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*  Glucose tolerance test
The glucose tolerance test is a medical test in which glucose is given and blood samples taken afterward to determine how ... Blood plasma glucose between 7.8 mmol/L (140 mg/dL) and 11.1 mmol/L (200 mg/dL) indicate "impaired glucose tolerance", and ... If it results in a blood glucose level of more than 7.8 mmol/L (140 mg/dL), it is followed by a 100 gram glucose dose. The ... Blood is drawn at intervals for measurement of glucose (blood sugar), and sometimes insulin levels. The intervals and number of ...
*  Neuroglycopenia
Adjustment of efficiency of transfer of glucose from blood across the blood-brain barrier into the central nervous system ... brain glucose transport system has been described in which severe neuroglycopenic effects occurred despite normal blood glucose ... Levels of glucose within the central nervous system are normally lower than the blood, regulated by an incompletely understood ... Low levels of glucose were discovered in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), a condition referred to as hypoglycorrhachia [or ...
*  Postprandial glucose test
... and blood vessels. A 2-hour postprandial blood glucose test ("2 hour p.c. blood glucose test", etc.) measures blood glucose ... A postprandial glucose test is a blood glucose test that determines the amount of a type of sugar, called glucose, in the blood ... Glucose levels in a blood sample taken from the vein (called a blood plasma value) may differ a little from glucose levels ... which causes their blood glucose to remain elevated. Blood glucose levels that remain high over time can damage the eyes, ...
*  Insulin index
... but rather than relying on blood glucose levels, the Insulin Index is based upon blood insulin levels. The Insulin Index ... The Insulin Index of a food represents how much it elevates the concentration of insulin in the blood during the two-hour ... Glucose (glycemic) and insulin scores were determined by feeding 1000 kilojoules (239 kilocalories) of the food to the ... have noted that the glucose and insulin scores of most foods are highly correlated, but high-protein foods and bakery products ...
*  Idiopathic hypoglycemia
... is, literally, a medical condition in which the glucose level in the blood (blood glucose) is ...
*  Ketotic hypoglycemia
Ketones can be used by the brain as an alternate fuel when glucose is scarce. A high level of ketones in the blood, ketosis, is ... Ketotic hypoglycemia is a medical term used in two ways: (1) broadly, to refer to any circumstance in which low blood glucose ... If severe, parents usually take the child to a local emergency department, where blood is drawn. The glucose is usually found ... Normally, the defensive, physiological response to a falling blood glucose is reduction of insulin secretion to undetectable ...
*  Noninvasive glucose monitor
... ing refers to the measurement of blood glucose levels (required by people with diabetes to prevent ... Non-invasive blood glucose monitoring using near-infrared spectroscopy, by M. Ahmad, A. M. Kamboh, and A. Khan, EDN, 2013. Chi- ... Approaches that have been tried include near infrared spectroscopy (measuring glucose through the skin using light of slightly ... As of 2014[update], nonregarding the severe shortcomings mentioned above, at least one noninvasive glucose meter was being ...
*  Outline of diabetes
Diabetes mellitus type 2 - metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood glucose in the context of insulin resistance ... The resultant high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) ... Like type 1 and type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes causes blood sugar levels to become too high.It involves an increased ... group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin ...
*  Diabetes Control and Complications Trial
This study examined whether intensive treatment with the goal of maintaining blood glucose concentrations close to the normal ... The intensive therapy group frequently monitored blood glucose levels and received at least three daily insulin injections; a ... Non-diabetics have much tighter control of their blood sugar levels than diabetics, as the normal pancreas can react to blood ... or continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion combined with lower blood glucose targets and lower HbA1C goals. Prior to the DCCT ...
*  Glucagon rescue
Glucagon will facilitate the release of stored glucose back into the bloodstream, raising the blood glucose level. Rescue has ... an insulin user should treat it immediately by consuming carbohydrate to restore blood glucose to safe levels (thereby ... In the past, treatment consisted of intravenous delivery of dextrose (glucose) usually in the emergency room; however, the ... a comparison of intramuscular glucagon and intravenous glucose". Prehospital and disaster medicine. 13 (2-4): 44-50. PMID ...
*  JDRF
An automated low-glucose suspend artificial pancreas system, which predicts and prevents severe blood-glucose lows; • A treat- ... continuous glucose monitors (CGM's) and insulin pumps - via a computerized program that would use blood glucose levels obtained ... It would also contain a mechanism known as a "low-glucose suspend" whereby a CGM detecting low or sinking blood sugars would ... The use of existing type 2 diabetes drugs to improve blood glucose control in people with T1D compared to the use of insulin ...
*  Insulin analog
Numerous studies have concluded that any increase in testing of blood glucose levels is likely to yield improvements in ... such as testing blood glucose levels more frequently, for example), which leads to bias in the study results, rendering the ... Unmodified human and porcine insulins tend to complex with zinc in the blood, forming hexamers. Insulin in the form of a ... Glucose Control - Lantus receives FDA approval for flexible administration Analog Insulin. ...
*  Neonatal hypoglycemia
The lowest blood sugars occur one to two hours after birth. After this time, lactose begins to be available through the breast ... In addition, gluconeogenesis occurs when the kidneys and liver convert fats into glucose. Those infants that have an increased ... Neonatal hypoglycemia is a transient or temporary condition of decreased blood sugar or hypoglycemia in a neonate. Temporary ... discordant twin erythroblastosis fetalis polycythemia microphallus or midline defect respiratory disease maternal glucose IV ...
*  Stress hyperglycemia
Blood glucose can be assessed either by a bedside 'fingerstick' glucose meter or plasma glucose as performed in a laboratory ( ... The blood glucose usually returns to normal within hours unless predisposing drugs and intravenous glucose are continued. ... It is often discovered when routine blood chemistry measurements in an ill patient reveal an elevated blood glucose. ... target blood sugar range of 4.5 to 6.0 mmol/L while those placed in the conventional glucose control group had a blood glucose ...
