In wild birds, this disease is most commonly associated with wetlands. Blanchong et al.[9] determined that wetlands act as ... The disease presents in two very different forms: acute and chronic. Birds with chronic avian cholera, more common in domestic ... Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 42: 81-91. *^ K.R. Rhoades and R.B. Rimler, Avian pasteurellosis, in "Diseases of poultry", ed. ... Infected birds will die 6-12 hours after contracting the bacterium, and very few ill birds have been described.[10] Due to ...
"Official US State Birds". Retrieved 25 July 2007.. *^ McWilliams, Gerald M. & Brauning, Daniel W., The Birds of Pennsylvania. ... Disease[edit]. The American robin is a known reservoir (carrier) for West Nile virus. While crows and jays are often the first ... The American robin is the state bird of Connecticut, Michigan, and Wisconsin.[3] It was also depicted on the 1986 Birds of ... the bird was killed for its meat, but it is now protected throughout its range in the United States by the Migratory Bird Act.[ ...
... the disease develops mostly in men with very rare occurrences in women, while women are carriers of the disease; it has an ... Bird, Thomas D.; Fong, Chin-To; Mefford, Heather C., eds. GeneReviews(®). Seattle (WA): University of Washington, Seattle. PMID ... Loi M (2006). "Lowe Syndrome". Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases. 1: 16. doi:10.1186/1750-1172-1-16. Hagemann, Nina; Hou, ... Kelly, Evelyn B. (2013). Encyclopedia of human genetics and disease. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Greenwood. ISBN 9780313387142. ...
bird flu virus Histomoniasis blackhead disease Histomonas meleagridis Botulism paralysis Clostridium botulinum toxin ... Diseases and ailments. See also: Poultry disease. Chickens are susceptible to several parasites, including lice, mites, ticks, ... Galliformes, the order of bird that chickens belong to, is directly linked to the survival of birds when all other dinosaurs ... "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 2019-04-03.. *^ "Overview of Omphalitis in Poultry". Merck Veterinary ...
Emerging Infectious Diseases. 13 (4): 611-613. doi:10.3201/eid1304.061356. ISSN 1080-6040. PMC 2725980. PMID 17553279. "Birds ... Birds may form loose colonies. The population is mostly resident and sedentary, rarely moving more than 200 km. Although hooded ... Hockey, PAR; Dean, WRJ; Ryan, PG (2005). Roberts Birds of Southern Africa: 7th Edition. Cape Town, South Africa: Trustees of ... Retrieved 26 November 2013.old-form url Hooded vulture - Species text in The Atlas of Southern African Birds.. ...
Sexually Transmitted Diseases. American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association. 30 (2): 110-113. doi:10.1097/00007435- ... Harvey, S. M.; Bird, S. T.; Henderson, J. T.; Beckman, L. J.; Huszti, H. C. (2004). "He said, she said: Concordance between ... sexual partners". Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 31 (3): 185-191. doi:10.1097/01.olq.0000114943.03419.c4. PMID 15076933. Woolf ...
Influenza Influenza vaccine Bird flu Human flu Swine flu Horse flu Dog flu Freshers' flu 2012-2013 flu season 2017-2018 United ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that the available flu vaccine was 60% effective. It further ... "HIV/AIDS and the Flu". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2010-02-09. Archived from the original on 2018-12-03. ... "Up to 650 000 people die of respiratory diseases linked to seasonal flu each year". World Health Organization (WHO). 2017-12-13 ...
The sand tampan is an ectoparasite on humans, their livestock and wild animals, including birds and bats. Occurring in semi- ... The closely related Kyasanur Forest disease virus (KFDV) is endemic to certain regions of India. That AHFV and KFDV diverged ... Ornithodoros spp are found worldwide in semi-arid regions, living in burrows, caves, dens, cliffsides, and bird colonies. O. ... Rico-Hesse, Rebeca; Dodd, Kimberly A.; Bird, Brian H.; Khristova, Marina L.; Albariño, César G.; Carroll, Serena A.; Comer, ...
