"Bacterial proteins pinpoint a single eukaryotic root". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 112 (7): E693-E699. ... Plants protect themselves from frost and dehydration stress with antifreeze proteins, heat-shock proteins and sugars (sucrose ... "LEA proteins prevent protein aggregation due to water stress". Biochemical Journal. 388 (Part , 1): 151-157. doi:10.1042/ ... protein expression is induced by stresses and protects other proteins from aggregation as a result of desiccation and freezing. ...
"Automatic selection of representative proteins for bacterial phylogeny". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 5 (1): 34. doi:10.1186/1471- ...
Bacterial proteins pinpoint a single eukaryotic root. », Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States ... Rooting the Eukaryotic Tree with Mitochondrial and Bacterial Proteins. », Molecular Biology and Evolution, vol. 29, no 4,‎ ... A Kingdom-Level Phylogeny of Eukaryotes Based on Combined Protein Data », Science (290), p. 972-977 ...
2009). Bacterial Secreted Proteins: Secretory Mechanisms and Role in Pathogenesis. Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-904455-42 ... Secretion in bacterial species means the transport or translocation of effector molecules for example: proteins, enzymes or ... In addition to the secretin protein, 10-15 other inner and outer membrane proteins compose the full secretion apparatus, many ... and in some cases certain proteins are shared between a pilus complex and type II system within a single bacterial species. ...
Wooldridge K (editor) (2009). Bacterial Secreted Proteins: Secretory Mechanisms and Role in Pathogenesis. Caister Academic ... It is a simple system, which consists of only three protein subunits: the ABC protein, membrane fusion protein (MFP), and outer ... Protein digestion. Protein digestion occurs in the stomach and duodenum in which 3 main enzymes, pepsin secreted by the stomach ... It serves primarily as a site for acid hydrolysis of microbial and dietary protein, preparing these protein sources for further ...
Salton, MR (1987). "Bacterial membrane proteins". Microbiological sciences. 4 (4): 100-5. PMID 3153178. Frigaard, NU; Bryant, ... In purple bacteria, such as Rhodospirillum rubrum, the light-harvesting proteins are intrinsic to the chromatophore membranes. ...
2012). "Bacterial Protein Toxins". Todar's Online Textbook of Bacteriology. Madison, Wisconsin. Edwin, Chitra, Parsonnet, ... Based on studies of various mutations of the protein it appears that the superantigenic and lethal portions of the protein are ... This three-dimensional structure of the TSST-1 protein was determined by purifying the crystals of the protein. The two domains ... which is why it is an important factor in menstrual TSS When the protein is translated, it is in a pro-protein form, and can ...
Desvaux M, Hébraud M, Talon R, Henderson IR (April 2009). "Secretion and subcellular localizations of bacterial proteins: a ... in the bacterial phylum Firmicutes". Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 60 (Pt 6): 1271-9. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.013102-0. PMID ... Bacterial transformation[edit]. Transformation is one of three processes for horizontal gene transfer, in which exogenous ... A given bacteria's staining result, bacterial membrane organization, and lineage groupings do not always match up.[6][7][8][9] ...
For the database of predicted bacterial secreted proteins, see Effective (database).. Look up effectiveness in Wiktionary, the ...
... , a bacterial histone-like DNA-binding protein. *Wu Hu (disambiguation), an ancient Chinese term for multiple groups in China ...
For the transport protein, see Bacterial Leucine Transporter.. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please ...
It inhibits bacterial protein synthesis. The combination of quinupristin and dalfopristin is not active against Enterococcus ...
Finn, Adam (1 January 2004). "Bacterial polysaccharide-protein conjugate vaccines". British Medical Bulletin. 70 (1): 1-14. doi ... mutant diphtheria protein; and meningococcal group B outer membrane protein. Multiple combinations of Hib and other vaccines ... PRP covalently linked to a protein carrier was found to elicit a greater immune response than the polysaccharide form of the ... The CDC and the WHO recommend that all infants be vaccinated using a polysaccharide-protein conjugate Hib vaccine, starting ...
