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*  Blood-retinal barrier
Blood-air barrier Blood-brain barrier Blood-ocular barrier Blood-testis barrier Blood-thymus barrier Biologyonline.org. Blood- ... The blood retinal barrier has two components: the retinal vascular endothelium and the retinal pigment epithelium. Retinal ... The blood-retinal barrier, or the BRB, is part of the blood-ocular barrier that consists of cells that are joined tightly ... retinal barrier. Retrieved on July 19, 2007. Vinores, SA (1995). "Assessment of blood-retinal barrier integrity". Histology and ...
*  Vascular endothelial growth factor
2001). "VEGF-initiated blood-retinal barrier breakdown in early diabetes". Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 42: 2408-2413. Vascular ... VEGF's normal function is to create new blood vessels during embryonic development, new blood vessels after injury, muscle ... VEGFxxx may then cause the creation of new blood vessels in the retina and elsewhere in the eye, heralding changes that may ... Solid cancers cannot grow beyond a limited size without an adequate blood supply; cancers that can express VEGF are able to ...
*  Kim Kyu-won
12th International Symposium Signaling at Blood Brain and Blood Retinal Barrier, Invited lecturer, United Kingdom (2009) The ... "AKAP12 regulates human blood-retinal barrier formation by downregulation of HIF-1a". Journal of Neuroscience. 27: 4472-4481. ... "SSeCKS regulates angiogenesis and tight junction formation in blood-brain barrier". Nature Medicine. 9: 900-906. doi:10.1038/ ... Seoul Brain Barrier Symposium, Organizer, South Korea (2012) Myoung Sook Kim; Ho Jeong Kwon; You Mie Lee; Jin Hyen Baek; Jae- ...
*  Hyperbaric medicine
Chang YH, Chen PL, Tai MC, Chen CH, Lu DW, Chen JT (Aug 2006). "Hyperbaric oxygen therapy ameliorates the blood-retinal barrier ... HBO treatment of individuals who have cancer presents a problem, since HBO both increases blood flow via angiogenesis and also ... Because the hemoglobin of the red blood cells is almost saturated with oxygen at atmospheric pressure, this route of transport ... At normal atmospheric pressure, oxygen transport is limited by the oxygen binding capacity of hemoglobin in red blood cells and ...
*  MMP3
"Matrix metalloproteinases in early diabetic retinopathy and their role in alteration of the blood-retinal barrier". Laboratory ... The increase in blood-brain barrier and blood-spinal cord barrier permeability allows for more neutrophils to infiltrate the ... MMP-3 also does damage to the blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB), the functional equivalent of the blood-brain barrier, after ... Lee JY, Choi HY, Ahn HJ, Ju BG, Yune TY (Nov 2014). "Matrix metalloproteinase-3 promotes early blood-spinal cord barrier ...
*  Muller glia
Something More than a Constituent of the Blood-Retinal Barrier-Implications for the Pathogenesis of Diabetic Retinopathy". ... They are the only retinal glial cell that shares a common cell lineage with retinal neurons. However, a subset of Müller glia ... Damage to retinal cells results in Müller cells to undergo gliosis. The result of the response varies depending on the damage ... They are to be critical to the development of the retina in mice, serving as promoters of retinal growth and histogenesis via a ...
*  Vitreous body
"The Retinal Pigment Epithelium: Something More than a Constituent of the Blood-Retinal Barrier?Implications for the ... Closely applied to retinal internal limiting membrane. Firm attachment sites: Along blood vessels and at sites of retinal ... Therefore, if blood, cells or other byproducts of inflammation get into the vitreous, they will remain there unless removed ... The vitreous humour contains no blood vessels, and 98-99% of its volume is water (as opposed to only 75% in the cornea). In ...
*  Coomassie Brilliant Blue
... clinical relevance and in vitro analysis of the function of the outer blood-retinal barrier". Developments in Ophthalmology. ... Under the trade name Brilliant Peel, Brilliant Blue G is used as a stain to assist surgeons in retinal surgery. Through a study ...
*  Retinopathy of prematurity
... model of human ROP has shown that beta-blockade is protective against retinal angiogenesis and ameliorate blood-retinal barrier ... It is thought to be caused by disorganized growth of retinal blood vessels which may result in scarring and retinal detachment ... The stage of ROP refers to the character of the leading edge of growing retinal blood vessels (at the vascular-avascular border ... Examination of the retina of a premature infant is performed to determine how far the retinal blood vessels have grown (the ...
*  List of MeSH codes (A09)
... retinal ganglion cells MeSH A09.371.729.775 --- retinal horizontal cells MeSH A09.371.894.030 --- blood-aqueous barrier MeSH ... blood-retinal barrier MeSH A09.371.729.313 --- fundus oculi MeSH A09.371.729.522 --- macula lutea MeSH A09.371.729.522.436 --- ...
*  Blood-brain barrier
Blood-air barrier Blood-ocular barrier Blood-retinal barrier Blood-testis barrier Blood-thymus barrier Choroid plexus for blood ... The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a highly selective semipermeable membrane barrier that separates the circulating blood from ... "History of Blood-Brain Barrier". Davis Lab. Retrieved 5 January 2015. "History of Blood-Brain Barrier". The Davis Lab. ... A few regions in the brain, including the circumventricular organs, do not have a blood-brain barrier. The blood-brain barrier ...
*  Retinal pigment epithelium
Epithelial transport: As mentioned above, RPE compose the blood-retinal barrier, the epithelia has tight junctions between the ... First, it represents a mechanical and tight barrier which separates the inner space of the eye from the blood stream. Second, ... This comes not directly from the visual cycle but from several retinal pools of retinal binding proteins which are connected to ... This is important for the immune privilege (not only as barrier, but with signalling process as well) of eyes, a highly ...