This bird is often described as "gentle" - however while it is not generally an aggressive bird and it appears to enjoy ... disease control, or proper hygiene. In the trade centers, the hyacinth macaw demanded the highest price of US$1,000, proving it ... "Hyacinth Macaws". Pet Birds. About.com. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Lennox, Angela. "The companion bird" (PDF). Clinical Avian ... Not recommended for novice bird-keepers, this bird requires large amounts of space, regular exercise and a custom-built ...
... (Agelaius tricolor). In The Birds of North America, No. 423 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of ... Journal of Wildlife Diseases. vol 16, no 1. p. 125-130. http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/CurrentBirdIssues/Management/ ... which are visible when the bird is flying or displaying. Despite the similar names, this bird is not related to the Old World ... with a single breeding colony often consisting of tens of thousands of birds. The common name is taken from the male bird's ...
Nebraska Bird Review. vol 42, no 3. pp. 56-57. Hersey, L. J. and Rockwell R. B. (1907) "A New Breeding Bird for Colorado: The ... Journal of Wildlife Diseases. vol 41, no 3. pp. 532-541. Dorn RD & Dorn JL. (1995). Cassin's sparrow nesting in Wyoming. ... In The Birds of North America, No. 471, Philadelphia, P.A: The Birds of North America, Inc. Kaufman, K. (1990), Advanced ... The bird life of Texas, Austin, TX: University of Texas Press Pyle, P. (1997), Identification guide to North American birds, ...
This is one of the primary reasons that both viruses and their correlated diseases have been misidentified and misdiagnoised. ... Bird, Brian (9 January 2014). "Molecular Evolution of Zika Virus during Its Emergence in the 20th Century". PLoS Neglected ... Successful transmission and infection by either SPONV strain can result in the infectious disease known as Spondweni fever. ... Tropical Diseases. 8 (1): e2636 Dai, Lianpan (11 May 2016). "Structures of the Zika Virus Envelope Protein and Its Complex with ...
A closely associated disease is the Bunyamwera virus, which is of the same family and genus as the Batai virus (BATV); it is ... The most common vertebrate affected by BATV are domestic pigs, horses, ruminants and wild birds, which have been known to be ... This study was performed on the Rift Valley Fever Virus (RVFV), which is an arthropod borne disease that is endemic to regions ... Similar to other orthobunyaviruses it contributes to both human and animal disease. In humans it has been noted in causing ...
Pranty B. (2001). The use of Christmas Bird Count data to monitor populations of exotic birds. American Birds. vol 102, pp. 24- ... Journal of Wildlife Diseases. vol 19, no 2. pp. 158-159. Tang Z-Z & Tang C-T. (1993). Studies on the life cycle of Brachylaima ... However, birds held in captivity were not found to be good mimics. The crested myna is an omnivorous bird. Although it eats ... In The Birds of North America (A. F. Poole and F. B. Gill, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. doi:10.2173/ ...
Field manual of wildlife diseases : general field procedures and diseases of birds. Friend, Milton., Franson, J. Christian., ... Infectious diseases of wild birds. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell Publ. pp. 87-107. ISBN 978-0-8138-2812-1. Salguero, Francisco J.; ... Migratory waterfowl are a major factor in the spread of this disease as they are often asymptomatic carriers of disease. The ... Birds as young as one week old can be infected. DVE is not zoonotic. Upon exposure to DVE there is a 3-7 day for domestic fowl ...
Positive tests were also among poultry and captive birds. According to a report by the European Centre for Disease Prevention ... Avian influenza, known informally as avian flu or bird flu, is a variety of influenza caused by viruses adapted to birds.[1][2] ... While most wild birds have only a mild form of the H5N1 strain, once domesticated birds such as chickens or turkeys are ... Birds that have died of avian influenza. The virus is spread by contact between healthy and unhealthy birds. ...
Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy Avian Influenza (Bird Flu): Implications for Human Disease - An overview of ... In most cases, it causes minor sickness or no noticeable signs of disease in birds. It is not known to affect humans at all. ... In birds[edit]. Clinical signs of H5N1 in birds range from mild - decrease in egg production, nasal discharge, coughing and ... In 2002, new isolates of H5N1 were appearing within the bird population of Hong Kong. These new isolates caused acute disease, ...
