Quaternary ammonium compounds ("quats"), such as benzalkonium chloride, are a large group of related compounds. Some ... Occasionally, chlorine-releasing compounds and their salts are included in this group. Frequently, a concentration of < 1 ppm ... Chlorine and oxygen are strong oxidizers, so their compounds figure heavily here. Electrolyzed water or "Anolyte" is an ... García, MR; Cabo, ML (June 2018). "Optimization of E. coli Inactivation by Benzalkonium Chloride Reveals the Importance of ...
These compounds are nitrogenous cationic surface active agents. Benzalkonium chloride is a mixture of alkylbenzyl ... Its active ingredients include quaternary ammonium compounds from the family of benzalkonium chlorides and ...
Benzalkonium chloride, stearalkonium chloride, and cetrimonium are all quaternary ammonium compounds containing nitrogen. The ... This is evidenced by a broad variety of new classes of compounds that have been prepared and studied in the past few years. ... Polymer quaternary ammonium compounds containing nitrogen induce cell death through electrostatic interactions and the ... Optimal antimicrobial activity is generally seen in quaternary ammonium compounds with a long chain length, containing 8-18 ...
"TOXNET Benzalkonium Chloride Compounds". "Haz-Map Benzalkonium Chloride". "NIOSH ICSC Benzalkonium Chloride". Archived from the ... Benzalkonium Chloride ToxNet Human Safety Database - Benzalkonium Chloride Compounds Recognition and Management of Pesticide ... Benzalkonium chloride is a mainstay of phase-transfer catalysis, an important technology in the synthesis of organic compounds ... Depending on purity, benzalkonium chloride ranges from colourless to a pale yellow (impure). Benzalkonium chloride is readily ...
... benzalkonium, 0.5 - 4% chlorhexidine, 0.1 - 2% octenidine solutions. Others are generally not applicable as safe antiseptics, ... non-quaternary compounds, such as chlorhexidine, glucoprotamine, octenidine dihydrochloride etc.), strong oxidizers, such as ... such as benzalkonium chloride, cetyl trimethylammonium bromide or chloride, didecyldimethylammonium chloride, cetylpyridinium ... lactic acid and salicylic acid some phenolic compounds, such as hexachlorophene, triclosan and Dibromol, and cationic ...
Triclosan and triclocarban are the most common compounds used as antibacterials in soaps. However, other common antibacterial ... ingredients in soaps include benzalkonium chloride, benzethonium chloride, and chloroxylenol. Claims that antibacterial soap is ...
Organic compounds containing hydrophilic groups at both ends of the molecule are called bolaamphiphilic. The micelles they form ... Some typical members of this group are: sodium dodecyl sulfate (anionic), benzalkonium chloride (cationic), cocamidopropyl ... An amphiphile (a.k.a. amphipath; from the Greek αμφις, amphis: both and φιλíα, philia: love, friendship) is a chemical compound ... Such a compound is called amphiphilic or amphipathic. Common amphiphilic substances are soaps, detergents, and lipoproteins. ...
In 2011, several compounds (antifungals, fungicides, and biocides) where shown to effectively inhibit the growth of P. ... destructans including benzalkonium chloride, chloroacetoxyquinoline, chloroxine, ciclopirox olamine, econazole, phenylmercuric ... P. destructans can tolerate elevated levels of environmental inhibitory sulfur compounds (cysteine, sulfite, and sulfide), grow ... A recent study (2014) identified several volatile organic compounds (benzaldehyde, benzothiazole, decanal, nonanal, N,N- ...
The usual concentration in these products is 0.01% (w/w). However, it isn't known as a potent bactericidal compound, mainly ... Even though cetalkonium chloride is belongs to the family of benzalkonium chloride, the ophthalmic use of cetalkonium chloride ... For example, US and European pharmacopeias enforce suppliers of benzalkonium chloride to limit the amount of cetalkonium ... Cetalkonium chloride (CKC) is a quaternary ammonium compound of the alkyl-benzyldimethylammonium chloride family, the alkyl ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds have also been shown to have antimicrobial activity. Certain quaternary ammonium compounds, ... A typical synthesis is for benzalkonium chloride from a long-chain alkyldimethylamine and benzyl chloride: CH3(CH2)nN(CH3)2 + ... Quaternary ammonium compounds are prepared by the alkylation of tertiary amines with a halocarbon. In older literature this is ... Quaternary ammonium compounds are cationic detergents, as well as disinfectants, and as such can be used to remove organic ...
Quaternary ammonium compoundsEdit. Quaternary ammonium compounds ("quats"), such as benzalkonium chloride, are a large group of ... Inorganic compoundsEdit. ChlorineEdit. This group comprises aqueous solution of chlorine, hypochlorite, or hypochlorous acid. ... Occasionally, chlorine-releasing compounds and their salts are included in this group. Frequently, a concentration of , 1 ppm ... Alcohol and alcohol plus Quaternary ammonium cation based compounds comprise a class of proven surface sanitizers and ...
