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*  Edward Waymouth Reid
Reid's work in the early 1900s on active transport across biological membranes was not fully appreciated until the 1950s. Reid ... This pioneer in studies on epithelial transport was in many ways far ahead of his contemporaries in the field, yet his work was ... Reid EW (1901). "Transport of fluid by certain epithelia". The Journal of Physiology. 26 (6): 436-444. doi:10.1113/jphysiol. ... From 1887 to 1905 Reid at St Mary's and Dundee was an active research worker on subjects dealing with physical and electrical ...
*  Natural computing
... biological transport (active transport, passive transport) networks, and gene assembly in unicellular organisms. Efforts to ... Transport networks refer to the separation and transport of substances mediated by lipid membranes. Some lipids can self- ... From the biological point of view, a plausible hypothesis about the "bioware" that implements the gene-assembly process was ... In biological organisms, morphogenesis (the development of well-defined shapes and functional structures) is achieved by the ...
*  List of MeSH codes (G06)
... biological transport, active MeSH G06.535.166.310.100 --- active transport, cell nucleus MeSH G06.535.166.310.657 --- membrane ... protein transport MeSH G06.535.166.700.100 --- active transport, cell nucleus MeSH G06.535.166.775 --- respiratory transport ... axonal transport MeSH G06.535.166.500 --- ion transport MeSH G06.535.166.500.100 --- calcium signaling MeSH G06.535.166.700 ... electron transport MeSH G06.535.335.531.587 --- lipid peroxidation MeSH G06.535.335.631 --- oxidative phosphorylation MeSH ...
*  Active transport
2, Part 2, 1884). Rosenberg, T. (1948). On accumulation and active transport in biological systems. I. Thermodynamic ... There are two forms of active transport, primary active transport and secondary active transport. In primary active transport, ... There are two types of active transport - primary active transport that uses ATP, and secondary active transport that uses an ... The difference between passive transport and active transport is active transport requires energy, and moves substances against ...
*  Vesicular acetylcholine transporter
"Active transport of acetylcholine by the human vesicular acetylcholine transporter". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 271 ( ... Acetylcholine transport utilizes a proton gradient established by a vacuolar ATPase. This gene is located within the first ... VAChT is able to transport ACh into vesicles by relying on an exchange between protons that were previously pumped into the ... The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 286 (7): 5836-45. doi:10.1074/jbc.M110.147611. PMC 3037696 . PMID 21163949. Lau JK, Brown ...
*  Electrochemical gradient
In biological processes, the direction an ion moves by diffusion or active transport across a membrane is determined by the ... Two different mechanisms can transport the ions across the membrane: active or passive transport. An example of active ... three Na+ are transported outside and two K+ are transported inside the cell. This makes the inside of the cell more negative ... The total equation for the electron transport chain is: N A D H + 11 H + ( m a t r i x ) + 1 / 2 O 2 ⟶ N A D + + 10 H + ( I M S ...
*  Electrochemical reaction mechanism
... other biological systems often involving electron transport chains and other forms of homogeneous and heterogeneous electron ... Electrochemical mechanisms are important to all redox chemistry including corrosion, redox active photochemistry including ...
*  Alexander G. Petrov
Flexoelectric model for active transport, A. G. Petrov, In: Physical and Chemical Bases of Biological Information Transfer, ... J. 13, 139 (1986). Elastic and flexoelectric aspects of out of plane fluctuations in biological and model membranes, A.G.Petrov ... photoflexoeffect in photo-active membranes (1992 - 1994). Director of the Institute of Solid State Physics at the Bulgarian ... biological liquid crystal structures like membranes, and living matter physics in general. Petrov has investigated ...
*  GCLC
Kondo T, Yoshida K, Urata Y, Goto S, Gasa S, Taniguchi N (Sep 1993). "gamma-Glutamylcysteine synthetase and active transport of ... Demonstration and quantification of enzyme-ligand complexes". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 253 (8): 2615-23. PMID 24639 ... glutathione S-conjugate are responsive to heat shock in K562 erythroid cells". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 268 (27): ...
*  Biological functions of hydrogen sulfide
Free radical accumulation occurs due to increased electron transport uncoupling at the active site of endothelial nitric oxide ... It acts as a relaxant of smooth muscle and as a vasodilator and is also active in the brain, where it increases the response of ... Hydrogen sulfide is produced in small amounts by some cells of the mammalian body and has a number of biological signaling ...
*  Facilitated diffusion
... is the process of spontaneous passive transport (as opposed to active transport) of molecules or ions across a biological ... Various attempts have been made by engineers to mimic the process of facilitated transport in synthetic (i.e., non-biological) ... Being passive, facilitated transport does not directly require chemical energy from ATP hydrolysis in the transport step itself ... Only permease changes its shape in order to transport metabolites. The form of transport through a cell membrane in which a ...
*  Scanning electrochemical microscopy
Transport of ions such as K+ and Na+ across membranes or other biological interfaces is vital to many cell processes; SECM has ... Electric potential is manipulated through the UME tip in a bulk solution containing a redox-active couple (e.g. Fe2+/Fe3+). ... been employed in studying transport of redox active species across cell membranes. In feedback mode, the transfer of molecules ... SECM can not only examine immobilized cells, but also be used to study the kinetics of immobilized redox-active enzymes. ...
*  Metalloprotein
They are second only to hemoglobin in biological popularity of use in oxygen transport. On oxygenation the two copper(I) atoms ... The active site is located in an hydrophobic pocket. This is important as without it the iron(II) would be irreversibly ... The active site nickel geometry cycles from square planar Ni(II), with thiolate (Cys2 and Cys6) and backbone nitrogen (His1 and ... The active site contains an iron ion coordinated by the sulfur atoms of four cysteine residues forming an almost regular ...