This list covers bacterial proteins. For other protein-related codes, see List of MeSH codes (D12.776). Codes before these are ... MeSH D12.776.097.120.050.040 - adhesins, escherichia coli MeSH D12.776.097.120.300.500 - transferrin-binding protein a MeSH ... D12.776.097.120.300.750 - transferrin-binding protein b The list continues at List of MeSH codes (D12.776.124).. ...
Heras B, Shouldice SR, Totsika M, Scanlon MJ, Schembri MA, Martin JL (March 2009). "DSB proteins and bacterial pathogenicity". ... Disulfide bond formation protein B Disulfide bond formation protein C Guddat, LW (1998). "RCSB Protein Data Bank - RCSB PDB - ... Kadokura H, Beckwith J (September 2009). "Detecting folding intermediates of a protein as it passes through the bacterial ... This feature is incredibly rare among proteins, as nearly all proteins are stabilized by the formation of disulfide bonds. ...
Synthesis of proteins and nucleic acid[edit]. Within minutes, bacterial ribosomes start translating viral mRNA into protein. ... Proteins modify the bacterial RNA polymerase so it preferentially transcribes viral mRNA. The host's normal synthesis of ... phage structural proteins and also the enzymes responsible for lysis of the bacterial cell wall.[3][4][5] There have been ... Several attempts have been made to map Protein-protein interactions among phage and their host. For instance, bacteriophage ...
complement proteins to induce bacterial lysis. Richard Pfeiffer (1895)[5] Bacterial agglutinins and precipitins. Serum ... The proteins account for 5% of the serum globulin fraction. Most of these proteins circulate as zymogens, which are inactive ... and precipitate bacterial toxins. von Gruber and Durham (1896),[6]. Kraus (1897)[7] ... These membrane-bound protein complexes have antibodies which are specific for antigen detection. Each B cell has a unique ...
... , like other carbapenems, binds to bacterial penicillin-binding proteins and interferes with bacterial cell ... Imipenem inhibits bacterial cell-wall synthesis by binding to penicillin-binding proteins; cilastatin prevents renal metabolism ... is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.[1] It is made from a combination of imipenem and ... bacterial sepsis, bone and joint infections, skin and skin structure infections, endocarditis and polymicrobic infections.[7][8 ...
Bacterial interactomes[edit]. Relatively few bacteria have been comprehensively studied for their protein-protein interactions ... Protein function prediction[edit]. Protein interaction networks have been used to predict the function of proteins of unknown ... The yeast interactome, i.e. all protein-protein interactions among proteins of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, has been estimated to ... The basic unit of a protein network is the protein-protein interaction (PPI). While there are numerous methods to study PPIs, ...
Parkinson JS, Kofoid EC (1992). "Communication modules in bacterial signaling proteins". Annu. Rev. Genet. 26: 71-112. doi: ... In terms of enzymology, a histidine kinase (EC 2.7.13.3, EnvZ, histidine protein kinase, protein histidine kinase, protein ... Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ATP and protein L-histidine, whereas its two products are ADP and protein N-phospho ... The ATP lid is connected via hydrophobic residues to the rest of the protein. The γ phosphate of ATP is somewhat exposed ...
The "ice-plus" protein (INA protein, "Ice nucleation-active" protein) found on the outer bacterial cell wall acts as the ... Bacterial ice-nucleation proteins Love, J.; Lesser, W. (April 1989). "The Potential Impact of Ice-Minus Bacteria as a Frost ... lacking the gene responsible for ice-nucleating surface protein production. This lack of surface protein provides a less ... syringae lacks the ability to produce a certain surface protein, usually found on wild-type P. syringae. ...
"New massive dataset of bacterial proteins". EurekAlert!. Retrieved 2018-10-07. "Matthias Heinemann - Google Scholar Citations ... Kotte, Oliver; Zaugg, Judith B.; Heinemann, Matthias (2010-01-01). "Bacterial adaptation through distributed sensing of ... "Protein biogenesis machinery is a driver of replicative aging in yeast". eLife. 4: e08527. doi:10.7554/eLife.08527. ISSN 2050- ... "Bacterial persistence is an active σS stress response to metabolic flux limitation". Molecular Systems Biology. 12 (9): 882. ...
