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*  DNA vaccination
Currently no DNA vaccines have been approved for human use. Research is investigating the approach for viral, bacterial and ... Second generation vaccines were developed to reduce the risks from live vaccines. These are subunit vaccines, consisting of ... First generation vaccines are whole-organism vaccines - either live and weakened, or killed forms. Live, attenuated vaccines, ... A veterinary DNA vaccine to protect horses from West Nile virus has been approved. DNA vaccines elicit the best immune response ...
*  Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
The bacterial capsule sugars, a characteristic of these pathogens, are linked to CRM197, a nontoxic recombinant variant of ... Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) is a pneumococcal vaccine and a conjugate vaccine used to protect infants, young children ... Barocchi MA, Censini S, Rappuoli R (2007). "Vaccines in the era of genomics: the pneumococcal challenge". Vaccine. 25 (16): ... Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, International Vaccine Access Center (2013). "VIMS Report: Global vaccine ...
*  George Siber bibliography
Bacterial Vaccines. New York: Praeger, 1987. Siber GR. Special Lecture: importance of IgG subclasses and genetic factors in ... "Phase 1 trial of a 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in healthy adults". Vaccine. 25 (33): 6164-6. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine ... Vaccine-type and non-vaccine type pneumococci after administration of 9valent CRM 197 conjugate pneumococcal vaccine (Pnc CRM9 ... Human hyperimmune globulins for bacterial infections in high-risk children. In: Cryz SJ, eds. Vaccines and Immunotherapy. New ...
*  Scarlet fever
Ellis, Ronald W.; Brodeur, Bernard R. (2012). New Bacterial Vaccines. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 158. ISBN ... The vaccine approach has a greater likelihood of effectively preventing group A streptococcal infections because vaccine ... There have been several attempts to create a vaccine in the past few decades. These vaccines, which are still in the ... A vaccine developed by George and Gladys Dick in 1924 was discontinued due to poor efficacy and the introduction of antibiotics ...
*  Anthrax Vaccine Immunization Program
1980N-0208 Biological Products; Bacterial Vaccines and Toxoids; Implementation of Efficacy Review; Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed; ... The anthrax vaccine program to which he had devoted his entire career of more than 20 years was failing. The anthrax vaccines ... FDA Citizen Petition, Docket 01P-0471 DoD News Article DoD Vaccines.mil Website) "Anthrax Vaccine, GEO's Survey of Guard and ... the Clinton administration required the inoculation of all military members with the anthrax vaccine known as Anthrax Vaccine ...
*  Tamas Bartfai
... ethical committees for vaccine programmes; bacterial vaccine development and distribution efforts; and landmine issues and the ... vaccine that is part of the current triple vaccine. Briefly, they cloned the pertussis toxin, mapped the antigenic epitopes ... This model is now used to produce other safe acellular vaccines. They also showed that 'toxoidation' of whole bacteria with ... using antibodies from individuals, who had the disease and or were vaccinated with the old whole-cell vaccine, and attached ...
*  Reverse vaccinology
A Streptococcus and B Streptococcus vaccines were two of the first Reverse Vaccines created. Because those bacterial strains ... Since then, it has been used on several other bacterial vaccines. The basic idea behind reverse vaccinology is that an entire ... Later, the vaccine was proven to be safe and effective in adult humans. During the development of the MenB vaccine, scientists ... the first web-based vaccine design program for reverse vaccinology and applications for vaccine development. Journal of ...
*  Dlawer Ala'Aldeen
From 1988 to 2014, Ala'Aldeen has worked on pathogenesis, molecular epidemiology and vaccine development of various bacterial ... Molecular and Clinical Aspects of Bacterial Vaccine Development; and Medical Microbiology. He also holds patents for anti- ... Screening of neisserial vaccine candidates and vaccines against pathogenic ... - Google Patents Journal of Medical Microbiology ... He and his research group discovered a number of bacterial virulence factors and identified their human target receptors. They ...
*  Vaccine bath
A long time is taken to sterilize vaccines by this method. Bacterial vaccine are sterilized at 60°C for an hour.. ... A vaccine bath is an apparatus used in vaccine production. As vaccines are very heat labile but inevitably need to be heated to ...
