Loading...
*  Gallstone
They typically arise secondary to infection of the biliary tract which results in the release of β-glucuronidase (by injured ... There are two surgical options for cholecystectomy: Open cholecystectomy is performed via an abdominal incision (laparotomy) ... Studies have shown that this procedure is as effective as the more invasive open cholecystectomy, provided the stones are ... and biliary tract infections. People with erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) are at increased risk to develop gallstones. ...
*  Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
ASGE guideline: the role of ERCP in diseases of the biliary tract and the pancreas.Gastrointest Endosc. 2005 Jul;62(1):1-8. ... The region can be directly visualized with the endoscopic camera while various procedures are performed. A plastic catheter or ... in patients with post-Whipple or Roux-en-Y surgical anatomy). The major risk of an ERCP is the development of pancreatitis, ... of the biliary or the pancreatic duct sphincter) Removal of stones or other biliary debris Insertion of bile duct stent(s) ...
*  List of MeSH codes (E04)
... biliary tract surgical procedures MeSH E04.210.120.086 --- biliopancreatic diversion MeSH E04.210.120.172 --- cholecystectomy ... surgical stapling MeSH E04.928.220 --- cardiac surgical procedures MeSH E04.928.220.220 --- cardiomyoplasty MeSH E04.928. ... cardiac surgical procedures MeSH E04.100.376.125 --- cardiomyoplasty MeSH E04.100.376.374 --- heart arrest, induced MeSH ... otologic surgical procedures MeSH E04.580.450.109 --- auditory brain stem implantation MeSH E04.580.450.220 --- cochlear ...
*  Sergey Fedorov
... original surgical instruments specifi cally designed for new urological surgery and for surgery of the liver and biliary tract ... For these procedures, S.P. Fyodorov developed ... He was also concerned with the surgical treatment of diseases ... methods of diagnosis and developed new surgical instruments and techniques for operations on the kidneys and the urinary tract ... In 1921 Professor Fedorov became one of the founders and editors of Novyi khirurgicheskii arkhiv, the first Soviet surgical ...
*  Lithotomy
... that cannot exit naturally through the urinary system or biliary tract. The procedure, which is usually performed by means of a ... Special surgical instruments were designed for lithotomy, consisting of dilators of the canal, forceps and tweezers, lithotomes ... Lithotomy from Greek for "lithos" (stone) and "tomos" (cut), is a surgical method for removal of calculi, stones formed inside ... 460-370 BC). Lithotomy was a fairly common procedure in the past, and there were specialized lithotomists. The ancient Greek ...
*  Surgical anastomosis
... biliary tract and pancreas to small bowel). Bypass operations on the GI tract, once rarely performed, are the cornerstone of ... Most vascular procedures, including all vascular bypass operations (e.g. coronary artery bypass), aneurysmectomy of any type, ... A surgical anastomosis is a surgical technique used to make a new connection between two body structures that carry fluid, such ... A surgical anastomosis can be created using suture sewn by hand, mechanical staplers and biological glues, depending on the ...
*  William Stewart Halsted
Other achievements included the introduction of the latex surgical glove and advances in thyroid, biliary tract, hernia, ... was an American surgeon who emphasized strict aseptic technique during surgical procedures, was an early champion of newly ... 1924). Surgical Papers by William Stewart Halsted. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list ( ... Halsted took so long to perform procedures that the patients usually healed before he had a chance to close the incision. ...
*  Laparotomy
A laparotomy is a surgical procedure involving a large incision through the abdominal wall to gain access into the abdominal ... gallbladder and biliary tract. This shares a name with the Kocher incision used for thyroid surgery: a transverse, slightly ... and is the first step in any major diagnostic or therapeutic surgical procedure of these organs, which include: the digestive ... It has also been proposed for surgery of the upper urological tract. Cherney Incision - developed in 1941 by the American Uro- ...
*  John Benjamin Murphy
In 1912, he performed what was arguably the first biliary tract endoscopy. He was a founding member of the American College of ... "Surgical Clinics of North America". Surgical Clinics of North America. Elsevier, Inc. Retrieved May 30, 2008. "Illinois vs. ... a common commercial steel instrument used for femoral head procedures). Murphy developed his eponymous anastomotic button for a ... Morgenstern, Leon (March 2006). "John Benjamin Murphy (1857-1916): An American Surgical Phenomenon" (PDF). Surgical Innovation ...
