Loading...
*  Betaine
Phosphonium betaines are intermediates in the Wittig reaction. The addition of betaine to polymerase chain reactions improves ... In the 21st century, this substance is called glycine betaine to distinguish it from other betaines that are widely distributed ... Cocamidopropyl betaine Mesoionic Mesomeric betaine Osmoprotectants Ylide Alex Nickon and Ernest F. Silversmith (1987). Organic ... The original betaine, N,N,N-trimethylglycine, was named after its discovery in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris) in ...
*  Cocamidopropyl betaine
... to a significant degree has replaced cocamide DEA. Despite the name cocamidopropyl betaine is not ... Cocamidopropyl betaine is used as a foam booster in shampoos. It is a medium strength surfactant also used in bath products ... Fowler, J. F.; Fowler, L. M.; Hunter, J. E. (1997). "Allergy to cocamidopropyl betaine may be due to amidoamine: A patch test ... Cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) is a mixture of closely related organic compounds derived from coconut oil and ...
*  Mesomeric betaine
Mesomeric betaines are dipolar heterocyclic compounds in which both the negative and the positive charges are delocalized. ... Ollis, W.David; Stanforth, Stepher P.; Ramsden, Christopher A. (1985). "Heterocyclic mesomeric betaines". Tetrahedron. 41 (12 ...
*  Betaine transporter
Betaine Carnitine Choline Transporter Classification Database Saier, MH Jr. "2.A.15 The Betaine/Carnitine/Choline Transporter ( ... Proteins of the Betaine/Carnitine/Choline Transporter (BCCT) family (TC# 2.A.15) are found in Gram-negative and Gram-positive ... Glycine betaine transporters have been found to contain a conserved region with four tryptophans in their central region. Most ... Zhou Y, Holmseth S, Hua R, Lehre AC, Olofsson AM, Poblete-Naredo I, Kempson SA, Danbolt NC (2012). "The betaine-GABA ...
*  Chloral betaine
... (USAN, BAN) (brand names Beta-Chlor, Somilan), also known as cloral betaine (INN), is a sedative-hypnotic drug ... It is a betaine complex with chloral hydrate, which acts as an extended-acting formulation of chloral hydrate which is then ...
*  Betaine reductase
... (EC 1.21.4.4) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction acetyl phosphate + trimethylamine + ...
*  Glycine betaine aldehyde
The human aldehyde dehydrogenase (EC 1.2.1.3) stimulates the transformation of betaine aldehyde to glycine betaine. Betaine ... Glycine betaine aldehyde, often simply called betaine aldehyde, is an intermediate in the metabolism of glycine, serine and ... Glycine betaine aldehyde is a component of glycine, serine and threonine metabolism. It also serves as an osmolyte. It can be ... Betaine aldehyde, Biological Magnetic Resonance Data Bank Yilmaz JL, Bülow L. (December 2002). "Enhanced stress tolerance in ...
*  Betaine-aldehyde dehydrogenase
... betaine + NADH + 2 H+ The 3 substrates of this enzyme are betaine aldehyde, NAD+, and H2O, whereas its 3 products are betaine, ... In enzymology, a betaine-aldehyde dehydrogenase (EC 1.2.1.8) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction betaine aldehyde ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is betaine-aldehyde:NAD+ oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include betaine ... ROTHSCHILD HA, BARRON ES (1954). "The oxidation of betaine aldehyde by betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase". J. Biol. Chem. 209 (2 ...
*  Betaine-homocysteine S-methyltransferase
In the field of enzymology, a betaine-homocysteine S-methyltransferase also known as betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase ( ... Betaine PDB: 1UMY​; González B, Pajares MA, Martínez-Ripoll M, Blundell TL, Sanz-Aparicio J (May 2004). "Crystal structure of ... Betaine Homocysteine Methyltransferase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) EC 2.1.1.5 ... Szegedi SS, Castro CC, Koutmos M, Garrow TA (April 2008). "Betaine-homocysteine S-methyltransferase-2 is an S-methylmethionine- ...
*  Beetroot
2002). Betaine. University of Maryland Medical Center. Potter, K.; Hankey, G. J.; Green, D. J.; Eikelboom, J. W.; Arnolda, L. F ... Beets contain betaines which may function to reduce the concentration of homocysteine, a homolog of the naturally occurring ... "Betaine homocysteine S-methyltransferase: Just a regulator of homocysteine metabolism?". Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences. ...