Fahy, K (on behalf of the Irish Rare Birds Committee) (2014). "Report of the Irish Rare Breeding Birds Panel 2013". Irish Birds ... Trees chosen for nest holes have soft heartwood and tough sapwood, the former often due to parasites or diseases that weaken ... The bird also digs for Lepidoptera larvae like Acronicta rumicis. Crustaceans, molluscs and carrion may be eaten, and bird ... In most birds the bones of the tail diminish in size towards its end, but this does not occur in woodpeckers, and the final ...
in Wading Birds (Ciconiiformes) from Florida". Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 30 (1): 29-35. doi:10.7589/0090-3558-30.1.29. PMID ... and standing upright and snapping the bill opposite another bird engaging in the same display. Birds also lunge and bite, often ... White ibis species account at Neotropical Birds (Cornell Lab of Ornithology) Birds portal Animals portal Biology portal. ... Birds also utter a muted huu-huu-huu call while foraging, and make a squealing call in courtship. Young in the nest give a high ...
Western birds and those in New Zealand are mainly sedentary. The welcome swallow was first described by John Gould in The birds ... Another disease that not only effects the poultry business, but also the welcome swallow is fowlpox. This virus has two forms ... Gould exhibited and characterized the following thirty new species of Australian birds ...]". The Birds of Australia. ix. Gould ... These birds are extremely agile fliers, which feed on insects while in flight. They often fly fast and low to the ground on ...
Samanta, Indranil; Bandyopadhyay, Samiran (2017). Pet bird diseases and care. Springer. ISBN 9789811036743. Studdert, Virginia ... Gallibacterium melopsittaci can cause salpingitis, septicaemia, peritonitis and bacteremia in birds like parakeets. " ...
Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases. 6 (1): 33. doi:10.1186/1750-1172-6-33. PMC 3123548. PMID 21619691. Bird, Thomas D. (1993-01- ... SCA7 is a disease that specifically displays retinal degeneration, along with the common degeneration of the cerebellum. Moving ... There is some evidence that for SCA1 and two other polyQ disorders that the pathology can be reversed after the disease is ... In terms of a cure there is currently none available, however for the disease to manifest itself, it requires mutant gene ...
Bird, H. A. (1987). "Development of Garrod's pads in the fingers of a professional violinist". Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases ... H.A. Bird described them as an incidental finding in a professional violinist and proposed that they arise in such cases due to ... Bird noted that violin players use the left hand for a markedly different task than the right hand, with the extensor tendons ... Bird notes that they do not protect against external trauma unlike most calluses. Patients with Dupuytren's contracture are ...
Parasitic Diseases of Wild Birds. John Wiley & Sons. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-8138-0457-6. Retrieved 14 December 2016. CS1 maint: ... The vertebrate hosts for this parasite are birds. The parasite was first described by Bray in 1962. Vertebrate hosts of this ...
Atkinson, Carter (2008). Parasitic Diseases of Wild Birds. Ames, Iowa: Wiley-Blackwell. p. 543. ISBN 978-0-8138-0462-0. Spicer ... The prey it feeds on is large for a bird of its size. This swallow usually feeds close over bays, lakes, and large rivers, but ... The mangrove swallow is a solitary bird; its nests are not found closer than 50 metres (160 ft) away from each other, and ... The mangrove swallow (Tachycineta albilinea) is a passerine bird in the swallow family that breeds in coastal regions from ...
Atkinson, Carter T; Thomas, Nancy J; Hunter, D Bruce (2008). Parasitic Diseases of Wild Birds. London: Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN ... Distances travelled can be up to 500 km (310 mi) for northern birds. Asian birds are more strongly migratory, deserting much of ... The three to five eggs are patterned with a mesh of fine dark lines, giving rise to the old name for the bird of "scribble lark ... Most European birds remain in the breeding range year-round, but the eastern subspecies is partially migratory, with much of ...
Atkinson CT (2009-01-13). "Avian Malaria". In Atkinson CT, Thomas NJ, Hunter DB (eds.). Parasitic Diseases of Wild Birds. pp. ... However, various other birds can be infected by P. vaughani, including the canary which has been used as an experimental host ... The vertebrate hosts for this parasite are birds. The parasite was first described by Novy & MacNeal in 1904. Plasmodium ... Naturally and experimentally infected birds do not appear to show signs of illness from infection with P. vaughani. Valkiunas G ...
