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*  Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
Mutagenic PAHs, such as benzo[a]pyrene, usually have four or more aromatic rings as well as a "bay region", a structural pocket ... Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs, also polyaromatic hydrocarbons or polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons) are hydrocarbons- ... Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Fact Sheet Understanding Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons NASA Spitzer Space Telescope ... Dipple, A. (1985). "Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Carcinogenesis". Polycyclic Hydrocarbons and Carcinogenesis. ACS Symposium ...
*  Benzo(j)fluoranthene
Classified as a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), it is a colourless solid that is poorly soluble in most solvents. Impure ... "pseudo-bay region," in which the additional side is derived from the 5-membered ring. Such a dihydrodiol-epoxide would not be ... December 2005) "Carcinogenicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons" THE LANCET Oncology, vol.6, issue 12 J.E. Rice et al. (1st ... December 2005) "Carcinogenicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons" The Lancet Oncology, vol.6, issue 12 E.J. Lavoie et al. ( ...
*  Myricetin
... reduces the risk of skin tumorigenicity that is caused by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons like benzo(a)pyrene, a ... 5-oxide and the bay-region diol-epoxides of benzo(a)anthracene, chrysene, and benzo(c)phenathrene). This data shows that ... myricetin is not unilaterally able to reduce the carcinogenic activity of all polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons or even the more ... that myricetin was more effective in preventing mutagenesis initiated by certain carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ...
*  Methylcholanthrene
This is likely because it is plausible that two polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are metabolized via the same pathway. ... The second epoxide is not hydrolysed immediately because it is localized next to a bay region, which shields the epoxide. This ... Harvey, R. G.; Cortez, C.; Jacobs, S. A. (1982). "Synthesis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons via a novel annelation method ... The sexhormone is, like 3-MC, a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon. 3-MC and estrogen bind to estrogenreceptors competitively, ...
*  Elizabeth River (Virginia)
Creosote (high in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) from dumping and a major fire in 1963 played a major role in contaminating ... Both activities are vital to the region. Motor vehicles cross the main portion of the river using the Downtown Tunnel and the ... Chesapeake Bay: A Framework for Action. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Philadelphia, PA. September 1983 Elizabeth River ... The Elizabeth River is a tributary of the Chesapeake Bay and faces significant environmental pollution challenges of its own ...
*  Dicoronylene
... is the trivial name for a very large polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon. Its formal name is benzo[10,11]phenanthro[2 ... The double bond of maleic anhydride forms two carbon-carbon bonds on the ends of the bay region, making a new six-membered ring ... Fetzer, J. C. (2000). The Chemistry and Analysis of the Large Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. New York: Wiley. ... Dicoronylene does undergo a Diels-Alder reaction with maleic anhydride on one or both of the central bay regions on either side ...
*  Ashland/Northern States Power Lakefront
In its makeup, it often contains polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and trace heavy metals, both of which are suspected to be ... Estimates say that the depth of wood by-products in the region of the bay ranges from two feet to ten feet thick, on top of ... In dry dredging, an artificial barrier is built around the region to be worked on, then pumped dry. Then workers scrape off the ... The Ashland/Northern States Power Lakefront Superfund site is a contaminated region of the Wisconsin shoreline of Lake Superior ...
*  Benzo(c)fluorene
Benzo[c]fluorene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) with mutagenic activity. It is a component of coal tar, cigarette ... fluorene does not have a bay or fjord region it does undergo a similar transformation with a pseudo-bay region that reacts ... Seto H, Ohkubo T, Kanoh T, Koike M, Nakamura K, Kawahara Y (1993). "Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the ... Benzo[c]fluorene belongs to a group of compounds called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). PAHs and their derivatives are ...
*  Chevron Richmond Refinery
There are unhealthy levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and mercury in the estuarine habitats of Castro Cove and ... NBC Bay Area reported that this was due to flaring. This refinery receives small quantities (relative to their other sources) ... of crude oil from the Amazon region of South America, according to the Borealis Centre for Environmental and Trade Research. ... Supporters of the Bay Trail along with then California Lieutenant Governor John Garamendi pushed Chevron in to accepting the ...