*  Allergen of the Year
2005 - Corticosteroids 2004 - Cocamidopropyl betaine 2003 - Bacitracin 2002 - Thimerosal 2001 - Gold 2000 - Disperse Blue Dyes ... 2006). Focus on the Non-T.R.U.E. Test Allergen - Cocamidopropyl Betaine. The Dermatologist. http://www.the-dermatologist.com/ ... article/6127 Jacob, S. E.; Amini, S (2008). "Cocamidopropyl betaine". Dermatitis. 19 (3): 157-60. doi:10.2310/6620.2008.06043 ( ...
*  Coconut
Cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) is a surfactant manufactured from coconut oil that is increasingly used as an ingredient in ... Schnuch A, Lessmann H, Geier J, Uter W (2011). "Is cocamidopropyl betaine a contact allergen? Analysis of network data and ... Jacob SE, Amini S (2008). "Cocamidopropyl betaine". Dermatitis (Review). 19 (3): 157-160. doi:10.2310/6620.2008.06043. PMID ...
*  Lipotropic
Betaine hydrochloride is a powerful lipotropic and increases gastric acid. Betaine itself (in a non-hydrochloric form, also ... Barak, 1973) "Betaine Hydrochloride Information on Healthline". Archived from the original on 2008-05-01. Retrieved 2008-04-24 ... Schwahn, BC; Wang, XL; Mikael, LG; Wu, Q; Cohn, J; Jiang, H; Maclean, KN; Rozen, R (Dec 2007). "Betaine supplementation ... Craig, SA (September 2004). "Betaine in human nutrition". Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 80 (3): 539-49. PMID 15321791. ...
*  Dichloralphenazone
Chloral betaine Hindmarch I; Parrott AC. (1980). "The effects of combined sedative and anxiolytic preparations on subjective ...
*  Glycocyamine
Betaine can provide a methyl group to glycocyamine, via methionine, for the formation of creatine. In overall, such treatment ... A series of studies showed that a combination of betaine and glycocyamine improves the symptoms of patients with chronic ... The biochemical basis of betaine-glycocyamine therapy. Ann West Med Surg 1951;5:825-9. Borsook ME, Borsook H. Treatment of ... Stuart AS Craig (September 2004). "Betaine in human nutrition". American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 80 (3): 539-549. PMID ...
*  GABA transporter
GAT2 also transports taurine, while BGT1 transports betaine. These two transporters are predominantly expressed in the liver, ... Betaine transporter (BGT1; SLC6A12) Vesicular GABA transporter (VGAT) GAT1 and GAT3 are the major GABA transporters in the ...
*  Cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine
Cocamidopropyl betaine Guin JD (2000). "Reaction to cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, an amphoteric surfactant and conditioner". ...
*  Mesoionic
Mesomeric betaine Bhosale, Sachin K.; Deshpande, Shreenivas R.; Wagh, Rajendra D. (2012). "Mesoionic sydnone derivatives: An ... Mesoionic compounds are a subclass of betaines. Examples are sydnones and sydnone imines (e.g. the stimulant mesocarb), ... "Heterocyclic mesomeric betaines". Tetrahedron. 41 (12): 2239-2329. doi:10.1016/S0040-4020(01)96625-6. "SYDNONES" (PDF). [page ...
*  Trimethylglycine
Betaine aldehyde is further oxidised in the mitochondria in mice to betaine by the enzyme betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase (EC ... Trimethylglycine was the first betaine discovered; originally it was simply called betaine because, in the 19th century, it was ... Since then, many other betaines have been discovered, and the more specific name glycine betaine distinguishes this one. ... In most organisms, glycine betaine is biosynthesized by oxidation of choline in two steps. The intermediate, betaine aldehyde, ...
*  Isochrysis
Kato, Misako; Sakai, Miho; Adachi, Kyoko; Ikemoto, Hisato; Sano, Hiroshi (1996). "Distribution of betaine lipids in marine ...
*  Molasses
It contains betaine and the trisaccharide raffinose. These are a result of concentration from the original plant material or ...
*  GABA transporter type 2
"Deletion of the betaine-GABA transporter (BGT1; slc6a12) gene does not affect seizure thresholds of adult mice". Epilepsy Res. ...
*  S-Methylmethionine
McNeil SD (1999). "Betaines and related osmoprotectants. Targets for metabolic engineering of stress resistance". Plant ...
*  1,3-Dipolar cycloaddition
Caramella, Pierluigi; Houk, K.N. (1976). "Geometries of nitrilium betaines. The clarification of apparently anomalous reactions ...