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*  List of MeSH codes (C10)
... basal ganglia diseases MeSH C10.228.140.079.127 --- basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease MeSH C10.228.140.079.127.500 --- ... basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease MeSH C10.228.140.300.100.200 --- basal ganglia hemorrhage MeSH C10.228.140.300.100.200. ... lewy body disease MeSH C10.228.662.600.400 --- parkinson disease MeSH C10.228.662.600.700 --- parkinson disease, secondary MeSH ... lewy body disease MeSH C10.228.140.079.862.500 --- parkinson disease MeSH C10.228.140.079.862.800 --- parkinson disease, ...
*  List of MeSH codes (C14)
... basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease MeSH C14.907.253.061.200 --- basal ganglia hemorrhage MeSH C14.907.253.061.200.500 --- ... basal ganglia hemorrhage MeSH C14.907.253.573.200.150.500 --- putaminal hemorrhage MeSH C14.907.253.573.200.200 --- cerebral ... basal ganglia hemorrhage MeSH C14.907.253.420.150.500 --- putaminal hemorrhage MeSH C14.907.253.420.200 --- cerebral hemorrhage ... intracranial arterial diseases MeSH C14.907.253.560.200 --- cerebral arterial diseases MeSH C14.907.253.560.200.175 --- cadasil ...
*  Sydenham's chorea
Wilson's disease, Huntington's disease, abetalipoproteinemia, Fahr disease, biotin-thiamine-responsive basal ganglia disease ... There are many causes of childhood chorea, including cerebrovascular accidents, collagen vascular diseases, drug intoxication, ... biotin-thiamine-responsive basal ganglia disease, Fahr disease, familial dyskinesia-facial myokymia (Bird-Raskind syndrome) due ... Molecular mimicry to streptococcal antigens leading to an autoantibody production against the basal ganglia has long been ...
*  Spasmodic torticollis
... basal ganglia and thalamus has recently been used as a successful treatment for tremors of patients with Parkinson's disease. ... These conditions are listed below: Perinatal (during birth) cerebral injury Kernicterus Cerebrovascular diseases Drug induced ... Treatment was based on the theory that there is an imbalance of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the basal ganglia. These drugs ... Although no lesions are present in the basal ganglia in primary spasmodic torticollis, fMRI and PET studies have shown ...
*  Intracerebral hemorrhage
It accounts for 20% of all cases of cerebrovascular disease in the United States, behind cerebral thrombosis (40%) and cerebral ... Aspiration by stereotactic surgery or endoscopic drainage may be used in basal ganglia hemorrhages, although successful reports ... January 2013). "Heart disease and stroke statistics--2013 update: a report from the American Heart Association". Circulation. ...
*  Perivascular space
... and the caudate nucleus of the basal ganglia may implicate dementia due to arteriosclerotic microvascular disease, in ... Because dilated perivascular spaces are so closely correlated with cerebrovascular disease, there is much current research on ... In contrast to VRS of the basal ganglia, VRS in the cerebral cortex are surrounded by only one layer of leptomeninges. As such ... have noted the greater frequency of β-amyloid plaques in the cerebral cortex than in the basal ganglia of Alzheimer's disease ...
*  Neurological disorder
... cerebrovascular attack) Tumors of the nervous system (e.g. cancer) Multiple sclerosis and other demyelinating diseases ... brain areas such as basal ganglia, cerebellum, brainstem): Frontal lobe damage Parietal lobe damage Temporal lobe damage ... Huntington's disease, Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis and organic psychosis.) Many of the diseases and disorders listed ... lysosomal storage diseases such as Niemann-Pick disease can lead to neurological deterioration. The National Institutes of ...
*  Anosognosia
In contrast, after a stroke, people with moderate anosognosia have a higher frequency of lesions involving the basal ganglia, ... Cerebrovascular Diseases. 27 (3): 280-9. doi:10.1159/000199466. PMID 19202333. Breier, J. I.; Adair, J. C.; Gold, M.; Fennell, ... Those diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease often display this lack of awareness and insist that nothing is wrong with them. ... Anosognosia (/æˌnɒsɒɡˈnoʊziə/, /æˌnɒsɒɡˈnoʊʒə/; from Ancient Greek ἀ- a-, "without", νόσος nosos, "disease" and γνῶσις gnōsis ...