*  Ty21a
... is a live attenuated bacterial vaccine that protects against typhoid. First licensed in Europe in 1983 and in the USA in ... the other being the Vi capsular polysaccharide vaccine). The vaccine is given by mouth. The vaccine is presented either as ... The vaccine must be stored at 2 to 8 °C, but will retain its potency for 14 days at 25°C. The vaccine offers a statistically ... The vaccine is most commonly used to protect travelers to endemic countries, but some agencies claim that the vaccine could be ...
*  Immunization during pregnancy
BCG vaccine is used against tuberculosis and is contraindicated in pregnancy. Inactivated bacterial vaccine is used during ... Hib can cause bacterial meningitis and pneumonia. There was not enough research found in the review to show whether giving the ... The tetanus vaccine (tetanus toxoid) has shown to be successful in preventing babies from developing tetanus and deaths from ... Immunization during pregnancy, that is the administration of a vaccine to a pregnant woman, is not a routine event as it is ...
*  Gerald Domingue
Domingue GJ, Acevedo HF, Powell JE, Stevens VC (1 July 1986). "Antibodies to bacterial vaccines demonstrating specificity for ... Domingue GJ, Schlegel JU (December 1978). "Novel bacterial structures in human blood. II. Bacterial variants as etiologic ... He first became interested in the role of atypical bacterial forms after noting that a large number of patients with urinary ... They noted that the forms, which they called electron dense bodies were so small that they could pass through bacterial filters ...
*  PfSPZ Vaccine
At the beginning Pasteur´s approach of developing bacterial vaccines was used as a big hope in eradication of this fatal ... PfSPZ Vaccine is a candidate malaria vaccine made of non-replicating irradiated whole sporozoites and developed by Sanaria. ... S Vaccine Evaluation (2009). "Randomized, double-blind, phase 2a trial of falciparum malaria vaccines RTS,S/AS01B and RTS,S/ ... PfSPZ Vaccine is made of attenuated sporozites, which are active and travel to liver cells, where CD8+ T cells producing IFNγ ...
*  Adaptive immune system
Most viral vaccines are based on live attenuated viruses, whereas many bacterial vaccines are based on acellular components of ... Many antigens derived from acellular vaccines do not strongly induce an adaptive response, and most bacterial vaccines require ... This theory, which builds on established concepts of clonal selection, is being applied in the search for an HIV vaccine. ... Breast milk contains antibodies (mainly IgA) that are transferred to the gut of the infant, protecting against bacterial ...
*  Indian Immunologicals Limited
... bacterial vaccines, canine vaccines, hepatitis, measles, MMR and DPT. It offers FMD vaccines to farmers at affordable prices. ... IIL is one of the largest vaccine manufacturers in the world. It was established in 1983 by the National Dairy Development ... PTI May 30, 2010, 01.00pm IST (2010-05-30). "Indian Immunologicals to launch 4 vaccines in a year - Economic Times". ... Indian Immunologicals Limited or IIL is a vaccine manufacturing facility and biotechnology laboratory in Hyderabad, Ooty and ...
*  Parke-Davis
The first bacterial vaccine was developed by Parke-Davis, and the company was thus known as a pioneer in the field of ... It was also among the five firms contracted to manufacture the original Salk killed-virus vaccine. A combination of the DPT and ... The Story of the Salk Anti-Poliomyelitis Vaccine. 1956. A picture of a Parke Davis & Co. Cocaine injection kit from 1885 2002 ... In addition, Parke-Davis distributed Coley's toxins, the first cancer vaccine, which was developed by William Coley to treat ...
*  Immune system
Most viral vaccines are based on live attenuated viruses, while many bacterial vaccines are based on acellular components of ... Since many antigens derived from acellular vaccines do not strongly induce the adaptive response, most bacterial vaccines are ... Breast milk or colostrum also contains antibodies that are transferred to the gut of the infant and protect against bacterial ... Van de Perre P (Jul 2003). "Transfer of antibody via mother's milk". Vaccine. 21 (24): 3374-6. doi:10.1016/S0264-410X(03)00336- ...
*  Virginia Livingston
During this time, she also began a small test trial of anti-bacterial vaccines made from the body fluids of cancer patients and ... The ACS also challenged the efficacy of Livingston's autogenous vaccine and concluded in its report that there was no ... 2 (2). Addeo, Edmond G.; Virginia Livingston-Wheeler (1984). The conquest of cancer: vaccines and diet. New York: F. Watts. ... The therapeutic program included autogenous vaccine made from killed bacteria derived from body fluids; a low sodium diet ...
