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*  Hollis E. Roberts
A major component of this new constitution was the removal of blood quantum for tribal membership, which effectively increased ... From these convictions (leading to an eleven-year prison sentence and removal from office), to his then-extravagant $120,000 ... The new constitution did not come without controversy; while there was no minimum blood quantum for tribal membership, there ... was an enforced blood quantum of ¼ to be elected to tribal office. Additionally, women were given the right to vote with the ...
*  PLEX
... the removal and return of (components of) blood plasma to blood circulation Prairie Lindy Exchange, various lindy exchanges in ...
*  Leukoreduction
... is the removal of white blood cells (or leukocytes) from the blood or blood components supplied for blood ... of red blood cells from a processed unit of Red Blood Cells. Because blood from persons who possess the sickle cell mutation is ... defined as the routine application of this blood-processing step to all units of whole blood, red blood cells, and platelets ... After the removal of the leukocytes, the blood product is said to be leukoreduced. It is theorized that transfusions that ...
*  Plasmapheresis
... and return or exchange of blood plasma or components thereof from and to the blood circulation. It is thus an extracorporeal ... Other uses are the removal of blood proteins where these are overly abundant and cause hyperviscosity syndrome. Examples of ... In such a plasma donation procedure, blood is removed from the body, blood cells and plasma are separated, and the blood cells ... Citrate binds to calcium in the blood, calcium being essential for blood to clot. Citrate is very effective in preventing blood ...
*  Autoimmune retinopathy
... blood cells and plasma. The blood plasma components, such as the antibodies, are treated outside of the body. After removal of ... Corticosteroids cause white blood cell death, lowering their numbers throughout the body. They also cause white blood cells to ... Examination of the fundus (inner surface of eye) can show no results or it can show narrowing of the blood vessels, abnormal ... Instead of treating the plasma and blood cells, they are replaced with a healthy donor mixture. Patients who respond positively ...
*  Apolipoprotein A1
As a major component of the high-density lipoprotein complex (protective "fat removal" particles), apo A1 helps to clear fats, ... including cholesterol, from white blood cells within artery walls, making the WBCs less likely to become fat overloaded, ... The protein, as a component of HDL particles, enables efflux of fat molecules by accepting fats from within cells (including ... Apolipoprotein A1 is the major protein component of HDL particles in plasma. Chylomicrons secreted from the intestinal ...
*  Potassium nitrate
Component (usually about 98%) of some tree stump removal products. It accelerates the natural decomposition of the stump by ... Combats high blood pressure and was once used as a hypotensive. Electrolyte in a salt bridge Active ingredient of condensed ... Major uses of potassium nitrate are in fertilizers, tree stump removal, rocket propellants and fireworks. It is one of the ... Stan Roark (February 27, 2008). "Stump Removal for Homeowners". Alabama Cooperative Extension System. Archived from the ...
*  Virus processing
Goodrich, RP, et al, "Defining 'Adequate' Pathogen Reduction Performance for Transfused Blood Components." Accepted for ... This overarching process, which has come to be known simply as virus removal, is one in which all of the viruses in a given ... In many cases, researchers may be trying to extract the viruses from the blood for study, not specifically for blood ... It is important to consider, however, the fact that the level of removal of the viruses is dependent on the size of the pores ...
*  Radical retropubic prostatectomy
A surgical drain is often left in the pelvis for several days to allow drainage of blood and other fluid. Additional components ... Removal of select lymph nodes in the pelvis allows microscopic evaluation for evidence of cancer within these nodes. A ... The blood vessels leading to and from the prostate are divided and tied off. Recovery typically is rapid; individuals are ... Radical retropubic prostatectomy can be performed under general, spinal, or epidural anesthesia and requires blood transfusion ...
*  Dermis
Those blood vessels provide nourishment and waste removal for both dermal and epidermal cells. The dermis is composed of three ... Structural components of the dermis are collagen, elastic fibers, and extrafibrillar matrix. It also contains mechanoreceptors ... Within the reticular region are the roots of the hair, sebaceous glands, sweat glands, receptors, nails, and blood vessels. The ... Apart from these cells, the dermis is also composed of matrix components such as collagen (which provides strength), elastin ( ...
*  Aquapheresis
The average removal rate is 250 milliliter (1/2 pint) per hour. The fluid removed is isotonic to blood and therefore ... Aquapheresis therapy is delivered by three basic components: a console (the machine with two pumps), the blood filter circuit, ... The blood is outside the body for less than a minute and the total amount of blood is 33 milliliters (2.5 tablespoons). It is ... Using a form of ultrafiltration, the filter separates the excess salt and water from the blood and the blood is returned to the ...
*  Chromatography in blood processing
Membrane fractionation has the advantage of minimal protein loss yet high removal of pathological plasma components. This ... Blood plasma is the liquid component of blood, which contains dissolved proteins, nutrients, ions, and other soluble components ... In whole blood, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets are suspended within the plasma. The goal of plasma ... There are several components that make up blood plasma, one of which is the protein albumin. Albumin is a highly water-soluble ...
*  Amyloid beta
The rate of removal is significantly increased during sleep. However, the significance of the lymphatic system in Aβ clearance ... Roher AE, Lowenson JD, Clarke S, Woods AS, Cotter RJ, Gowing E, Ball MJ (Nov 1993). "beta-Amyloid-(1-42) is a major component ... New research has shown promise in testing whole blood samples for amyloid beta levels on the basis of electrical impedance. ... Aβ is the main component of amyloid plaques (extracellular deposits found in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease). ...