*  Glutaric aciduria type 1
GA1 can be described as a metabolic disorder, a neurometabolic disease, a cerebral palsy or a basal ganglia disorder (it is ... cerebrovascular abrupt and severe neonatal asphyxia ("selective neuronal necrosis")). Amongst 279 patients who had been ... So-called "orphan diseases", such as GA1, can be adopted into wider groups of diseases (such as carnitine deficiency diseases, ... These intermediate breakdown products are particularly prone to affect the basal ganglia, causing many of the signs and ...
*  ICD-10 Chapter VI: Diseases of the nervous system
Other specified degenerative diseases of basal ganglia (G23.9) Degenerative disease of basal ganglia, unspecified (G24) ... Other vascular syndromes of brain in cerebrovascular diseases (G47) Sleep disorders (G47.0) Disorders of initiating and ... Parkinsonism in diseases classified elsewhere (G23) Other degenerative diseases of basal ganglia (G23.0) Hallervorden-Spatz ... Fazio-Londe disease) Kugelberg-Welander disease (spinal muscular atrophy type 3) (G12.2) Motor neuron disease Familial motor ...
*  Cerebral autosomal recessive arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy
Diffuse white matter changes (leukoencephalopathy) and multiple lacunar infarcts in basal ganglia of thalamus are usually ... Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 20(2), 85-86,87,88,89,90,91.. ... The disease is rare and has only been diagnosed in about 50 patients, mostly of Japanese descent but few of Chinese and Spanish ... CARASIL is a degenerative disease, and most patients live only 10 years past symptom onset. CARASIL is caused by a deletion or ...
*  HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder
... basal ganglia output nucleus). This dysfunction with the basal ganglia and PFC may explain the executive function and semantic ... cerebrovascular disease, pre-existing neurological disease, severe substance abuse compatible with CNS disorder. While the ... including the basal ganglia, deep white matter, and hippocampal regions. Neuroimaging studies of HIV patients indicate that ... especially with regards to basal ganglia volume and total white matter. Changes in the brain may be ongoing but asymptomatic, ...
*  Dysprosody
It has also been found that damage to the medulla, cerebellum, and basal ganglia may cause dysprosody. These conclusions have ... In addition, dysprosody has been associated with several other diseases, including Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, ... Marie described the case of a Frenchman who started speaking in an Alsatian accent after suffering from a cerebrovascular ... ISBN 0-7619-2163-X. Vanlanckersidtis, D; Pachana, N; Cummings, J; Sidtis, J (2006). "Dysprosodic speech following basal ganglia ...
*  Memory disorder
This has been shown to be related to decreased activation in the basal ganglia and frontal cortex. Elgh, Domellof, Linder, ... Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive, degenerative and fatal brain disease, in which cell to cell connections in the brain ... can also be the result of a stroke as the resulting lack of oxygen can cause damage to the location of the cerebrovascular ... Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease. PD and aging share a lot of the same neuropathologic and behavioral ...
*  Thalamus
Ventricles of brain and basal ganglia. Superior view. Horizontal section. Deep dissection Ventricles of brain and basal ganglia ... A cerebrovascular accident (stroke) can lead to the thalamic syndrome, which involves a one-sided burning or aching sensation ... Fatal familial insomnia is a hereditary prion disease in which degeneration of the thalamus occurs, causing the patient to ... Deep dissection List of regions in the human brain List of thalamic nuclei Neothalamus Primate basal ganglia system Thalamic ...
*  Parkinsonism
Chapter 4. Abnormalities of Movement and Posture Caused by Disease of the Basal Ganglia. In: Ropper AH, Samuels MA, eds. Adams ... associated with underlying cerebrovascular disease Wilson's disease is a genetic disorder in which an abnormal accumulation of ... 2007). "Unified Wilson's Disease Rating Scale - a proposal for the neurological scoring of Wilson's disease patients". Neurol. ... a few metabolic diseases, and a handful of neurological conditions other than Parkinson's disease. About 7% of people with ...
*  Cerebral palsy
Adults with cerebral palsy may suffer from "ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, cancer, and trauma" more so than a ... Cheney, PD (1997). "Pathophysiology of the corticospinal system and basal ganglia in cerebral palsy". Mental Retardation and ... is primarily associated with damage to the basal ganglia in the form of lesions that occur during brain development due to ... Chronic disease risk, such as obesity, is also higher among adults with cerebral palsy than the general population. Common ...
