6 Environmental fate *6.1 Abiotic degradation. *6.2 Biodegradation. *7 Alternatives *7.1 Iminodisuccinic acid (IDS) ... EDDS exhibits a surprisingly high rate biodegradation at 83% in 20 days. Biodegradation rates also varies the different metal ... Environmental fate[edit]. Abiotic degradation[edit]. EDTA is in such widespread use that questions have been raised whether it ... Biodegradation[edit]. In many industrial wastewater treatment plants, EDTA elimination can be achieved at about 80% using ...
September 2011). "Biodegradation of polyester polyurethane by endophytic fungi". Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 77 (17 ... a prospective environmental friendly technique of bioseparation and dewatering of domestic wastewater sludge". Environmental ... The levels of adsorption of the phenolic and PAHs were negligible with 99% biodegradation being observed in the case of benzo-α ... Li SP, Bi YL, Kong WP, Wang J, Yu HY (November 2013). "[Effects of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on environmental ...
The environmental approach can be defined as "the exploitation of the environmental sensitivity of the dry rot fungus for its ... International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation. Volume 33 Issue 2, pp 115 - 128. Palfreyman, J. W. & Bruce, A. (1994) ... emphasis on the use of chemical fungicides Environmental - emphasis on controlling the fungus by controlling environmental ... Indeed, this environmental sensitivity may account for why it is so unsuccessful in the wild and may be used against it when ...
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Biodegradation. 63 (4): 450-455. doi:10.1016/j.ibiod.2008.12.004.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) Wang, Y., Liu, ... Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987). 151 (3): 669-77. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2007.02.018. PMID 17482734. Gu, J., Han ... such as bioremediation of environmental contaminants. This is significant as its metabolic mechanisms can be utilized in ...
Cerniglia, C. E. (1992). "Biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons". Biodegradation. 3 (2-3): 351-368. doi:10.1007/ ... Environmental data and emission sources analysis for Cl-PAHs reveal that the dominant process of generation is by reaction of ... Ohura, T. (2007). "Environmental Behavior, Sources, and Effects of Chlorinated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons". The ... and toxic contaminants that have been reported to occur in a wide variety of environmental and biological matrixes. Cl-PAHs ...
C6H12O6 → 3 H2O + C6H6O3 Hydroxyquinol is a common intermediate in the biodegradation of many aromatic compounds. These ... Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B. 41 (8): 1361-1382. doi:10.1080/03601230600964159. PMID 17090498. S2CID ... Hydroxyquinol commonly occurs in nature as a biodegradation product of catechin, a natural phenol found in plants (e.g. by soil ...
"Environmental biodegradation of polyethylene". Polym. Deg. Stab 81, 441-452 (2003). Jakubowicz, Ignacy; Yarahmadi, Nazdaneh; ... and assessment of environmental risks, in specific open environments such as soils, rivers and oceans testing of biodegradation ... Oxo-biodegradation of polymer material has been studied in depth at the Technical Research Institute of Sweden and the Swedish ... Oxo-biodegradation: There are allegations that biodegradable plastic bags may release metals, and may require a great deal of ...
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United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). 2017. Lee DW, Lee H, Lee AH, Kwon BO, Khim JS, Yim UH, et al. (March ... Also, for biodegradation to occur, there must be a microbial population with the metabolic capacity to degrade the pollutant, ... SERDP/ESTCP Environmental Remediation Technology. New York: Springer. pp. 29-53. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-84921-8_3. ISBN 978-0- ... United States Environmental Protection Agency (2012). "A Citizen's Guide to Bioremediation" (PDF). National Service Center for ...
Third, low biodegradation rate. Compared to the traditional deposition way, the biodegradation for polymer has a longer ... editors, Luc Avérous, Eric Pollet (2012). Environmental silicate nano-biocomposites. London: Springer. ISBN 978-1-4471-4108-2. ... Complete biodegradation is said to occur when there are no oligomers or monomers left. The breakdown of these polymers depend ... The first involves aerobic biodegradation, where oxygen is present and important. In this case, the general equation seen below ...
