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*  Ancestral reconstruction
"Ancestral genome reconstruction identifies the evolutionary basis for trait acquisition in polyphosphate accumulating bacteria ...
*  Fecal coliform
Most bacteria grow best in dark, warm, moist environments with food. When grown on solid media, some bacteria form colonies as ... Coliform bacteria Coliform index Indicator bacteria Doyle, M. P., and M. C. Erickson. 2006. "Closing the door on the fecal ... Such materials may kill the fecal coliform and disease bacteria. They also kill bacteria essential to the proper balance of the ... By growing and counting colonies of fecal coliform bacteria from a sample of water, the amount of bacteria originally present ...
*  Transfer-messenger RNA
In the majority of bacteria these functions are carried out by standard one-piece tmRNAs. In other bacterial species, a ... The encoded tag peptide (ANDENYALAA in E. coli) varies among bacteria, perhaps depending on the set of proteases and adaptors ... Burger, G.; Gray, M.W.; Forget, L.; Lang, B.F. (2013). "Strikingly bacteria-like and gene-rich mitochondrial genomes throughout ... Trans-translation is essential in some bacterial species, whereas other bacteria require tmRNA to survive when subjected to ...
*  Multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria
Multidrug resistant Gram-negative bacteria (MDRGN bacteria) are a type of Gram-negative bacteria with resistance to multiple ... These bacteria pose a great threat to public health due to the limited treatment options available as well as lack of newly ... They can cause bacteria infections that pose a serious and rapidly emerging threat for hospitalized patients and especially ... Thus, not only do these bacteria pose a threat to global public health, but also create a significant burden to healthcare ...
*  Bacteria
Typical autotrophic bacteria are phototrophic cyanobacteria, green sulfur-bacteria and some purple bacteria, but also many ... These evolutionary domains are called Bacteria and Archaea. The word bacteria is the plural of the New Latin bacterium, which ... Bacteria (/bækˈtɪəriə/ ( listen); common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) constitute a large domain of prokaryotic ... Bacteria were among the first life forms to appear on Earth, and are present in most of its habitats. Bacteria inhabit soil, ...
*  Carcinogenic bacteria
Cancer bacteria are bacteria infectious organisms that are known or suspected to cause cancer. While cancer-associated bacteria ... there is some evidence that bacteria may be directly carcinogenic. The strongest evidence to date involves the bacterium H. ... Bacteria found in the gut may be related to colon cancer but may be more complicated due to the role of chemoprotective ... Mager DL (2006). "Bacteria and cancer: cause, coincidence or cure? A review". J Transl Med. 4 (1): 14. doi:10.1186/1479-5876-4- ...
*  Nitrifying bacteria
Types include ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB). Many species of nitrifying bacteria have ... Nitrifying bacteria are chemolithotrophic organisms that include species of the genera Nitrosomonas, Nitrosococcus, Nitrobacter ... The first reaction is oxidation of ammonium to nitrite by ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) represented by the "Nitrosomonas" ... The second reaction is oxidation of nitrite (NO2−) to nitrate by nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB), represented by the " ...
*  Lipophilic bacteria
... (fat-loving bacteria) are bacteria that may proliferate in lipids. They include lipophilic corynebacteria. ... Lipophilic bacteria may also proliferate in diet fat. However, in modern food industry this is very rare and at worst causes a ... Some bacteria do not only accelerate their metabolism using lipids prevailing in their environment, some of them cannot ... On the one hand, this renders the bacteria vulnerable to environmental changes. On the other hand, energy can be saved as there ...
*  Atypical bacteria
... are bacteria that do not color with gram-staining but rather remain colorless: they are neither Gram-positive ... Gram-negative bacteria have a thin peptidoglycan layer which does not retain the crystal violet, so when safranin is added ... Gram-positive bacteria have a thick peptidoglycan layer in their cell wall, which retains the crystal violet during Gram ... Finally, some of these bacteria can cause a specific type of pneumonia referred to as atypical pneumonia. That is not to say ...
*  Denitrifying bacteria
... are a diverse group of bacteria that encompass many different phyla. This group of bacteria, together ... Denitrifying bacteria are a part of the N cycle, and consists of sending the N back into the atmosphere. The reaction above is ... Denitrifying bacteria have been identified in over 50 genera with over 125 different species and are estimated to represent 10- ... Denitrifying bacteria use denitrification to generate ATP. The most common denitrification process is outlined below, with the ...
*  Indicator bacteria
... are types of bacteria used to detect and estimate the level of fecal contamination of water. They are not ... These bacteria may include species of pathogenic bacteria, such as Salmonella or Campylobacter, associated with gastroenteritis ... Commonly used indicator bacteria include total coliforms, or a subset of this group, fecal coliforms, which are found in the ... Indicator bacteria can be cultured on media which are specifically formulated to allow the growth of the species of interest ...
*  Exogenous bacteria
... can be either benign or pathogenic. Pathogenic exogenous bacteria can enter a closed biological system and ... Bacteria that are part of normal internal ecosystems, also known as bacterial flora, are called Endogenous Bacteria. A ... Lay summary - The New York Times (April 20, 2011). "Exogenous Bacteria." Bacteria Microbes. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr 2012. . ... Bacterial flora is endogenous bacteria, which is defined as bacteria that naturally reside in a closed system. Disease can ...