In addition, several compounds of natural origin have also shown in vitro antiparasitic activity: the polyphenols mangiferin ... Bath treatments consisting of a combination of benzalkonium chloride and bronopol have also proved to be effective in reducing ... Several compounds of well-known antiprotozoal activity, including niclosamide, oxyclozanide, bithionol sulfoxide, toltrazuril, ... Other studies investigating the in vitro effects of several new synthetic compounds, including 2 naphthyridines, 2 ...
Compounds such as glycerol may be added to prevent drying of the skin. Some versions contain fragrances; however, these are ... Where alcohol sanitizers utilize 62%, or higher, alcohol by weight, only 0.1 to 0.13% of benzalkonium chloride by weight ... Non-alcohol based versions typically contain benzalkonium chloride or triclosan; but are less effective than alcohol-based ones ... Some hand sanitizer products use agents other than alcohol to kill microorganisms, such as povidone-iodine, benzalkonium ...
Benzalkonium chloride is commonly used in oil field industry. In oil refineries, hydrogen sulfide can corrode steels so it is ... Compounds derived from tannic acid or zinc salts of organonitrogens (e.g. Alcophor 827) can be used together with anticorrosive ... A corrosion inhibitor is a chemical compound that, when added to a liquid or gas, decreases the corrosion rate of a material, ...
"PubChem Compound. Retrieved 6 March 2014.. *^ Sanders KM, Zhu MH, Britton F, Koh SD, Ward SM (February 2012). "Anoctamins and ... Since carbachol is poorly absorbed through topical administration, benzalkonium chloride is mixed in to promote absorption.[2] ... Carbachol is a choline carbamate and a positively charged quaternary ammonium compound.[2] It is not well absorbed in the ...
... Antibacterial Surface Cleanser and Dettol Antibacterial Wipes contain the active ingredient benzalkonium chloride. ... an aromatic chemical compound. Chloroxylenol comprises 4.8% of Dettol's total admixture, with the rest made up of pine oil, ...
Dial replaced these ingredients with benzalkonium chloride (for bar soaps) and benzethonium chloride (for liquid hand soaps). ... a synthetic antibacterial compound. Dial became the leading deodorant soap brand in the U.S. From 1953 until the mid-1990s, ... In its 2016 ruling, the FDA also stated that it is deferring the final rule on benzalkonium chloride, benzethonium chloride and ...
... s are compounds, mixtures, or materials that block or absorb ultraviolet (UV) light. One of the major applications of ... Camphor benzalkonium methosulfate (CBM) The use of UV filters has increased recently due to growing concern about UV radiation ... UV classifications include UVA (320-400 nm), UVB (290-320 nm) and UVC (200-280 nm). UV-absorbing compounds are used not only in ... Inorganic UV-filters (i.e. TiO2) can also generate ROS, another compound toxic for marine phytoplankton. UV filters have shown ...
In the United States, its use has been superseded by other agents (e.g., povidone iodine, benzalkonium chloride, chloroxylenol ... is an organomercuric disodium salt compound used as a topical antiseptic for minor cuts and scrapes and as a biological dye. ... "Aqueous solution of benzalkonium chloride and lidocaine hydrochloride") play on the brand recognition history of Mercurochrome ... "Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis of Mercury Compounds in the List". Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act). U.S. ...
It was once commonly used as a topical solution for disinfecting wounds, but as with all organomercury compounds it is highly ... "Antifungal effect of ophthalmic preservatives phenylmercuric nitrate and benzalkonium chloride on ocular pathogenic filamentous ... Phenylmercuric nitrate is an organomercury compound with powerful antiseptic and antifungal effects. ...
Chemical compounds used to kill fungus include: Contents: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z See also ... azoxystrobin barium polysulfide benalaxyl benalaxyl-M benodanil benomyl benquinox bentaluron benthiavalicarb benzalkonium ... Organic compound List of biomolecules List of minerals Polyatomic ions List of elements by name List of organic compounds List ... of inorganic compounds [Prevention and treatment of mold in library collections with an emphasis on tropical climates: A RAMP ...
Takeoka GR, Dao LT, Wong RY, Harden LA (September 2005). "Identification of benzalkonium chloride in commercial grapefruit seed ... Chemistry of Natural Compounds. 18: 445-7. doi:10.1007/BF00579640.. ...
"Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis of Mercury Compounds in the List". Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act). U.S. ... In the United States, its use has been superseded by other agents (e.g., povidone iodine, benzalkonium chloride, chloroxylenol ... Merbromin is an organomercuric disodium salt compound and a fluorescein. Readily available in most countries, it is no longer ... Within the United States, products such as Humco Mercuroclear ("Aqueous solution of benzalkonium chloride and lidocaine ...