Bignell C, Thomas CM (2001). "The bacterial ParA-ParB partitioning proteins". J Biotechnol. 91 (2): 1-34. doi:10.1016/S0168- ... Iron regulatory protein 1) (IRP1) MAPK8IP3 C-jun-amino-terminal kinase-interacting protein 3 (JNK-interacting protein 3) (JIP-3 ... Nucleotide-binding protein 2 (NBP 2) also known as cytosolic Fe-S cluster assembly factor NUBP2 is a protein that in humans is ... proteins as Nubp1 is involved in the formation of extramitochondrial Fe/S proteins the cell division inhibitor MinD is ...
"The protein network of bacterial motility". Mol Syst Biol. 3: 128. doi:10.1038/msb4100166. PMC 1943423. PMID 17667950. Titz B, ... It is correct to say that a set of simultaneous mutations that form a complex protein structure is so unlikely as to be ... The needle's base has ten elements in common with the flagellum, but it is missing forty of the proteins that make a flagellum ... In contrast to Behe's claims, many proteins can be deleted or mutated and the flagellum still works, even though sometimes at ...
Varughese KI (April 2002). "Molecular recognition of bacterial phosphorelay proteins". Current Opinion in Microbiology. 5 (2): ... Most structurally characterized HPt proteins, such as the Hpt domain from the Escherichia coli protein ArcB and the ... In fungi, the genomic inventory of HPt proteins varies, with filamentous fungi generally possessing more HPt proteins than ... "Branched signal wiring of an essential bacterial cell-cycle phosphotransfer protein". Structure. 21 (9): 1590-601. doi:10.1016/ ...
... encoding for 11 VirB proteins involved in the transfer process of T-DNA and bacterial proteins into host plant cells (see ... Bignell C, Thomas CM (September 2001). "The bacterial ParA-ParB partitioning proteins". Journal of Biotechnology. 91 (1): 1-34 ... The replication of the Ti plasmid is driven by the RepC initiator protein (P05684), which possesses two protein domains: an N- ... This activation is necessary for the production of Vir proteins and the transfer of DNA and proteins into host plant cells. ...
Parkinson JS, Kofoid EC (1992). "Communication modules in bacterial signaling proteins". Annual Review of Genetics. 26: 71-112 ... Varughese KI (Apr 2002). "Molecular recognition of bacterial phosphorelay proteins". Current Opinion in Microbiology. 5 (2): ... The N-terminal domain of this protein forms part of the cytoplasmic region of the protein, which may be the sensor domain ... Almost 25% of bacterial HKs are of the hybrid type, as are the large majority of eukaryotic HKs. Two-component signal ...
"Binary bacterial toxins: biochemistry, biology, and applications of common Clostridium and Bacillus proteins". Microbiology ... Clostridioides difficile infection is spread by bacterial spores found within feces.[1] Surfaces may become contaminated with ... As a result of suppression of healthy bacteria, via a loss of bacterial food source, prolonged use of an elemental diet ... Some research suggests the routine use of antibiotics in the raising of livestock is contributing to outbreaks of bacterial ...
Emanuelsson C, Spangfort MD (May 2007). "Allergens as eukaryotic proteins lacking bacterial homologues". Molecular Immunology. ... Milk-protein allergies are most common in children. Approximately 60% of milk-protein reactions are immunoglobulin E-mediated, ... and chestnut occurs because latex proteins are structurally homologous with some other plant proteins. About 10% of people ... Certain microbe-sensing proteins, known as Toll-like receptors, found on the surface of cells in the body are also thought to ...
"Bacterial proteins pinpoint a single eukaryotic root". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 112 (7): E693-E699. ... Cavalier-Smith, Thomas (2017-09-05). "Kingdom Chromista and its eight phyla: a new synthesis emphasising periplastid protein ...