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Logue, Jürg B.; Findlay, Stuart E. G.; Comte, Jérôme (2016). Microbial Responses to Environmental Changes. Frontiers Media SA. ... Handbook of Material Biodegradation, Biodeterioration, and Biostablization. Elsevier. ISBN 9781927885024. ...
"Biodegradation of polyester polyurethane by endophytic fungi". Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 77 (17): 6076-6084. doi: ... "Biodegradation of polyester polyurethane by Aspergillus tubingensis". Environmental Pollution. 225: 469-480. 2017-06-01. doi: ... Environmental Science and Technology 47(13):7137, dx.doi.org/10.1021/es401288x "Behold the 'Plastisphere' , Ocean Leadership". ... Yang, Y., Yang, J., Wu, W.-M., Zhao, J., Song, Y., Gao, L., ... Jiang, L. (2015). "Biodegradation of polystyrene wastes in ...
... for Biodegradation of N-Heterocycles: A Complementary Approach to Predict Biodegradability". Environmental Science & Technology ... The biodegradation of pyridines proceeds via multiple pathways. Although pyridine is an excellent source of carbon, nitrogen, ... Sims, G. K.; Sommers, L.E. (1985). "Degradation of pyridine derivatives in soil". Journal of Environmental Quality. 14 (4): 580 ... doi:10.2134/jeq1985.00472425001400040022x. Sims, G. K.; Sommers, L.E. (1986). "Biodegradation of Pyridine Derivatives in Soil ...
The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. 2K. pp. 163-202. doi:10.1007/10508767_2. ISBN ... Bosma, T. N. P.; Harms, H.; Zehnder, A. J. B. (2001). "Biodegradation of Xenobiotics in Environment and Technosphere". ... Slack, K. V.; Feltz, H. R. (1968). "Tree leaf control on low flow water quality in a small Virginia stream". Environmental ... The persistent legacy of environmental feedback that is left behind by or as an extension of the ecological actions of ...
Sims GK, Sommers LE (1986). "Biodegradation of pyridine derivatives in soil suspensions". Environmental Toxicology and ... 2015). "Children's Health in Latin America: The Influence of Environmental Exposures". Environmental Health Perspectives. 123 ( ... Pimentel D (2005). "Environmental and Economic Costs of the Application of Pesticides Primarily in the United States" (PDF). ... U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Aug 30, 2007. Archived from the original on September 27, 2009. "Human Health Issues". ...
"Polymer Biodegradation and Biodegradable Polymers-a Review." Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 2nd ser. 19.2010 (2012): ... Biodegradation of this blend was tested and was found that by the second day the degraded carbon had already attained about 100 ... "Biodegradation is a chemical degradation of materials provoked by the action of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, and ... The environmental impacts of athletic shoe degradation in landfills "are inextricably connected to the nature of the materials ...
Sims, G. K.; Sommers, L.E. (1985). "Degradation of pyridine derivatives in soil". J. Environmental Quality. 14 (4): 580-584. ... doi:10.2134/jeq1985.00472425001400040022x. Sims, G. K.; Sommers, L.E. (1986). "Biodegradation of pyridine derivatives in soil ... suspensions". Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 5 (6): 503-509. doi:10.1002/etc.5620050601. Picolines at the US National ...
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Vainberg, S.; McClay, K.; Masuda, H.; Root, D.; Condee, C.; Zylstra, G. J.; Steffan, R. J. (2006). "Biodegradation of Ether ... Strain ENV478". Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 72 (8): 5218-5224. doi:10.1128/AEM.00160-06. ISSN 0099-2240. PMC ...