*  Immune system
In humans, the blood-brain barrier, blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier, and similar fluid-brain barriers separate the peripheral ... On one hand, γδ T cells are a component of adaptive immunity as they rearrange TCR genes to produce receptor diversity and can ... Additionally, the loss of the thymus at an early age through genetic mutation or surgical removal results in severe ... Leukocytes (white blood cells) act like independent, single-celled organisms and are the second arm of the innate immune system ...
*  Exercise physiology
... entry into the blood) and glucose disposal (removal from the blood). In the healthy individual, the rates of appearance and ... Although gluconeogenesis is an important component of hepatic glucose output, it alone can not sustain exercise. For this ... aids used in endurance sports to increase the volume percentage of red blood cells (hematocrit), such as through blood doping ... More simply put, oxygen consumption is dictated by the quantity of blood distributed by the heart as well as the working ...
*  Organic acid
Citric and oxalic acids are used as rust removal. As acids, they can dissolve the iron oxides, but without damaging the base ... Human blood and urine contain these plus organic acid degradation products of amino acids, neurotransmitters, and intestinal ... bacterial action on food components. Examples of these categories are alpha-ketoisocaproic, vanilmandelic, and D-lactic acids, ... In the dissociated form, they may be able to chelate the metal ions, helping to speed removal. Biological systems create many ...
*  Ixodes holocyclus
During blood feeding by Ixodid ticks, the liquid portion of the meal is first concentrated by removal of water and excess ions ... what particular components of the tick body cause these reactions is unknown, but it could be a water-soluble component that is ... After removal Apply antiseptic to the bite site (and disinfect the tick removal instrument) Save the tick in a small airtight ... Debate around the best method of tick removal is based around two main concerns. The first is that the method of removal could ...
*  Hemodialysis
Abel, J. J., Rountree, L. G., and Turner, B. B. The removal of diffusible substances from the circulating blood by means of ... An alternative method for extracorporeal separation of blood components such as plasma or cells is apheresis. Hemodialysis can ... The blood is then pumped through the dialyzer, and then the processed blood is pumped back into the patient's bloodstream ... These communicate with the space around the hollow fibers, the "dialysate compartment." Blood is pumped via the blood ports ...
*  Necrosis
Depending on the severity of the necrosis, this may range from removal of small patches of skin to complete amputation of ... In the case of ischemia, which includes myocardial infarction, the restriction of blood supply to tissues causes hypoxia and ... Necrosis can be activated by components of the immune system, such as the complement system; bacterial toxins; activated ... Chemical removal of necrotic tissue is another option in which enzymatic debriding agents, categorised as proteolytic, ...
*  Polymyxin B
An endotoxin removal cartridge (Toraymyxin) is a blood purification medical device and it uses polymyxin B as immobilized ... Polymyxins B1 and B2 are considered major components. These related components are structurally identical with the exception of ... Orwa, J. A., et al "Isolation and Structural Characterization of Polymyxin B Components." Isolation and Structural ... Shoji H. (February 2003). "Extracorporeal endotoxin removal for the treatment of sepsis: endotoxin adsorption cartridge ( ...
*  Apheresis
Blood taken from a healthy donor can be separated into its component parts during blood donation, where the needed component is ... Leukocytapheresis - removal of malignant white blood cells in people with leukemia and very high white blood cell counts ... Plasma exchange - removal of the liquid portion of blood to remove harmful substances. The plasma is replaced with a ... Erythrocytapheresis - removal of erythrocytes (red blood cells) in people with iron overload as a result of Hereditary ...
*  Intelligent design
Removal of any one piece destroys the function of the mousetrap. Intelligent design advocates assert that natural selection ... They argue that something that is at first merely advantageous can later become necessary as other components change. ... Behe argued that irreducibly complex biological mechanisms include the bacterial flagellum of E. coli, the blood clotting ... The statement formed a key component of Discovery Institute campaigns to present intelligent design as scientifically valid by ...
*  Excitotoxicity
Blood sugars are the primary glutamate removal method from inter-synaptic spaces at the NMDA and AMPA receptor site. Persons in ... These enzymes go on to damage cell structures such as components of the cytoskeleton, membrane, and DNA. Excitotoxicity may be ... Brain trauma or stroke can cause ischemia, in which blood flow is reduced to inadequate levels. Ischemia is followed by ...
*  Cardioplegia
However, the removal of Na+ does not alter the resting membrane potential of the cell. Likewise, removal of extracellular Ca2+ ... Blood supply to the heart arises from the aortic root through coronary arteries. Cardioplegia in diastole ensures that the ... This is further augmented by the cardioplegia component which is high in potassium. When solution is introduced into the aortic ... is over, the cross-clamp is removed and the isolation of the heart is terminated, so normal blood supply to the heart is ...
*  Natasha Anwar
... serum blood assay involves purifying the serum components out of blood, exposing it to a bacteria, and performing viable cell ... Both results indicate that removal of the outer core increases the host's immune response against the pathogen. Anwar has also ... Likewise, whole blood assay also performs viable counts, but on whole blood instead. Serum blood assay will not be able to ... bactericidal activity was detected in whole blood assay against the opposite strain, while serum blood assay failed to. This ...
*  Metabolism
The oxidation pathway starts with the removal of the amino group by a transaminase. The amino group is fed into the urea cycle ... Insulin is produced in response to rises in blood glucose levels. Binding of the hormone to insulin receptors on cells then ... The purpose of the catabolic reactions is to provide the energy and components needed by anabolic reactions which build ... A striking feature of metabolism is the similarity of the basic metabolic pathways and components between even vastly different ...