*  Rothia (bacteria)
Rothia bacteria can cause disease in humans and immunosuppressed humans. Parte, A.C. "Rothia". www.bacterio.net. "Rothia". www. ... ISBN 1-118-71973-5. Austin, Brian (1 January 2015). "Rothia". Bergey's Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria. John ...
*  Pathogenic bacteria
... are bacteria that can cause disease. This article deals with human pathogenic bacteria. Although most ... Bacteria in food are killed by cooking to temperatures above 73 °C (163 °F). Many genera contain pathogenic bacteria species. ... Pathogenic bacteria contribute to other globally important diseases, such as pneumonia, which can be caused by bacteria such as ... Bacterial vaginosis is caused by bacteria that change the vaginal microbiota caused by an overgrowth of bacteria that crowd out ...
*  Bioluminescent bacteria
... are light-producing bacteria that are predominantly present in sea water, marine sediments, the surface ... While not as common, bacterial bioluminescence is also found in terrestrial and freshwater bacteria. These bacteria may be free ... It has been hypothesized that enteric bacteria (bacteria that survive in the guts of other organisms) - especially those ... List from Dunlap and Henryk (2013), "Luminous Bacteria", The Prokaryotes ) Bioluminescent bacteria are most abundant in marine ...
*  Putrefying bacteria
... are bacteria involved in putrefaction of living matter. Along with other decomposers, they play a critical ... Putrefying bacteria use amino acids or urea as an energy source to decompose dead organisms. In the process, they produce ... Nitrifying bacteria then convert this ammonium into nitrate, which can then be used by plants to create more proteins thus ... Decomposition Anaerobic organism "4.10 Bacteria of the Nitrogen Cycle: A understanding for GCSE Biology". PMG Biology. 12 April ...
*  Xenophilus (bacteria)
Xenophilus is a genus of bacteria from the family Comamonadaceae. Parte, A.C. "Xenophilus". www.bacterio.net. "Xenophilus". www ... nov., an arsenite-resistant bacterium isolated from soil". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. ...
*  Siderophilic bacteria
... are bacteria that require or are facilitated by free iron. They may include Vibrio vulnificus, Listeria ... Iron-oxidizing bacteria Dissimilatory metal-reducing bacteria Iron in microbiology. ...
*  Bacteria (disambiguation)
The bacteria are a major group of prokaryotic living organisms. Bacteria may also refer to: Bacteria (malware) or Rabbit ... Programs, a type of malicious software Bacteria, a fictional country in The Great Dictator Bacteria, the wife of Unhygienix in ...
*  Amorphus (bacteria)
nov., a marine bacterium isolated from coral mucus, belonging to the order Rhizobiales". International Journal of Systematic ... Amorphus is a genus of bacteria from the family of Methylocystaceae. Parte, A.C. "Amorphus". www.bacterio.net. "Amorphus". www. ... nov., an exopolysaccharide-producing bacterium isolated from salt mine sediment". International Journal of Systematic and ...
*  Bosea (bacteria)
Bosea is a genus of bacteria from the family of Bradyrhizobiaceae. Parte, A.C. "Bosea". www.bacterio.net. UniProt Parker, ...
*  Coliform bacteria
... are defined as rod-shaped Gram-negative non-spore forming and motile or non-motile bacteria which can ferment ... The bacteria can also cause pneumonia, other respiratory illnesses and urinary tract infections. An easy way to differentiate ... Other coliform bacteria will appear as thick, slimy colonies, with non-fermenters being colorless, and weak fermenters being ... This plate is partially inhibitory to Gram (+) bacteria, and will produce a color change in the Gram (-) bacterial colonies ...
*  Symbiotic bacteria
... are able to live in or on plant or animal tissue. In digestive systems, symbiotic bacteria help break down ... Symbiotic bacteria can live near hydrothermal vents. They usually have a mutual relationship with other bacteria. Some live in ... Symbiotic bacteria are bacteria living in symbiosis with another organism or each other. For example, Zoamastogopera, found in ... Symbiotic bacteria in legume roots provide the plants with ammonia in exchange for the plants' carbon and a protected home. ...
*  Magnetotactic bacteria
... (or MTB) are a polyphyletic group of bacteria discovered by Richard P. Blakemore in 1975, that orient ... The sensitivity of magnetotactic bacteria to the Earth's magnetic field arises from the fact these bacteria precipitate chains ... the bacteria contain fixed magnets that force the bacteria into alignment-even dead cells align, just like a compass needle. ... "magnetosensitive bacteria". The first peer-reviewed article on magnetotactic bacteria appeared in a 1975 article in Science by ...
*  Purple bacteria
Then a dish of the bacteria was taken, and a light was focused on one part of the dish leaving the rest dark. As the bacteria ... Purple non-sulfur bacteria are found among the alpha and beta subgroups, including: Purple sulfur bacteria are included among ... Purple bacteria or purple photosynthetic bacteria are proteobacteria that are phototrophic, that is, capable of producing their ... Purple bacteria were the first bacteria discovered to photosynthesize without having an oxygen byproduct. Instead, their ...