"Biodegradation of Polyester Polyurethane by Endophytic Fungi". Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 77 (17): 6076-84. doi: ... Howard, Gary T. (June 2002). "Biodegradation of polyurethane: a review". International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation. 49 (4 ... "Quick Safety Tips for Spray Polyurethane Foam Users". United States Environmental Protection Agency. "Home : ISOPA". www.isopa. ... Non-isocyanate based polyurethanes (NIPUs) have been developed to mitigate health and environmental concerns associated with ...
Smolenski, WJ; Suflita, JM (April 1987). "Biodegradation of Cresol Isomers in Anoxic Aquifers". Applied and Environmental ... Biodegradation can be seen in some studies that biodegradation accounts for the absence of creosote preservatives on the ... which are all listed as acute environmental hazards. Biodegradation controls the rate at which the sediment holds the chemicals ... The biodegradation of a creosote preservative in an anaerobic enrichment depends not only on the type of bacteria enriching the ...
Brown M. Biodegradation of oil in freshwater. In Trett M, Green J, editors. The fate and effects of oil in freshwater: Elsevier ... Environmental Science and technology 2002;36(19):4127-4134. Schmidt T, Kleinert P, Stengel C, Goss K, Haderlein S. Poler fuel ... Environmental Science and Technology 2002;36(19):4074-4080. Lamont N. The screening of petroleum hydrocarbons based on the ... Environmental Science and Technology 2002;36(19):4074-4080. Gill R, Robotham P. Input, behaviour and fates of petroleum ...
Gusse AC; Miller PD; Volk TJ (July 2006). "White-rot fungi demonstrate first biodegradation of phenolic resin". Environmental ... ISBN 978-1-85957-249-8. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (2005). Environmental Profiles of Chemical Flame-Retardant ... "Biodegradation of Polyester Polyurethane by Endophytic Fungi". Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 77 (17): 6076-84. doi: ... "Biodegradation Biodegradation of plastic bottles made from 'Biopol' in an aquatic ecosystem under in situ conditions". ...
... for Biodegradation of N-Heterocycles: A Complementary Approach to Predict Biodegradability". Environmental Science & Technology ... Oxidation of 2,6-lutidine with air gives 2,6-diformylpyridine: C5H3N(CH3)2 + 2 O2 → C5H3N(CHO)2 + 2 H2O The biodegradation of ... Sims, G. K.; Sommers, L.E. (1985). "Degradation of pyridine derivatives in soil". Journal of Environmental Quality. 14 (4): 580 ... doi:10.2134/jeq1985.00472425001400040022x. Sims, G. K.; Sommers, L.E. (1986). "Biodegradation of Pyridine Derivatives in Soil ...
The dissolution of collagen depends on time, temperature and environmental pH.[8] At high temperatures, the rate of collagen ... and bio-degradation.[8] Chemical changes affect crystallinity.[2] Mechanisms of chemical change, such as the uptake of F− or CO ... of bone exposed to environmental conditions, especially moisture. This is accomplished by the exchange of natural bone ...
"Environmental Science & Technology. 46 (6): 3273-3280. Bibcode:2012EnST...46.3273S. doi:10.1021/es2043728. PMC 3308199. PMID ... "Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management. 6 (2009): 210-224. doi:10.1897/IEAM_2009-051.1. PMID 19919169.. ... "Environmental Science & Technology. 46 (6): 3498-3508. Bibcode:2012EnST...46.3498A. doi:10.1021/es204611h. PMC 3308200. PMID ... "Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 12 (6): 959-967. doi:10.1002/etc.5620120602. ISSN 1552-8618.. ...
Environmental effects[edit]. Main article: Environmental impact of biodiesel. The surge of interest in biodiesels has ... pollution and the rate of biodegradation. ... The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published data in ... "Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. 2 (4): 2335-2342. doi:10.1016/j.jece.2014.09.020.. ... However, environmental organizations, for example, Rainforest Rescue[127] and Greenpeace,[128] criticize the cultivation of ...