The lipid layer consists of fatty compounds that are responsible for decreasing evaporation of the tear film. The mucous layer ... For instance, high concentrations of benzalkonium chloride (BAK) can cause cytotoxicity, cause cell lysis, and reduce tear and ... The aqueous layer consists of a mixture of electrolytes, enzymes, antibodies, antimicrobial proteins, and other compounds. ... Preservatives include benzalkonium chloride (BAK), ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), purite, chlorobutanol, sodium ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds. *Benzalkonium. *Benzethonium chloride. *Cetrimonium (bromide/chloride). *Cetylpyridinium. * ... Silver nitrate is an inorganic compound with chemical formula AgNO. 3. This compound is a versatile precursor to many other ... "Silver (metal dust and soluble compounds, as Ag)". Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health Concentrations (IDLH). National ... Seidell, Atherton; Linke, William F. (1919). Solubilities of Inorganic and Organic Compounds (2nd ed.). New York City: D. Van ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds. *Benzalkonium. *Benzethonium chloride. *Cetrimonium (bromide/chloride). *Cetylpyridinium. * ... After continued exposure to antibiotics, bacteria may evolve to the point where they are no longer harmed by these compounds. ... Polyhexanide (polyhexamethylene biguanide, PHMB) is an antimicrobial compound suitable for clinical use in critically colonized ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds. *Benzalkonium. *Benzethonium chloride. *Cetrimonium (bromide/chloride). *Cetylpyridinium. * ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds. *Benzalkonium. *Benzethonium chloride. *Cetrimonium (bromide/chloride). *Cetylpyridinium. * ... Isopropyl alcohol (IUPAC name propan-2-ol; commonly called isopropanol) is a compound with the chemical formula CH3CHOHCH3. It ... Isopropyl alcohol dissolves a wide range of non-polar compounds. It also evaporates quickly, leaves nearly zero oil traces, ... Mirafzal, Gholam A; Baumgarten, Henry E (1988). "Control of peroxidizable compounds: An addendum". Journal of Chemical ...
Fatty acid esters of polyhydroxy compounds[edit]. Fatty acid esters of glycerol[edit]. *Glycerol monostearate ... Permanently charged quaternary ammonium salts: cetrimonium bromide (CTAB), cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), benzalkonium ... Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension (or interfacial tension) between two liquids, between a gas and a ... The compounds that coat a micelle are typically amphiphilic in nature, meaning that micelles may be stable either as droplets ...
It is a basic compound that is most active with an alkaline reaction.[2] It is also a thermostable compound that is soluble in ... The compound is then isolated and purified from the bacterium.[23] DNA binding[edit]. Aminoglycosides such as neomycin are ... Standard grade neomycin is composed of a number of related compounds including neomycin A (neamine), neomycin B (framycetin), ... neomycin C, and a few minor compounds found in much lower quantities. Neomycin B is the most active component in neomycin ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds. *Benzalkonium. *Benzethonium chloride. *Cetrimonium (bromide/chloride). *Cetylpyridinium. * ... Decomposition is catalysed by various compounds, including most transition metals and their compounds (e.g. manganese dioxide, ... This degrades organic compounds, including those that are ordinarily robust, such as aromatic or halogenated compounds.[55] It ... Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound with the formula H. 2O. 2. In its pure form, it is a pale blue, clear liquid, slightly ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds. *Benzalkonium. *Benzethonium chloride. *Cetrimonium (bromide/chloride). *Cetylpyridinium. * ... However, cation-active compounds cause local irritation and are extremely poisonous when administered parenterally.[5] ...
... is an organic compound with local anaesthetic, antiseptic and anthelmintic properties.[1] ...
... solutions often contain preservatives such as benzalkonium chloride and benzyl alcohol. Preservative-free products ... These compounds are of particular interest to contact lens manufacturers and prescribing optometrists because they do not ...
Formulae based on benzalkonium chloride are common in oilfield industry. Microbial corrosion can also apply to plastics, ... They can grow using oxidized sulfur compounds present in the effluent as electron acceptor and excrete hydrogen sulfide (H2S). ...
The compound was first described in 1935 by Ferdinand Münz, who prepared the compound from ethylenediamine and chloroacetic ... It serves as a preservative (usually to enhance the action of another preservative such as benzalkonium chloride or thiomersal ... IDS binds to calcium exceptionally well and forms stable compounds with other heavy metal ions. In addition to having a lower ... Many of the resulting coordination compounds adopt octahedral geometry. Although of little consequence for its applications, ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds. *Benzalkonium. *Benzethonium chloride. *Cetrimonium (bromide/chloride). *Cetylpyridinium. * ... It also reacts with many mercury compounds, giving the corrosive compound mercury iodide, as well as with many metals, making ... kills cells through iodination of lipids and oxidation of cytoplasmic and membrane compounds. This agent exhibits a broad range ...
This organic compound is a white powdered solid with a slight aromatic, phenolic odor. Categorized as a polychloro phenoxy ... Triclosan can react with the free chlorine in chlorinated tap water to produce lesser amounts of other compounds, such as 2,4- ... Because the FDA prohibited hexachlorophene, a compound similar to triclosan, Halden and others argued that the FDA should also ... The compound has been found to bind with low affinity to both the androgen receptor and the estrogen receptor, where both ...
Chemistry of Natural Compounds. 18: 445-7. doi:10.1007/BF00579640. S2CID 4814220. Bailey, D. G.; Dresser, G.; Arnold, J. M. O ... "Identification of benzalkonium chloride in commercial grapefruit seed extracts". J. Agric. Food Chem. 53 (19): 7630-6. doi: ...