It is commonly found when the ileum is abnormal or has been surgically removed, as in Crohn's disease, or cause a condition ... Initially, the 16α position was favored, in particular in birds. Later, this position was superseded in a large number of ... particularly in primary sclerosing cholangitis and inflammatory bowel disease, with varying results partly related to dosage.[ ... "Bile acids in glucose metabolism in health and disease". Journal of Experimental Medicine. 215 (2): 383-396. doi:10.1084/jem. ...
Bird, Thomas D. Charcot-Marie-Tooth Neuropathy Type 2. 30 January 2014. PMID 20301462. NBK1285.. In Pagon RA, Bird TD, Dolan CR ... Dense Deposit Disease/Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis Type II. 19 May 2011. PMID 20301598. NBK1425.. In GeneReviews ... Life at the edge: the nuclear envelope and human disease. Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell Biol. 2002, 3 (8): 575-85. PMID 12154369. doi: ... Mutations in the LMNA gene are associated with several diseases, including Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy, familial partial ...
"Ebola Virus Disease". SRHD. Retrieved 15 September 2020.. *^ a b c d "Q&A on Transmission, Ebola". Centers for Disease Control ... Between 1976 and 1998, in 30,000 mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and arthropods sampled from regions of EBOV outbreaks, no ... "About Ebola Virus Disease". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Archived from the original on 16 October 2014. ... "Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease) Transmission". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 5 November 2014. Archived from the ...
Amphibians may be camouflaged in brown and green, and if so they are prey for birds and reptiles. Their colour gives them ... The disease is spreading into eastern Panama and threatening all amphibians living there.[27] ... birds, ducklings, small fish and small mammals.[20] Most frogs are cannibalistic, and will eat each other if food is no where ... a putative source for the batrachotoxin alkaloids found in poison-dart frogs and toxic passerine birds". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci ...
... coronary heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease, because they ate mostly lean meats and plants and frequently engaged in ... Bird and other animal species produce music such as calls to attract mates.[82] This hypothesis is generally less accepted than ... caused by other factors such as disease and overhunting by humans.[16][17] New research suggests that the extinction of the ... and small prey such as baby birds and mussels, and only on rare occasions managed to kill and consume big game such as ...
It is often described as being "a disease of the diseased", occurring in the very young, the very old, or the very sick. ... with the breast of the bird of the same name. Many pseudoscientific claims by proponents of alternative medicine surround the ... Candidiasis can be a marker for underlying disease, so the overall prognosis may also be dependent upon this. For example, a ... 2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier. p. 308. ISBN 0-7216-2921-0. OCLC ...
Birds News. Retrieved 20 July 2017.. *^ Human Physiology and Mechanisms of Disease by Arthur C. Guyton (1992) ISBN 0-7216-3299- ... "Scientists document light-sensitive birds eye within bird brain". birdsnews.com. ... Birds have photoactive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-contacting neurons within the paraventricular organ that respond to light in ... The workers had tracked down patients with rare diseases wiping out classic rod and cone photoreceptor function but preserving ...
A treaty with the remaining Delaware and a few other tribes was negotiated in 1843 at Fort Bird and the Delaware were enlisted ... By 1682, when William Penn arrived to his American commonwealth, the Lenape had been so reduced by disease, famine, and war ... as the diseases had arisen on the Asian continent and moved west into Europe, where they had become endemic in the cities. ... due to high fatalities from epidemics of infectious diseases carried by Europeans, such as measles and smallpox, to which they ...
Korean scientists are looking at using the tomato to express a vaccine against Alzheimer's disease.[42] Hilary Koprowski, who ... "Transgenic tomatoes expressing human beta-amyloid for use as a vaccine against Alzheimer's disease". Biotechnology letters. 30 ... of a synthesized gene encoding cationic peptide cecropin B in transgenic tomato plants protects against bacterial diseases". ...
There are many diseases that affect the gastrointestinal system. Doctors who study the gastrointestinal tract are called ... Animals like worms, insects, mammals, birds, fish, and people all have digestive systems. ...
