However, hedgehogs fail to learn this avoidance behavior. This might seem to show the hedgehog's inability to learn, but the ... The birds learned to come back to the flowers at about the right time, learning the refill rates of up to eight separate ... Memory induced in a free-flying honeybee by a single learning trial lasts for days and, by three learning trials, for a ... and the Learning to Time model (LeT) in a double bisection task. Behavior and Learning, 33, 111-122 Chimps Use "Spears" to Hunt ...
Knauber, J; Müller, WE (2003). "Anseculin improves passive avoidance learning of aged mice". Pharmacological research : the ...
Chirelstein, Marvin A. (January 1968). "Learned Hand's Contribution to the Law of Tax Avoidance". Yale Law Journal. 77 (3): 440 ...
"Food avoidance learning in squirrel monkeys and Common Marmosets". Learn Mem. 5 (3): 193-203. doi:10.1101/lm.5.3.193. PMC ... However, illness was not necessarily prerequisite for food avoidance learning in these species, for highly concentrated but non ... Animals learn an association between stimulus characteristics, usually the taste or odor, of a toxic substance and the illness ... Third, there are learned aversions to distinctive foods if ingestion is followed by illness. A typical experiment tested food ...
20 (1). Rozin, P; Kalat, J (1971). "Specific hungers and poison avoidance as adaptive specializations of learning". ... These birds have learned to eat only the tongue of the toad, leaving the rest of the carcass behind. In this way, the raptors ... This form of learning has been observed to occur in native anurophagous predators when the ill-effects caused by consuming a ... This learnt behaviour has been observed in predators that are more resistant to the cane toad's toxins including birds and ...
"Avoidance learning in the crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) depends on the predatory imminence of the unconditioned stimulus: a ... Bolles, Robert C. "Species-specific defense reactions and avoidance learning". Psychological Review. 77 (1): 32-48. doi:10.1037 ... In Evolution and Learning. Bolles RC, Beecher MD, Eds,; Earlbaum, Hillsdale NJ:185-211. Blanchard DC, Blanchard RJ (1969) ... These behaviours are used to reduce the probability of having to exhibit avoidance behaviours, which are evoked when a predator ...
Cheney, Karen (27 February 2008). "The role of avoidance learning in an aggressive mimicry system". Behavioral Ecology. 19 (3 ... In both cases, the host fish can rarely or never learn the disguise of the mimic; the fact that A. taeniatus can be easily ...
... avoidance of distinctive prey is selected by predators. Concurrent reciprocal selection (CRS) may entail learning by predators ... "Avoidance of aposematic prey in European tits (Paridae): learned or innate?". Behavioral Ecology. 18 (1): 148-156. doi:10.1093/ ... By mimicking similarly coloured species, the warning signal to predators is shared, causing them to learn more quickly at less ... If so, predators would learn to associate the colour with unpalatability from males with the trait, while heterozygous females ...
Bovet, D., McGaugh, J. L., & Oliverio, A. (1966). Effects of post trial administration of drugs on avoidance learning of mice. ... Studies on learning and memory in inbred mice (With D. Bovet and J.L. McGaugh). 1967-70 Research Pharmacologist, University of ... Studies on behaviour genetics, neurobiological correlates of individual differences and learning. Psychopharmacogenetics. 1978 ... Centre for Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, University of California at Irvine. 1994 to 2001. President, Italian Institute ...
During his time at Harvard University, Solomon conducted research into avoidance learning. In his experiments, he placed dogs ... Eventually, the dogs learned to avoid shock entirely by running to the other side in the interval between lighting and ...
... using an avoidance learning task. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 87: 343-354. Reebs, S.G. (2011) Tool use in fishes ... This is variously called observational learning, cultural transmission, or social learning. For example, fish can learn a ... Through social learning, fishes might learn not only where to get food, but also what to get and how to get it. Hatchery-raised ... Fishes can also learn from others the identity of predatory species. Fathead minnows, for example, can learn the smell of a ...
"Error monitoring during reward and avoidance learning in high- and low-socialized individuals". Psychophysiology. 37 (1): 43-54 ... This position has been elaborated into a reinforcement learning account of the ERN, arguing that both the rERN and the fERN are ... Holroyd, C. B.; Coles, M. G. H. (2002). "The neural basis of human error processing: Reinforcement learning, dopamine, and the ... ProQuest Information & Learning)" Dissertation Abstracts International 53 (10-B), 5090-5090. (Electronic; Print) Gehring, W. J ...
"Abnormal avoidance learning in mice lacking functional high-affinity nicotine receptor in the brain". Nature. 374 (6517): 65-67 ... "Abnormal avoidance learning in mice lacking functional high-affinity nicotine receptor in the brain". Nature. 374 (6517): 65-67 ...
... exhibiting avoidance learning and making trade-offs between noxious stimulus avoidance and other motivational requirements. If ... holding or autotomy Shows avoidance learning Shows trade-offs between noxious stimulus avoidance and other motivational ... Furthermore, this avoidance learning is flexible and is related to the intensity of the stimulus. A painful experience may ... Dunlop, R., Millsopp, S. and Laming, P. (2006). "Avoidance learning in goldfish (Carassius auratus) and trout (Oncorhynchus ...
