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*  Zinc finger nuclease
Chimeric nuclease Genome editing Gene targeting Zinc finger protein Zinc finger chimera Protein engineering Genome engineering ... A promising new method to select novel zinc-finger arrays utilizes a bacterial two-hybrid system and has been dubbed "OPEN" by ... Since the protein must be expressed only transiently, however, the time over which a response may develop is short. Liu et al. ... Several different protein engineering techniques have been employed to improve both the activity and specificity of the ...
*  Extrachromosomal DNA
The linear plasmids with a covalently attached protein may assist with bacterial conjugation and integration of the plasmids ... Bacterial plasmids are typically short sequences, consisting of 1 kilobase (kb) to a few hundred kb segments, and contain an ... Circular bacterial plasmids are classified according to the special functions that the genes encoded on the plasmid provide. ... Bacterial plasmids can also function in pigment production, nitrogen fixation and the resistance to heavy metals in those ...
*  Diguanylate cyclase
It was later noted that numerous bacterial genomes encoded multiple proteins with a GGDEF domain. Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 ... Often, GGDEF domains with DGC activity are found in the same proteins as c-di-GMP-specific phosphodiesterase (PDE) EAL (Glu-Ala ... During the cell cycle of C. crescentus, proteins with GGDEF and EAL domains are separated towards the two distinct poles. The ... D'Argenio, D.A.; Miller, S.I. (2004). "Cyclic di-GMP as a bacterial second messenger". Microbiology. 150 (Pt 8): 2497-502. doi: ...
*  Transfer-messenger RNA
In trans-translation, tmRNA and its associated proteins bind to bacterial ribosomes which have stalled in the middle of protein ... In other bacterial species, a permuted ssrA gene produces a two-piece tmRNA in which two separate RNA chains are joined by base ... Depending on the bacterial species, the 3'-CCA is either encoded or added by tRNA nucleotidyltransferase. Similar processing at ... In 2007, the crystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus TLD bound to the SmpB protein was obtained at 3 Å resolution. This ...
*  Cathepsin G
... is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CTSG gene. It is one of the three serine proteases of the ... peptide of human lysosomal cathepsin G to enhance its broad-spectrum action against antibiotic-resistant bacterial pathogens". ... Gabay JE, Scott RW, Campanelli D, Griffith J, Wilde C, Marra MN, Seeger M, Nathan CF (July 1989). "Antibiotic proteins of human ... Cathepsin G is a 255-amino-acid-residue protein including an 18-residue signal peptide, a two-residue activation peptide at the ...
*  LdrD-RdlD toxin-antitoxin system
RdlD RNA (regulator detected in LDR-D) is a family of small non-coding RNAs which repress the protein LdrD in a type I toxin- ... Van Melderen L, Saavedra De Bast M (March 2009). "Bacterial toxin-antitoxin systems: more than selfish entities?". PLoS Genet. ... The LdrD protein causes growth inhibition, loss of cell viability, nucleoid condensation and alteration in purine metabolism ... Fozo EM, Hemm MR, Storz G (December 2008). "Small toxic proteins and the antisense RNAs that repress them". Microbiol. Mol. ...
*  Homologous recombination
"Structural relationship of bacterial RecA proteins to recombination proteins from bacteriophage T4 and yeast". Science. 259 ( ... RecA protein binds to this strand and is either aided by the RecF, RecO, and RecR proteins or stabilized by them. The RecA ... The proteins of the RecA recombinase family of proteins are thought to be descended from a common ancestral recombinase. The ... The proteins generally share a long conserved region known as the RecA/Rad51 domain. Within this protein domain are two ...
*  Clostridium difficile toxin B
Rac proteins controls the activities of membrane ruffling and NADPH-oxidase neutrophil. Cdc42 regulates the F-actin filament ... These bacterial toxins have been shown to be associated with Clostridium sordellii hemorrhagic toxin (TcsH), lethal toxin (TcsL ... The encoding gene tcdE, located between tcdB and tcdA, is analogous to holin proteins, thus, it is suggested that tcdE works as ... Just I, Selzer J, Wilm M, von Eichel-Streiber C, Mann M, Aktories K (June 1995). "Glucosylation of Rho proteins by Clostridium ...
