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*  Bacterial adhesion in aquatic system
Bacterial adhesion involves the attachment (or deposition) of bacteria on the surface (solid, gel layer, etc.). This ... Jeremy A. Redman, Sharon L. Walker and Menachem Elimelech, Bacterial adhesion and transport in porous media: role of the ... The motility of bacteria also has a significant effect on the bacterial adhesion. Monmotile and motile bacteria showed ... system has currently been used for the experiment of bacterial adhesion with the verification of DLVO theory. It is a well- ...
*  Bovine submaxillary mucin coatings
... mucin adhesion blocks bacterial adhesion on surfaces. Consequently, the risk of bacterial attachment and infection is reduced. ... Due to the adsorption of BSM, the hydrophobicity of the surface decreases as well as the incidence of bacterial adhesion. Drug ... Just like the application above, the PAA polymer improved the adsorption of BSM on its surface to prevent bacterial adhesion ... While bacterial infections are common concerns in the medical, dental, and food industries, they are the primary cause of ...
*  Fluidic force microscopy
Bacterial adhesion force quantification by fluidic force microscopy. (2015) Nanoscale, 7 (9), 4070 - 4079. doi:10.1039/ ... By measuring the adhesion of single cells, important information for different topics in biology and materialscience can be ... With FluidFM it is possible to increase the rate in which these experiments can be performed, and even to assess the adhesion ... By raising the probe, the force of the adhesion can be measured with pN resolution. The method to perform a single bacteria ...
*  Oral microbiology
Bacterial adhesion is particularly important for oral bacteria. Oral bacteria have evolved mechanisms to sense their ... However, a highly efficient innate host defense system constantly monitors the bacterial colonization and prevents bacterial ... Most of the bacterial species found in the mouth belong to microbial communities, called biofilms, a feature of which is inter- ... Dental plaque is the material that adheres to the teeth and consists of bacterial cells (mainly S. mutans and S. sanguis), ...
*  Contact lens
"Bacterial Adhesion to Worn Silicone Hydrogel Contact Lenses". Optometry and Vision Science. 85 (7): 520-525. doi:10.1097/OPX. ... "Bacterial adhesion to conventional hydrogel and new silicone hydrogel contact lens materials". Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ... Bacterial keratitis and conjunctivitis. In: Smolin G, Thoft RA, editors. The Cornea. Scientific Foundations and Clinical ... Gray T.B.; Cursons R.T.; Sherwan J.F.; Rose P.R. (1995). "Acanthamoeba, bacterial, and fungal contamination of contact lens ...
*  Catch bond
This is possible due to the bacterial protein FimH, which mediates high adhesion in response to high flow. The lectin domain is ... Catch bonds also play a significant role in bacterial adhesion, most notably in Escherichia coli. E. coli and other bacteria ... Thomas WE, Trintchina E, Forero M, Vogel V, Sokurenko EV (June 2002). "Bacterial adhesion to target cells enhanced by shear ... Using a Laminar Flow System to Explain Shear-Enhanced Bacterial Adhesion. Presented at Int. Conf. Microchannels Minichannels ( ...
*  YadA bacterial adhesin protein domain
Thanassi DG (2011). "The long and the short of bacterial adhesion regulation". J Bacteriol. 193 (2): 327-8. doi:10.1128/JB. ... Essentially, the main function of the YadA domain is to help cell adhesion and to increase virulence. YadA is a collagen- ... The function is to promote their pathogenicity and virulence in host cells, though cell adhesion. YadA is found in three ... It forms the fibrillar matrix on the bacterial cell surface. This aids cell attachment and helps the bacteria invade eukaryotic ...
*  Dental pellicle
These glycoproteins include proline rich proteins that allow bacterial adhesion. The first bacteria to attach to these pellicle ... The surface of enamel attracts salivary glycoproteins and bacterial products creating the pellicle layer. This thin layer forms ...