*  Intensive insulin therapy
Basal insulin: the insulin that controls blood glucose levels between meals and overnight. It controls glucose in the fasting ... Intensive/flexible insulin therapy requires frequent blood glucose checking. To achieve the best balance of blood sugar with ... a patient must check his or her glucose level with a meter monitoring of blood glucose several times a day. This allows ... Over the last two decades, the evidence that better glycemic control (i.e., keeping blood glucose and HbA1c levels as close to ...
*  OneTouch Ultra
... Blood Glucose Meters provide blood glucose test results in 5 seconds, offer alternative test site options, and ... OneTouch Ultra is a blood glucose monitoring device for people with diabetes and is the foundation product for LifeScan's ... OneTouch Ultra Family of blood glucose monitoring systems. ...
*  Lifestyle causes of diabetes mellitus type 2
... releases signalling molecules directly into blood heading into the liver where glucose is absorbed and processed, while ... Gene expression promoted by a diet of fat and glucose, as well as high levels of inflammation related cytokines found in the ...
*  Clarke Error Grid
... in 1987 to quantify clinical accuracy of patient estimates of their current blood glucose as compared to the blood glucose ... for determining the accuracy of blood glucose meters. The grid breaks down a scatterplot of a reference glucose meter and an ... It was then used to quantify the clinical accuracy of blood glucose estimates generated by meters as compared to a reference ... Evaluating clinical accuracy of systems for self-monitoring of blood glucose. Diabetes Care 10:622-628,1987 http://care. ...
*  Blood glucose monitoring
A blood glucose meter is an electronic device for measuring the blood glucose level. A relatively small drop of blood is placed ... Blood glucose monitoring is a way of testing the concentration of glucose in the blood (glycemia). Particularly important in ... Blood glucose monitoring reveals individual patterns of blood glucose changes, and helps in the planning of meals, activities, ... Some new technologies to monitor blood glucose levels will not require access to blood to read the glucose level. Non-invasive ...
*  Hangover
"Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Glucose)". diabetes.org. American Diabetes Association. Retrieved 14 March 2015. Kim DJ, Kim W, Yoon SJ ... Studies show that alcohol hangover is associated with a decrease in blood glucose concentration (less than 70 ml/dl), but the ... Vitamin B6: No effects on alcohol metabolism, peak blood alcohol and glucose concentrations have been found and psychomotor ... Fructose and glucose: Glucose and fructose significantly inhibit the metabolic changes produced by alcohol intoxication, ...
*  Acute pancreatitis
55 years white blood cell count > 16000 cells/mm3 blood glucose > 11.1 mmol/L (> 200 mg/dL) serum AST > 250 IU/L serum LDH > ... Blood investigations - Full blood count, renal function tests, liver function, serum calcium, serum amylase and lipase, ... Blood studies are used to identify organ failure, offer prognostic information, determine if fluid resuscitation is adequate, ... The rate of fluid resuscitation should be adjusted based on clinical assessment, hematocrit and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) ...
*  Nutrition
This may help lower blood glucose levels because it can slow the absorption of sugar. Additionally, fiber, perhaps especially ... elevated blood sugar, elevated blood pressure, elevated blood triglycerides, and reduced HDL cholesterol. The negative effect ... Benton D, Sargent J (July 1992). "Breakfast, blood glucose and memory". Biol Psychol. 33 (2-3): 207-10. doi:10.1016/0301-0511( ... Traditionally, simple carbohydrates are believed to be absorbed quickly, and therefore to raise blood-glucose levels more ...
*  Ranson criteria
John Ranson (1938-1995). At admission: Age in years > 55 years WBC count > 16000 cells/mm3 Blood glucose > 11 mmol/L (> 200 mg/ ... Stands for Glucose, Age, LDH, AST and WBC; Calcium, Hematocrit, Oxygen, BUN, Base, Sequestration. Alternatively, pancreatitis ...
*  Insulin pump
... a missed blood glucose test, a new blood glucose test 15 minutes after a low blood glucose test, etc. The alarms are customized ... integration with blood glucose meters: Blood glucose data can be manually entered into the pump to support the bolus wizard for ... The DANA Diabecare IISG insulin pump has a blood glucose meter in it. After a blood glucose check with the integrated ... On waking, they would test their blood glucose level periodically until lunch. Changes in blood glucose level are compensated ...
*  Eating disorders and memory
Benton, D., & Sargent, J. (1992). Breakfast, blood glucose and memory. Biological Psychology, 33(2-3), 207-210. Bryan, J., & ... Glucose is the preferred energy source for the brain, accounting for 25% of the body's glucose consumption, despite being only ... Studies have indicated the importance of glucose on memory, showing that reduced levels of glucose in the brain impair an ... The reduced blood flow in the limbic system of individuals with AN is what mostly accounts for their impairment in cognitive ...
*  Avid Radiopharmaceuticals
... would cross the blood-brain barrier and attach itself to amyloid protein deposits in the brain. Avid raised $500,000 from ... magnetic resonance imaging scans looking for brain shrinkage and PET scans looking at how glucose was used in the brain, had ...
*  Human nutrition
The spike in blood glucose levels after ingestion of simple sugars is thought to be related to some of the heart and vascular ... to glucose and can be used for energy production just as ordinary glucose. By breaking down existing protein, some glucose can ... elevated blood sugar, elevated blood pressure, elevated blood triglycerides, and reduced HDL cholesterol.[medical citation ... Benton, David; Sargent, Julia (1992). "Breakfast, blood glucose and memory". Biological Psychology. 33 (2-3): 207-10. doi: ...