DNR Fishing Regulation Changes Reflect Disease Management Concerns with VHS Archived 2008-12-14 at the Wayback Machine ... walrus and birds. A gorge was a long, thin piece of bone or stone attached by its midpoint to a thin line. The gorge would be ... In 2007, several American states, enacted regulations designed to slow the spread of fish diseases, including viral hemorrhagic ... septicemia, by bait fish.[1] Because of the risk of transmitting Myxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease), trout and salmon ...
... is classified as a zoonosis, as it is transmitted to humans from a natural reservoir among small mammals and birds ... "Lyme disease rashes and look-alikes". Lyme Disease. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 21 December 2018. Archived from ... "Lyme Disease Data and surveillance". Lyme Disease. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 5 February 2019. Archived from ... Treatment regimens for Lyme disease range from 14 days in early localized disease, to 14-21 days in early disseminated disease ...
"The bird communities of oil palm and rubber plantations in Thailand" (PDF). The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB ... Disease has to be very virulent to kill off all the individuals in a genus or species, and even such a virulent disease as West ... the bird life was prolific. With them, the Europeans brought ship rats, possums, cats and mustelids which decimated native bird ... The eight or more species of elephant birds, giant flightless ratites in the genera Aepyornis, Vorombe, and Mullerornis, are ...
Shortly afterwards, Loring Chase came to Orange County from Chicago to recuperate from a lung disease. In his travels, he ... Langford winter resident Lady Bird Johnson, and President Ronald Reagan and his wife Nancy Reagan, who celebrated their 24th ...
Biotic factors, such as predation, disease, and competition for resources such as food, water, and mates, can also affect how a ... Wallace's system was based on both birds and vertebrates, including non-flying mammals, which better reflect the natural ... as well as birds and mammals in the Americas. The map gallery Gridded Species Distribution contains sample maps for the Species ...
Addison's disease. Addison's disease is (as of 20 August 2007) the illness most commonly reported to the Poodle Health Registry ... a decent nose to sniff and track a bird hiding in tall grass[35][36] They are talented hunters of upland birds and normally in ... sprinting like a demon after the downed bird and having a prodigious ability to remember where the bird fell and (though not as ... The number of reported cases is nearly twice as high as the next most common problem (GDV). Addison's disease is characterized ...
"Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease. 30 (sup1): 1535737. doi:10.1080/16512235.2018.1535737. PMC 6225515. PMID 30425610.. ... Birds (individual) - droppings (also include urine as white crystals of uric acid) ... Stokstad, Erik (28 July 2000). "Divining Diet and Disease From DNA". Science. 289 (5479): 530-531. doi:10.1126/science.289.5479 ... "Evidence that disgust evolved to protect from risk of disease". Proc. Biol. Sci. 271 Suppl 4 (Suppl 4): S131-3. doi:10.1098/ ...
Bird IM, Abbott DH (2016). "The hunt for a selective 17,20 lyase inhibitor; learning lessons from nature". J. Steroid Biochem. ... Richard A. Helms; David J. Quan (2006). Textbook of Therapeutics: Drug and Disease Management. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ... Giuseppe Buonocore; Rodolfo Bracci; Michael Weindling (28 January 2012). Neonatology: A Practical Approach to Neonatal Diseases ... W. Futterweit (6 December 2012). Polycystic Ovarian Disease. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 282-. ISBN 978-1-4613-8289- ...
"There is not enough evidence satisfactorily to identify the disease or diseases", concluded J. F. Gilliam in his summary (1961 ... Bird flu (2003-2005). *Mumps (2009). *Madagascar plague (2008-2017). *Swine flu (2009-2010) ... As the disease swept north to the Rhine, it also infected Germanic and Gallic peoples outside the empire's borders. For years, ... Rats, Lice and History: A Chronicle of Disease, Plagues, and Pestilence (1935). Reprinted by Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, ...
Martin-Löf, P. (1961). "Mortality rate calculations on ringed birds with special reference to the Dunlin Calidris alpina". ... probability q that a passenger with the disease came from such an area, where q,0.5), or low rates (probability 1-q).[14] It ... an animal disease) occurs in the high-risk versus the low-risk sector.[13] For example, an application of the model in the ... and has been used in both ecology and epidemiology for detecting animal or human diseases,[12] respectively. ...