*  Biofouling
In the next 24 hours, this layer allows the process of bacterial adhesion to occur, with both diatoms and bacteria (e.g. vibrio ... link) R. Oliveira; et al., "Hydrophobicity in Bacterial Adhesion", Biofilm community interactions: chance or necessity? (PDF), ... Biofouling is divided into microfouling - biofilm formation and bacterial adhesion - and macrofouling - attachment of larger ... demonstrate a high correlation between their resistance to bacterial adhesion and their hydrophobicity. Study of the biotoxins ...
*  Thiomer
Because of their antimicrobial activity, thiolated polymers are also used as coatings that avoid bacterial adhesion. Thiomers ... "N-acetylcysteine-functionalized coating avoids bacterial adhesion and biofilm formation". Sci. Rep. 7 (1): 17374. doi:10.1038/ ... Interaction with a bacterial membrane model". React. Funct. Polym. 73: 1384-1390. doi:10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2013.01.004. ...
*  Fucosyltransferase 3
... and bacterial adhesion. They are secondarily absorbed to red blood cells giving rise to their Lewis phenotype. This gene is a ...
*  Leukocyte extravasation
2002). "Bacterial adhesion to target cells enhanced by shear force". Cell. 109 (7): 913-923. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(02)00796-1 ... Thomas, W.E.; E. Trintchina; M. Forero; V. Vogel; E. V. Sokurenko (2002). "Bacterial adhesion to target cells enhanced by shear ... Flow-enhanced cell adhesion is still an unexplained phenomenon that could result from a transport-dependent increase in on- ... Yago, T.; Wu, J.; Wey, C.D.; Klopocki, A.G.; Zhu, C; Mcever, R.P. (2004). "Catch bonds govern adhesion through L-selection at ...
*  Biofilm
Bacterial adhesion to boat hulls serves as the foundation for biofouling of seagoing vessels. Once a film of bacteria forms, it ... "Building Codes for Bacterial Cities , Quanta Magazine". Quanta Magazine. Retrieved 2017-07-25. Lear G, Lewis GD, eds. (2012). ... Bacterial biofilms start the colonization process by creating microenvironments that more favorable for biofouling species. In ... It is thought that the first colonist bacteria of a biofilm adhere to the surface initially through weak, reversible adhesion ...
*  Pilin
Mu XQ, Jiang ZG, Bullitt E (2005). "Localization of a critical interface for helical rod formation of bacterial adhesion P-pili ... Bacterial pili are used in the exchange of genetic material during bacterial conjugation, while a shorter type of appendages ... Although not all bacteria have pili or fimbriae, bacterial pathogens often use their fimbriae to attach to host cells. In Gram- ... Genetic transformation is the process by which a recipient bacterial cell takes up DNA from a neighboring cell and integrates ...
*  Membrane vesicle trafficking
These vesicles were suspected to promote bacterial adhesion to the host epithelial cell surface. Their role in invasion of ... In the prokaryotic gram-negative bacterial cells, membrane vesicle trafficking is mediated via bacterial outer membrane bounded ... In inter-bacterial interactions, OMVs released by Pseudomonas aeruginosa microbes were shown to fuse with outer membrane of ... Halhoul, N.; Colvin, J.Ross (1975). "The ultrastructure of bacterial plaque attached to the gingiva of man". Archives of Oral ...
*  Fucosyltransferase
This is also mediated by the presence of few bacterial adhesion sites in the bladder and urethra. Women with these receptors ... Robust fucosyltransferase activity discourages bacterial adherence in the urethra of women. ... who do not have mucosal secretion of the fucosyltransferase enzyme to help block bacterial adherence are more likely to have ...