*  Intraocular lymphoma
... the brain sits behind the blood-brain barrier and the retina sits behind the blood-retinal barrier) and so do not normally have ... PIOL affects the sub-retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), can invade into the retina, the vitreous, and the optic nerve. ...
*  Cerebroretinal microangiopathy with calcifications and cysts
By analogy to Coats disease, the exudative retinopathy is thought to result from breakdown of the blood-retinal barrier at the ... If not treated, the retinal detachment can lead to ischemia and growth of new blood vessels over the iris and anterior chamber ... Laser coagulation or cryoablation (freezing) of the retina can be used to destroy the abnormal blood vessels. Retinal ... Characteristically, the abnormal vessels are localized and the retinal blood vessels peripheral to the abnormal ones seemingly ...
*  Retrometabolic drug design
... including those that cannot cross the blood-brain barrier or the blood-retinal barrier on their own. Within this approach, ... "Comparative physiology of the blood-brain barrier". In Suckling, A.J.; Rumsby, M.G.; Bradbury, M.W.B. The Blood-Brain Barrier ... "Quantitation of blood-brain barrier permeability". In Neuwelt, E.A. Implications of the Blood-Brain Barrier and its ... Blood-Brain Barrier in Psychology and Medicine. Raven Press, New York. Bradbury, M. (1979). The Concept of a Blood-Brain ...
*  Macular telangiectasia
... and stabilization of the blood retinal barrier were reported anecdotally in the management of macular telangiectasia type 1. In ... refractile deposits in the superficial retinal layers-may be seen within the affected area.a focal area of diminished retinal ... it has been speculated that chronic venous congestion caused by obstruction of the retinal veins as they cross retinal arteries ... either due to intra-retinal edema and serous retinal detachment (Type 1) or pigmented RPE scar formation or neovascularisation ...
*  Coats' disease
... disease is thought to result from breakdown of the blood-retinal barrier in the endothelial cell, resulting in leakage of blood ... Just as the red-eye effect is caused by a reflection off blood vessels in the back of a normal eye, an eye affected by Coats' ... Blood leaks from the abnormal vessels into the back of the eye, leaving behind cholesterol deposits and damaging the retina. ... However, once total retinal detachment occurs, sight loss is permanent in most cases. Removal of the eye (enucleation) is an ...
*  Diabetic retinopathy
... dysfunction of the blood-retinal barrier, which protects the retina from many substances in the blood (including toxins and ... Narrowing or blocked retinal blood vessels can be seen clearly and this is called retinal ischemia (lack of blood flow). ... leading to the leaking of blood constituents into the retinal neuropile. Later, the basement membrane of the retinal blood ... Small blood vessels - such as those in the eye - are especially vulnerable to poor blood sugar (blood glucose) control. An ...
*  Retina
Tight junctions that form the blood retinal barrier separate the subretinal space from the blood supply, thus protecting it ... Retinal diseases in dogs include retinal dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, and sudden acquired retinal degeneration. ... The layer of retinal blood vessels (in mammals, birds have none) can indeed cause some light loss because the network of blood ... of the blood to the retina and the retinal vasculature only 25%. When light strikes 11-cis-retinal (in the disks in the rods ...
*  Blood-thymus barrier
Blood-air barrier Blood-brain barrier Blood-ocular barrier Blood-retinal barrier Blood-testis barrier. ... The blood-thymus barrier regulates exchange of substances between the circulatory system and thymus, providing a sequestered ... The barrier is formed by the continuous blood capillaries in the thymic cortex, reinforced by epithelial reticular cells and ... The barrier also prevents the immature T cells from contacting foreign antigens (since contact with antigens at this stage will ...
*  Blood-testis barrier
Blood-air barrier Blood-brain barrier Blood-ocular barrier Blood-retinal barrier Blood-thymus barrier Spermatogenesis Ganong. ... The name "blood-testis barrier" is misleading in that it is not a blood-organ barrier in a strict sense, but is formed between ... The blood-testis barrier is a physical barrier between the blood vessels and the seminiferous tubules of the animal testes. ... This composition is maintained by blood-testis barrier. The barrier also protects the germ cells from blood-borne noxious ...
*  Blood-ocular barrier
Blood-air barrier Blood-brain barrier Blood-retinal barrier Blood-testis barrier Blood-thymus barrier Peiffer, Robert L.; ... Blood-retinal barrier: non-fenestrated capillaries of the retinal circulation and tight-junctions between retinal epithelial ... The blood-ocular barrier is a barrier created by endothelium of capillaries of the retina and iris, ciliary epithelium and ... As the inflammation subsides, this barrier usually returns. It consists of the following components: Blood-aqueous barrier: the ...
*  Blood-air barrier
... diving portal Blood-brain barrier Blood-ocular barrier Blood-retinal barrier Blood-testis barrier Blood-thymus barrier ... The blood-air barrier (alveolar-capillary barrier or membrane) exists in the gas exchanging region of the lungs. It exists to ... The barrier is permeable to molecular oxygen, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and many other gases. This blood gas barrier is ... Possible consequences of rupture of the blood-air barrier include arterial gas embolism and hemoptysis. Failure of the barrier ...
*  Blood barrier
Blood-air barrier Blood-brain barrier Blood-ocular barrier Blood-retinal barrier Blood-testis barrier Blood-thymus barrier ...
*  Melatonin
... is an antioxidant that can easily cross cell membranes and the blood-brain barrier. This antioxidant is a direct ... Light/dark information reaches the suprachiasmatic nuclei from retinal photosensitive ganglion cells of the eyes rather than ... a small endocrine gland located in the center of the brain but outside the blood-brain barrier. ... Immediate-release formulations cause blood levels of melatonin to reach their peak in about an hour. The hormone may be ...