Secondary bile acids result from bacterial actions in the colon. In humans, taurocholic acid and glycocholic acid (derivatives ... Among these protein targets, the enzyme N-acyl phosphatidylethanolamine-specific phospholipase D (NAPE-PLD) generates bioactive ... September 1980). "Effect of high-fat, high-beef diet and of mode of cooking of beef in the diet on fecal bacterial enzymes and ... Bile acids bind to some other proteins in addition to their hormone receptors (FXR and TGR5) and their transporters. ...
... and proteins. These polymers have a dual role as supplies of energy as well as building blocks; the part that functions as ... "Bacterial biomineralization: new insights from Myxococcus-induced mineral precipitation". Geological Society, London, Special ...
Natural bacterial transformation involves the transfer of DNA from one bacterium to another through the surrounding medium. ... Atromentin and leucomelone possess antibacterial activity, inhibiting the enzyme enoyl-acyl carrier protein reductase, ( ... van de Beek, Diederik; de Gans, Jan; Tunkel, Allan R.; Wijdicks, Eelco F.M. (5 January 2006). "Community-Acquired Bacterial ... Type strain of Streptococcus pneumoniae at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase ...
... which code for proteins with antiviral properties.[51] EBOV's V24 protein blocks the production of these antiviral proteins by ... balance as well as treating any bacterial infections that may develop.[33] Dialysis may be needed for kidney failure, and ... which are then translated into structural and nonstructural proteins. The most abundant protein produced is the nucleoprotein, ... EBOV replication overwhelms protein synthesis of infected cells and the host immune defences. The GP forms a trimeric complex, ...
ER Translocon complex.[2] Many protein complexes are involved in protein synthesis. The actual production takes place in the ... Lizak C, Gerber S, Numao S, Aebi M, Locher KP (June 2011). "X-ray structure of a bacterial oligosaccharyltransferase". Nature. ... Sec61 is the protein-conducting channel and the OST adds sugar moieties to the nascent protein. ... Oligosaccharyltransferase or OST (EC 2.4.1.119) is a membrane protein complex that transfers a 14-sugar oligosaccharide from ...
"Protein structures forming the shell of primitive bacterial organelles.". Science 309 (5736): 936-8. Bibcode 2005Sci...309.. ...
Because it is similar to bacterial amino acid transporters and the mitochondrial import protein Tim17[38] (translocase on the i ... Protein targeting and importEdit. See also: Protein targeting. The movement of so many chloroplast genes to the nucleus means ... A protein kinase drifting around on the outer chloroplast membrane can use ATP to add a phosphate group to the Toc34 protein, ... Protein synthesisEdit. See also: Transcription and translation. Protein synthesis within chloroplasts relies on an RNA ...
... protein.[45] PPARα increases the activity of activator protein 1 (AP-1) and NF-κB, thereby leading to the recruitment of ... The anaerobic bacterial species Cutibacterium acnes (formerly Propionibacterium acnes) contributes to the development of acne, ... These free radicals likely interfere with the bacterium's metabolism and ability to make proteins.[79][80] Additionally, ... Squalene oxidation activates NF-κB (a protein complex) and consequently increases IL-1α levels.[45] Additionally, squalene ...
This adhesion involves adhesins (e.g., hyphal wall protein 1), and extracellular polymeric materials (e.g., mannoprotein). ... "Medically important bacterial-fungal interactions." Nature Reviews Microbiology 8.5 (2010): 340-349. Kourkoumpetis, ...
"Bacterial Birth Scar Proteins Mark Future Flagellum Assembly Site". Cell. 124 (5): 1025-37. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2006.01.019. ... Cell development involves many such proteins working together. Fig#1 shows how TipN interact with two other polar proteins : ... "A Landmark Protein Essential for Establishing and Perpetuating the Polarity of a Bacterial Cell". Cell. 124 (5): 1011-23. doi: ... The DnaA protein acts at the origin of replication to initiate the replication of the chromosome. The CtrA protein, in contrast ...