Howard, Brian (2003). "Message in a Bottle". E: the Environmental Magazine. 14 (5): 26.. ... Due to growing concern over the environmental impact and cost of disposable plastic water bottles, more people are choosing to ... In recent years, the single-serve bottled water industry has responded to consumer concern about the environmental impact of ... the consumer keeps disposable bottles out of the waste stream and minimizes environmental impact. ...
Environmental remediation[edit]. Microbes are being studied and used to degrade organic and even nuclear waste pollution (see ... Main article: Microbial biodegradation. Microbes can affect the quality of oil and gas deposits through their metabolic ... Choppola, G; Bolan, N; Park, JH (2013). Chapter two: Chromium contamination and its risk assessment in complex environmental ... 2010). Geomicrobiology molecular and environmental perspective. Dordrecht: Springer. ISBN 978-9048192045. .. *. Nagina, Parmar ...
Cleaning up environmental wastes is an example of an application of environmental biotechnology; whereas loss of biodiversity ... Diaz E (editor). (2008). Microbial Biodegradation: Genomics and Molecular Biology (1st ed.). Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1 ... Environmental[edit]. The environment can be affected by biotechnologies, both positively and adversely. Vallero and others have ... Daniel A. Vallero, Environmental Biotechnology: A Biosystems Approach, Academic Press, Amsterdam, NV; ISBN 978-0-12-375089-1; ...
... s in Canada are regulated by provincial environmental agencies and environmental protection legislation.[10] Older ... Aerobic biodegradation dominates, i.e. the primary electron acceptor is O2. ... "United States Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved May 10, 2017.. *^ Gomez, A.M.; =Yannarell, A.C.; Sims, G.K.; Cadavid- ... engineering and environmental studies and demonstrations to ensure local environmental and safety concerns are satisfied.[14] ...
United States Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 8 December 2017.. *^ Murvosh CM, Fye RL, LaBrecque GC (1964). "Studies ... "Biodegradation of pig manure by the housefly, Musca domestica: a viable ecological strategy for pig manure management". PLOS ... "Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 76 (4): 994-8. doi:10.1128/AEM.02424-09. PMC 2820963. PMID 20023109.. ... reducing the bulk of waste and minimizing environmental risks of its disposal.[55][56] Harvested maggots may be used as feed ...
Once at the treatment plant, they are rapidly removed by biodegradation. Invertebrates were found to be the most-sensitive ... Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 74 (5): 1089-1106. doi:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2011.02.007.. ...
3 Safety and environmental risks *3.1 Biodegradation. *4 Applications *4.1 Detergents in biochemistry and biotechnology ... Biodegradation[edit]. Because of the volume of surfactants released into the environment, their biodegradation is of great ... Safety and environmental risks[edit]. Most anionic and non-ionic surfactants are nontoxic, having LD50 comparable to sodium ... Scott MJ, Jones MN (November 2000). "The biodegradation of surfactants in the environment". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1508 (1-2 ...
CRC Critical Reviews in Environmental Control. 19(4): 309-340. *^ Wipperman, Matthew, F.; Sampson, Nicole, S.; Thomas, Suzanne ... Oil biodegradation[edit]. General overview of microbial biodegradation of petroleum oil by microbial communities. Some ... 2008). "Genomic Insights into Oil Biodegradation in Marine Systems". In Díaz E. Microbial Biodegradation: Genomics and ... Heider J & Rabus R (2008). "Genomic Insights in the Anaerobic Biodegradation of Organic Pollutants". Microbial Biodegradation: ...
"Environmental policy and legislation". Department of Environmental and Heritage Protection. Queensland Government. 25 September ... As part of the Environmental Protection Act 1994, the Environmental Protection (Water) Policy 2009 is responsible for the water ... U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. (2008). "Septic Systems Fact Sheet." Archived 12 April 2013 at the ... Environmental Science and Technology vol. 47, January 2015, p. 1824-1832. Bletsou et al., 2013 ...
