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*  Dual inheritance theory
Andrews Ruth Mace, Department of Anthropology, University College London Alex Mesoudi Human Biological and Cultural Evolution ... in genetic evolution that it is not evolution. However, 1) even genetic evolution uses non-vertical transmission through the ... cultural evolution. Because genetic evolution is relatively well understood, most of DIT examines cultural evolution and the ... In DIT, the evolution of culture is dependent on the evolution of social learning. Analytic models show that social learning ...
*  Directed evolution
Wilson, CJ (27 October 2014). "Rational protein design: developing next-generation biological therapeutics and ... Directed evolution is a mimic of the natural evolution cycle in a laboratory setting. Evolution requires three things to happen ... Directed evolution (DE, "gelenkte Evolution") is a method used in protein engineering that mimics the process of natural ... Directed evolution investigates evolution in a controlled system of genes for individual enzymes, ribozymes and replicators ( ...
*  Niche construction
2014). "Evolution of early Homo: An integrated biological perspective". Science. 345 (6192): 1236828. doi:10.1126/science. ... Niche construction is now recognized to have played important roles in human evolution, including the evolution of cognitive ... 2011). "Evolution of lactase persistence: an example of human niche construction". Phil Trans R Soc B. 366: 863-877. doi: ... Evolution entails networks of feedbacks in which previously selected organisms drive environmental changes, and organism- ...
*  Ancestral reconstruction
Rapid evolution. The upshot of the "minimum evolution" heuristic underlying such methods is that such methods assume that ... Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. Elliot, Michael G; Mooers, Arne Ø (2014). "Inferring ancestral states without ... If the rate of evolution for a specific character accelerates on a branch of the phylogeny, then the amount of evolution that ... Ronquist, F (2004). "Bayesian inference of character evolution". Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 19 (9): 475-481. doi:10.1016/j. ...
*  Phylogenesis
Phylogeny Phylogenetics Taxonomy Cladistics Ontogeny Evolution Mayr E. (2005). Das ist Evolution. München: Goldmann. ISBN 3-442 ... Phylogenesis (from Greek φῦλον phylon "tribe" + γένεσις genesis "origin") is the biological process by which a taxon (of any ... ISBN 0-87969-684-2. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Bowler P. J. (2003). Evolution: the history of an idea (3rd ed.). ... Cladistics (Greek κλάδος, klados, i.e. "branch") is an approach to biological classification in which organisms are categorized ...
*  Phylogenetic network
Many kinds and subclasses of phylogenetic networks have been defined based on the biological phenomenon they represent or which ... Huson, DH and Scornavacca, C (2011). A survey of combinatorial methods for phylogenetic networks Genome Biology and Evolution, ...
*  Culture and social cognition
... and build societies through biological evolution. Biological evolution could not have individually produced each of these ... Cultural cognitive evolution proposes that humans' unique cognitive capacities are not solely due to biological inheritance, ... Proponents of cultural evolution argue that this would not have been enough time for humans to develop the advanced cognitive ... This finding suggests that perhaps humans had to evolve a propensity to cooperate before cultural evolution was able to take ...
*  Biological Evolution: Facts and Theories
... was a five-day conference held in March 2009 by the Pontifical Gregorian University in ...
*  Evolution of biological complexity
The evolution of biological complexity is one important outcome of the process of evolution. Evolution has produced some ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Adami, C.; Ofria, C.; Collier, T. C. (2000). "Evolution of biological complexity ... With selection, evolution can also produce more complex organisms. Complexity often arises in the co-evolution of hosts and ... Stoltzfus, Arlin (1999). "On the Possibility of Constructive Neutral Evolution". Journal of Molecular Evolution. 49 (2): 169- ...
*  Evolution of metal ions in biological systems
... refers to the incorporation of metallic ions into living organisms and how it has ... 2002). Metal ions in biological systems: molybdenum and tungsten: their roles in biological processes. 39. Taylor & Francis. ... "Copper and the Biological Evolution". Biosystems. 16: 81-86. doi:10.1016/0303-2647(83)90029-1. Sigel, A.; Sigel, H., eds. ( ... Evolution in a Toxic World - Springer. doi:10.5822/978-1-61091-221-1. Russel, MJ; William, M (2003). "On the origins of cells: ...
*  Gordon D. Kaufman
This conception connects our understanding of God with today's ideas of the Big Bang; cosmic and biological evolution; the ... This profound mystery of creativity is manifest in and through the overall human bio-historical evolution and development ...
*  Consciousness
Opinions are divided as to where in biological evolution consciousness emerged and about whether or not consciousness has any ... "Consciousness and biological evolution". Journal of Theoretical Biology. 187: 613-629. doi:10.1006/jtbi.1996.0394. CS1 maint: ... In his article "Evolution of consciousness", John Eccles argued that special anatomical and physical properties of the ... Ann B. Butler; Paul R. Manger; B.I.B Lindahl; Peter Århem (2005). "Evolution of the neural basis of consciousness: a bird- ...
*  Idris Azad
He elucidated socio-biological evolution. He expands the idea of Indian philosopher Sir Muhammad Iqbal that every living ...
*  Gennaro Auletta
G. Auletta, M. Leclerc, R. A. Martinez (eds.), Biological Evolution: Facts and Theories. A Critical Appraisal 150 years After « ... and has been the Vice-Director of the international conference on Biological Evolution: Facts and Theories, held at the ... Highlights of the Pontifical Gregorian University's International Conference on Biological Evolution», Theology and Science 8 ( ... His main interests in quantum information led him to focus his further research on the way in which biological and cognitive ...