*  Amnesia
According to fMRI studies, the acquisition of procedural memories activates the basal ganglia, the premotor cortex and the ... Ribot, T. (1882). Diseases of Memory: An essay in the positive psychology. London: D. Appleton and company. Scoville, W.B.; ... The damage is usually caused by head trauma, cerebrovascular accident, stroke, tumor, hypoxia, encephalitis, or chronic ... The law follows a logical progression of memory loss due to disease. First, a patient loses the recent memories, then personal ...
*  Aging brain
... the parietal and basal ganglia regions are often affected in degenerative brain diseases associated with aging and it has ... cerebrovascular disease, Parkinson's disease and Lou Gehrig's disease. While much research has focused on diseases of aging, ... Age is a major risk factor for most common neurodegenerative diseases, including mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer's disease ... basal ganglia, and to a lesser degree, the frontal white matter, has also been noted. Although these levels were studied in the ...
*  CADASIL
2005). "Cerebrovascular Diseases". Adams and Victor's Principles of Neurology. New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-141620-7. ... These lesions are concentrated around the basal ganglia, peri-ventricular white matter, and the pons, and are similar to those ... although MRI is able to detect signs of the disease years prior to clinical manifestation of disease. CADASIL may start with ... The disease belongs to a family of disorders called the leukodystrophies. The most common clinical manifestations are migraine ...
*  Intracranial aneurysm
... most often the lenticulostriate vessels of the basal ganglia, and are associated with chronic hypertension. Charcot-Bouchard ... Intracranial aneurysms may result from diseases acquired during life, or from genetic conditions. Lifestyle diseases including ... Intracranial aneurysm, also known as brain aneurysm, is a cerebrovascular disorder in which weakness in the wall of a cerebral ... This can be because of acquired disease or hereditary factors. The repeated trauma of blood flow against the vessel wall ...
*  Muscle
Deeper muscles such as those involved in posture often are controlled from nuclei in the brain stem and basal ganglia. In ... A large proportion of neurological disorders, ranging from cerebrovascular accident (stroke) and Parkinson's disease to ... Commands are routed though the basal ganglia and are modified by input from the cerebellum before being relayed through the ... Other syndromes or conditions that can induce skeletal muscle atrophy are congestive heart disease and some diseases of the ...
*  Anorexia nervosa (differential diagnoses)
Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association. 6 (5): 368-369. doi: ... "Neuropsychological alterations in patients with computed tomography-detected basal ganglia calcification". Archives of ... Diagnosis of Crohn's disease was made within 5 to 13 years."(Blanchet C, Luton JP. 2002)"This disease should be diagnostically ... Addison's disease is a disorder of the adrenal cortex which results in decreased hormonal production. Addison's disease, even ...
*  Cholinergic neuron
Projections from the pontomesencephalic tegmentum to the thalamus, tectum, basal ganglia, and basal forebrain". Brain Research ... Cholinergic neurons have an effect on other neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease and ... impairments in cerebrovascular function, and basal forebrain cholinergic deficits in AD. It appears that Beta amyloid (1-42) ... Auld, Daniel S.; Kornecook, Tom J.; Bastianetto, Stephane; Quirion, Remi (2002). "Alzheimer's disease and the basal forebrain ...
*  Effects of cannabis
Brain regions in which cannabinoid receptors are very abundant are the basal ganglia, associated with movement control; the ... particularly those with some degree of coronary artery or cerebrovascular disease, poses greater risks due to the resulting ... Cannabis arteritis is a very rare peripheral vascular disease similar to Buerger's disease. There were about 50 confirmed cases ... The association with these diseases has only been reported in cases where people have smoked cannabis. The authors cautioned ...
*  Aphasia
... and basal ganglia. Aphasia is most often caused by stroke, but any disease or damage to the parts of the brain that control ... After a traumatic brain injury (TBI) or cerebrovascular accident (CVA), the brain undergoes several healing and re-organization ... and the caudate nucleus of the basal ganglia. The area and extent of brain damage or atrophy will determine the type of aphasia ... Pick Complex Motor neuron disease, Progressive supranuclear palsy, and Alzheimer's disease, which is the gradual process of ...