"Environmental Entomology. 13 (2): 421-423. doi:10.1093/ee/13.2.421. ISSN 0046-225X.. ... Masters, Gilbert M. (1997). Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science. Prentice Hall. ISBN 9780131553842.. .mw- ...
Biodegradation in water and soil is slow. Chloroform does not significantly bioaccumulate in aquatic organisms.[13] ... Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology. 10 (6 Pt 1): 586-99. doi:10.1038/sj.jea.7500139. PMID 11140442.. ... Environmental Microbiology Reports. 8 (5): 814-824. doi:10.1111/1758-2229.12444. ISSN 1758-2229. PMID 27452500.. ...
... lifestyle or environmental benefits [and] mentions or depictions of taste, smell or the absence thereof", while mandating "drab ... Biodegradation. *Environmental engineering. *Glass recycling. *Industrial ecology. *Life-cycle assessment. *Litter. *Packaging ...
United States Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 8 December 2017.. *^ Murvosh, C.M.; Fye, R.L.; LaBrecque, G.C. (1964 ... "Biodegradation of pig manure by the housefly, Musca domestica: A viable ecological strategy for pig manure management". PLoS ... reducing the bulk of waste and minimizing environmental risks of its disposal.[52][53] Harvested maggots may be used as feed ... environmental factors), the way sex is determined is usually fixed within a species. The housefly is, however, thought to ...
"Evaluation of Biodegradation-Promoting Additives for Plastics". Environmental Science & Technology. 49 (6): 3769-77. Bibcode: ... "Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL). Retrieved 16 May 2019.. *^ Plastic & Climate: The Hidden Costs of a Plastic ... a b c d e Daniel D. Chiras (2004). Environmental Science: Creating a Sustainable Future. Jones & Bartlett Learning. pp. 517-18 ... United States Environmental Protection Agency. 24 July 2015.. *^ Lavers, Jennifer L.; Bond, Alexander L. (2017). "Exceptional ...
"Environmental Health Perspectives. 115 (2): 221-225. doi:10.1289/ehp.9432. PMC 1817676. PMID 17384768.. ... Wilson, John T. Jr; Wilson, Barbara H. (Dec 15, 1987), Biodegradation of halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbons, retrieved 2016-11- ... Masters, Gilbert M. Introduction to Environmental Engineering. 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1998. ... United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)(1990). Cincinnati, OH. "Technologies for Upgrading Existing or Designing ...
Accelerated Biodegradation of Veterinary Antibiotics in Agricultural Soil following Long-Term Exposure, and Isolation of a ... Sulfamethazine-degrading sp»։ Journal of Environmental Quality 42 (1): 173-8։ 2013։ PMID 23673752։ doi:10.2134/jeq2012.0162 , ...
Journal of Environmental Quality 32:432-440 (2003) *↑ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac et ad [8] ... Yu Liu, Tian-Gang Luan, Ning-Ning Lu, Chong-Yu Lan, Toxicity of Fluoranthene and Its Biodegradation by Cyclotella caspia Alga. ... Journal of Environmental Quality 2002. 31:2104-2110 *↑ R.R. Brooks, Phytochemistry of hyperaccumulators, In: ed. Plants that ... Strontium-90 uptake by Pinus ponderosa and Pinus radiata seedlings inoculated with ectomycorrhizal fungi. Environmental ...
This popularity is due in part to it not suffering the environmental liability that PVC suffers in discharging hydrochloric ... Biodegradation. *Environmental engineering. *Glass recycling. *Industrial ecology. *Life-cycle assessment. *Litter. *Packaging ...