*  Medical imaging
... ultrasound is particularly sensitive on imaging of biliary tract, urinary tract and female reproductive organs (ovary, ... Fluoroscopy is also used in image-guided procedures when constant feedback during a procedure is required. An image receptor is ... 3D visualization methods are a valuable resource for the diagnosis and surgical treatment of many pathologies. It was a key ... The term noninvasive is used to denote a procedure where no instrument is introduced into a patient's body which is the case ...
*  Abdominal pain
Learning about the patient's past medical history, focusing on any prior issues or surgical procedures. Clarifying the ... Gallbladder and biliary tract (inflammation, gallstones, worm infection) Colon pain (below the area of liver - bowel ... About 10% of cases have a more serious cause including gallbladder (gallstones or biliary dyskinesia) or pancreas problems (4 ... A more extensive list includes the following: Gastrointestinal GI tract Inflammatory: gastroenteritis, appendicitis, gastritis ...
*  Gastrointestinal cancer
GI tract) and accessory organs of digestion, including the esophagus, stomach, biliary system, pancreas, small intestine, large ... Options include surgical resection, embolisation, ablation or a liver transplant. Cancers of the gallbladder are typically ... The five-year survival rate with the latter procedure is above 70%. A gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor is a rare, slow-growing ... Overall, the GI tract and the accessory organs of digestion (pancreas, liver, gall bladder) are responsible for more cancers ...
*  Lithotripsy
It can damage tissue and is mostly used in biliary tract specialty centers. Pneumatic mechanical devices have been used with ... Lithotripsy is a medical procedure involving the physical destruction of hardened masses like kidney stones, bezoars or ... invented a surgical instrument (the lithotrite) to crush stones inside the bladder without having to open the abdomen. To ... Lithotripsy is a medical procedure that uses shock waves to break up stones in the kidney, bladder, or ureter (tube that ...
*  Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons
... developing and disseminating the guidelines and training for standards of practice in surgical procedures. Guidelines are ... Guidelines for the Clinical Application of Laparoscopic Biliary Tract Surgery (January 2010) Guidelines for Laparoscopic ... In 2014, SAGES added the Fundamental Use of Surgical Energy (FUSE) program designed to teach the entire surgical staff about ... "Rationale for the fundamental use of surgical Energy™ (FUSE) curriculum assessment: focus on safety". Surgical Endoscopy. 27 ( ...
*  Cholescintigraphy
Cholescintigraphic scanning is a nuclear medicine procedure to evaluate the health and function of the gallbladder and biliary ... The scan is also important to differentiate between neonatal hepatitis and biliary atresia, because an early surgical ... 1994). "Revised estimates of diagnostic test sensitivity and specificity in suspected biliary tract disease". Arch Intern Med. ... If the noninvasive ultrasound examination fails to demonstrate gallstones, or other obstruction to the gallbladder or biliary ...
*  Surgical incision
It is appropriate for certain operations on the liver, gallbladder and biliary tract. This shares a name with the Kocher ... In surgery, a surgical incision is a cut made through the skin and soft tissue to facilitate an operation or procedure. Often, ... In general, a surgical incision is made as small and unobtrusive as possible to facilitate safe and timely operating conditions ... Surgical incisions are planned based on the expected extent of exposure needed for the specific operation planned. Within each ...
*  Cholangiocarcinoma
Other biliary tract cancers include gallbladder cancer and cancer of the ampulla of Vater. Cholangiocarcinoma is a relatively ... Laparoscopy can be used for staging purposes and may avoid the need for a more invasive surgical procedure, such as laparotomy ... West J, Wood H, Logan R, Quinn M, Aithal G (2006). "Trends in the incidence of primary liver and biliary tract cancers in ... de Groen P, Gores G, LaRusso N, Gunderson L, Nagorney D (1999). "Biliary tract cancers". N Engl J Med. 341 (18): 1368-78. doi: ...
*  Laser lithotripsy
... is a surgical procedure to remove stones from urinary tract, i.e., kidney, ureter, bladder, or urethra. Laser ... Pulsed dye lasers have been used with fiber diameters of 200-550 microns for lithotripsy of biliary and urinary stones. Holmium ... The stone is fragmented and the remaining pieces are washed out of the urinary tract. The procedure is done under either local ... A urologist inserts a scope into the urinary tract to locate the stone. The scope may be a cystoscope, ureteroscope, renoscope ...