*  Mycelium
These monomers are then absorbed into the mycelium by facilitated diffusion and active transport. Mycelium is vital in ... This biological degradation is a process known as bioremediation. Mycelial mats have been suggested (see Paul Stamets) as ... First, the hyphae secrete enzymes onto or into the food source, which break down biological polymers into smaller units such as ... having potential as biological filters, removing chemicals and microorganisms from soil and water. The use of fungal mycelium ...
*  Nanoparticle-biomolecule conjugate
... giving cell membranes a biological identity. They also use endogenous active transport where transferrin, an iron binding ... An example of enzyme inhibition is given by binding of a-chymotrypsin (ChT), an enzyme with a largely cationic active site. ... This allows for maximum efficacy of the active drug. Also, the use of nanoparticles results in the attraction of proteins to ... Biological processes can be controlled through transcription regulation, gene regulation, and enzyme inhibition processes that ...
*  Membrane
... s can be neutral or charged, and particle transport can be active or passive. The latter can be facilitated by pressure ... Biological membranes include cell membranes (outer coverings of cells or organelles that allow passage of certain constituents ... However, their overwhelming success in biological systems is not matched by their application. The main reasons for this are ... Fouling can take place through a number of physicochemical and biological mechanisms which are related to the increase ...
*  Metabolic pathway
The energy is utilized to conduct biosynthesis, facilitate movement, and regulate active transport inside of the cell. Examples ... The currency of energy in a biological cell is adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which stores its energy in the phosphoanhydride ... For instance, the citric acid cycle, electron transport chain, and oxidative phosphorylation all take place in the ... pathways and biological processes MetaCyc: A database of experimentally elucidated metabolic pathways (2,200+ pathways from ...
*  Glucocorticoid receptor
A direct mechanism of action involves homodimerization of the receptor, translocation via active transport into the nucleus, ... The biological response depends on the cell type. In the absence of activated GR, other transcription factors such as NF-κB or ...
*  Howard Ronald Kaback
Ronald Kaback became interested in membrane transport at a time when studies on biological membranes were in their infancy, and ... that catalyze active transport essentially as well as intact cells, but lack subsequent metabolism of the solutes accumulated. ... he developed a cell-free membrane system to study active transport. The system consisted of osmotically sealed membrane ... "The electrochemical gradient of protons and its relationship to active transport in Escherichia coli membrane vesicles". Proc. ...
*  Jared Diamond bibliography
Lewis, S. A.; Diamond, J. M. (1975). "Active sodium transport by mammalian urinary bladder". Nature. 253 (5494): 747-748. doi: ... Diamond, J. M.; Wright, E. M. (1969). "Biological Membranes: The Physical Basis of ION and Nonelectrolyte Selectivity". Annual ... Karasov, W. H.; Pond Rs, 3.; Solberg, D. H.; Diamond, J. M. (1983). "Regulation of proline and glucose transport in mouse ... Diamond, J. M.; Tormey, J. M. (1966). "Role of long extracellular channels in fluid transport across epithelia". Nature. 210 ( ...
*  Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals
Removing endocrine disruptors from wastewaters and drinking water using photocatalytic and biological processes Transport and ... of volatile organic compounds from air Optimization of supercritical fluid extraction for maximal yield of biologically active ... dynamical and transport properties of fluids in nanospace Preparation of hierarchic nanomaterials HUGE2 - Hydrogen Oriented ... preparation of catalysts study and preparation of nanomaterials and nanofibers texture of porous substances and transport ...
*  Rubus chamaemorus
Thiem B (2003). "Rubus chamaemorus L. - a boreal plant rich in biologically active metabolites: a review" (PDF). Biological ... Since 1970 in Norway, while it has been illegal to pick unripe cloudberries, transporting ripe cloudberries from the harvest ... Rubus chamaemorus L. A morphological - biological study. Nytt Magasin for Naturvidenskapene, 67: 55-129. Resvoll, T. R., 1925. ... but only local residents may transport them from that location and only ripe berries may be picked. ...
*  Creation Technologies
Active RFID Technology, Biofuel Analysis Equipment, Fire Protection Devices, Pneumatic Tube Transport Systems, 911 Emergency ... Biological / Chemical Detection Devices, Information Systems, ECM Jammers & Data Loggers Environment & Security - ...
*  Membrane reactor
A number of enzymes are membrane bound and often mass transport through the membrane is active rather than passive as in ... In biological systems membranes fulfil a number of essential functions. The compartmentalisation of biological cells is ... artificial membranes allowing the cell to keep up gradients for example by using active transport of protons or water. The use ... The mechanism of the transport is the separation of hydrogen into protons and electrons at the surface and recombination on the ...
*  Semipermeable membrane
... passive transport or active transport.[dubious - discuss] The rate of passage depends on the pressure, concentration, and ... A semipermeable membrane is a type of biological or synthetic, polymeric membrane that will allow certain molecules or ions to ... Ion Transport, and pH in Biocatalyzed Electrolysis of Wastewater". Water Sci Technol. 57 (11): 1757-1762. doi:10.2166/wst. ... An example of a biological semi-permeable membrane is the lipid bilayer, on which is based on the plasma membrane that ...
*  Halobacterium salinarum
Potassium levels are not at equilibrium with the environment, so H. salinarum expresses multiple active transporters which pump ... The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 251 (7): 2005-14. PMID 1270419. Sára, M; Sleytr, U. B. (2000). "S-Layer proteins". Journal ... causing a conformational change in the bacterioopsin protein which drives proton transport. The proton gradient which is formed ...