*  CDH1 (gene)
The ectodomain of this protein mediates bacterial adhesion to mammalian cells, and the cytoplasmic domain is required for ... 1. E-cadherin in EMT: E-cadherin is a crucial type of cell-cell adhesion to hold the epithelial cells tight together. E- ... Hazan RB, Kang L, Roe S, Borgen PI, Rimm DL (December 1997). "Vinculin is associated with the E-cadherin adhesion complex". J. ... Wendeler MW, Praus M, Jung R, Hecking M, Metzig C, Gessner R (April 2004). "Ksp-cadherin is a functional cell-cell adhesion ...
*  Extracellular polymeric substance
... and adhesion in their natural environments. Furthermore, the EPS layer acts as a nutrient trap, facilitating bacterial growth. ... subtilis and their role in bacterial adhesion". Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces. 146 (Supplement C): 459-467. doi: ... Bacterial extracellular polymeric substances can aid in bioremediation of heavy metals as they have the capacity to adsorb ... There is evidence that the adhesion and metal-binding ability of EPS affects mineral leaching rates in both environmental and ...
*  Single-domain antibody
"Escherichia coli F4 fimbriae specific llama single-domain antibody fragments effectively inhibit bacterial adhesion in vitro ... The smaller size and single domain make these antibodies easier to transform into bacterial cells for bulk production, making ...
*  Sanitation
... electropolished to an effective surface roughness of less than 0.5 micrometre to reduce the possibility of bacterial adhesion. ...
*  Bacterial adhesin
The typical structure of a bacterial adhesion is that of a fimbria or pilus. The bacterial adhesion consists primarily of an ... Adhesion and bacterial adhesins are also a potential target for prophylaxis or treatment of bacterial infections. Bacteria are ... The majority of bacterial pathogens exploit specific adhesion to host cells as their main virulence factor. "A large number of ... However, bacterial adhesins do not serve as a sort of universal bacterial Velcro. Rather, they act as specific surface ...
*  Cranberry juice
Several clinical studies have shown that cranberry juice promotes good gum health by preventing bacterial adhesion within oral ... It is thought to prevent adhesion of bacteria such as E. coli to the urinary tract, by inducing changes to their fimbriae. The ... "A high molecular mass cranberry constituent reduces mutans streptococci level in saliva and inhibits in vitro adhesion to ...
*  A-type proanthocyanidin
"A-type cranberry proanthocyanidins and uropathogenic bacterial anti-adhesion activity". Phytochemistry. 66 (18): 2281-91. doi: ... In vitro, A-type proanthocyanidins isolated from cranberry juice cocktail demonstrated anti-adhesion activity against E. coli ... and reduction of the risk of urinary tract infection by inhibiting the adhesion of certain bacteria in the urinary tract ...
*  Surface modification of biomaterials with proteins
... reduce bacterial adhesion, promote cell adhesion). Currently, there are various methods of characterization and surface ... Improved protein adhesion leads to better integration between the host and the implant. Ma et al. compared cell adhesion for ... R.E. Baier (1970). "Surface properties influencing biological adhesion". Adhesion in Biological Systems. New York: Academic ... Cell adhesion and proliferation occurs much better on protein-coated surfaces. However, since the proteins are generally ...
*  Fluoride therapy
... acting additionally to reduce bacterial adhesion to teeth, along with the primary action of decreasing demineralization. ... Many studies on bacterial cells in laboratories have shown the fluoride has many effects on them as an antimicrobial agent. The ... "Reduced Adhesion of Oral Bacteria on Hydroxyapatite by Fluoride Treatment". Langmuir. USA: ACS Publications. pp. 5528-5533. doi ...
*  Metabolism
Bacterial metabolic networks are a striking example of bow-tie organization, an architecture able to input a wide range of ... Proteins are also important in cell signaling, immune responses, cell adhesion, active transport across membranes, and the cell ... Michie K, Löwe J (2006). "Dynamic filaments of the bacterial cytoskeleton". Annu Rev Biochem. 75: 467-92. doi:10.1146/annurev. ... Gupta R, Gupta N, Rathi P (2004). "Bacterial lipases: an overview of production, purification and biochemical properties". Appl ...