*  Nonpoint source pollution
... and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), fire retardants, and other substances are resistant to breakdown. These ... Hypoxia is an increasingly common result of eutrophication in marine systems and can impact large areas of estuaries, bays, and ... is comparable to the area of New Jersey and has major detrimental consequences for fisheries in the region. Nitrogen is most ... Stevenson, J. Court; Piper, Catherine B.; Confer, Nedra (1979). Decline of Submerged Plants in Chesapeake Bay (Report). ...
*  River Fane
... is a major source of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons which have severely affected Atlantic salmon stocks in the region. Rivers ... It then flows east towards Dundalk Bay, straddling the border between Counties Monaghan, Louth and Armagh flowing through ... Runoff from illegal fuel laundering operations, carried out in the region, ... Inniskeen, Knockbridge, before meeting Dundalk Bay near Blackrock, County Louth. The Fane River is 38.25 miles long and drains ...
*  Long Island Sound
Silt and sediment from the harbor cointains heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, according to DEP officials. In ... "I have to go to the Chesapeake Bay to study them. I can't find them in the Sound." Polluted sediment from harbor, river and ... The installation is estimated to save the region in excess of $600 million a year in energy costs. The terminal would regasify ... A tunnel under the sound, as between Rye and Oyster Bay has also been proposed, to carry both freeway lanes and railroads. ...
*  Exxon Valdez oil spill
The researchers found that at only a few parts per billion, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons caused a long-term increase in ... The region is a habitat for salmon, sea otters, seals and seabirds. The oil, originally extracted at the Prudhoe Bay oil field ... More than 11,000 Alaska residents, along with some Exxon employees, worked throughout the region to try to restore the ...
*  Oceanic carbon cycle
Refractory DOM largely comprises highly conjugated molecules like Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons or lignin. Refractory DOM ... While there are regions with local loss of CO2 to the atmosphere and hydrothermal processes, a net loss in the cycle does not ... The rivers that flow into Chesapeake Bay (Susquehanna, Potomac, and James rivers) input approximately 0.004 Gt (6.5 x 1010 ... in a 2004 study data showed a Revelle factor ranging from approximately 9 in low-latitude tropical regions to 15 in the ...
*  Beluga whale
... in this case by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and coincides with the high incidence of this disease in humans residing in ... Whales in James Bay spend winter months within the basin could be a distinct group from these in Hudson Bay. The populations of ... They live in all the seas of the world and share the same habitat as belugas in the sub-Arctic region. Attacks on belugas by ... The populations living in the Ungava Bay and the eastern and western sides of Hudson Bay overwinter together beneath the sea ...
*  Environmental toxicants and fetal development
Maternal exposure through natural gas wells may come in the form of benzene, solvents, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs ... Thus, any effects air pollution has on human development in utero are of great concern to those who live in this region. ... where it went on to be ingested regularly by many villagers who used the fish living in the bay as a dietary staple. Soon, many ... polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, perchlorate PBDEs, compounds used as flame retardants, and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane ( ...
*  Naphthalene
... is an organic compound with formula C 10H 8. It is the simplest polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, and is a white ... "Termite 'mothball' keep insects at bay". Sci/Tech. BBC News. April 8, 1998. Daisy BH, Strobel GA, Castillo U, et al. (November ... 2008-09-20), "Evidence for the Naphthalene Cation in a Region of the Interstellar Medium with Anomalous Microwave Emission", ... naphthalene is classified as a benzenoid polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH). There are two sets of equivalent hydrogen atoms ...
