressure. Heart failure also limits the kidneys' ability to dispose of sodium and ... The increased peripheral resistance and greater blood volume place further strain on the heart and accelerates the process of ... A reduced stroke volume may occur as a result of a failure of systole, diastole or both. Increased end systolic volume is ... This increase in volume or pressure backs up to the left atrium and then to the pulmonary veins. Increased volume or pressure ...
*  Hypovolemia
... decrease in volume of blood plasma. It is thus the intravascular component of volume contraction (or loss of blood volume due ... of volume, 15-30% of volume, 30-40% of volume and above 40% of volume) mimic the scores in a game of tennis: 15, 15-30, 30-40 ... full blood count, glucose, blood type and screen Central venous catheter or blood pressure Arterial line or arterial blood ... Children will typically compensate (maintain blood pressure despite loss of blood volume) for a longer period than adults, but ...
*  Reabsorption
8. As blood volume increases, pressure also increases. Transepithelial potential difference driving reabsorption. ... Renin-angiotensin system: 1. The kidneys sense low blood pressure. 2. Release renin into the blood. 3. Renin causes production ... This happens as a result of sodium transport from the lumen into the blood by the Na+/K+ATPase in the basolateral membrane of ... and returns them to the circulating blood. It is called reabsorption (and not absorption) both because these substances have ...
*  White matter
"Cerebral Blood Flow, Blood Volume and Oxygen Utilization". Brain. 113: 27-47. doi:10.1093/brain/113.1.27. PMID 2302536. Marner ... blood. The other main component of the brain is grey matter (actually pinkish tan due to blood capillaries), which is composed ... Men have more white matter than females both in volume and in length of myelinated axons. At the age of 20, the total length of ... A 2009 paper by Jan Scholz and colleagues used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to demonstrate changes in white matter volume as ...
*  Calciseptine
Horses are used because of the large blood volume. The final antivenom product expires after 5 years and needs to ... Calciseptine relaxes precontracted rat (thoracic) aorta and decreases blood pressure drastically. The decrease in blood ... Because of their activity as a relaxant, they can relax smooth muscles surrounding blood vessels, thus widening them and ... These antibodies are collected and purified from the blood and then packaged in mostly a liquid form. ...
*  Amlodipine
... pathway to increase blood pressure. Hydrochlorothiazide is a diuretic and decreases overall blood volume. Amlodipine/benazepril ... Although rare, amlodipine overdose toxicity can result in widening of blood vessels, severe low blood pressure, and fast heart ... Serious side effects may include low blood pressure or a heart attack. It is unclear if use is safe during pregnancy or ... Amlodipine, sold under the brand name Norvasc among others, is a medication used to treat high blood pressure and coronary ...
*  Eplerenone
This helps to increase blood volume and regulate blood pressure. It has 10- to 20-fold lower affinity for the MR relative to ... Eplerenone effectively reduces blood pressure compared to agents such as spironolactone, enalapril, losartan and amlodipine, ... In an 8-week trial with 417 patients with mild to moderate hypertension, eplerenone decreased systolic and diastolic blood ... The drug controls high blood pressure by binding the aldosterone hormone to the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) in epithelial ...
*  11-Deoxycorticosterone
Sodium, and therefore blood volume, is difficult to regulate internally. That is, when a large dose of sodium threatens the ... The red cells would have been possible, but that would not change the blood volume. Potassium, on the other hand, can be moved ... "Evidence for a humoral factor modifying the renal response to blood volume expansion in the rat". Canadian Journal of ... Angiotensin (the blood pressure hormone) has little effect on DOC, but DOC causes a rapid fall in renin, and therefore ...
*  Tektite habitat
Johnson PC, Driscoll TB, Fischer CL (April 1971). "Blood volume changes in divers of Tektite I". Aerosp Med. 42 (4): 423-6. ... Topics investigated would include: biology (blood changes, sleep patterns, oxygen toxicity), decompression and decompression ... blood changes and general program conclusions. Tektite III (Project Tektite) was a wholly owned and operated California 501 C(3 ...
*  Complement component 2
Lutsenko SM, Kharchenko VG, Bachurin VI, Lomakin MM (Feb 1976). "[Circulating blood volume and regional hemodynamics in acute ...
*  Tsang-gi Ni
Blood Volume (Haemoglobin, Oxygen Capacity, Relative Volume and Total Solids). Chinese Journal of Physiology, 1927, Vol. I, No ... Changes in the Blood Constituents Accompanying Gastric Secretion. I. Chloride. Am. J. Physiol., 75:475-86, 1926) Ni, Tsang-gi ... 23; 71 (3):331-9 Ni, Tsang-G. Does Muscular Contraction Affect the Local Blood Supply in the Absence of Lactic Acid Formation? ... 2, P 109-212 Ni, Tsang-gi and Liu, An-ch'ang, Changes in the Blood Constituents Accompanying Gastric Secretion. III CO2. ...
*  Hypocalciuria
Role of Blood Volume". American Journal of Kidney Diseases. 49 (5): 693-700. doi:10.1053/j.ajkd.2007.02.267. PMID 17472852. ...
*  Esophageal varices
Blood volume resuscitation should be done promptly and with caution. The goal should be hemodynamic stability and hemoglobin of ... Resuscitation of all lost blood leads to increase in portal pressure leading to more bleeding. Volume resuscitation can also ... In emergency situations, care is directed at stopping blood loss, maintaining plasma volume, correcting disorders in ... The small blood vessels in these areas become distended, becoming more thin-walled, and appear as varicosities. In situations ...
*  Pyloric stenosis
A secondary hyperaldosteronism develops due to the decreased blood volume. The high aldosterone levels causes the kidneys to ... Blood tests will reveal low blood levels of potassium and chloride in association with an increased blood pH and high blood ... Caucasian male babies with blood type B or O are more likely than other types to be affected. Infants exposed to erythromycin ... The chloride loss results in a low blood chloride level which impairs the kidney's ability to excrete bicarbonate. This is the ...
*  Paul N. Yu
Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, Volumes 1 - 16, 1972 - 1988 (Yearly). "Pulmonary blood volume in health and disease," by Paul N. ... co-editor of the 16-volume Progress in Cardiology and author of the textbook Pulmonary Blood Volume in Health and Disease. The ...
*  Pheasant
Blood pheasant (genus Ithaginis) Blood pheasant (I. cruentus) Koklass (genus Pucrasia) Koklass pheasant (P. macrolopha) ... 1st edition in 4 volumes: H. F. Witherby, London. Reprint: 1990, Dover Publications.(4 volumes bound as 2). ISBN 0-486-26579-X ... Single volume edition: New York Zoological Society, 1936.) Green-Armytage, Stephen. 2002. Extraordinary Pheasants.Harry N. ...
*  Dopexamine
It should not be used in people with reduced blood volume. Safety in pregnant women has not been established. Very common ( ... It also should not be used in people with severe low blood pressure or reduced systemic vascular resistance. It should be used ... Common (between 1% and 10%) adverse effects include tremor, headache, transient low blood pressure, vomiting, increased ... These activities increase cardiac output and increase blood flow to peripheral vascular beds. It is not an α-adrenergic agonist ...