*  Rino Rappuoli
... conjugate vaccine against meningococcal-C disease and the first recombinant bacterial vaccine against pertussis. Currently,[ ... Rappuoli joined Chiron as head of European vaccines research in 1992 with the acquisition of Italian vaccines company Sclavo ... Rappuoli, was previously the Global Head of Vaccines Research for Novartis Vaccines & Diagnostics (Siena, Italy) Since 2015, Dr ... Rappuoli, Rino (2001). "Reverse vaccinology, a genome-based approach to vaccine development". Vaccine. 19 (17-19): 2688-2691. ...
*  Bio Farma
... and bacterial vaccines (vaccine DTP vaccine TT, vaccines DT, and vaccine BCG). Bio Farma vaccines have supplied vaccines to ... Bio Farma vaccine produced vaccine consists of virus (vaccines against measles, polio and hepatitis B), ... PT Bio Farma (Persero) is an Indonesian state-owned enterprise based in Bandung, Indonesia which produces vaccines and sera to ... State Vaccine Development Agency) on 6 August 1890. The agency occupied a building in Weltevreden - Batavia, which is now Gatot ...
*  George Siber
... served as the Assistant Director and Head of Bacterial Vaccines for the Massachusetts Public Health Biological ... a meningococcal meningitis vaccine, Rotashield, a rotavirus vaccine, and FluMist, a nasal spray influenza vaccine. Since ... 2008). Pneumococcal vaccines: the impact of conjugate vaccine. Washington, DC: ASM Press. ISBN 9781555814083. George Siber's ... "Astellas To Form Strategic Partnership With Clearpath To Build Vaccine Portfolio-In-license Vaccine Technology for Respiratory ...
*  Eric Robinson (veterinarian)
In 1929 he was also director of the Bacterial Vaccine Section at Onderstepoort and in 1931 he was appointed as Sub-Director of ... Bacterial Icterus)". [7] Theiler, A. "Lamsiekte (Parabotulism) in Cattle in South Africa". [8]. ...
*  Samir Kumar Saha
"Integration of enteric fever surveillance into the WHO-coordinated Invasive Bacterial-Vaccine Preventable Diseases (IB-VPD) ... "The Life-Saving Vaccine the World Has Never Heard Of... - Stop Pneumonia". stoppneumonia.org. Retrieved 2018-01-09. User, Super ... Saha played a key role in implementing vaccines against two bacteria that cause meningitis and pneumonia in Bangladesh. It had ... The November 2017 edition of National Geographic Magazine published "Here's Why Vaccines Are So Crucial", an article revolving ...
*  Health Protection Agency
... bacterial vaccines, toxin therapeutics, Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) and in-vivo testing of compounds, biodefence and ... including vaccines and therapeutics. For instance, the HPA is the sole licensed manufacturer of the anthrax vaccine in the UK [ ... including vaccines and therapeutics. Internationally recognised as a world leader in microbiology research and testing, HPA's ...
*  Emil von Behring
nobelprize.org Hewlett, Richard Tanner (1903). Serum therapy: bacterial therapeutics and vaccines. p. 3. Morton A. Meyers, M.D ...
*  Phage display
Phage eluted in the final step can be used to infect a suitable bacterial host, from which the phagemids can be collected and ... antibody Fab that bound tetanus toxin and the method was then extended to rapidly clone human anti-HIV-1 antibodies for vaccine ... Those that remain can be eluted, used to produce more phage (by bacterial infection with helper phage) and so produce a phage ... Following further bacterial-based amplification, the DNA within in the interacting phage is sequenced to identify the ...
*  Porter W Anderson Jr.
"A lucky career in bacterial vaccines." (2012) Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, vol 8, issue 4, pp. 420-422 Clark, Thornton ... "A lucky career in bacterial vaccines." (2012) Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, vol 8, issue 4, pp. 420-422 Lasker ... Clinical trials in Finland demonstrated the vaccine's effectiveness in children, but not in infants. This vaccine was approved ... The conjugate vaccine technique Anderson and his colleagues developed led to a Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) vaccine ...