*  Type II secretion system
In the type II secretion system GspD creates a pore in the outer membrane of the bacterial cell through which proteins can be ... Unlike the other proteins that make up the inner membrane complex GspF is a multipass transmembrane protein and it may play a ... Tseng T, Tyler BM, Setubal JC (2009). "Protein secretion systems in bacterial-host associations, and their description in the ... Natale P, Bruser T, Driessen AJ (2008). "Sec- and Tat-mediated protein secretion across the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane- ...
*  Bacteriophage MS2
Bacterial lysis and release of newly formed virions occurs when sufficient lysis protein has accumulated. Lysis protein forms ... It encodes just four proteins: the maturation protein (A-protein), the lysis protein, the coat protein, and the replicase ... Finally, the lysis protein gene can only be initiated by ribosomes that have completed translation of the coat protein gene and ... It consists of one copy of the maturation protein and 180 copies of the coat protein (organized as 90 dimers) arranged into an ...
*  Prokaryotic small ribosomal subunit
This step is required in order for protein synthesis to occur. Then the large ribosomal subunit will bind and protein synthesis ... These antibiotics are known to target the prokaryotic ribosome specifically, hence their robust use in treating bacterial ... Proteins S3, S4, S5, and S12, along with H18, are located near the channel where mRNA is present in the 30S. The 30S subunit is ... Proteins are labelled "S#" to indicate the different peptides involved in rRNA stablization. S11 and H45 are located near the ...
*  MRPS18A
The encoded protein is one of three that has significant sequence similarity to bacterial S18 proteins. The primary sequences ... 28S ribosomal protein S18a, mitochondrial is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MRPS18A gene. Mammalian mitochondrial ... This gene encodes a 28S subunit protein that belongs to the ribosomal protein S18P family. ... Identification of protein components in the 28 S small subunit". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (35): 33181-95. doi:10.1074/jbc.M103236200 ...
*  MRPS18B
The encoded protein is one of three that has significant sequence similarity to bacterial S18 proteins. The primary sequences ... 28S ribosomal protein S18b, mitochondrial is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MRPS18B gene. Mammalian mitochondrial ... 2007). "Large-scale mapping of human protein-protein interactions by mass spectrometry". Mol. Syst. Biol. 3 (1): 89. doi: ... 2005). "Towards a proteome-scale map of the human protein-protein interaction network". Nature. 437 (7062): 1173-8. doi:10.1038 ...
*  Index of biochemistry articles
... bacterial conjugation - bacterial outer membrane protein - bacterial protein - bacteriorhodopsin - base (chemistry) - base pair ... protein - protein biosynthesis - Protein Data Bank - protein design - protein expression - protein folding - protein isoform - ... protein P16 - protein P34cdc2 - protein precursor - protein structure prediction - protein subunit - protein synthesis - ... proto-oncogene protein C-kit - proto-oncogene proteins c-abl - proto-oncogene proteins c-bcl-2 - Proto-oncogene proteins c-fos ...
*  Aminoglycoside
The subset of aberrant proteins that are incorporated into the bacterial cell membrane may then lead to changes in its ... that inhibit bacterial protein synthesis and are active especially against gram-negative bacteria". Mingeot-Leclercq MP, ... membrane-associated bacterial ribosome (image at right). (Aminoglycosides first cross bacterial cell walls-lipopolysaccharide ... leading to early termination of protein synthesis and truncated proteins). Aminoglycosides can cause the cell to overcome the ...
*  Spot
... a bacterial protein that hydrolizes (p)ppGpp Any of several typically spot-forming fungal or bacterial leaf diseases on plants ...
*  AGT II
O6-alkylguanine DNA alkyltransferase II (O6 AGT II) previously known as O6 Guanine transferase (ogt) is a bacterial protein ... The human equivalent of AGT II is O6-alkylguanine DNA alkyltransferase, a protein that in humans is encoded by the O6- ... Sassanfar M, Dosanjh MK, Essigmann JM, Samson L (Feb 1991). "Relative efficiencies of the bacterial, yeast, and human DNA ...
*  Cob
... a bacterial protein Cobb baronets, an extinct title in the Baronetage of England USCGC Cobb (WPG-181), a US Coast Guard cutter ...