*  Gulf of Finland
... petroleum products and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Cleaning of waste water in Saint Petersburg was started in 1979 and by ... The northern coast of the gulf is high and winding, with abundant small bays and skerries, but only a few large bays (Vyborg) ... oil from Volga region, and grains from many regions of Russia. Passenger transport on the gulf includes a number of ferry lines ... The average depth is 38 m (125 ft) with the maximum of 100 m (330 ft). The depth of the Neva Bay is less than 6 metres (20 ft ...
*  Corexit
PLOS ONE: Dispersants as Used in Response to the MC252-Spill Lead to Higher Mobility of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Oil ... Experts: Health Hazards in Gulf Warrant Evacuations "Riki Ott: An Open Letter to US EPA, Region 6". Huffington Post. August 27 ... Three years after BP oil spill, USF research finds massive die-off , Tampa Bay Times Environmental Protection Agency, NCP ... James Avery, Humble Oil and Refining Company's public relations representative for the eastern region confirmed that following ...
*  Microbead
... and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In 2012, the North Sea Foundation and the Plastic Soup Foundation launched an app ... Lawrence Region" (PDF). June 4, 2015. "Facial scrubs polluting Great Lakes with plastic". July 31, 2013. Retrieved February 1, ... Jerry Brown signs new laws East Bay Times. Phil Willon California lawmakers approve ban on plastic microbeads LA Times, 8 ... The beads can absorb and concentrate pollutants like pesticides and polycyclic hydrocarbons. Microbeads have been found to ...
*  Parking lot
... polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and heavy metals. (PAHs are found in combustion byproducts of gasoline, as well as in ... Some regions with especially cold winters provide electricity at most parking spots for engine block heaters, as antifreeze may ... These include failure to purchase a ticket as payment (if available)/not parking in a marked bay/other offenses. In the United ... with motorists paying in advance for the time required for the bay they are parked in. Pango (a play on "pay and go"), a ...
*  Deepwater Horizon oil spill
Between May and June 2010, the spill waters contained 40 times more polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) than before the ... off the Tampa Bay region. According to researchers, there is "some evidence it may have caused lesions in fish caught in that ... "Oil from BP spill pushed onto shelf off Tampa Bay by underwater currents, study finds". Tampa Bay Times. Viegas, Jen (April 2, ... It was first thought that oil had not reached as far as Tampa Bay, Florida; however, a study done in 2013 found that one of the ...
*  Niger Delta mangroves
Petroleum, which comprises hydrocarbon compound contaminants such as PAHs (Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), has been ... Considered one of the most ecologically sensitive regions in the world, the Niger Delta mangrove forest is situated within a ... One study analyzing local species dependency on mangrove populations in Pagbilao Bay, Quezon, discovered that nearly 128 fish ... Sustainable Management of Mangrove Coastal Environments in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria: Role of Remote Sensing and GIS. ...
*  In situ capping of subaqueous waste
... "the development of cancerous tumors in fish exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in sediments." These high-risk ... This was done in shallow regions were direct placement was possible. In Cold Spring, New York, in the Hudson River, sediment ... used for stabilization in two projects along with granular media for the ISC constructed at Sheboygan River and in Eitrheim Bay ...
*  Pre-spawn mortality in coho salmon
... polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), petroleum hydrocarbons (motor oil and fuel), and pesticides (including insecticides). ... The cause of pre-spawn mortality for the sockeye salmon in the Fraser River, BC, and Bristol Bay, Alaska, can be attributed to ... This occurrence has been observed in much of the Puget Sound region of the Pacific Northwest. During fall migration, salmonids ... Parking lot sealcoat: an unrecognized source of urban polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Environmental Science & Technology 39: ...
*  Marine mammal
... but also organochlorides and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. For example, these can cause disruptive effects on endocrine ... In Hudson Bay, James Bay, and some other areas, the ice melts completely each summer (an event often referred to as "ice-floe ... Savage, R. J. G.; Domning, Daryl P.; Thewissen, J. G. M. (1994). "Fossil Sirenia of the West Atlantic and Caribbean Region. V. ... Solitary foraging species usually exploit coastal waters, bays and rivers. When large schools of fish or squid are available, ...