Subsequent animal studies with rats found similar results, particularly in aversion and avoidance learning tasks. Rats lacking ... Memory and new learning involve the cerebral cortex, the subcortical projections, the hippocampus, the diencephalon and the ... However, both are important for memory and learning. The volume of grey and white matter in the brains of aging individuals has ... Levin H. S.; High W. M.; Eisenberg H. M. (1988). "Learning and forgetting during posttraumatic amnesia in head injured patients ...
An explanation of the learning-approach and learning-avoidance goal orientations are also included for completeness. In ... Learning goal orientation has also been separated into two categories learning approach orientation and learning avoid ... Alternatively, learning-avoidance goals "entail striving to avoid losing one's skills and abilities (or having their ... When designing learning environments for students, it is important to create opportunities that promote learning goals as ...
The Role of Cyclophilin D in learning and memory. Brush, F. Robert. (2003). Selection for Differences in avoidance Learning: ... To study auditory learning and memory, songbirds can be used. To study more complex systems such as motor learning, object ... These experiments help to develop theories on how we learn associations and what conditions affect that learning. Free recall ... however if animals can be selected for memory and learning ability, maybe we can learn something about how genes contribute to ...
... the complex learning associated with this response (see 'Learned Avoidance' below) suggests this view might be overly ... Learning and Memory, 4: 328-336 Putz, G. and Heisenberg, M., (2002). Memories in Drosophila heat-box learning. Learning and ... Brain, Behavior and Evolution, 74: 206-218 Denti, A., Dimant, B. and Maldonado, H., (1988). Passive avoidance learning in the ... Behavior and Neural Biology, 57: 189-197 Kawai, N., Kono, R.and Sugimoto, S., (2004). Avoidance learning in the crayfish ( ...
Epstein, M.K.; Poythress, N.G.; Brandon, K.O. (2006). "The Self-Report Psychopathy Scale and Passive Avoidance Learning A ... Jones & Bartlett Learning. p. 99. ISBN 978-0-7637-7790-6. W. Keith Campbell; Joshua D. Miller (7 July 2011). The Handbook of ... The honesty-humility factor from the HEXACO model of personality is used to measure sincerity, fairness, greed avoidance, and ...
Hale MW, Crowe SF (July 2002). "The effects of selective dopamine agonists on a passive avoidance learning task in the day-old ... Laszy J, Laszlovszky I, Gyertyán I (May 2005). "Dopamine D3 receptor antagonists improve the learning performance in memory- ... and facilitation of learning and memory, as well as augmentation and inhibition, respectively, of amphetamine-induced reward ...
"Involvement of the telencephalon in spaced-trial avoidance learning in the goldfish (Carassius auratus)". Physiology & Behavior ... However, this learning is context-dependent, as when these flies are placed in a new environment, they will again exhibit the ... In vertebrates, the avoidance behaviour appears to be processed in the telencephalon. This has been shown repeatedly in ... While many do not consider habituation a form of learning, many researchers are beginning to suggest that it could be a form of ...
"Differential Neuromodulation of Acquisition and Retrieval of Avoidance Learning by the Lateral Habenula and Ventral Tegmental ... The lateral habenula functions to oppose the action of the laterodorsal tegmental nucleus in the acquisition of avoidance ... and learning. Recent demonstrations using fMRI and single unit electrophysiology have closely linked the function of the ... responses but not the processing of avoidance later on when it is a memory, motivation or its execution. New research suggests ...
Pontine-wave generator activation-dependent memory processing of avoidance learning involves the dorsal hippocampus in the rat ... In a sense, the brain is learning by establishing new neuronal connections for things that have been learned. ... Scientists tried to discern whether the rats had PGO waves, but learned that they are present only in the pons, and wave ... The basal ganglia are associated with a variety of functions, including arousal, motor control and learning. The main ...
Students, however, learn about power by watching, by imitating, by avoidance of what they fear". In general, most of the ... Social and Emotional Learning and the Passage into Adolescence. New York: Teachers College. p137 Casel (2003) Safe and Sound. ... Learning to manage our emotions. Repairing emotional problems. Putting it all together: emotional interactivity. Having its ... pp178 McIntosh, P. and Style, E. (1999) Social, Emotional and Political Learning, in Cohen, J. (ed.) Educating Minds and Hearts ...
"Normal inhibitory avoidance learning and anxiety, but increased locomotor activity in mice devoid of PrP(C)". Brain Res. Mol. ... However, spatial learning, a predominantly hippocampal-function, is decreased in the null mice and can be recovered with the ... While null mice exhibit normal learning ability and short-term memory, long-term memory consolidation deficits have been ... only anti-PrPC antibodies prevented long-term memory and spatial learning deficits. This would suggest either an unequal ...
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) ... Barnes, Brian M. (1989). "Freeze Avoidance in a Mammal: Body Temperatures Below 0 °C in an Arctic Hibernator". Science. 244 ( ... Learning to eat is a messy process for children, and children often do not master neatness or eating etiquette until they are 5 ... allowing the body to learn when to stop eating. The stomach contains receptors to allow us to know when we are full. The ...