*  Agnes Wold
... consisting of a bacterial protein working as an antigen stimulating the immune system. Agnes Wold ny professor vid Sahlgrenska ... Wold specializes in the normal bacterial flora of the intestines, and their interaction with the immune system. Together with ... akademin, Göteborgs universitet 2008-02-15 (hämtat 14 december 2010) Wold, Agnes E. (1989). Studies on bacterial adherence and ...
*  Macrolide
... s are protein synthesis inhibitors. The mechanism of action of macrolides is inhibition of bacterial protein ... The primary means of bacterial resistance to macrolides occurs by post-transcriptional methylation of the 23S bacterial ... Macrolide antibiotics do so by binding reversibly to the P site on the 50S subunit of the bacterial ribosome. This action is ... Protein synthesis inhibitors: macrolides mechanism of action animation. Classification of agents[permanent dead link] ...
*  Expansin
Turning to the function of bacterial expansins, the bacterial protein named YOAJ or BsEXLX1 binds to plant and bacterial cell ... Some proteins in bacteria and fungi are known to have distant sequence similarity to plant expansins. Strong evidence that at ... Expansin-like proteins are implicated in group-2 and -3 grass allergenes, less important than those of group-1. These three ... Expansins are proteins; the two expansins initially uncovered had molecular weights of 29 kDa (kiloDalton) and 30 kDa, which ...
*  Cody
... a bacterial protein family Cody Streaming, a streaming media service Commander Cody (disambiguation), multiple meanings Kodi ( ... a Republic Pictures multi-chapter movie serial which began as a proposed syndicated television series CodY protein family, ...
*  Listeria monocytogenes
This involves a bacterial protein "internalin"(InlA/InlB) which attaches to a protein on the intestinal cell membrane "cadherin ... ActA proteins associated with the old bacterial cell pole (being a bacillus, L. monocytogenes septates in the middle of the ... Motility in the intracellular space is provided by actin assembly-inducing protein (ActA) which allows the bacteria to use the ... This binding activates certain Rho-GTPases, which subsequently bind and stabilize Wiskott Aldrich syndrome protein (WAsp). WAsp ...
*  Eukaryotic large ribosomal subunit (60S)
The table "60S ribosomal proteins" cross-references the human ribosomal protein names with yeast, bacterial, and archaeal ... Proteins shared only between eukaryotes and archaea are shown as orange ribbons and proteins specific to eukaryotes are shown ... The table "60S ribosomal proteins" shows the individual protein folds of the 60S subunit colored by conservation as above. The ... Historically, different nomenclatures have been used for ribosomal proteins. For instance, proteins have been numbered ...
*  Penicillin
... allowing their disruption of bacterial protein synthesis within the cell. This results in a lowered MBC for susceptible ... There was a halo of inhibited bacterial growth around the mould. Fleming concluded that the mould released a substance that ... β-Lactam antibiotics inhibit the formation of peptidoglycan cross-links in the bacterial cell wall; this is achieved through ... In 1940, they showed that penicillin effectively cured bacterial infection in mice. In 1941, they treated a policeman, Albert ...
*  Trehalase
NT activity is regulated by protein phosphorylation-dephosphorylation. Phosphorylation with cAMP-dependent protein kinase ... The hydrolysis of trehalose into glucose takes place in the periplasm, and the glucose is then transported into the bacterial ... this form is then core-glycosylated in the endoplasmic reticulum to form a 76 kDa glycol-protein. In Golgi bodies, the protein ... The physical association of AT with these two proteins was thought to suffice for the AT to be secreted by invertase and gp37 ...
*  C9orf84
"The Human-Bacterial Pathogen Protein Interaction Networks of Bacillus anthracis, Francisella tularensis, and Yersinia pestis". ... Uncharacterized protein C9orf84, also known as C9orf84, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the C9orf84 gene, which ... The secondary structure of this protein is predicted to be mainly alpha-helices in roughly the first two thirds of the protein ... Ccaat/Enhancer Binding Proteins, and Lymphoid enhancer-binding factor 1. ETS1, Ccaat-enhancer-binding proteins, and Lymphoid ...