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*  Proopiomelanocortin
... beta-melanocyte stimulating hormone/ beta-endorphin)". Mohamed, F. E. B., Hamza, R. T., Amr, N. H., Youssef, A. M., Kamal, T. M ... β-Endorphin [Met]Enkephalin Although the N-terminal 5 amino acids of β-endorphin are identical to the sequence of [Met] ... β-Endorphin and [Met]enkephalin are endogenous opioid peptides with widespread actions in the brain. The POMC gene is located ... These include several distinct melanotropins, lipotropins, and endorphins that are contained within the adrenocorticotrophin ...
*  Beta-Endorphin
It is one of three endorphins that are produced in humans, the others of which include α-endorphin and γ-endorphin. The amino ... CID 16132316 from PubChem - β-endorphin CID 3081525 from PubChem - β-endorphin (1-9) CID 133304 from PubChem - β-endorphin (2-9 ... Loh HH, Tseng LF, Wei E, Li CH (August 1976). "beta-endorphin is a potent analgesic agent". Proceedings of the National Academy ... Dalayeun JF, Norès JM, Bergal S. "Physiology of beta-endorphins. A close-up view and a review of the literature". Biomedicine ...
*  Alpha-Endorphin
Endorphin E Hazum; KJ Chang; P Cuatrecasas (1979-09-07). "Specific nonopiate receptors for beta-endorphin". Science. 205 (4410 ... α-Endorphin is an endogenous opioid peptide with a length of 16 amino acids, and the amino acid sequence: Tyr-Gly-Gly-Phe-Met- ...
*  Sauna
"The effect of physical therapy on beta-endorphin levels". Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 100 (4): 371-82. doi:10.1007/s00421-007-0469-9 ...
*  Derek George Smyth
Smyth, D.G. (2016) Lipotropin & beta-endorphin: a Perspective. J. Mol Endocrinol.. ... Smyth, D.G., Smith, C.C.F. and Zakarian, S. (1981) Isolation and identification of two new peptides related to β-endorphin. In ... Smyth, D.G., Massey, D.E., Zakarian, S. and Finnie, M.D. (1979) Endorphins are stored in biologically active and inactive forms ... Van Ree, J.M., Smyth, D.G. and Colpaert, F.C. (1979) Dependence creating properties of lipotropin C-Fragment (β-endorphin): ...
*  Physical exercise
Interestingly, some symptoms of OT are related to beta-endorphin (beta-end(1-31)) effects. Some of its effects, such as ... Levels of beta-endorphin in response to exercise and overtraining]". Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol (in Portuguese). 52 (4): 589- ... β-endorphin (an endogenous opioid), and phenethylamine (a trace amine and amphetamine analog). A systematic review noted that, ...
*  Neurobiological effects of physical exercise
Interestingly, some symptoms of OT are related to beta-endorphin (beta-end(1-31)) effects. Some of its effects, such as ... Levels of beta-endorphin in response to exercise and overtraining]". Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol (in Portuguese). 52 (4): 589- ... β-Endorphin (contracted from "endogenous morphine") is an endogenous opioid neuropeptide that binds to μ-opioid receptors, in ... A review on β-endorphin and exercise noted that an individual's mood improves for the remainder of the day following physical ...
*  Substance dependence
Role of beta-endorphin and cAMP in addiction and mania. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts. 15:149, 1998. Koob G, Kreek MJ ( ...
*  Arcuate nucleus
The release of a POMC product, beta-endorphin is regulated by NPY. Centrally projecting neurons that make somatostatin; the ... Proopiomelanocortin (POMC) is a precursor polypeptide that is cleaved into MSH and β-endorphin and expressed in the arcuate ... β-endorphin, melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH), and somatostatin. ...
*  Species-typical behavior
Keverne, EB; Martensz, ND; Tuite, B (1989). "Beta-endorphin concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid of monkeys are influenced by ... it appears to be relaxing to those who participate due to the release of beta-endorphin. In addition, an increase in maternal ...
*  Social grooming
Beta-endorphins are found in neurons in the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland. Beta-endorphins are found to be opioid ... Beta- endorphins have been difficult to measure in animal species, differently from oxytocin which can be measured by sampling ... A study in monkeys shows the changes in opiate expression in the body, mirroring changes in beta-endorphin levels, influences ... Grooming stimulates the release of beta-endorphin, which is one physiological reason for why grooming appears to be relaxing. ...