Pleural disease. Pleuritis/pleurisy Pneumothorax/Hemopneumothorax (Tension pneumothorax). Pleural effusion: Hemothorax · ... Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (Bagassosis, Bird fancier's lung, Farmer's lung). Other. ARDS · Pulmonary edema · Löffler's ... Viral · Bacterial (Pneumococcal, Klebsiella) / Atypical bacterial (Mycoplasma, Legionnaires' disease, Chlamydiae) · Fungal ( ... lung disease. Pneumoconiosis (Asbestosis, Baritosis, Bauxite fibrosis, Berylliosis, Caplan's syndrome, Chalicosis, Coalworker's ...
These pollutants can cause gastrointestinal cancers and greater vulnerability to infectious diseases.[102] They can also be ... Scholander, Per Fredrik (1940). "Experimental investigations on the respiratory function in diving mammals and birds". ...
Global reptile distribution (excluding birds) Because some reptiles are more closely related to birds than they are to other ... Paterson, Sue (December 17, 2007). Skin Diseases of Exotic Pets. Blackwell Science, Ltd. pp. 74-79. ISBN 9780470752432. .. ... These pits allow the snakes to sense the body heat of birds and mammals, enabling pit vipers to hunt rodents in the dark.[ ... This is because they lack a specialized structure called a loop of Henle, which is present in the nephrons of birds and mammals ...
Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. 44 (Suppl 2): S27-72. doi ... "bird flu," ay nagpakita ng paglaban sa rimantadine at amantadine.[6] Ang paggamit ng mga antibiyotiko sa pulmonyang sanhi ng ... Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. 53 (7): e25-76. doi: ... "Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Nakuha noong 29 June 2011.. *↑ Jefferson T; Deeks JJ, Demicheli V, Rivetti D, Rudin ...
"Pests and Diseases". Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 1 February 2019. Retrieved 15 February 2019.. ... Common predators include birds, rodents, beetles, earwigs, and other insects. It has been shown that direct predation can cause ... Parasites and disease[edit]. Fifty-three different parasite species have been discovered in fall armyworm larvae, spanning ten ... "Southern and Eastern African countries agree on urgent actions to tackle armyworm and other crop pests and animal diseases". ...
Bird * sw:Bird. Black hole * sw:Black hole. Black Sea * sw:Black Sea. Blindness * sw:Blindness. Blood * sw:Blood. Blues * sw: ... Disease * sw:Disease. Dmitri Mendeleev * sw:Dmitri Mendeleev. DNA * sw:DNA. Dog * sw:Dog. Dome * sw:Dome. Domestic pig * sw: ... Sexually transmitted disease * sw:Maradhi ya zinaa. Shāhnāma * sw:Shāhnāma. Shanghai * sw:Shanghai. Shark * sw:Shark. Sheep * ... Alzheimer's disease * sw:Ugonjwa wa Alzheimer. Amazon River * sw:Amazonas (mto). American Civil War * sw:Vita vya wenyewe kwa ...
Mitchell misdiagnosed the disease that he observed and treated, and the disease was probably Weil's disease or hepatitis. See: ... Deforestation reduced populations of insectivorous birds and other creatures that fed on mosquitoes and their eggs. ... "Infectious Diseases Related to Travel". Yellow Book. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Archived from the original on ... "PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 6 (11): e1892. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001892. PMC 3486898. PMID 23133693.. ...
David Moskowitz (19 May 2010). Wildlife of the Pacific Northwest: Tracking and Identifying Mammals, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians ... When the sacral dorsal roots are cut in experimental animals or interrupted by diseases of the dorsal roots such as tabes ... For example, the urine of birds and reptiles is whitish, consisting of a pastelike suspension of uric acid crystals, and ...
... as well as birds and small mammals. One third of all woodland birds live in the cavities of dead tree trunks. Woodpeckers, tits ... Coarse woody debris comes from natural tree mortality, disease, and insects, as well as catastrophic events such as fires, ...