... vitamins and proteins. Since higher concentration of fat and protein in the sake would lead to off-flavors and contribute rough ... The government started hailing the use of enamel tanks as easy to clean, lasting forever, and being devoid of bacterial ... and contains less protein and lipid than the ordinary rice eaten by the Japanese. Sake rice is used only for making sake, ...
... has been introduced into tomato plants and in vivo studies show significant resistance to bacterial wilt and bacterial spot.[27 ... Kurstaki Insect Control Protein". Nature Biotechnology. 7 (12): 1265-1269. doi:10.1038/nbt1289-1265.. ... "Fruit Cell Wall Proteins Help Fungus Turn Tomatoes From Ripe To Rotten". Science Daily. Jan 31, 2008. Retrieved 29 August 2010. ... This tomato gained the moniker "fish tomato".[16] The antifreeze protein was found to inhibit ice recrystallization in the ...
A hexavalent (OspA) protein subunit-based vaccine candidate VLA15 was granted fast track designation by the U.S. Food and Drug ... In the US, the National Institutes of Health has supported research into bacterial persistence.[282] ... Within the tick midgut, the Borrelia's outer surface protein A (OspA) binds to the tick receptor for OspA, known as TROSPA. ... A recombinant vaccine against Lyme disease, based on the outer surface protein A (ospA) of B. burgdorferi, was developed by ...
Anevlavis S; Bouros D (2010). "Community acquired bacterial pneumonia". Expert Opin Pharmacother. 11 (3): 361-74. doi:10.1517/ ... 2003). "Decline in invasive pneumococcal disease after the introduction of protein-polysaccharide conjugate vaccine". N. Engl. ... "A systematic review on the diagnosis of pediatric bacterial pneumonia: when gold is bronze". PLoS ONE. 5 (8): e11989. doi ...
Small acid-soluble proteins (SASPs) are found in endospores. These proteins tightly bind and condense the DNA, and are in part ... Abel-Santos, E (editor) (2012). Bacterial Spores: Current Research and Applications. Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-908230- ... The dipicolinic acid helps stabilize the proteins and DNA in the endospore.[14]:141 Next the peptidoglycan cortex forms between ... In Bacillus subtilus endospores, the spore coat is estimated to contain more than 70 coat proteins, which are organized into an ...
Loman, N.J.; Quick, J.; Simpson, J.T. (2015). "A complete bacterial genome assembled de novo using only nanopore sequencing ... Deamer and Branton demonstrated that the freeze-etch method split the lipid bilayer of membranes to reveal integral proteins ...
Non-coding RNA or "RNA genes". These are a broad class of genes that encode RNA which is not translated into protein. The most ... All are similar and related to each other and to bacterial RNAP:. *RNA polymerase I synthesizes a pre-rRNA which will form the ... Transfer RNA (tRNA)-transfers specific amino acids to growing polypeptide chains at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis ... Eukaryotic chloroplasts have an RNAP very similar to bacterial RNAP ("plastid-encoded polymerase"). Eukaryotic chloroplasts ...
Therefore, macrophage membranes become susceptibile to bacterial infections.[11] Reproductive system[edit]. In experiments with ... This process increases transcription of certain genes, notably CYP1A1, followed by increased CYP1A1 protein production.[28] ... pyrene confers enhanced susceptibility to bacterial infection". Environ Research. 146: 173-84. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2015.12.027 ... which is a eucaryotic receptor for bacterial surface structures such as lipoteichoic acid. ...
... family members are homologous to the bacterial RecA, Archaeal RadA and yeast Rad51.[5][6] The protein is highly conserved ... protein C-terminus binding. • protein binding. • four-way junction DNA binding. • identical protein binding. • ... This protein can interact with the ssDNA-binding protein RPA, BRCA2, PALB2[10] and RAD52. ... Protein domains in homologous recombination-related proteins are conserved across the three main groups of life: archaea, ...
As an example of the relationship between the IMP (in this case the bacterial phototrapping pigment, bacteriorhodopsin) and the ... Integral polytopic proteinEdit. Main article: Transmembrane protein. The most common type of IMP is the transmembrane protein ( ... Integral monotopic proteinsEdit. Main article: Integral monotopic protein. Integral monotopic proteins are associated with the ... An integral membrane protein (IMP) is a type of membrane protein that is permanently attached to the biological membrane. All ...