*  National Natural Landmark
... and fossil evidence of biological evolution. Each major natural history "theme" can be further subdivided into various sub- ... It is the only national natural areas program that identifies and recognizes the best examples of biological and geological ...
*  Evolutionary psychology and culture
ISBN 978-1-118-76399-5. Laland, K.N.; Odling-Smee, J.; Feldman, M.W. (2000). "Niche Construction, Biological Evolution, and ... especially research in cultural evolution (e.g. Boyd and Richerson, 1985, 2005). Cultural evolution, the domain of research ... Cultural evolution and evolutionary psychology may not be as disparate as one may think, though. Rather than a passive ... In this way, cultural evolution may be viewed as a particular kind of "scaling up" from the individual-level processes to ...
*  Inferring horizontal gene transfer
A flexible simulator of biological sequence evolution". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 26 (8): 1879-88. doi:10.1093/molbev/ ... "Inferring the historical patterns of biological evolution". Nature. 401 (6756): 877-84. doi:10.1038/44766. PMID 10553904. ... "Functional convergence in reduced genomes of bacterial symbionts spanning 200 My of evolution". Genome Biology and Evolution. 2 ... Alternatively, the genome evolution simulator ALF directly generates gene families subject to HGT, by accounting for a whole ...
*  Mark Pagel
Pagel, M. (1999). "Inferring the historical patterns of biological evolution". Nature. 401 (6756): 877-84. doi:10.1038/44766. ... Pagel's interests include evolution and the development of languages. Pagel was the editor-in-chief for the Encyclopedia of ... Mark Pagel at TED Encyclopedia of Evolution. 2 volume set. USA: OUP. 2002. ISBN 978-0-19-512200-8. Retrieved 2013-03-24. Wired ... subscription required) Staff Profile: Professor Mark Pagel School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading. 24 August 2012 ...
*  Phylogenetic niche conservatism
Pagel, Mark (1999-10-28). "Inferring the historical patterns of biological evolution". Nature. 401 (6756): 877-884. doi:10.1038 ... Wiens, John J.; Graham, Catherine H. (2005). "Niche conservatism: integrating evolution, ecology, and conservation biology". ... Evolution. 19: 639-644. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2004.09.011. PMID 16701326. Harvey, Paul H.; Pagel, Mark D. (1991). The comparative ... Biological Sciences. 277 (1691): 2131-2138. doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.0179. Retrieved 2015-12-03. Wiens, John J.; Ackerly, David D ...
*  Simon Shnoll
He is also author of books "Physico-chemical factors of biological evolution" (1979) and "Heroes, villains, and conformists of ... Shnoll Physico-chemical factors of biological evolution. - Moscow: Nauka, 1979. - 263. S. Shnoll Cosmophysical factors in ... His fields of interest are the oscillatory processes in biology, the theory of evolution, Chronobiology, and the history of ...
*  D-octopine dehydrogenase
Rossmann MG, Moras D, Olsen KW (1974). "Chemical and biological evolution of nucleotide-binding protein". Nature. 250 (5463): ...
*  Protein domain
Rossmann MG, Moras D, Olsen KW.; Moras; Olsen (1974). "Chemical and biological evolution of nucleotide-binding protein". Nature ... Molecular evolution uses domains as building blocks and these may be recombined in different arrangements to create proteins ... This is likely to be the result of the insertion of one domain into another during the protein's evolution. It has been shown ... Molecular evolution gives rise to families of related proteins with similar sequence and structure. However, sequence ...
*  Compassion focused therapy
Biological evolution forms the theoretical backbone of CFT. Humans have evolved with at least three primal types of emotion ...
*  Zoology
Bayrakdar, Mehmet (1986). "Al-Jahiz and the rise of biological evolution" (PDF). Ankara Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi ... Biological classification is a form of scientific taxonomy. Modern biological classification has its root in the work of Carl ... In 1859, Darwin placed the theory of organic evolution on a new footing, by his discovery of a process by which organic ... Darwin gave a new direction to morphology and physiology, by uniting them in a common biological theory: the theory of organic ...
*  Geological history of Earth
Most of biological evolution occurred during this time period. The Paleozoic spanned from roughly 541 to 252 million years ago ... ISBN 978-0-7167-3377-5. Cosmic Evolution - a detailed look at events from the origin of the universe to the present Valley, ... discusses speculation into the role of quantum systems in the origin of life Evolution timeline (uses Shockwave). Animated ...
*  John R. Lukacs
... an investigation of Harappan biological affinities in light of recent biological and archaeological research. [South Asian ... Journal of Human Evolution] 40(4): 319-329. (2002). Hunting and gathering strategies in prehistoric India : a biocultural ... Biological Anthropology: the State of the Science]. (1998). Physiological Stress in Prehistoric India: New Data on Localized ... Lukacs, J. R. and B. E. Hemphill (1993). Odontometry and biological affinity in South Asia: analysis of three ethnic groups ...
*  Neo-Darwinism
"The modern theory of biological evolution: an expanded synthesis". Naturwissenschaften. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag Heidelberg ... Evolution. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons for the Society for the Study of Evolution. 61 (12): 2743-2749. doi:10.1111/j.1558- ... The term was first used to explain that evolution occurs solely through natural selection, and not by the inheritance of ... Neo-Darwinism is the interpretation of Darwinian evolution through natural selection as it has variously been modified since it ...