"E-The Environmental Magazine.. [permanent dead link] *^ Ying Sun, Nina & Toloken, Steve (21 March 2013). "China moves to end ... Yang, Yu; Tang, Jun; Wu, Wei-Min; Zhao, Jiao; Song, Yiling; Gao, Longcheng; Yang, Ruifu; Jiang, Lei (2015). "Biodegradation and ... "Environmental Health Perspectives. 116 (6): 740-5. doi:10.1289/ehp.10724. PMC 2430229 . PMID 18560529.. ... Environmental issuesEdit. ProductionEdit. Polystyrene foams are produced using blowing agents that form bubbles and expand the ...
"Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 77 (17): 5934-5944. doi:10.1128/AEM.05255-11. PMC 3165402. PMID 21764952.. ... Bacteria use regulatory networks that allow them to adapt to almost every environmental niche on earth.[72][73] A network of ... Robertson, C.; Harris, J.; Spear, J.; Pace, N. (2005). "Phylogenetic diversity and ecology of environmental Archaea". Curr Opin ... In bacteria, the principal function of regulatory networks is to control the response to environmental changes, for example ...
"Evidence of polyethylene biodegradation by bacterial strains from the guts of plastic-eating waxworms". Environmental Science ... Ethylene glycol is produced from carbon monoxide in countries with large coal reserves and less stringent environmental ... ATSDR - Case Studies in Environmental Medicine: Ethylene Glycol and Propylene Glycol Toxicity ... "Polyethylene bio-degradation by caterpillars of the wax moth Galleria mellonella". Current Biology. 27 (8): R292-R293. doi ...
... an environmental engineer and the county's Associate Director for Programs and Planning in the Department of Environmental ... Davis' research showed that rain gardens aid in the capturing and bio-degradation of pollutants such as suspended solids, ... Design Manual for Use of Bioretention in Stormwater Management. Prince George's County, MD Department of Environmental ... Washington, D.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). August 1995. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-07-07.. ...
"Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 59 (11): 3695-700. doi:10.1128/AEM.59.11.3695-3700.1993. PMC 182519. PMID 8285678.. ... "Isotactic polypropylene biodegradation by a microbial community: Physicochemical characterization of metabolites produced" ... The advocacy organization Environmental Working Group classifies PP as of low to moderate hazard.[66][why?] PP is dope-dyed; no ... POLYPROPYLENE ,, Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database , Environmental Working Group. Cosmeticdatabase.com. Retrieved on 2012-05-31. ...
Miller, G. Tyler; Spoolman, Scott E. (2012) Environmental Science, 14th, Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole. ISBN 978-1-111-98893-7. OCLC ... Biodegradation (Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Springer Netherlands) 18 (5): 525-539. . ISSN 0923-9820. PMID 17123025. ... DeLong, Edward F.; Pace, Norman R. (August 1, 2001). "Environmental Diversity of Bacteria and Archaea". Systematic Biology ( ... "The Loss of Adaptive Plasticity during Long Periods of Environmental Stasis". The American Naturalist (Chicago, IL: University ...
BiodegradationEdit. Cryptanaerobacter phenolicus is a bacterium species that produces benzoate from phenol via 4- ... Archives of Environmental Health. 30 (1): 1-6. doi:10.1080/00039896.1975.10666623. PMID 1109265.. ...
In environmental sciences or science[edit]. Bioavailability is the measure by which various substances in the environment may ... O'Loughlin, Edward J.; Traina, Samuel J.; Sims, Gerald K. (2000). "Effects of sorption on the biodegradation of 2- ... Ma, Qi-Ying; Traina, Samuel J.; Logan, Terry J.; Ryan, James A. (1993). "In situ lead immobilization by apatite". Environmental ... Biodegradation of Natural and Synthetic Materials. London: Springer. pp. 119-137.. ,access-date=. requires ,url=. (help) ...
"International Journal of Environmental Studies. 74 (1): 129-158. doi:10.1080/00207233.2016.1227225. ISSN 0020-7233.. ... Environmental aspects[edit]. Even high-mountains are not free from human waste. Each year, millions of mountaineers visit high- ... They generate tonnes of feces and urine annually which cause environmental pollution. The authorities of mountain regions, ...