... s are most occasionally found in nature as residues in proteins. They are formed from ribosomally-derived D-amino ... The D-alanine in peptidoglycans that comprise bacterial cell walls helps its host resist attack by proteolytic enzymes. Several ...
Mcintosh, M (19 October 2004). "Curdlan and other bacterial (1→3)-β-D-glucans". Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 68 (2 ... In addition, these side-chains can be attached to other types of molecules, like proteins, as in polysaccharide-K. ...
Calcium channel, voltage-dependent, L type, alpha 1C subunit (also known as Cav1.2) is a protein that in humans is encoded by ... Click on genes, proteins and metabolites below to link to respective Wikipedia articles. [§ 1] ... protein binding. • alpha-actinin binding. • voltage-gated calcium channel activity. • voltage-gated calcium channel activity ... It depolarizes at -30mV and helps define the shape of the action potential in cardiac and smooth muscle.[8] The protein encoded ...
... while archaeal flagella appear to have evolved from bacterial type IV pili.[106] In contrast to the bacterial flagellum, which ... Proteins related to the cytoskeleton components of other organisms exist in archaea,[89] and filaments form within their cells, ... Middle, a bacterial or eukaryotic phospholipid: 5, fatty acid chains; 6, ester linkages; 7, D-glycerol moiety; 8, phosphate ... The bacterial flagellum shares a common ancestor with the type III secretion system,[104][105] ...
If you go into a hospital and have a blood test which measures viral proteins, cancer proteins, hormones, vitamins, bacterial ... Members of the marine bacterial family Shewanellaceae, Shewanella hanedai and Shewanella woodyi are bioluminescent. ... In some squid species bacterial bioluminescence is used for counterillumination so the animal matches the overhead ... proteins, drugs, it will almost certainly use this technique".[8] The structure of photophores, the light producing organs in ...
TATA-binding protein (TBP) can be recruited in two ways, by SAGA, a cofactor for RNA polymerase II, or by TFIID.[11] When ... The bacterial homolog of the TATA box is called the Pribnow box which has a shorter consensus sequence. ... "TATA-binding protein recognition and bending of a consensus promoter are protein species dependent". Biochemistry. 47 (27): ... The TATA-binding protein (TBP) could also be targeted by viruses as a means of viral transcription.[6] ...
This bacterial protein complex is a machine for folding other proteins, which get trapped within the shell. Fatty acid synthase ... Proteins in vitreous ice usually adopt a random distribution of orientations (or viewing angles), allowing a fairly isotropic ... Important information on protein synthesis, ligand binding and RNA interaction can be obtained using this novel technique at ... These often enable the user to manually dock in protein coordinates (structures from X-ray crystallography or NMR) of subunits ...
Neutrophil primary granule proteins HBP and HNP1-3 boost bacterial phagocytosis by human and murine macrophages. J. Clin. ... Ernst J. D. and Stendahl O., (editors), Phagocytosis of Bacteria and Bacterial Pathogenicity, Cambridge University Press, 2006 ... Soehnlein O, Kenne E, Rotzius P, Eriksson EE, Lindbom L. Neutrophil secretion products regulate anti-bacterial activity in ...
... redundancy is that some errors in the genetic code cause only a silent mutation or an error that would not affect the protein ... "Genetic Algorithms and Recursive Ensemble Mutagenesis in Protein Engineering". Complexity International. 1. Archived from the ...
Wnt-protein binding. • protein binding. • protein kinase binding. • ubiquitin protein ligase binding. • transmembrane signaling ... cellular response to molecule of bacterial origin. • positive regulation of interferon-gamma production. • embryonic axis ... gene family encode 7-transmembrane domain proteins that are receptors for Wnt signaling proteins. The FZD5 protein is believed ... G-protein coupled receptor activity. Cellular component. • clathrin-coated endocytic vesicle membrane. • Golgi apparatus. • ...