*  Self-expandable metallic stent
"Self-expandable metallic stents for malignant duodenal obstruction caused by biliary tract cancer". Gastrointest Endosc. 58 (2 ... They are inserted at the time of ERCP, a procedure that uses endoscopy and fluoroscopy to access the common bile duct. The bile ... The usual applications are for cancers of the esophagus, pancreas, bile ducts and colon that are not amenable to surgical ... Biliary SEMS are used to palliatively treat tumours of the pancreas or bile duct that obstruct the common bile duct. ...
*  Alagille syndrome
Patients with biliary atresia may require a Kasai procedure to improve bile drainage; however, later liver transplantation is ... However, complete surgical repair can significantly improve both longevity and quality of life in Alagille's patients. Patients ... canal development Ventricular development Ventricular outflow tract development Angiogenesis Pancreatic development Intestinal ... Partial biliary diversion has been used to significantly reduce pruritus, jaundice, and xanthomas caused by poor bile flow in ...
*  Gallbladder
Jarnagin, William R. (2012). Blumgart's Surgery of the Liver, Pancreas and Biliary Tract E-Book: Expert Consult - Online. ... The debate whether surgical removal of the gallbladder or simply gallstones was preferred was settled in the 1920s, with ... A cholecystectomy is a procedure in which the gallbladder is removed. It may be removed because of recurrent gallstones, and is ... The first surgical removal of a gallstone (cholecystolithotomy) was in 1676 by physician Joenisius, who removed the stones from ...
*  Pancreatic pseudocyst
The type of surgical procedure depends on the location of the cyst. For pseudocysts that occur in the head of the pancreas a ... For obstruction, it can cause compression in the GI tract from the stomach to colon, compression in urinary system, biliary ... In this surgical procedure a connection is created between the back wall of the stomach and the cyst such that the cyst drains ... Cystjejunostomy: In this procedure a connection is created between the cyst and the small intestine so that the cyst fluid ...
*  Pseudomyxoma peritonei
However, some pathologists (e.g., Odze and Goldblum, Surgical Pathology of the GI Tract, Liver, Biliary Tract and Pancreas, 2nd ... Although some surgical procedures may be rather extensive, patients can and do recover from surgery, and the majority of these ... New MRI procedures are being developed for disease monitoring, but standard MRIs are not typically used as a diagnostic tool. ... CRS or cytoreductive surgery involves surgical removal of the peritoneum and any adjacent organs which appear to have tumor ...
*  Fistula
Various surgical procedures are commonly used, most commonly fistulotomy, placement of a seton (a cord that is passed through ... Female genital tract-skin fistulae (N82.8) Other female genital tract fistulae (N82.9) Female genital tract fistula, ... Fistula of bile duct Biliary fistula: connecting the bile ducts to the skin surface, often caused by gallbladder surgery ... For example, surgical treatment of fistulae in Crohn's disease can be effective, but if the Crohn's disease itself is not ...
*  Suspensory muscle of duodenum
During a Whipple's procedure, commonly used to treat pancreatic cancer by removing the pancreas, duodenum, and part of the ... One surgical treatment is Strong's operation, which involves cutting the suspensory muscle, though this is not often carried ... This division is used to mark the difference between the upper and lower gastrointestinal tracts, which is relevant in clinical ... Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery. 16 (6): 726-730. doi:10.1007/s00534-009-0142-2. PMID 19636494. Lee, Tae Hee; Lee ...
*  Lichen planus
There is no cure, but many different medications and procedures have been used in efforts to control the symptoms. The term ... Barnes L (editor) (2009). Surgical pathology of the head and neck (3rd ed.). New York: Informa healthcare. ISBN 9781420091632. ... Hepatitis, specifically hepatitis B and hepatitis C infection, and primary biliary cirrhosis. It has been suggested that lichen ... Mucosal forms are those affecting the lining of the gastrointestinal tract (mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, anus), larynx, ...
*  Abdominal trauma
Oyo-Ita, Angela; Chinnock, Paul; Ikpeme, Ikpeme A. (2015-11-13). "Surgical versus non-surgical management of abdominal injury ... Fabian TC, Bee TK (2004). "Liver and biliary trauma". In Moore EJ, Feliciano DV, Mattox KL. Trauma. New York: McGraw-Hill, ... Due to the time sensitive nature, this procedure also emphasizes expedience in terms of gaining access and controlling the ... Delayed treatment is associated with an especially high morbidity and mortality if perforation of the gastrointestinal tract is ...