*  Indoor tanning
... "increase serum beta-endorphin levels by 44%". Beta-endorphin is associated with feelings of relaxation and euphoria, including ... It triggers the synthesis of vitamin D and endorphins in the skin, but it also causes skin cancer and other damage, including ...
*  5-HT1A receptor
Koenig JI, Gudelsky GA, Meltzer HY (1987). "Stimulation of corticosterone and beta-endorphin secretion in the rat by selective ... "Interaction between serotonin 5-HT1A receptors and beta-endorphins modulates antidepressant response". Prog. ... β-Endorphin secretion may contribute to antidepressant, anxiolytic, and analgesic effects. 5-HT1A receptors can be located on ... Fargin A, Raymond JR, Lohse MJ, Kobilka BK, Caron MG, Lefkowitz RJ (1988). "The genomic clone G-21 which resembles a beta- ...
*  Pituitary gland
Knepel W, Homolka L, Vlaskovska M, Nutto D. (1984). Stimulation of adrenocorticotropin/beta-endorphin release by synthetic ... and beta-endorphin, and melanocyte-stimulating hormone are released under the influence of hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing ...
*  Corticotropin-releasing hormone
"Characterization of a 41-residue ovine hypothalamic peptide that stimulates secretion of corticotropin and beta-endorphin". ... β-endorphin). ACTH stimulates the synthesis of cortisol, glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids and DHEA. In the short term, CRH ...
*  Comfort behaviour in animals
For example, allogrooming has been associated with effects on heart rate, immunity and beta-endorphins; experimental studies ...
*  Perceived Stress Scale
... and beta-endorphin". Psychoneuroendocrinology. 20 (5): 499-508. doi:10.1016/0306-4530(94)00077-N. PMID 7675934. Pruessner, JC; ...
*  Cholecystokinin A receptor
In the central and peripheral nervous system this receptor regulates satiety and the release of beta-endorphin and dopamine. ...
*  Sports nutrition
... norepinephrine and beta-Endorphin. The adenosine receptor antagonism of caffeine accounts for the first two,[better source ...
*  Cardiac fibrosis
"Effects of L-5HTP with and without carbidopa on plasma beta-endorphin and pain perception: Possible implications in migraine ...
*  Adult neurogenesis
Other research demonstrated that exercising mice that did not produce beta-endorphin, a mood-elevating hormone, had no change ...
*  Opioid receptor
Mizoguchi H, Narita M, Nagase H, Tseng LF (October 2000). "Activation of G-proteins in the mouse pons/medulla by beta-endorphin ... Narita M, Tseng LF (March 1998). "Evidence for the existence of the beta-endorphin-sensitive "epsilon-opioid receptor" in the ... The existence of this receptor was suspected after the endogenous opioid peptide beta-endorphin was shown to produce additional ... a beta (β) subunit, and a gamma (γ) sub-unit. The gamma and beta sub-units are permanently bound together, producing a single G ...
*  List of acupuncture points
... and mechanical wave activation of the calcium ion channel to beta-endorphin secretion. In practice, acupuncture points are ...
*  Peptide alpha-N-acetyltransferase
Other names in common use include beta-endorphin acetyltransferase, peptide acetyltransferase, protein N-terminal ... peptide acetyltransferase activity in bovine and rat intermediate pituitaries responsible for the acetylation of beta-endorphin ... O'Donohue TL (1983). "Identification of endorphin acetyltransferase in rat brain and pituitary gland". J. Biol. Chem. 258 (4): ...
*  Alcohol and sex
... beta-endorphin and prolactin in human adults of both sexes". Alcohol and Alcoholism. 37 (2): 169-73. doi:10.1093/alcalc/37.2. ...
*  Pre-Bötzinger complex
They are found within the pre-BötC and act via alpha-1, alpha-2, and beta-noradrenergic mechanisms.NE induces ICAN-dependent ... These include norepinephrine, serotonin, acetylcholine, substance P, ATP, TRH, somatostatin, dopamine, endorphins, and ...